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CHAPTER I.

Xatirity of Mr. Jefferson. Peculiarity in the concealment of his birth-day-
Curiosity felt to ascertain it-Motives of his conduct in this particular-Reply
to the city authorities of Washington—To Levi Lincoln, pp. 17:18. Genealo.
gr of Mr. Jefferson - Peculiarity by which it was marked-Prominency of the
feature ir. Thomas. Anecdote related by Mr. Madison. Antiquity of his mater-
nal pedigree. Character of his father-Extent of his patrimony. His early
education-Critical position of his boy-hood-llis juvenile mind and habits
-Fondness for the classics--For what qualities distinguished in Collegcm
Passion for certain Sciences and Fine Arts, pp. 18:20. Circumstances which
decided the particular direction of his life. His character of Dr. Small-Of
George Wythe. Commences the study of Law-Extent of his researches.
His fervid description of the speech of Patrick Henry against the Stainp-acta
Influence of that scene upon his subsequent career. Mottos of his Seals, pp.
2:37. Enquiry into the relative birth of individual opinions on the question of

American Independence-Remark of Mr. Jefferson upon this point. Notice of

bis claims to the distinction of giving direction and permanency to the moral

power of the Revolution-Ilis sarcastic compliment to Massachusetts upon this

point-The idea pursued in a letter to General Dearborn. Enters the Practice

of the Law--Professional celebrity. Qualifications as an Advocate--As a Pop.

ular Orator. Letter to Major John Cartwright of England, displaying the depih

and precision of his legal preparation-Interest excited on the publication of

this letter-Answer 10 E. Everett upon the subject, pp. 27 : 33.

CHAPTER II.

Mr. Jefferson comes of age. Elected to the Legislature. His first effort in
that body for the Emancipation of Slaves-Overwhelming defeat of the mcasure

-Remarks on the singular merils of the proposition. Extract from his Notes
on Virginia, on Slavery. Progress of the Revolution. System of Non-inter-
course adopted by the Colonies--Agency of Mr. Jefferson in bringing Virginia
into the measure-Its utility as an engine of coercion. Retaliatory resolutions
of the British Parliament. Counter resolutions brought forward by Mr. Jeffer-
800. Germ of the American Union. Sudden dissolution of the Legislature.
Jefferson and others rally a private meeting of the members at the Kaleigh
tavern-Its spirited doings. Influence of the revolutionary proceedings in Vir.
ginia, pp. 34:40. Apathy of the Colonists-How viewed by Mr. Jefferson-
He devises measures for arousing them to a sense of their situation. Meeling
of the bolder spirits, to set the machinery in motion-Influence of this conclave
upon the course of the Revolution. Comunittees of Correspondence established

-Agency of this mcasure in begetting a General Congress-Strong presenti.

ment of Mr. Jefferson of the result of their deliberations. Interesting debut of

Mr. Car in the Legislature--Mr. Jefferson's character of him. Legislature again

dissolved, pp. 41 : 45. Parallel Committees of Correspondence appointed by

the other Colonies--Moral agency of this institution in the Revolution. Nows

of the Beston Port Bill. Popular effervescence. Measures set in motion by Mr.

Jefferson, Holds another council with his former confederates. Appointment of

a general Fast in Virginia-Mr. Jefferson's account of his draft of the proclama-

tion-Effect of ihis measure throughout the Colonies. Legislature again dis-

solved. Spirited Association entered into by the members. Recommendation

of a General Congress, pp. 46: 53.

CHAPTER III.

The other Colonies unite in the measure of a General Congress. First derno.
cratic Convention in Virginia. Mr. Jefferson elected a member. Instructions
proposed by him for the Congressional Delegates--Published by the Convention
under the title of Summary View of the Rights of British America'-Effect of
this work in England.--Re.published by the Whigs in Parliament---Bill of At-
tainder commenced against the author--Political doctrines of this work form
the text of the Revolution; inserted at length--- Remarks on the Political merits
of the work. The Convention virtually assumes the government of the colony,
pp. 54:72. Second Virginia Convention. Mr. Jefferson loses all hope of a 10-
conciliation with the mother country. Inequality of sentiment in the Conven-
tion. Grounds taken by Mr. Jefferson. Resolution for putting the Colony into
a state of warlike defence... Ils effect upon the older members.--Reasons of their
tackwardness as stated by Mr. Jefferson ---Violent debates ensue --Conduct of
the opposition on its passage. Mr. Jefferson elected a Delegate to Congress.
He determines on the painful necessity of deciding the contest by the sword,
pp. 72:78. Letter of Mr. J. to Dr. Small, in England. The regal Legislature
of Virginia meets. Conciliatory Proposition of Lord North laid before them.-.
Mr. Jefferson designated to prepare the answer... Opposition to his draught...
Character of the document. Flight of the royal Governor. Effect of the pro-
ceedings in Virginia upon the general cause. Fall of the monarchical power in
that province. Extract from Wilkos' speech in the British Parliament, pp. 78:84.

CHAPTER IV.
Mr. Jefferson takes his seat in the Continental Congress---His emotions...
Curiostiy of members on his appearance. Political influence of the decisions of
that body. Mr. Jefferson appointed on the committee to prepare a Declaration
of the Causes of laking up arms -- Character of the document. Curious remin-
iscence related by Mr. Jefferson. Disparity of sentiment in Congress. Opinions
of Mr. Jefferson. Extract from the War Manifesto, pp. 84:88. Mr. Jefferson
designated to prepare the answer of Congress to Lord North's Conciliatory Prop-
osition--- The document. His letters to a gentleman in England. Re-elected
to Congress. His agency in the principal movements in Virginia while in
Congress. His draught of a Preamble, Declaration of Rights, and Constitu-
tion for that State. Reasons why they were not adopted entire. His opinion
on the Constitution as adopted, and on popular government in general, at this
epoch, pp. 39 : 100. Virginia instructs her Delegates in Congress to declare In-
dependence..-Causes of the rapid proclivity of the public mind to the same sen-
timent. Preparatory steps of Congress for declaring Independence. Mr. Jef.
ferson appointed to prepare an animated Address. Introductory motion of In-
dependence- Powerful resistance to the measure--Heads of debate on the mo.
tion. Committee appoinicd to prepare a Declaration of Independence- Mr. Jef.
ferson designated lo make the draught.--His report, pp. 100: 107. Debates re.
newed on the preliminary motion. Vehement opposition to the Declaration...
Parts striken out. The original instrument, with the al:erations. Reception of
the Declaration by the people--Its immediate and ulterior influences in the
world..- Review of its merits. Extracts from the writings of Mr. Jefferson.
Comparative merits of the leaders of the physical and the moral power of the
Revolution. Remarks on the attempt to detract from the merits of the Decla.
ration --Letter of the Author to Mr. Madison, pp. 107:128. Mr. Jefferson re-
elected to Congress. -Reasons for declining... Retirement. Appointed Commis-
sioner to France. Letter to Congress declining. Extract from his private me-
moranda, pp. 128 : 132.

CHAPTER V.
Mr. Jefferson resumes his Seat in the Virginia Legislature... Commences the
work of republicanizing the government. His bill for establishing a Judiciary
System ---For abolishing the Law of Entails. Aristocratic peculiarities in the
social state of Virginia--Contrary, biasses of Mr. Jefferson. His eulogium upon
agriculturalists. View of his objects in repealing the law of Entails. Opposi-
tion of the landed aristocracy. Preamble to the act, pp. 133: 137. His attack
upon the hierarchy. History of the Church establishment in Virginia. Resis-
tance of the privileged order. Final success of his efforts-Glories of this
achievement. He introduces a bill for abolishing the Slave trade-For establish-
ing a new Seat of government, pp. 138: 144. He introduces a resolution for Re-
vising the Legal Code of Virginia --Appointed, with others, to execute the work.
Project for a Dictator-Resistance of Mr. Jefferson--His powerful development
of this atrocious measure, pp. 145: 148. Meeting of the Revisors of the Laws...
Plan of the work.--Difference of opinion--- Distribution of the labor---General
propositions of Mr. Jefferson --- Opinion of Mr. Pendleton. Letter of Mr. J. to
Dr. Franklin. Passage of his bill for abolishing the Slave traffick-- Historical
comparison of this achievment with that of the European nations- Merit of
priority --Order in which the example of Virginia was followed by the other

States. Committee of Revisors complete their task.-.General rule observed by

Mr. Jefferson in relation to style, pp. 148: 155.

CHAPTER VI.

Revisors report to the Legislature-Opinion of Mr. Madison on the Revised
Code--Principal innovations by Mr. J.--. His bill for abrogating the right of
Primogeniture.-- Opposition of the aristocracy. His bill for establishing the
doctrine of Expatriation. Extract from Girardin's History. Mr. Jefferson's
bill for the establishment of Religious Freedom ---Merits of the performance---
Inserted at length--- Powerful influence of this act. Extracts from his Corres-
pondence, pp. 155 : 162. His bill for the Emancipation of Slaveg--- Effect of its
rejection upon him.-- Extracts from his writings. His Criminal Code.--Extent of
its innovations on the prevailing system ---Rejected by the Legislature---Amende

ments proposed by him---Passed---Preamble to the act. His Bill for the Gen-

eral Diffusion of Knowledge---Outlines of the proposed system---Fate of the

Bill in the Legislature. Extract from Notes on Virginia. Preamble to the Ed.

ucation Bille Value set by the author upon his system. Extract from his Cor.

respondence. Remarks on the general merits of the Revised Code. His char-

acter of George Mason--of James Madison--of Edmund Pendleton, pp. 162: 178.

Removal of Burgoyne's troops 10 Charlottesville---Humane attentions of Mr.

Jefferson --The Governor and Council meditate their removal from the State...

Remonstrance of Mr. Jefferson...Gratitude of the soldiers for his generous in-

terposition--- His answers to some of the officers, pp. 178 : 185.

CHAPTER VII.

Mr. Jefferson elected Governor -- Magnanimity towards his competitor. He

institutes retaliatory measures on British prisoners--Remonstrance of the British

General--- His reply---Approbation of his conduct by the Commander in Chiof.

Specimen of his early State-papers. Effect of his policy upon the enemy --Hig

appeal to American captives, suffering under the first effects of his policy. His

measures for extending the western establishments of Virginia --Success. Vir-

ginia cedes her unappropriated territory to the U. States-Effect of this measure,

pp. 185: 196. Re-elected Governor. Distressing situation of Virginia. Extra-

ordinary powers conferred on the Governor. Invasion of the State under Gen.

Leslie. Measures of defence. Honorable conduct of the enemy. Invasion un-

der Arnold. Capture of the Metiopolis. Intrepidity of the Governor-. Attempt

to seize Arnold. Deplorable situation of Virginia. British re-inforcement un.

der Philips. Exposure of the Governor. Invasion of Virginia by Cornwallis.

Governor's appeal to the Commander in chief for aid. Mr. Jefferson declines a

re-election. Closing events of his administration. Attempted impeachment of

his character. Approbatory resolution of the Legislature. Tarlton's attack on

Monticello. Story of Carter's Mountain. Narrow escape of Mr. Jefferson. His

description of Cornwallis's invasion, pp. 196: 208. Writes his Notes on Virginia.

Outlines and general inerils of the work.-His comparison of American gen-

ius with that of Europe-Remarks on the Constitution of Virginia-on Slave-

ry-on Free Inquiry in matters of religion. Appointed a Commissioner to ne-

gotiate peace-. Reasons for declining. His pursuits in retirement. Description

of him by a traveller. Again appointed Commissioner-Acceptance-Reasons

for not joining in the act of pacification, pp. 209 : 223.

CHAPTER VIII.

Re-elected to Congress--Remarks on his re-appearance. Washington's re-
signation of the command of the army-Description of the ceremony. Appoint.
ed chairman of the committee on the ratification of the treaty of Peace-Dc-
bates. Contentious character of Congress described by him-Reconciling mens.
ore, pp. 224: 229. Appointed to draught a system of Uniform Currency for
the United States, and establish a Money Unit-Difference of views between
him and the Financier---Adoption of his plan-Its merits. Magnitude of his
Congressional duties. Appointed chairman of a committee to revise the treas.
ury Department, and report of Finance, and report-o draught a Plan of Gov.
ernment for the Western Territories, and report. On a committee of retrench.
ment-of locating and disposing the Western lands. Measures taken by Con.
gress for investing the General Goyernment with exclusive power to regulate

Commerce-Report of the committee, pp. 229 : 232. He submits a proposition
for appointing a Committee of the States,' to serve during the recesses of Con.
gress-Subsequent failure of the scheme; humorous anecdote of Doctor Frank-
lin. General Washington consults him on the Cincinnati institution--Its origin
--His opinions--Advice to Washington, who takes measures to abolish the order.
Appointed Minister Plenipotentiary, with Franklin and Adams, for negotiating
treaties of conimerce. To whoin treaties were to be proposed, pp. 232: 239.

CHAPTER IX.
Accepts the appointment of Minister to Europe-Sails.- Arrival in Fronce.
Curiosity excited in the Diplomatic corps at Paris, by the instructions given to
cur negotiators. Authorship of these instructions. His letter on the subject.
Mr. Adams joins his colleagues at Paris. General form of treaty. Result of
the conference with the French Minister. Final result of their propositions to
the several Powers of Europe. Dignified conduct of the American negotiators,
pp. 240:243. Appointed Resident Minister at the Court of Versailles--Recep-
tion at that court. Visit to London-Reception at the Court of St. James.
General view of his official duties at Paris. His tribute to La Fayette, and the
Count de Vergennes. His project to engage the principal European Powers in
is perpetual alliance with the U. States against the Piratical States --Letter to
Mr. Adams--His proposals--- Their reception, and failure, pp. 243: 250. His
measures for securing the foreign credit of the United States---Visit to Holland.
Extracts, giving his opinions on the state of society, &c. in Europe. Insurrec-
tions in America---How viewed by him. Extracts from his letters to America.
Movements in the U. S. for forming a Constitution Agency of Mr. Jefferson.
The National Convention meets--Diversity of opinion. His views consulted.-
Advice to the members.--Result of their labors - Reception by the States.--His
opinions on the new Constitution --Letter to Mr. Madison--- Advice on the man-
ner of accepting it--Further extracts. His influence in producing the amend.
ments, pp. 250: 272. Proposed abandonment of the navigation of the Mississippi
---Effect upon Mr. Jefferson, and letter to Mr. Madison. He introduces into the
Southern states upland cotton and the olive tree. Tour through France and
Italy-Extracts. Communicates to America a variety of now inventions, and
articles of culture. His scientific and literary efforts in France. Endeavors to
improve the architecture of the U. States. Letter to Washington on the Cin-
cinnati--Letters to the young men of America, pp. 272:287. Opening scenes of
the French Revolution. Causes of this struggle, as stated by Mr. Jefferson...
His Letter, accompanied with a Charter of Rights...Consultation at his house,
and its effects--- Apology---Character of the Queen. Departure, and Farewell
tribute to France. Arrival in Virginia. Receives the appointment of Secretary
of State. His answers, and final acceptance. Arrival at the Seat of Govern-
ment, pp 287 : 296.

CHAPTER X.
Political elements of Washington's cabinet. Character of Hamilton, Adams,
and remarks on Knox, hy Jefferson. His critical position, and observations.
Hamilton's Funding System and Assumption scheme.-Contentions excited by
these measures. Panic of Hamilton, Conciliatory intervention of Mr. Jefferson
and final passage of the Assumption --- Influence of these measures. National
Bank, and grounds of opposition. The President requires the written opinions
of his Cabinet. Opinion of Jefferson. Subsequent influence of the Bank, and
extensive suonied control of Hamilton. Opposition to the adininistration and
its causes, as stated by Jefferson, pp. 296: 310. Extensive duties of the State
Department. His Report on Coins, &c.---Its outlines. Report on the Cod and
Whale Fisheries ; its general features. Report on Commerce and Navigation ;
its political effects, pp. 310:322. His duties as to foreign affairs. Extracts
from his instructions to our Minister in Spain, on the Navigation of the Missis-
sippi, &c. this controversy with Mr. Hammond. Instructions to our Minister
at London on Impressment. Critical situation of the U. States, as to their foreign
relations. Popular fecling in favor of France. Intemperate character of the
French Minister. Mr. Jefferson's controversy with him; merits of the per-
formance---Character of Genet's communications ; his violent measures--Re-
quest for huis recall decided upon ; how performed by the Secretary. Extracts,
pp. 322:333. Mr.Jettoreon's retirement from the Cabinet, and its causes.-Efforts

of Washington to prevent it; interesting conversations between them. Ex-

tracts from his Correspondence, pp. 333: 342.

CHAPTER XI.

Character of the struggle between the federalists and republicans, Third Con-
gress meets ; Mr. Jefferson's report on Commerce taken up. Further view of
his Opinions on Commerce, and Extracts from his writings. Charge against him
of partiality to France and hostility to England examined. Discriminating com-
mercial resolutions of Mr. Madison ; party efforts to defeat them. Exasperation
of parties. Nomination of a Minister Extraordinary to the British Court ; its
effect on the republican party. Character of the Jay ireaty, pp. 342:3-18. View
of Mr. Jefferson in retirement, &c.---Extracts from his works. Appointed Presi-
ident of the Amer. Philo. Society; his answer. His sensations on learning late
proceedings in Congress---Extracts from his writings on the political affairs

of the U. States, pp. 348 : 358. Explanation of his celebrated letter to Mazzei.

His rule regarding newspapers Letter to General Washington. Question of

a successor to Washington agitated--Letter of Mr. Jefferson declining being

considered a candidate---Character of the contest. Election of Adams.-- Mag-

nanimity of Jefferson towards him, and his endeavors to restore harmony.--Let-

ter to Madison. Selections from his Correspondence, displaying certain points

of character, pp. 358:367.

CHAPTER XII.

Political character of Adams' cabinet. Jefferson's arrival as Vice President,

and precaution to elude ceremony. Determination regarding executive consul-

tations. Separation between him and the President. His portraiture of the

administration. Catalogue of its most obnoxious measures. . Opposition of the

Republican party; its dependence on Jefferson. Extracts from his works,

pp. 368 : 394. Desperate situation of affairs in '98...99. His advice on the best

course of measures. Republican members of Congress retire into the State

legislatures. Jefferson draughts the Kentucky Resolutions. Their general char-

acter. Extract. Madison's Virginia Resolutions. View of Jefferson's official

conduct...Prepares his Manual of Parliamentary Practice. Parties bring out

their candidates for the Presidency. Character of the contest. Licentiousness

of the Pulpit and the Press against Jefferson. Notice of some of the principal

libels on his character; his singular passiveness. Extracts from his works,

pp. 384:391. Result of the election by the people. Constitutional difficulty ;

the federalists taking advantage of it resolve to elect Burr. Election scenes

in the House, and conduct of the minority. Fidelity of the republicans to, and

final election of Jefferson. Attempts of the federalists to extort capitulary terms

from bim; his answers. Causes of their final abandonment of the contest, as

stated by him. Feelings of the nation, pending the election in the House, and

subsequently. Last scenes and appointments of the defeated dynasty. Extracts

from his correspondence at this memorable epoch, pp. 391: 403.

CHAPTER XIII.

Inauguration of Jefferson. Description of the ceremony. Inaugural address.

Formation of the Cabinet, and rules of communication. Renoval of officers,

and rules of action. Outcry of the opposition. President's reply to New

Baren remonstrance. Reformation of other abuses. Private rescript of re-

form meditated by him. Abolition of levees. Anecdote of Washington. Rule

of receiving company. Moral effect of the new order of things, pp. 403:414.

Principle of reform. Reduction of the army and navy; abolition of superflu-

ous offices, &c. Measures of the President relating to the international code of

mankind. Chastisement of the Mediterranean pirates. His first annual mes-
sage. Propositions of reform. Congratulatory addresses of the people, and his
answers. Effect of the proposition to abolish internal taxes, and his private ex-
piaration, pp. 414:424. Reduction of the public debt. Extent of reformations
during the first Session. System of finance adopted by the President. Measures
adopted by him for the Purchase of Louisiana. Extracts from his works.
Ratification of the treaty; merits of this achievement, pp. 424 : 436. Policy
of the Executive towards the Indians; its beneficial effects. Extent of native
title extinguished by him. His policy towards foreign nations. His views on
commerce, treaties and alliances. Rejection of the treaty negotiated with Great

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