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their beating, because of the wicked ambition of men. Modern democracy will smile when the tide of war sweeps them down, but good men will drop tears to their memory, knowing that they died struggling for the advance of free thought and christian civilization; and over their graves will be written, "Defenders of the Union, and benefactors of a redeemed and disenthralled race."

Sunday, May 10th.-Since our return from the Tuscumbia Valley nothing of interest has occurred until to day; flaming bulletins are now flying everywhere exciting loud huzzas from the soldiers in and around Corinth. "Richmond fallen," "Stoneman occupying the city," "the stars and stripes floating over the ramparts," "Valandigham arrested, &c." Everything seems perfectly wild to night, and loud acclamations rend the air for Hooker. Bonfires are burning in every direction. The excitement beggars discription. Cheers are heard everywhere for Hooker, Burnside and No. 38; for the arrest of Ohio's arch traitor, the seared and corrupt hearted, sycophant, C. L. Vallandigham. May he be banished and be compelled to go creeping and whining through the back grounds of an English aristocracy, there to be execrated and condemned by all liberty loving people, for the ignoble part he played upon the American stage; and when peace shall have returned to a stricken people, should this traitor leader on the northern line return among America's loyal people, may the widow and

the orphan child say, there goes the traitor Vallandigham, who, when our loved and lost were being submerged by war's crimson wave, was standing upon the American Congress floor, saying that he would sooner see them die and the flag go down than vote one dollar for the prosecution of the war. Sad, sad record for one of the republic's sons!

CHAPTER X.

Move from Corinth-Camp at Bethel, Tennessee-Visit of Adjutant General Thomas-The evacuation of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad-Return to Corinth-Cornyn's raid-His laconic letter to Colonel Biffle, C. S. A-His conversation with the Alabama D. D.-The Seventh mounted-The mules-Rowett's first raid-Camp on Hortan's plantation-Camp at Cotton Ridge-Camp at Henderson-The charge into MontezumaCamp at Fort Hooker-Return to Corinth-News from Vicksburg-The raid of the rebels on the Government corral-The pursuit-Return to Corinth-Another raid into West Tennessee -Camp at Hamburg-Passing the old battle-field of ShilohCamp on Gravel Hill-Return to Corinth-The execution of a deserter-Preparations for another expedition-Leaving Corinth-Camp at Lexington-The arrival of Hatch and PhillipsRowett and Hatch sweeping the country-Camp near Huntington-The little girls at Huntington-Camp near Louisville and Memphis Railroad-Arrival at Trenton-Camp at GibsonCamp at the town mills-Grinding corn-Return to CorinthThe boldness of the guerrillas-Major Estabrook's raid-Passing through Adamsville-Jack Creek-Johnson's Mills-The guerrillas-Camp at Henderson-The attack of the guerrillas-Return to Corinth-Rowett's raid with the Seventh Illinois and Kansas Jayhawkers-Camp at Fort Hooker-Pass through Henderson-Camp at Mifflin-Killing of Sergeant Pickett-At Jack Creek-Pursuing Colonel Newsom-The fight at Swallow's Bluff Returning to Corinth-Captain Clark attacked at Purdy -Return to Corinth-Leaving for Chewalla, TennesseeCamp at Chewalla-Returning again to Corinth and going into our old quarters-The arrival and movement of troops-Indications of an aggressive movement.

May 13th, 1863.-To-day the regiment is ordered to prepare to move from Corinth with camp and garrison

equipage. In the afternoon Companies E, B and C, proceed by rail to Henderson, Tennessee, a station on the Mobile and Ohio railroad. In the evening the remaining companies load their camp and garrison equipage on the cars, ready to start in the morning for Bethel, Tennesssee, on the same road, four miles above Henderson towards Corinth. The news

comes to-night that Hooker has re-crossed the Rappahannock; that Stoneman has been driven back, and that yet the rebel government holds sway in Richmond. So much for rumor. Hooker is dropped now and the acclamations of the Seventh are confined to "Burnside and No. 38," and for the arrest of Vallandigham.

Thursday, 14th.-This morning we take the train for Bethel, and in about one hour we arrive at this outpost and are conducted to the barracks lately vacated by the Forty-third Ohio. We find the Seventh Iowa stationed here, who very cordially welcome the Seventh Illinois as their "Brother Crampers." The two Sevenths soon come to a mutual conclusion that they can run this part of the line and impart general satisfaction to all concerned. It is said that smiles are not wanting for the "vandals" in these parts. In the afternoon the regiment is paraded to receive Adjutant General Thomas, who is expected to arrive on the afternoon train. After his arrival

and reception by the troops, he addresses us for a short time upon the issues growing out of the emancipation proclamation, and then proceeds on his way towards Corinth.

We remain at Bethel from the fourteenth of May until June 7th, 1863. The Seventh will long remember Bethel and Henderson, Tennessee. How they stood picket; how they patroled the railroad; how they drilled; how they run the lines and sallied forth into the country; how they mingled with the chivalry and partook of their hospitality; how they sat down and talked with the beautiful, and how they listened to their music, "Bonnie Blue Flag" and "Belmont;" how the citizens flocked to our lines; how the boys traded "Scotch snuff" to the gentle ones for chickens, butter and eggs. Yes, Bethel and Henderson will long live on memory's page.

June 7th.-The work of evacuating the Mobile and Ohio Railroad is now going on. Having been ordered to move again with camp and garrison equipage, we this morning long before it is light, take the train for Corinth. The Twelfth Illinois having been ordered to Pocahontas, Tennessee, on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, our regiment is quartered in their barracks. The Twelfth had things arranged in style, so that everything presents a good appearance; the locality is fine, having a beautiful view of the romantic looking Corinth, and the battle field of October 4th, 1862.

June 11th. From day to day nothing but the weary routine of camp and picket duty greets us-rain or shine the same continual thing-no relaxation. But such is the soldier's life. These sleepless nights, surrounded by a chilling atmosphere, incident to the climate, watching for lurking traitors, is not an envi

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