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quest of a species of ants which build their nests ments with which this animal seizes its prey among the branches. It has the size and pre- are each a sort of mouth or trunk, by which it hensile power of the squirrel: walks slowly on sucks out the entire entrails. the heels; teeds only in the night; emniis no When the lion-ant has attained its full size, cry.
it constructs for itseli an editice, the external 3. M. pentadactyla. Striped ant-eater. parts of which are particles of sand or earth Toes on the fore-feet five : tail long, flat, en- combined together by silken threads: the intirely covered with hair: head thick, upper jaw terior cavity is lined with pure silk, while and and spout very long, eyes small; ears small, glossy, like satia. Within this ball the myrmerounded, fringed above with black hairs; hair leon is changed into a chrysalis, of a curved or long; back, head, legs tawny; belly dirty white; semicircular shape, displaying all the parts of tail annulate with blackish' hair: length thir- the perfect insect that is soon to issue from it. teen inches, height ten.
After the chrysalis bursts, the winged insect 4. M. aculeata. Porcupine ant-eater. Body which makes its escape is of a gray colour, with covered with long sharp spines: tail very long. a long slender body, resembling the libellula. Spines on the back and sides resembling those in this country the myrmeleon is very scarce ; of a porcupine, white, with black tips, and a a few, however, are found to breed among the circle of dull orange between the colours; head loose earth at the bottom of walls which have and under-parts deep-brown; tail short, naked, a south exposure. In that dry, pulverized, and a little fatiened at the tip, covered at the root sandy earth their eggs are protected from rain, with upright spines; eyes small, black, irids till they are hatched by the sun. Vallisnieri blueish'; legs short, thick, five-toed; toes broad, and Poupart first gave the history of the lionround; claws black, on the hind-feet only four, ant; that of the former is in the form of a dia. the first long, sharp, carved, second shorter, logue between Malphighi and Pliny, in which two others shorter siill. Inhabits New Hol- the modern informs the ancient naturalist of the land : size of a rat.
singular manæuvres and metamophosis of these 5. M. Capensis. Cape ant-eater. Toes on animals. There are sixteen species; which the fore-feet, four; snout long; ears large, may be thus subdivided. pendulous; tail shorter than the body, taper, Á Hind-feelers much longer than the rest ; ing to the tip. Inhabits the Cape of Good jaw one-toothed; lip membranaceous, Hope; nearly the size of a hog, and weighing square, truncate, emargenate. almost a hundred pounds; burrows in the B Feelers nearly equal; jaw ciliate; lip ground ; sleeps by day, prowls by night. See homy, rounded, entire. This division Nat. Hist. Pl. CLV.
constitutes the ascalaphus of Fabricius. MYRMELEON. Lion-ant. Mouth with The different species inhabit the warmer parts a horny acute inandible and jaw; feelers six; of Europe, Africa, India, and America. "The stemmaless; antennas thicker at the tip; wings only species traced in our own country is M. deflected; tail of the male armed with a forceps formicarius; its wings clouded with brown, composed of two straight filaments.
with a white marginal spot behind. See Nat. The animals of this family prey with the Hist. Pl. CLX. most savage ferocity upon ants and smaller in- MYRMIDONS, MYRMIDONES, in ansects, though they seem at first sight but ill tiquity, a people on the southern borders of calculated for this manner of life, all their pro- Thessaly, who accompanied Achilles to the gress in walking being backwards: by stra- Trojan war. They received the name from tagem, however, the lion-ant masters insects Myrmidon, a son of Jupiter and Eurymedusa, far superior to itself in strength. In the loose who married one of the daughters of Æolus, sand ii digs a hollow resembling a funnel, where son to Helen. His son Actor married Æsina it takes its station at the bottom, every part the daughter of Asopus. He gave his n. me being concealed except the forceps, with which to his subjects, who dwelt near the river les the bead is armed. This instrument, which it neus in Thessaly. According to some, the can open or hut at pleasure, is curiously con- Myrmidons received their name from their structed for seizing and penetrating the hardest having arisen from ants or pismires, upon a insect ; and unhappy is the animal who, in prayer put up for that purpose by king cus pursuing it journey, stumbles into this cavern. to Jupiter, after his kingdom had been disIn vain it endeavours to scramble up by the peopled by a severe pestilence. According to edges, which are continually giving way under Strabo, they received it from their industry, its feet; it tumbles to the bottom, where it because they imitated the diligence of the is pierced by the forceps of the lion ant lurking ants, and like them were indefatigable, and below.
were continually employed in cultivating the If the insect be small, and the grains of sand, earth. notwithstanding the declivity of ihe funnel, do MYROBALANUS (myrobalanus, not give way under its feet, ihe myrmeleon has fo&c. drevos, from puro, an unguent, and fedavos, another intention by which he renders himself a nut, so called because it was formerly used master of his prey; with his head, which is in oininenis.) A myrobalan. A dried fruit, flattened, he throws up repeated showers of of the plum kind, brought from the East Insand from the bottom of the funnel, which dies. All the myrobalans have an unpleasant, falling upon the sides, for down the insect bitterish, very austere taste, and strike an inky till it comes within reach. The fatal instru. blackness with a solution of sal martis. They
kre said to have a gently purgative as well as an M. peruiserum. Balsam of Peru tree. Treo astringent and corroborating virtue. In this with a smooth, thick, resinous bark; leaves country they have been long expunged from abruptly pinnate, in double pairs; full of lithe pharmacopæias.
near shining resinous dots ; leaflets nearly opMYROBALANUS BELLIRICA. The bel. posite, ovate-lanceolate, with an obtuse emarliric myrobalan. This fruit is of a yellowish ginate tip; racemes axillary. grey colour, and an irregularly roundish or ob- The balsam obtained from this plant is exlong figure, about an inch in length, and three tracted from it by coction, and is brought over quarters of an inch thick.
to the consistence of thin honey, of a reddishMYROBALANUS CHEBULA. The chebule brown colour, inclining to black, possessing an myrobalan. This resembles the yellow in agreeable aromatic smell, and a very hot biting figure and ridges, but is larger, of a darker taste. Distilled with water this balsam yields colour inclining to brown, or blackish, and a small quantity of a fragrant essential oil of a has a thicker pulp.
reddish colour, and gives also in a strong fire MYROBALANUS CITRINA. Yellow my- a yellowish red oil. For its medical properties, robalan. This fruit is somewhat longer than see BALSAMUM PERUVIANUM. the belliric, with generally five large longi- MYRRH. (myrrha, Hebrew.) A botanitudinal ridges, and as many smaller between cal specimen of the tree which affords this gumthem, somewhat pointed at both ends. resin has not yet been obtained; but from the
MYROBALANUS EMBLICA. The emblic account of Mr. Bruce, who says it very much myrobalan is of a dark blackish grey colour, resembles the acacia vera, which is the mimoroundish, about half an inch thick, with six sa nilotica of Linnéus, there can be little doubt hexagonal faces, opening from one another. in referring it to that genus, especially as it
MYROBALANUS INDICA. The Indian or corresponds with the description of the tree black myrobalan, of a deep black colour, ob- given by Dioscorides. The tree that affords long, octangular, differing from all the others in the myrrh, which is obtained by incision, having no stone, or only the rudiments of one, grows on the eastern coast of Arabia Felix, and from which circumstance they are supposed in that part of Abyssinia which is situated to have been gatlıered before maturity. near the Red Sea, and is called by Mr. Bruce
MYROBALANS. See MYROBAL, ANUS. troglodite. Good myrrh is of a foul black red
MYRODENDRUM, in botany, a genus of colour, solid and heavy, of a peculiar smell, the class polyandria, crder monogynia. Calyx and bitter taste. Its medicinal effects are five-toothed; petals five; stigma five-lobed; warm, corroborant, and antiseptic; it has been pericarp five-celled, with a single seed in successfully employed in phthisical cases as a each. "One species ; a Cayenne tree, fifty feet pectoral; and although allied to some of the high, with leaves alternate, lanceolate, acute, balsams, it is found to be more efficacious and clasping the stem, crenate, glabrous ; flowers less irritating to the system. There are several in terminal corymbs.
preparations of this drug in the London and MYRODIA, in botany, a genus of the Edinburgh pharmacopeias. class monodelphia, order polyandria. Calyx MYRRH FERN, in botany. See SCANDIX. single, tubular, bursting at top; petals five; MYRRHINE. See MURRHINE. style filiform ; drupe dry, two or three-celled; MYRSINE, in botany, a genus of the class the cell one-seeded. Two species, shrubs of pentandria, order monogynia. Corol half fivethe Caribbees and of Guiana.
cleft, connivent; germ filling the corol; drupe MYRO'POLIST. s. (rupoy and ww.sw.) One one-seeded, with a five-celled nut. Two spe. who feels unguents.
cies; one an African plant with elliptic acute MYROSMA, in botany, a genus of the leaves, and axillary Howers, three together, class monandria, order monogynia. Calyx on short peduncles : and the other a plant of double; the outer three-leaved, inner, three- the Azores, with obovate, obtuse leaves, and parted; corol five-parted, irregular; capsule subsessile flowers, crowded and somewhat three-cornered, three-celled, many-seeded. One corymbed. Both are occasionally found in our species; a Surinam shrub, growing like the green-houses; and may be raised by planting canna root; fleshy, ovate; raceme like the cuttings of the young shoots in pots in sumament of a hop, imbricate, with alternate mer, frequently giving them water, and rescales of the bractes; bractes two-leaved, two- straining them to the shade. flowered.
MYRTACANTHA. (myrlacantha, Mapsen MYROTHECIUM, in botany, a genus of xavba, from youpros, a myrtle, and exava, a the class cryptogamia, order fungi. Fungus thorn ; so called from its likeness to myrtle, sessile, cup-shaped; the cupola volate above; and from its prickly leaves). Butchers broom. seeds rather viscid. Five species; all exotic See Ruscus. plants.
MYRTIFORUS, in anatomy, an appellaMYROXYLON, in botany, a genus of the tion given to several parts, because of their reclass decandria, order monogynia. Calyx cam- sembling myrtle-berries. panulate, five-toothed ; petals five, the upper
MYRTIFORM CARUNCLES. The reones larger than the rest: germ longer than mains of the hymen. See GLANDULE MYRthe corol ; legume one-seeded at the tip. Three TIFORMES. species, all natives of South America; of MYR IFORM GLANDS, See GLANDULE which the following is the chief.
MYRTILLUS. (myrtillus). The berries open air, but placed in a warm situation, and which are directed in pharmacopæias by the sheltered from the winds; they should stand name of baccæ myrtillorum are the fruit of here will October, and then be removed into a the vaccinium myrtillus of Linnéus. Pre- green-house, where they should be placed so as pared with vinegar they are esteemed as anti-' to have as much air as possible. In the March scorbutics, and when dry possess astringent following they should be removed into sepavirtues.
rate pots of rich earth, and in May set out to MYRTLE, in botany. See Myrtus. the open air in a warm and well-defended MYRTLE (Candleberry). See My- place. They will require in the summer fre
quent waterings, and the dead leaves should be MYRTLE-LEAVED SUMACH. See Cori- carefully picked off. As they advance in AREA.
growth, they are to be shifted at times into pots MYRTO-CISTUS. See HYPERICUM. of a larger size; and this should be done either MYRTLE (Dutch). See Myrica. in April or in August; and towards the end MYRTUS; myrtle. In botany, a genus of October they should always be removed of the class icosandria, order monogynia ; calyx into the green-house. four or five-cleft, superior: petals four or five; 2. M. pimenta. Pimento myrtle. A tree berry two or three-celled ; seeds numerous, about fifty feet high; leaves alternate, elliptic, gibbous. Twenty-eight species, often, how- veined; flowers panicled on trichotomous peever, made more numerous from the introduc- duncles; calyx four-cleft; petals four. The tion of plants that belong to other genera. branches on the top are much divided, and These are uniformly natives of warm climates, possess a rich foliage, the perpetual verdure of and for the most part indigenous to India, which always gives the tree a very high degree South America, the West Indies, or the Cape. of beauty. It is a native of New Spain and of The three following are those mostly entitled to
the West-Indies. In Jamaica it grows very attention.
plentifully; and in June, July, and August, 1. M. communis. Common myrtle. Flowers puts forth its flowers, which, with every part of solitary, with a two-leaved involucre. It the tree, breathe an aromatic fragrance. The is a native of Asia, Africa, and the south of berries, when ripe, are of a dark purple coEurope, and the parent of all the common va- lour, and full of a sweet pulp, which the birds rieties of myrtle we ineet with in our gardens devour greedily. It is these dried berries that and green-houses. Of these varieties the chief are denominated pimento, allspice, or Jamaica
pepper. For their medical properties, see Pro a. Common broad-leaved or Roman myrtle. MENTO. 6. Box-leaved myrtle.
3. M. caryophyllata. Clove myrtle. Pe. y. Common Italian or upright myrtle, of duncles trichotomous, terminal; calyx undi
which the nutmeg myrtle is a sub- vided ; leaves obovate, not dotted, slightly pevariety.
tioled. The bark of this tree has a considera. 3. Orange, or bay-leaved myrıle.
ble resemblance in smell and taste to the 1. Portugal myrtle.
clove-spice or fruit of the eugenia caryophylf. Broad-Jeaved Dutch"myrtle.
lata, and are often recommended in the dispen1. Double-flowering myrile.
satories on this account, under the name of 6. Rosemary, or thyme-leaved myrtle. CASSIA CARYOPHYLLATA,
which It All these varieties are constant, but there is a native of Ceylon, are others which are far less marked and more * MYRTUS BRABANTICA. Gaule. Sweet fugitive; as, for instance, the gold-striped, willow, or Dutch myrtle. The leaves, fowers, broad-leaved myrtle; broad-leaved Jews inyro and seeds of this plant, myrica gale of Linnéus, tle ; gold-striped orange-leaved myrıle; silver, have a strong fragrant smell, and a bitter taste. striped Italian myrtle; striped box-leaved They are said to be used amongst the common myrtle; coxcomb, or birds-nest myrtle, &c. people for destroying moths and cutaneous in
These are all easily propagated from cut- sects, and the infusion is given internally as a tings. The best season for this is July; and stomachic and vermifuge. the straitest and youngest vigorous shoots are to MYSE’LF. s. (my and self.) 1. An emhe chosen. These should be cut off about phatical word added io I: as, I myself do it ; eight inches long, and the leaves of the lower that is, not I by. proxy; not another. 2. The part stripped off to two inches high, and that reciprocal of 1, in the oblique case. part of the stalk twisterl which is to be placed MYSIA, a country of Asia Minor, genein the ground; they are to be planted in pots rally divided into Major and Minor. Mysia of light rich earth, at about two inches 'dis Minor was bounded on the north and west by tance from each other, observing to close the the Propontis and Bithynia, and Phrygia on earth very well about them, and give them a the southern and eastern borders. Mysia gentle watering. They are then to be re- Major had Æolia on the south, Ægean on the mored into a moderate hot-bed, and shaded west, and Phrygia on the north and east. Its and watered once in iwo or three days till they chief cities were Cyzicum, Lampsacus,&c. The have taken root. In about a month's time inhabitants were once very warlike; but they they will be rooted, and will begin to shoot, greatly degenerated; and the words Mysorum and must then be inured by degrees to the air; ultimus was emphatically used to signify a perand in August they should be removed into the son of no merit. The ancients generally hired
them to attend their funerals as mourners, be any troops that have ever been raised and disa cause they were naturally melancholy and iv. ciplined by a native of India. clined to shed tears. They were once governed Mysore, a fortified town of Hindastan, by monarchs. They are supposed to be de- anciently the capi'al of the country so called : scended from the Mysians of Europe, a nation ten miles S. Seringapatam. who inhabited that part of Thrace which was MYSTAGOʻGUE s. (pusayuyos.) One who situated between Mount Hæmus and the Da- interprets divine mysteries; also one who keeps nube.
church relics, and shows them to strangers MYSON, a native of Sparta, one of the (Bailey). seven wise men of Greece. When Anacharsis MYSTAX. The hair which forms the consulted the oracle of Apollo, to know which beard in man, on each side the upper lip. was the wisest man in Greece, he received for MYSTERIARCH. s. (uusúgion and exe) answer, he who is now ploughing his fields. One presiding over mysteries. This was Myson.
MYSTERIOUS. a.(mysterieux, French.) MYSORE, a province of Hindustan, which 1. Inaccessible to the understanding ; awfully takes its name from a town situated about ten obscure (Denham). 2. Artfully perplexed miles south from the river Cauvery, formerly (Swift). governed by an Hindu prince. What is called MYSTERIOUSLY.ad.(from mysterious.)
JOUS the kingdom of Mysore, includes, besides the 1. In a manner above understanding. 2. ObMysore Proper, the countries of Bednore, scurely; enigmatically (Taylor). Coimbetore, Canara, and Dindigul, with some MYSTERIOUSNESS. s. (from mysleothers, the whole forming an extent near 500 rious.). 1. Holy obscurity (Taylor). 2. Artmiles, from north to south, and near 300, where ful difficulty or perplexity. broadest, from east to west, though in some
To MYSTERIZE. Ü. a. (from mystery.) places it is hardly 100, and, towards the south, To explain as enigmas (Brown). narrowed almost to a point. Mysore, on the MYSTERY.s. (uusipuow; mystere, French.) north, is bounded by the countries of Visiapour 1. Something above human intelligence ; and Golconda, on the east by the Carnatic, on something awfully obscure (Taylur). 2. An the south by Madura Travancore, and Cochin, enigma; any thing artfully made difficult and on the west by the Indian Sea. On the (Shakspeare. 3. A trade; a calling: in death of the last Hindu king, Hyder Ally, this sense it should, according to Warburtor, soldier of fortune, declared himself regent, and be written mistery, from mestier, French, a imprisoned the young prince, who was to have trade (Shakspeare). succeeded his father. Hyder had risen from a Mystery, mysterium, something secret low rank, to the supreme command of the or hidden; impossible or difficult to be comprearmy. On a complaint that the English had hended. The word comes from the Greek not kept their treaties with him, he made an uusmpior; and, that according to some etymoloirruption into the Carnatic. The war continued gists, from Mrw, claudo, taceo, I shut, I am with various success, during the years 1767, silent, and sonce, mouth; but then whence 1768, and part of 1769; when Hyder, with comes the r? Must the m in 5opez be converte a strong detachment of chosen troops, chiefly ed into an r? The word seems derived, with horse, giving the British army the slip, came more propriety, from the Hebrew no salor, to within seven miles of Madras, and dictated a hide; whence is formed ynona mistar, a hidpeace to the government of that place. Some den thing. years afterwards hostilities were again com- Mystery is primarily used in speaking of inenced, and successively renewed, till the certain truths revealed'in scripture, into the death of Hyder Ally, and even after his death, full understanding whereof human reason canby his son Tippoo; til, in the year 1792, after not penetrate. Such are said to be the docseveral defeats, Tippoo was compelled to make trines of the trinity, the incarnation, &c. We peace, on the humiliating terms of surrender- have an epitome of the mysteries of faith, or ing great part of his dominions to the English the mysteries of christianity, in the symbols of and their friends, and the payment of thirty creeds, compiled by the apostles, the council lacks of rupees; and for the due performance of Nice, and St. Athanasius. (See Creed.) In of the articles of the treaty, two of the sul- some of these mention is made of the mystery tan's eldest sons were sent as hostages to lord of the trinity; the mysteries of the incarnation Cornwallis, the commander of the British of the Son of God, his death and passion, and army; The gross revenue of Tippoo has been his descent into hell, for the redemption of stated at four crores of rupees, or as many mankind; of his resurrection the third day, millions sterling. His military establishment his ascension into heaven, his sitting on the was very great, being no less than 72,800 regu- right hand of God, and his coming again 10 lars, including 740 Europeans, under the com- judge the world ; of the divinity and coequamand of French officers: besitles troops in the lity of the Holy Ghost with the father and the frontier garrisons to the amount of 49,000. Son; of the unity of the church ; of the comi. The remainder of his force consisted of irregu- munion of saints; the participation of the sa« lars of various descriptions, and amounts to craments; and the general resurrection. 33,000, and upwards; so that the whole force It is very customary with unbelievers to afof Tippoo was reckoned at 155,000, of which firm that they will believe nothing which they bear 73,000 were of a class much superior to cannot comprehend, and thence to reject the
christian religion. But Dr. Gregory, in his and guided by its impulse, by remaining in a " Letters on the Evidences, Doctrines, and state of mere inaction. Duties of the Christian Religion," just pub- Passive contemplation is that state of per. lished by Baldwin, has shewn that this objec- fection to which the mystics all aspire. tion is untenable, being founded in a neglect The authors of this mystic science, which of the essential distinction between what is sprung up towards the close of the third cenabove reason, and what is contrary to it. He tury, are not known; but the principles from also shews, by running over the general princi- which it was formed are manifest. "Its first ples of various branches of mathematical, che- promoters proceeded from the known doctrine mical, and metaphysical science, that the diffi- of the Platonic school, which was also adopted culties attending christianity on the score of its by Origen and his disciples, that the divine mysterious or incomprehensible parts are of the nature was diffused through all human souls, same kind (and probably should be referred to or that the faculty of reason, from which prothe same cause, the weakness of our faculties) ceeds the health and vigour of the mind, was as those wbich envelope all the fundamental an emanation from God into the human soul, principles of knowledge. See vol. i. pa. and comprehended in it the principles and ele57-77.
ments of all truth, human and divine. They The heathens also had their mysteries, par- denied that men could by labour or study exticularly those of Ceres (see ELEUSINIA), the cite this celestial flame in their breasts, and, Bona Dea, &c. The Egyptian priests con- therefore, they disapproved highly of the atcealed the mysteries of their religion and phi- tempts of those, who, by definitions, abstract losophy under hieroglyphics. Those who re- theorems and profound speculations, endeavealed the mysteries of the Bona Dea were se- voured to forın distinct notions of truth, and to verely punished ; and none were trusted with discover its hidden nature.
On the contrary, them but those solemnly initiated, and sworn they maintained that silence, tranquillity, reto secrecy. But these were not called myste- pose, and solitude, accompanied with such ries, as being incomprehensible, or raised acts as might tend to extenuate and exhaust above the power of reason; but because they the body, were the means by which the hidwere covered and disguised under types and den and internal word was excited to produce figures, to raise the greater veneration in the its latent virtues, and to instruct men in the people. The mysteries of paganisın were usu. knowledge of divine things. ally celebrated in caves and grottos, fitter to MYTENS (Arnold), a painter, born at conceal crimes than to celebrate mysteries in. Brussels in 1541. He formed his style in the
MY'STICAL. My'stic. a. (mysticus, taste of the Roman school, and painted several Latin.) 1. Sacredly obscure (Hooker). 2. capital pictures for churches in Italy. He died Involving some secret meaning; emblematic in 1602. cal (Taylor). 3. Obscure ; secret (Dryden). Mytens (Martin), a Swedish painter,
MYSTICALLY. ad. (from mystical.) In born at Stockholm in 1695, and died in 1755. a manner, or by an act, implying some secret He visited various countries, and had the homeaning (Donne).
nour to paint the portraits of several princes, MYSTICALNESS. s. (from mystical) particularly the czar Peter, who pressed him Involution of some secret meaning.
to settle at Petersburgh; but being bent on a MYSTIC THEOLOGY denotes a refined journey to Italy, he declined the offer. At and sublime kind of divinity, professed by the length' he settled at Vienna, where he was mystics.
held in great esteem by the emperor Charles It consists in a knowledge of God, and di- VI. His best performance is a representation vine things, not acquired in the common way, of the story of Esther and Ahasuerus (IVatk.). but infused immediately by God, and which MYTHOLO'GICAL. u.(from mythology.) has the power to move the soul in an easy, Relating to the explication of fabulous history calm, devout, affective manner; to unite it (Brown). ultimately to God; to illumine the understand- MYTHOLO'GICALLY.ad
. (from mythoing, and to warn and enliven the will, in an logicul.) In a manner suitable to the system extraordinary manner.
of fables. Among the writings attributed to Dionysius MYTHO'LOGIST. s. (from mythology.) A the Areopagite, is a discourse of mystic theo.
elater or expositor of the ancient fables of the logy. Several others have written on the same heathens (Creech, Norris). subject, both ancients and moderns.
T. MYTHOʻLOGIZÉ. v. n. (from mythoMYSTICS, mystici, a kind of religious logy.) To relate or explain the fabulous hissect, distinguished by their professing pure, tory of the heathens. sublime, and perfect devotion, with an entire
MYTHOLOGY is compounded of two disinterested love of God, free from all selfish
Greek words, and in its original import signifies considerations.
any kind of fabulous doctrine: in its more approThe inystics, to excuse their fanatic ecsta- priated sense, it means those fabulous details consies, and amorous extravagancies, allege that cerning the objects of worship which were invented passage of St. Paul; The spirit prays in us by and propogated by men who lived in the early ages sighs and groans that are unutterable. Now, of the world, and by them transmitted to succecdil the spirit, say they, pray in us, we must re- ing generations, either by written records or by sign ourselves to its motions, and be swayed oral tradition.