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actual aggregate American arch authors average barrel beam broken stone building cent Chapter coarse column compression concrete consistency construction containing cost cracks cubic yard curve density described determined diameter effect elasticity employed Engineers example experiments feet floor foot formula give given grains gravel gravity hand illustrated inches increase laid layers less lime load lower machine mass material measured metal method mixed mixture molds mortar Natural cement obtained ordinary particles pass percentage placed portion Portland cement pounds practical presented pressure produce proportions quantity ratio reinforced represents resistance rods sand screen shown sieve similar sizes slab Society specific specimens square inch steel strength stress surface tensile tests thick uniform unit usually various varying voids volume wall weight
Page 27 - All tests shall be made in accordance with the methods proposed by the Committee on Uniform Tests of Cement of the American Society of Civil Engineers, presented to the Society January 21, 1903, and amended January 20, 1904, with all subsequent amendments thereto.
Page 30 - These pats are observed at intervals for at least 28 days, and, to satisfactorily pass the tests, should remain firm and hard and show no signs of distortion, checking, cracking or disintegrating.
Page 67 - ... cm. (0.39 in.) in diameter, the cap, rod and cylinder weighing 300 gr. (10.58 oz.). The rod, which can be held in any desired position by a screw (F) carries an indicator, which moves over a scale (graduated to centimeters) attached to the frame (K). The paste is held by a conical, hard-rubber ring (I), 7 cm.
Page 28 - F. as practicable, and observed at intervals for at least 28 days. (c) A third pat is exposed in any convenient way in an atmosphere of steam, above boiling water, in a loosely closed vessel for five hours. These pats, to satisfactorily pass the requirements, shall remain firm and hard and show no signs of distortion, checking, cracking, or disintegrating.
Page 553 - Na(NH4)HPO4 added, and ammonia drop by drop, with constant stirring, until the precipitate is again formed as described and the ammonia is in moderate excess.
Page 28 - FINENESS. It shall leave by weight a residue of not more than 8 per cent on the No. 100, and not more than 25 per cent on the No. 200 sieve.
Page 70 - For the present, the Committee recommends the natural sand from Ottawa, 111., screened to pass a sieve having 20 meshes per linear inch and retained on a sieve having 30 meshes per linear inch; the wires to have diameters of 0.0165 and 0.0112 in., respectively, ie, half the width of the opening in each case.
Page 551 - ... water. The filtrate is again evaporated to dryness, the residue without further heating, taken up with acid and water and the small amount of silica it contains separated on another filter paper. The papers containing the residue are transferred wet to a weighed platinum crucible, dried, ignited, first over a Bunsen burner until the carbon of the filter is completely consumed, and finally over the blast for 15 minutes and checked by a further blasting for 10 minutes or to constant weight.
Page 553 - The precipitate after one hour shall be filtered and washed, then with the filter shall be placed wet in a platinum crucible, and the paper burned off over a small flame of a Bunsen burner; after ignition it shall be redissolved in hydrochloric acid and the solution diluted to 100 cc.