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rable from our common nature. A regard to them will save you from fatal errors in your mode of dealing with the tender intellect of a child. “By discreet appeals to their imagination you can add great impressiveness to those doctrines and precepts which tend to godliness; and you may guard them against sume fatal errors. Results remain with God; but certainly His blessing may be expected with no small degree of contidence, upon such judicious, earnest, devout representations of the truth as it is in Jesus. May our teaching, my friends, be characterized alike by faithfulness to the written Word, and by suitableness to the minds we deal with, and then we may humbly expect that accompanying grace, through which alone the wisest educational efforts can succeed."



My purpose is not so much to lay down any particular plan to be implicitly carried out in conducting school examinations, but rather to briefly suggest the main ideas, and to draw the attention of my brethren towards the subject in question, leaving to each the opportunity for carrying out the object according to his own particular arrangements, and answering to the particular circumstances under which he may be placed.

The practicability of conducting these examinations is an accomplished fact with any one who will devote the extra labour to their accomplishment.

I think they should happen, as ordinary examinations, once every fortnight, and as extra-ordinary ones, once a quarter.

Preliminary to making arrangements for these examinations a book should be carefully made containing courses of lessons by gradations for each class on all subjects; a copy of this is extracted for the use of each pupil-teacher, and a given quantity is settled upon and required to be worked up in the given time, the teachers understanding that their separate elases will be examined thereupon.

During the various times for working up, the master will, in the ordinary course of his duties, be able to assist both teachers and boys in preparing their work.

For a school of five classes the master might fix upon Friday as the day for examination : on the first and third Fridays per month he might take classes 1 and 2, and on the second and fourth Fridays classes 3, 4, and 5.

A mixed examination-oral and written-is best employed as saving time: home lessons may be embraced, and I would strongly urge the necessity of taking up some good portion of the time in publicly pointing out errors and excellencies to the class. The quarterly examination returns would require perusal by the master and teachers after school-hours; lists of names should then be made out and posted.

Thus much for the boys. I will only state that I have found much good arising from the adoption of a similar plan with the pupil teachers.

An account is kept of the work gone over per day with each boy; the list of home lessons which are repeated is entered per day, as well as the various home exercises in the shape of questions to be worked. A strict examination on the same is then given per quarter, and is found a capital test of the progress and diligence of each pupil. Coupled with this, too, there is an oral examination per month, embracing most of those text-books committed to memory, as, “ Scripture Proofs of Church Catechism,” “ Faith and Duty,' McLeod's Palestine,” “ Hughes's Colonies," Chronology, etc.

Thus I have feebly endeavoured to point out the importance of the subject, and have hinted at the modus operandi. Trusting it may be useful, I have much pleasure in submitting it to the attention of my fellow-labourers.

L. W. P.

Educational Intelligence.


MISTRESSES' ASSOCIATION. The second annual meeting of this Association was held at Tiverton, on Friday, June 25, when the members attended Divine Service in the Parish Church. The meeting was afterwards held in the Girls' Schoolroom, and was numerously attended by the members and friends of education from Bath and its neighbourhiol. The Secretary read the report, from which it appears that the Association is steadily increasing in numbers and in usefulness. Papers have been read during the past year-by ine Rev. G. Buckle, on " The Relations which ought to exist between the Schoolmaster and the Parents of the Chil. dren;" by W. McLeod, Esq., “On the Methods of Teaching Geography;" hy Mr. Davies, on “ Notation;" and by Mr. Wright, on “The Method of giving Religious Instruction in Schools.” Lessons for criticism have also been given, by Mr. Humphreys, on

“ Mace

and Nutmeg,” and by Mr. Spary, on "Grammar.” A presentation of books has been received from the Rev. the Rural Dean, and Dexter's Cabinet of Objects has been purchased for the use of the members.

The report having been adopted, officers were elected for the following year, viz., - President, Right Rev. Bishop Carr; Secretary, Mr. Dingle, Weston, 'ncar

Bath; Treasurer, Mr. Crowden, Blue Coat Sckool; 'and Librarian, Mr. Hellier St. Mark's School, Bath.

A discussion then ensued on various interesting subjects, after which the Rev. C. H. Bromby, Principal of the Cheltenham Training College, read a valu. able paper on “ School Life and its Periods." The members and friends then adjourned to the lower schoolroom, where dinner was provided, to which upwards of fifty sat down. The afternoon was spent by most of the members in visiting the carpet factory of Messrs. McMichael, after wbich tea was provided on the vicarage lawn, through the liberality of the respected vicar of the parish, and the mceting shortly afterwards broke up, highly delighted with the day's proceedings.

Several gentlemen and ladies joined the Association as lionorary members.


SCHOOL MISTRESSES' ASSOCIATION. The quarterly meeting of this Association was held at Minster National School, on Saturday, July 3rd. Mr. Goshawk, of Minster, occupied the chair.

The proceedings having been opened with prayer, the minutes of the last meeting were read, after which the Chairman called upon Mr. Johnson, of St. Lawrence, Thanet, who gave an interesting lesson or the “ Camel.” From the tenor of the criticisms which followed, it seemed to give general satisfaction.

Mr. Cassé, of Northbourne, then read an excellent and valuable paper on “ The E jucation of the Working Classes,” in which he showed-1. Its present condition. 2. The causes which militate against its success. 3. The remedies which might be applied to remove the great obstacles whiclı retard its progress.

The consideration of this paper was postponed till the next monthly meeting,

The new, cheap series of " Bailey's Gradatory Copy-books,” together with the “ lIome Lesson Table-book," just issued, were exhibited, and very highly approved of.

The next meeting was appointed to be held at Deal, on Saturday, the 11th September,


The Secretary of the Committee of Council on Education,

3rd June, 1858. Sir,- We have read with great gratification the following weighty remarks by the Rev. F. Temple, in recommendation of awarding Lectureships on the subject of School Management:

“ Another year has still more forcibly impressed me with the expediency of opening the Lectureships now granted to Lecturers in Training Colleges so as to include Normal Masters. At present the Normal Master is supposed to belong in some way to a lower grade than that occupied by the other College officers. Their subjects are worth an extra £100 a year from Government;his is not. The result is that the students are impressed with the notion, of which nothing can disabuse them, that however strong may be the opinion expressed by the Inspector on this part of their work, ihat opinion is not supported by your Lordships. But a still worse result is, that the best men do not seek the office, but aim rather at being Lecturers in Mathematics or Geography; and the few among the Normal Masters who rise above the ordinary level Lave 10 inducement thoroughly to study their subject.

In fact, in this, as in all similar cases, the subject that remains unrewarded is sure to be neglected. And this is at present the case with the subject of School Management." —Rev. F. Temple's Report for 1857, p. 725.

We beg to express to my Lords of the Committee of Council on Education, our strong conviction of the importance of the above considerations, so forcibly urged by the Rev. F. Temple. They exactly express the result of our own experience. And we most earnestly entreat my Lords no longer to withhold from our Normal Masters advantages and privileges, both as regards official standing in the College, and pecuniary remuneration, which are granted to other officers. We would further remark that at present the Lectureships are exclusively granted to the non-essentialsubjects of instruction in the Normal College, viz.,-Phys cal Science, Geography, History, Applied Mathematics, and English Literature: whereas on those subjects which their Lord. ships have designated "essentialno lectureships are a warded. We are also of opinion that the importance of a thorough and practical acquaintance with the more elementary subjects of a Schoolmaster's education would be impressed, with advantage, on the minds of students by opening the Government Lectureships to our Teachers of Scho:) Management and Method.

We have the honour to be, Sir,

Your obudient Servants,
CHARLES R. ALFORD, Principal of the Metropolitan Training

College, Highbuy Park.
Derwent COLERIDGE, Principal of St. Mark's College, Chelsea.
SAMUEL CLARK, Principal of the National Society's Training

College, Battersea.
A. N. ASHWELL, Principal of the Oxford Diocesan Training College,

William Reed, Principal of the South Wales and Monmouthshire

Training College, Caermarthen.
MATTHEW Parrington, Principal of the Diocesan Training College

William David, Principal of the Exeter Training College.
Chas. H. BROMBY, Principal of the Cheltenham Normal College.
Ilugh GE'. ROBINSON, Principal of the York and Ripon Diocesan

Training College.
WILLIAM Gover, Principal of the Worcester Diocesan Training

Arthur Rigg, Principal of the Training School, Chester.


General states of mind, turns of thought, and fixed habits, which are the consequences of them, arise from education and the circumstances men are placed in. It is a necessary effect of the principles of association, that the mind grows callous to new impressions continually; it being already occupied with ideas and sensations which render it indisposed to receive others, especially of an heterogeneous nature. In consequence, we seldom sec any considerable change in a person's temper and habits after he is grown to man's estate; nothing short of an entire revolution in his circumstances and mode of life can effect it.-Dr. Priestly.

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