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“ through. A meteor that is exhaled from the “ earth by a foreign force, though it may mount " high in appearance, and brave it in a blaze, « enough to be envied by the poor twinkling • stars, and to be admired by ordinary specta6 tors, yet its fate is to fall down, and shame6 fully confess its base original. That religion, 66 which men put on for a cloke, will wear out “ and drop into rags, if it be not presently 6 thrown by as a garment out of fashion *" Would there not have been a sufficiency of Paraboles without the addition of the last, and, I might add, is it not evidently of an inferior texture to the former? Which leads me,
5. To observe that our Comparisons should ascend in a Climax. Let us not begin high, and sink low; but rather let us begin low, and rise high, if we choose to employ two or more Paraboles at the same time. Horace says,
It grieves me HOMER's muse should sometimes nod f.
And is not the following passage an incontestible proof of it, as there is evidently an AntiClimax in the succession of similies ? « Among e the Chiefs was King AGAMEMNON, in his
* Shaw's Immanuel, or Discovery of Religion, as it imports a living Principle in the Minds of Men; a treatile remarkable for genius and piety, and one of the finest pieces on the sub. ject that perhaps was ever written. t Indignor, quandoque bonus dormitat Homerus,
De Art. Poet. ver 359.
« eyes and head like JUPITER, rejoicing in his • thunder; in his belt like Mars, and in his - chest like Neptune. Like a bull that is “ greatly eminent among the herd, did Ju-, “PITER on that day make AGAMEMNON il“ lustrious among many, and distinguished “ among heroes *.”
Certainly after a General has been resembled to JUPITER, Mars, and NEPTUNE, it is an insufferable downfal to compare him to a bull among the herd; and therefore Mr Pope tells us, that “ the liberty has been taken in his « translation to place the humble simile first, “ reserving the nobler one as a more magnificent “ close of the description.” .....
The King of kings, majestically tall,
Like some proud bull that round the pastures leads
.. " There * Mélo de regelw Ayeljesus wa,
Oμματα και κεφαλην ικελG- Διι τερπικεραυνω,
Iliad, lib. ii. ver. 477.
There' are some,” says Dionysius HaliCARNASSENSIS, “ that without any order heap « up Figures, being totally ignorant of the prooc' per season for their insertion *.”
* Οι δε και πανταχόθεν συναγoυσιν, αγνοοντες του καιρον αυtwy. Dionysu HaliCARNASSENS. Art. Rhetoric. vol. ii. p.112. edit, Hudson.
· CHAPTER XXII.
The EPIPHONEMA considered.,
$ 1. Its definition. § 2. Instances of this Figure from Cicero, Virgil, Milton, and COBB.
3. Examples of the Epiphonema from Scripture. $ 4. The use of this Figure. $ 5. Directions concerning it.
$1. AN Epiphonema * is a pertinent and in
11 structive remark at the end of a difcourse or narration.
$ 2. We shall find instances of this Figure in some of the finest Writers. " Hence we may " learn, says Cicero, that there is no duty fo 66 sacred and folemn, which it is not usual with
- " avarice * From Eti@winjice, an acclamation.
« avarice to injure and violate *.” So again, « All wish, says the same Author, to arrive at “ old age; and yet when they have attained it, “ they are disgusted with it: such is the levity “ and perverseness of folly t."
VIRGIL, after he has given us a view of the difficulties and dangers of the ancestors of the Romans, makes this reflexion,
So vast the toil to found the Roman state 1. MILTON represents the obduracy of the rebellious angels, upon the inarch of the Son of God against them, in the following verses;
This faw his hapless foes, but stood obdur'd, .
Insensate, hope conceiving from despair ;
In heav'nly sp’rits could such perverseness dwell!
Mr COBB, in his pindaric. ode, intitled, the Female Reign, occasioned by the wonderful fuccess of the arms of Queen Anne and her allies, has these lines :
* Qua ex re intelligi facile potuit, nullum esse officium tam fanctum, atque solemne, quod non avaritia comminuere, atque , violare foleat. Cicero pro Quint. n. 6.
+ Quo in genere in primis est senectus, quam ut adipiscan. tur, omnes optant; eandem accusant adeptam : tanta est inconftantia ftultitiæ atque perversitas !. Cicer. de Senectute, n.2. · I Tantæ molis erat Romanam condere gentem !
Æneid. lib. i. ver, 37. . .: What treble ruin pious Anna brings
On false Electors, perjur'd Kings, . Let the twice fugitive Bavarian tell; . Who from his airy hope of better state,
By lust of sway irregularly great,
He, by imperial favour rais’d,
Who durst assault the throne of God;
The first in solid misery, Monarch of hell, and woes, and endless night. Immediately the Poet as it were suspends his poem, to make room for the following reAexions ; . Corruption of the best is worst:
And foul ambition, like an evil wind,
And if a seraph fall, he's doubly curs'a.
$ 3. We shall next produce some instances of the Epiphonema from the sacred Writings. After the account of ABIMELECH's wickedness in slaying his father Gideon's sons, threescore and ten persons, of his being wounded by a piece of a mill-ftone cast upon his head by a woman, and of his being thrust through and dying by the sword of his armour-bearer, the sacred Hifto