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PUBLISHED UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE OF THE SOCIETY

FOR THE DIFFUSION OF USEFUL KNOWLEDGE

THE LIBRARY

OF

ENTERTAINING KNOWLEDGE.

THE CHINESE

VOL. I.

WO

CONTENTS.

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INTRODUCTION .

• . . . .

CHAPTER 1.

EARLY EUROPEAN INTERCOURSE.

China little known to the Ancients—Embassy from Marcus

Antoninus-Nestorian Christians-Arabian Travellers-

Ibu Baluta---Jews in China—First Catholic Missions to

Tartary-Travels of Marco Polo-Portuguese reach China

- Previous to Arrival of Europeans, Chinese less disin-

clined to foreign intercourse-Settlement of Macao--

Fruitless Embassies to Peking—Catholic Missions

Quarrels of the Jesuits with the other Orders-Persecu.

tions—Spaniards-Dutch settle on Formosa-Expelled

by Chinese-Russian Embassies .

CHAPTER JI. :

ENGLISH INTERCOURSE.

First Trade between England and China—Forts battered

Leave to Trade-Treaty of Commerce at Formosa—Trou-

bles at Canton-Heavy Charges on Trade-Amoy and

Ningpo-Ten European ships at Canton in 1736_Com-

modore Anson in China-intrigues of Hong Merchants

-Mr. Flint-Quarrels of English and French--Trade

forbidden at Ningpo-Seizure of Mr. Flint-His Majesty's

ship Argo-The Portuguese give up an innocent Man-

Chinese Maxim for ruling Barbarians Violent conduct of

a Ship-master-Debts to the English recovered from the

Chinese-Shocking Case of the Gunner in 1784-Mission

and Death of Colonel Cathcart-Mission of Earl Macartney

CHAPTER III.

ENGLISH INTERCOURSE—(continued).

Objects and Results of the Embassy of 1793—Affair of the

Providence schooner-American Flag hoisted in 1802 ;

hauled down in 1832—First Expedition to Macao-Mis-

sion to Cochin-China--Admiral Linois repulsed by China

Fleet-Ladrones, or Chinese Pirates-A Chinese killed by

a Sailor, who is not delivered up-Second Expedition to

Macao—III success of Admiral Drury—Interdict against

Mr. Roberts, at Canton--A Linguist seized His Majesty's

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