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London:
SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON, SEARLE & RIVINGTON,

CROWN BUILDINGS, 188, FLEET STREET.

The Council of the Royal Colonial Institute are not responsible in any way for the opinions expressed by the Authors of the several Papers inserted in this Volume.

Members on changing their addresses are particularly requested to notify the change to the Honorary Secretary, in order that delay in forwarding the Transactions and other communications may be avoided as much as possible.

FREDERICK YOUNG,

Honorary Secretary. Royal COLONIAL INSTITUTE, 15, Strand, W.C.,

July, 1878.

ROOMS: 15, STRAND, W.C.

COUNCIL OF 1878–79.

PRESIDENT. HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE OF WALES, K.G., K.T., K.P.,

G.C.B., G.C.S.I., G.C.M.G.

CHAIRMAN OF COUNCIL.
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF MANCHESTER, K.P.

VICE-PRESIDENTS.
HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE PRINCE CHRISTIAN, K.G.
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF MANCHESTER, K.P.
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF ARGYLL, K.T.
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM AND CHANDOS, G.C.S.I.
HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF SUTHERLAND, K.G.
THE MOST NOBLE THE MARQUIS OF NORMANBY, G.C.M.G.
THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF CARNARVON.
THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF GRANVILLE, K.G.
THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF DUFFERIN, K.P., K.C.B., G.C.M.G.
THE RIGHT HON. THE EARL OF DUNRAVEN, K.P.
THE RIGHT HON. VISCOUNT MONOK, G.C.M.G.
THE RIGHT HON. VISCOUNT BURY, K.C.M.G.
THE RIGHT HON. VISCOUNT CRANBROOK.
THE RIGHT HON. LORD CARLINGFORD.
THE RIGHT HON. SIR STAFFORD H. NORTHCOTE, BART., C.B., M.P.
THE RIGHT HON. STEPHEN CAVE, M.P.
THE RIGHT HON. W. E. FORSTER, M.P.
THE RIGHT HON. HUGH C. E. CHILDERS, M.P.
SIR RICHARD GRAVES MACDONNELL, K.C.M.G., C.B.

COUNCILLORS.
SIE HENRY BARKLY, K.C.B., G.C.M.G. | SIR CHARLES NICHOLSON, BART.
HENRY BLAINE, Esq.

ALEXANDER RIVINGTON, Esg.
SIR CHARLES CLIFFORD.

S. W. SILVER, ESQ. LIEUT.-GEN. Sir H, C. B. DAUBENEY, SIR CHARLES E. F. STIBLING, BART. K.C.B.

H. B. T. STRANGWAYS, Esq.
H. W. FREELAND, Esq.

J. DUNCAN THOMSON, Esq.
A. R. CAMPBELL-JOHNSTON, Esq. SIR R. R. TORRENS, K.C.M.G.
H. J. JOURDAIN, Esq.

WILLIAM WALKER, ESQ.
F. P. LABILLIERE, Esq.

SIR C. WINGFIELD, K.C.S.I., C.B. SIR GEORGE MACLEAY, K.C.M.G. J. DENNISTOUN WOOD, Esq. GISBORNE MOLINEUX, Esq.

LEONARD WRAY Esq. JACOB MONTEFIORE, Esq.

JAMES A. Youl, Esq., C.M.G.
H. E. MONTGOMERIE, Esq.

TRUSTEES.
SIR JOHN ROSE, BART., K.C.M.G. I LORD KINNAIRD.

JAMES SEARIGHT, Esq.

HON. TREASURER.
W. C. SARGEAUNT, Esq., C.M.G.

HON. SECRETARY
FREDERICK YOUNG, Esa.

15, STRAND, LONDON.

ESTABLISHED 1863.

MOTTO-“ UNITED EMPIRE."

OBJECTS. “ To provide a place of meeting for all Gentlemen connected with the Colonies and British India, and others taking an interest in Colonial and Indian affairs; to establish a Reading Room and Library, in which recent and authentic intelligence upon Colonial and Indian subjects may be constantly available, and a Museum for the collection and exhibition of Colonial and Indian productions ; to facilitate interchange of experiences amongst persons representing all the Dependencies of Great Britain; to afford opportunities for the reading of Papers, and for holding Discussions upon Colonial and Indian subjects generally; and to undertake scientific, literary, and statistical investigations in connection with the British Empire. But no Paper shall be read, or any Discussion be permitted to take place, tending to give to the Institute a party character.” (Rule I.)

MEMBERSHIP. There are two classes of Fellows, Resident and Non-Resident, both elected by the Council on the nomination of any two Fellows. The former pay an entrance fee of £3, and an Annual Subscription of £2; the latter £1 1s. a year, and no entrance-fee. Resident Fellows can become Life Members on payment of £20, and NonResident Fellows on payment of £10.

PRIVILEGES OF FELLOWS. Use of Rooms, Papers, and Library. All Fellows, whether residing in England or the Colonies, have the Annual Volume of the Proceedings of the Institute forwarded to them.

The support of all British subjects, whether residing in the United Kingdom or the Colonies—for the Institute is intended for both-is earnestly desired in promoting the great objects of extending knowledge respecting the various portions of the Empire, and in promoting the cause of its permanent unity. Contributions to the Library will be thankfully received.

FREDERICK Young, Hon. Sec.

TABLE OF CONTENTS,

187778.

PAGE

Council of 1878–79 ...

Objects of the Royal Colonial Institute ... ... ... ... ... iv

List of Fellows ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... vii

Ordinary General Meeting : Indian Famines, and How to Modify the

Causes that lead to them. By Robert H. Elliot, Esq.

Ordinary General Meeting : Queensland and Chinese Immigration. By

A. Macalister, Esq., C.M.G., Agent-General for Queensland... ... 43

The Death of Mr. Edward Wilson ... ... ... ... ... ... 84

Ordinary General Meeting : A Sketch of New South Wales from 1788 to

1876. By Sir Daniel Cooper, Bart. ... ... ... ... ... 86

Ordinary General Meeting: The Character of the Colonial and Indian

Trade of England contrasted with her Foreign Trade. Dy Dr. J.

Forbes Watson ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 109

Ordinary General Meeting: New Zealand and the South Sea Islands, and

their Relation to the Empire, By Sir Julius Vogel, K.C.M.G.,

Agent-General for New Zealand ... ... ... ... ... ... 164

Ordinary General Meeting: Canada ; and its Vast Undeveloped Interior.

By Sandford Fleming, Esq., C.E., C.M.G. ... ... ... ... 225

Letter of Mr. Sandford Fleming in Reply to the Discussion on his Paper 272

Ordinary General Meeting : Glimpses of Natal. By John Robinson, Esq.,

M.L.C. ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 280

Ordinary General Meeting : (1) The Angora Goat, and its Naturalisation

in British Colonies. By Gavin Gatheral, Esq., H.B.M.'s Vice-

Consul, Angora ... ...

326

(2) The Proposed Ramiseram Ship Canal between India and Ceylon.

By S. McBean, Esq., C.E. ...

Ordinary General Meeting: A Colonial Naval Volunteer Force. By

Thomas Brassey, Esq., M.P.

Conversazione ... ... ... ... ...

Annual General Meeting

General Index ... ... ... .. ... ... ... .. ..

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