Bulletin - United States Geological Survey, Ausgabe 422


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Seite 187 - It is an exceptional case when there is exact agreement between the weight of fluoride and sulphate, and with the small amounts usually met in rocks the error may be an appreciable one in percentage of fluorine, though of no great significance otherwise.
Seite 17 - ... 28 (The superior analyses of igneous rocks from Roth's Tabellen, 1869 to 1884, arranged according to the quantitative system of classification...
Seite 228 - ... transferred to an evaporating dish, preferably of platinum for the sake of celerity in evaporation, moistened with enough water to prevent lumping, and 5 to 10 cc of strong HC1 added and digested with the aid of gentle heat and agitation until solution is complete. Solution may be aided by light pressure with the flattened end of a glass rod.* The Solution is then evaporated to dryness, as far as this may be possible on the bath.
Seite 222 - The presence of carbonaceous matter in limestones renders the exact or even approximate determination of ferrous iron often impossible. Nevertheless, even in its presence acceptable results are sometimes obtainable if there is not much of such matter and if it does not give with acid a colored solution.
Seite 198 - ... absence of iron. Should there be fear of a trace of silica being present, it can be removed by a drop of hydrofluoric and sulphuric acids before weighing the barium sulphate.6 b.
Seite 80 - It has been found that, if the operation is carried out expeditiously and the final full heat applied for but a few minutes, the error due to penetrating water gases is inappreciable. This hastening may be rendered safer by using rather finely powdered calcium chloride or magnesium perchlorate trihydrate (p.
Seite 184 - In many cases in order to obtain all the cnlorine it is sufficient to attack the powder by chlorine-free hydrofluoric and nitric acids in the cold, with occasional stirring, and after filtering through paper fitted into a rubber funnel or large platinum cone to throw down the chlorine by silver nitrate. The presence of nitric acid is necessary, since in its absence ferrous fluoride reduces silver nitrate with deposition of crystallized silver.
Seite 119 - ... alcohol and ether. . After drying, pass a few cubic centimeters of hot water through the filter, on which may remain a few tenths of a milligram of residue, which does not usually contain any lime or other alkaline earth and whose weight is therefore to be deducted from that of the lime, unless it can be shown that it is derived from the glass of the little flask in which the nitrates of calcium and strontium were evaporated. To the solution of strontium nitrate in a small beaker add a few drops...
Seite 172 - Hence, to avoid waste of time in very fine grinding, the form of crucible with cap originally advocated by Smith is very much to be preferred, since it permits, when set at an angle through an opening in the side of a fire-clay cylinder...
Seite 46 - ... worthy of attention. The specific gravity was determined by dividing the average of the two dry weights by the difference between the dry weight and the weight of the cube suspended in water.

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