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It seems that the regiment is being deployed along the railroad to do guard duty, and in consequence the boys are not in a very good humor.

Thursday, 23d.—This morning the regiment with the exception of Companies D, H and I, pass down on the train to Tilton, leaving orders for these three remaining companies to follow.

Friday, 24th.-To-day companies D, H and I, leave Tunnel Hill on the cars for Tilton, where we arrive late in the night. We remain here guarding the railroad, scouting and running after guerrillas until July 8th, when we take the cars for Rome, Georgia, to join our division and brigade stationed there. Arriving at Kingston we change cars for Rome, where we arrive on the evening of the 9th. We immediately cross the Etawah river and go into camp one-half mile from the city.

Sunday, 10th.-All quiet this morning, weather intensely hot. Rome is a beautiful town situated on the Etawah river, and is now converted into one vast hospital for the wounded and sick soldiers of the army of the Cumberland.

Monday, 11th. This morning the regiment receives orders to build barracks, and we are told that we will remain here during the summer. On the 14th our barracks are finished and the regiment cosily quartered therein. The picket line is now affording considerable attraction. The citizens are making daily pilgrimages thither with produce of every kind to trade to the soldiers, and now and then some one becomes victimized by some shrewd trader.

On the 1st day of August Major Estabrook, with Lieut. Pool of Company B, Captain Lawyer of Company C, Captain McGuire of Company A, Captain Clark of Company D, Lieutenant McEvoy of Company D, Captain Knowlton of Company F, Captain Yeager of Company G, Lieutenant Sayles of Company G, Captain Ring of Company H, Lieutenant Pegram of Company H, Lieutenant Fisher of Company I, Lieutenant Judy of Company E, and the non-veterans of the different companies, leave for the north for muster-out and final discharge from the service; their term of service having expired on the 25th of July, 1864. We all regret to see these officers and men leave the regiment; for we remember that in dark days they stood with us: that when the flag trembled and brave men were dying, they were never found wanting. They have now finished their contract-have performed their part, and performed it well. Some bear upon their persons honorable scars, which tell a silent story. Farewell, gallant

men.

August 15th.-To-day Colonel Rowett assumes command of the Third Brigade, consisting of the Seventh, Fiftieth and Fifty-seventh Illinois Infantry, and the Thirty-ninth Iowa Infantry, with head-quarters in Rome.

August 19th.-Up to this morning nothing has transpired to disturb the quiet of our camp near Rome; but this afternoon a little excitement is created in camp by the attacking of a foraging party sent out in the morning under the command of

acting-Lieutenant Billington of Company C, which resulted in the killing by the guerrillas of actingLieutenant Billington of Company C, and the wounding of privates William Ross and Frits of company D, and Dr. Felty of the hospital department, and the loss of all the mules belonging to the teams. Companies H and K are despatched at once to the scene of death and robbery, but no guerrillas are to be found, all having fled in great haste. The fray happened at a noted rebel's house, to which we apply the torch, and return to camp. ·

Sunday Afternoon, August, 21st.-Six companies of the Seventh, and six companies of the Fiftieth Illinois Infantry, under the command of Colonel Rowett, leave Rome on a scout. We march about nine miles out on the Kingston road and go into camp for the night. Hogs, chickens, roasting-ears and fruit abound in abundance. We live high to-night. After all is quiet in camp, scouts are sent out to see if they cannot discover something hostile said to be threatening these parts.

Monday morning the scouts return to camp reporting nothing threatening in the country, whereupon we return to camp, thus ending another "wild goose chase."

On the 8th of September the regiment moves camp across the Etawah, north of Rome, where they are again ordered to build barracks. The boys are fast becoming apt workmen in architecture. After building quarters and remaining in them a few days we are again ordered back across the

Etawah, and the third time we build barracks since our arrival at Rome; but in these we remained quietly until Hood commenced his movement northward. For awhile we will leave Rome, and invite the reader to go with us to the Allatoona Pass.

The regiment is now armed with the Henry repeating rifle (sixteen shooter,) which were obtained by the men at their own expense. These examples of self-sacrifice are worthy of loyal commendation.

CHAPTER XV.

The situation-Hood's retrograde movement-Gen. Corse ordered from Rome to the Allatoona Pass-Arrival in the eveningFinding the garrison surrounded-Preparations for battleBattle of the Allatoona Pass-Companies E and H deployed on Skirmish line-The demand for surrender-The skirmish line ordered back-Rowett's command in the outer works-Captain Smith holding at bay one rebel regiment-The desperation of the rebels-The retreat to the fort-The fearful sacrifice-The first charge-General Corse wounded-Colonel Rowett assumes command-The first rebel charge repulsed-Rowett's first order -The attempt by the rebels to burn the two million rationsThe second charge-The second repulse-The third chargeSherman on Kenesaw Mountain-Sherman's dispatch to General Corse-The third repulse-The fourth charge-Colonel Rowett's fort at Slaughter-pen-The rebels compelled to give way in dispair-Colonel Rowett wounded-Captain Rattrey assumes command-The Seventh with their sixteen-shootersThe close of the battle-The dead and wounded in Rowett's fort -Companies E, H and K on picket-The rain-The list of casualties-Honorable mention-Burying the dead-Caring for the wounded-Return to Rome-Death of the Seventh's drummer boy-Hood contriving to move northward-General ShermanIndications of some gigantic movement.

On Monday, the third of October, it was known to General Sherman that General Hood, with thirty thousand foot and ten thousand horse, supplied with the necessary munitions of war to give battle, was on the north side of the Chattahoochee River, moving northward. Never before in the annals of American history had there been such a succession of startling

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