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ADVERTISEMENT BY THE EDITOR.
THE second, third, and fourth volumes of Stewart's Collected Works comprise the three volumes of his Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind, to which, as a summary, is prefixed the "Introduction" and "Part First, (Of the Intellectual Powers,)" from his Outlines of Moral Philosophy. These are the only writings in which the Author has systematically considered, (though, like his predecessors, not perhaps under the most appropriate titles,) the cognitive faculties of mind;-faculties which stand distinctively apart, and prominently foremost. For, if we take the Mental to the exclusion of Material phænomena, that is, the phænomena manifested through the medium of Self-consciousness or Reflection, they naturally divide themselves into three categories or primary genera;-the phænomena of Knowledge or Cognition,—the phænomena of Feeling or of Pleasure and Pain,-and the phænomena of Conation or of Will and Desire. Now, of these classes, the two treatises which constitute the present section of the Works, are conversant exclusively with the first,-the phænomena of Cognition; the other classes, the Feelings and the Conations, are treated, as we shall see, in subsequent books. But to speak particularly of the treatises, one of which is here partially combined with the other.
The Outlines of Moral Philosophy were first published in 1793. A second edition, "enlarged," followed in 1801; and a third, "corrected," in 1808. One other edition, in 1818, appeared during the lifetime of the author, but without alteration; and since his death the work has been frequently reprinted. Of the first three editions, there are copies extant with the author's manuscript annotations; which, with a few unimportant exceptions, are all incorporated in the present collection; and distinguished as found in the first, in the second, or in the third edition.
As to the Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind, the Three Volumes, of which the complete work consists, appeared at considerable intervals; and of each, the original edition was in quarto, the others being in octavo.—The First Volume (the earliest of Mr. Stewart's writings) was published so long ago as 1792; a few trifling additions were made in the second edition, 1802; but though often subsequently reprinted, no alteration or amplification,-none certainly of any consequence, has been hitherto incorporated. In the third volume, 1827, a considerable number of intended additions were indeed. supplied; but these have only now been entered in their proper places. The Second Volume was first published in 1814, and three subsequent editions (in 1816, 1821, and 1822) appeared during the lifetime of the author,-but without change.-The Third Volume dates from 1827; and of this there has been no second edition.
It may be noticed, that the Outlines of Moral Philosophy were, in 1846, translated into French, and published in Paris by the celebrated M. Jouffroi ; whilst, in 1808, a not less illustrious philosopher, a personal friend too of Mr. Stewart, M. Prévost of Geneva, had done the same by the first volume of the Elements. Of the Elements, also, the first volume alone, or in
connexion with the second, has been frequently reprinted in the United States. The Boston edition of both volumes, which appeared in 1821, translates the quotations not in English. Mr. Stewart, however, seems not to have been satisfied with the version, for he has left, I am informed, eight quarto pages of corrections in his copy of the book. I do not know whether these translations are the same with those given in Wright's London edition of the two volumes, in 1843.
In the present collection,-the fragment of the Outlines was printed from the seventh edition, collated with the fourth, and with the first three editions in which the author's annotations are found.-The First Volume of the Elements was printed from its fourth edition, (1811,) collated with the sixth, (1818;) and the insertions from the Addenda in the third volume are distinguished by square brackets.-The Second Volume was printed from the third edition, (1821,) collated with the second, (1816,) and also with the first, in which last Mr. Stewart's annotations were written.-The Third Volume was, of course, printed from the one edition; and to this part of the Elements nothing has been added by the author.
In regard to what I have myself contributed to this collection,-I may repeat, that I have limited my interference strictly to the province of an editor; and it was manifestly no part of my official duty to meddle with the author's reasonings. Accordingly, there has been nothing added by me, in the view of vindicating, of supplementing or confirming, of qualifying or criticising, Mr. Stewart's doctrines. I have proposed, exclusively, to render this edition the one in which these might be most conveniently studied. To this end, however, it was necessary that the authorities and their citations should be occasionally rectified and filled up; and it was necessary that the reader, let him open the book where he might, should be
made at once aware of the special matter under discussion.
*The First Volume is occupied with
latter, the numbers,-II. 1. In the