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MUSINGS WITHOUT METHOD.

MR MONTAGU ON HIS DEFENCE — THE CHAMPION OF INDIAN
AGITATORS — MR GANDHI, HIS FRIEND — THE MAN WITHOUT
ENEMIES—MRS BESANT'S OPINION—MR MONTAGU AS VICEROY-
THE ANARCHISTS OF THE TRADE UNIONS-DIRECT ACTION—MR
GEORGE AND HERR STINNES AT SPA — LENIN RECOGNISED AT
LAST.

Nor is

arhich hor Indi Seore

IF there had been any doubt his warnings were mere "bluff.” about Mr Montagu's anfit. Nor is the “good will ” of the ness for the position of Seore- Indian people, which Mr tary of State for India, the Montagu pretends is growing, speech which he delivered in likely to be encouraged by the debate upon General Dyer flagrant indiscipline and the would have removed it oom. oondonation of murder. But pletely. Throughout that Mr Montaga, indifferent to the speech Mr Montaga spoke 88 slaughter of innooent bankan Oriental, and showed a managers and to the ill. complete misunderstanding of treatment of British women, the duties and privileges of the accepts without question the British realm. “Are we going view of the Indian agitators, to keep the whole of India and ranges himself openly and down,” he asked, "by terror- passionately upon their side. igm, racial humiliation, and Henceforth he is one of them, subordination and frightful- and no Englishman need expect ness, or are we going to raise justice at his hand, if he do it upon the goodwill, and what hitherto has been deemed growing good will, of the peo- his duty. ple of the Indian dominion ?" With each paragraph in his Indeed, these are not the speeoh Mr Montagu plunged alternatives suggested by the deeper and deeper into the action of General Dyer. The mire. “It was no use," said issue, as stated by Mr Mon- he, “in passing a great Act tagu, is wholly false. No. of Parliament, giving partnerbody in Great Britain desires ship to India in the British terrorism or racial humilia. Commonwealth, and then altion. What we all demand lowing their administration to is obedience to the law, and the depend upon terrorism." Cor. proper punishmentof murderers tainly not; but if the "great and rebels. Before General Aot of Parliament" proved to be Dyer ordered his men to shoot, a oa use of the outbreak, as the he had twioe in a single day Hunter Committee was forced warned the people that he to admit, shall we be comwould disperse by foroe any pelled to relax all discipline hostile meeting at the Bagh, —for “terrorism ” is not in and the people had refused to question — merely to justify obey him, on the ground that the rhetorioal extravagance of

bolets is whted by me. The dooper the Montaeraph in his

Mr Montaga? “The other “thought for himself, took oboioe,” he went on," is to hold advantage of eduoational India by the sword.” That facilities, and imbibed the again is not true. The other idea of individual freedom ohoice is to hold India, as we dear to the British people, he have always held it, by justice, was immediately classed as equally administered to In- an agitator. What a oynioal, dians and British alike, and what a terrible verdiot that he not by the wioked enoodrage- should be regarded as the olass ment of a politioal agitation, from which our opponents which we have permitted to oame?" If the verdiot be grow ap in India, as in Great terrible, it certainly is not Britain and Ireland, and which oynical, and it is obviously Mr Montagu and his colleagues jäst. If Englishmen thought are powerless to cheok in the it a politioal necessity to East as in the West. If Mr murder the managers of banks, Montaga's objeot be to people to take part in riotous and anIndia with international con- lawful assemblies, to pursue a spirators, he is going the right polioy of passive resistanoe to way to achieve his malign the law, we hope that they purpose.

would be regarded, even by the And then, having done his revolutionary Mr Montagu, best to confuse the issue, he “as the olans from whioh our oame forth himself as an opponents came," and be very Indian agitator. “There was severely punished, -not merely a theory abroad,” said he,“ on punished, but taught so grave the part of those who oritioised å lesson that they would not his Majesty's Government, that lightly break the law again. an Indian was tolerable as long For after all, thoagh we have as he would obey his orders.” the present misfortune to live If this means that those who under an anarohioal Governoritioise Mr Montagu expeot ment, law and order are still an obedience from the Indians necessary for the preservation whioh they do not expeot from of the State. the English, again he is say And we may best find the ing what is untrue merely to measure of Mr Montagu's stir ap strife. Obedience to oriental levity by remembering law is the first demand whioh his friendship with Mr Gandhi. is made, and should be made, by Now, Mr Gandhi has many the Government upon all sub- qualities whioh endear him to jeots. It is what Mr Mon. his colleague, Mr Montagu. taga, the friend of Mr Gandhi, He is an agitator, and therehas not demanded of the fore, we suppose, worthy the Indian agitators, for whom he profound respeot of the Seoopenly expresses & warm affe- retary of State for India. Mr tion. “But if once the Indian Rupert Gwynne, in a fierce, joined the eduoated classes" unanswered indiotment of Mr -here is the conolusion of Montaga, wisely reminded as Mr Montaga's argument of the esteem in which that demagogue holds Mr Gandhi. press the same suggestion upon I cannot do better in de- Mr Montagu. We oan well soribing this body of men," understand the bond which said Mr Montagu in the unites these two friends. But House of Commons at the it is worth pointing out very moment when his Indian that even the Hunter Comfriend was stirring op strife, mittee, which cannot be “than quote the words of a charged with zeal for the great and distinguished In- Empire, does not agree with dian, Mr Gandhi. There is Mr Montaga in its estimate no man who offers suoh per- of his friend. It points out in plexity to a Government 88 plain terms that Mr Gandhi's Mr Gandhi; a man of the satyagraha campaign was highest motives and of the largely responsible for the disfinest oharaoter, a man whom orders and the orimes which his worst enemy, if he has any followed it. "We have no enemies, would agree is of the hesitation in Aaying "_thus most disinterested ambitions writes the Committee—“tbat that it is possible to conceive; both in the Punjab and elsea man who has deserved well where a familiarity and symof his country by the services pathy with disobedience to that he has rendered both in laws was engendered among India and outside it, and yet a large numbers of the people by man who his friends—and I Mr Gandhi's movement, and the will count myself as one of law - abiding instinots which them-would wish would exer- stand between society and oise his great powers with a outbreaks of violence were greater sense of responsibility, andermined at a time when and would realise in time that their full strength was rethere are foroes beyond his quired.” But that, we sapoontrol and outside his in- pose, makes no effect upon Mr flaence, who use the oppor- Montagu's mind. Let it be tunities afforded by his name remembered that Mr Gandhi is and reputation."

his friend. You may searoh the pages Fortunate as Mr Gandhi of ‘Hangard’in vain, since the has been in winning the esteem beginning, for so shameful of the Secretary of State for truokling to an avowed rebel India, he has not been 80 as this. Is it not an excellent happy elsewhere. Mrs Besant, touch-“his worst enemy, if no friend of the British rule, he has any enemies”? Ag- does not share the tender sensuredly he is not likely to find timent of Mr Montaga. This an enemy on the Treasury is what she, aptly quoted by Bench. With what modesty Mr Gwynne, says about it: does Mr Montaga arge his “People who committed arson friend to exercise his “great and assaulted women did so powers with a greater sense of with the name of Mr Gandhi responsibility"I With equal upon their lips." Truly it is propriety might Mr Gandhi a pity that this gentleman,

voorgets the posters, who canyella eration not a siniste montage

who has no enemies, thus oppression exer oised by Mr forgets the sense of responsi. Gandhi. Nor, indeed, would bility. The posters, moreover, Mr Montagu's anti - British issued by the rebels, who (says sentiments be worth the oon. the Hanter report) were not sideration we have given to engaged in any conspiracy, them did not a sinister rumour proolaim aloud the influence reach us that Mr Montagu of Mr Montagu's friend. aspires to succeed Lord Chelms“Conquer the English monkeys ford as Viceroy of India. Were with bravery!" Thus say the we governed by any better posters. “God will grant vio- men than the gamblers now tory. Leave off dealings with in power, we should rejeot the Englishmen. Close offices the rumour as absurd. Bat and workshops. Fight on. We have as little faith in This is the command of the wisdom as in the patriotMahatma Gandhi: Get ready igm of our Ministers, and soon for the war, and God if it seemed good to them to will grant viotory to India grant the party loyalty of very soon. Fight with en- Mr Montagu the reward it thusiasm, and enlist yourselves asked, then would an Oriental in the Gandha army.” Is this be sent to govern India, and a rebellion, whioh "might have the result would not long be rapidly developed into a revo- in doubt. Mr Montagu's kinslution,” to use the words of man, Sir Herbert Samuel, the Hunter report, or is it himself & Jew, has already merely what Mr Montaga oalls been sent to hold the balance "legitimate politioal agita- even between Jews and Arabs tion"? We do not know; but in Palestine. And doubtless we do not forget that Mr other members of the same Gandhi is Mr Montagu's gifted family are ready to friend.

lavish their talents upon an Noscitur a sociis, and with Eastern adventure. Meanwhile the simple faot of this friend. there is only one request we ship in our memory, we need would make of our Governnot be surprised at Mr Mon- ment, that its work be comtagu's shameful speech. Its plete: please let Mr Gandhi oonolusion matohed its begin- accompany his friend Mr ning. He repeated, as though Montaga to India as a there was no more to be said, member of the Viceroy's staff. that “two theories of govern. If the apostle of satyagraha ment were held--the one of were unable to teach the new terrorism and oppression, the Viceroy any lessons of "goodother of entering into partner- will,” he might at least inship with the people governed," struot him in those rudiments Again it may be pointed out of terrorism and soppression that the theory of terrorism is which will be necessary for not held by any sane man, and the proper protection of his that Mr Montaga himself does person. not depreoate very loudly the As our Government in India

VOL, CCVIII.—NO. MCCLVIII.

and Ireland openly expresses ing their votes at eleotion a tolerance of anarohy, it is time, though their immense not surprising to find that the majority might make them Trade Unions also are follow. supreme. They will be diotators ing an evil example. The or nothing, and woe betide Trade Unions were established, the government that interan imperium in imperio, to rupts for an hour the praogaard the interests of the tioal expression of their will, workers. They have long been Moreover, like all the halfdissatisfied with playing that baked, they are happiest simple róle, and now aspire to when they are talking of rule the whole country by in- what they do not understand. timidation, or, as they oall it, They delight in savage plati. by direot action. Their loaders tades. They pretend, with are not renowned for clear the facile ignorance of a dethinking; but even they, it bating society, that they alone might be supposed, would grant can solve the difficult problems to England what they demand which confront us. If they as a right for all other spoke about the workshop or countries, great and small, the the corn-field with a humble privilege of self-determination. sincerity, they might be worth Not a bit of it! England may listening to. They persist in believe that she lives under disoussing what is beyond a constitutional monarohy, their power of comprehension that her House of Commons and administration. They is duly eleoted by some have not learned the first thing which olosely resembles lesson which modesty inoul. universal suffrage. But the oates, that the cobbler should Trade Unions know better. stiek to his last. They olamoured loudly enough So the leaders of the Trade for the vote, and now that Unions have mot in oonolave, they have got it, they think and, forgetting for a while nothing of it. If they cannot the materialism of over-rising get what they want at onoe, wages, they have deoided that they will do their best to no longer shall England know wrook the oountry. Petulantly the joy of self-determination. they ory aloud for “direct The Constitution of Great aotion,” and should they not Britain is hereby suspended be given what they want, they by a card vote. It would be deolare that they will bring to ridioulous if there were not in an end all the commerce and all it an element of tragedy. The the industry of Great Britain. Labour Party, we are told,

The manifest inconsistenoy aspires to the government of of their position troubles them England, and it still refuses not a jot. Though their mouth to play the game of politios is full of the praises of demoo. fairly and squarely. It is not raoy, they aspire to exeroise content to exeroiso its right of the power of a tyrant. They criticism; it threatens to hold are not satisfied with reoord- ap the country, as in old days

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