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On the Italian front therefore rifles and 3000 sabres, and per. we were still 6 to 4 in spite of haps 200 or 300 guns. We Caporetto.

were 3 to 1. In the East the Austrians In Mesopotania, 1 British had 34 divisions, some of which and 5 Indian divisions : 101 might be expeoted to come to battalions, 125,000 rifles, 9000 Italy; but, on the other hand, sabres, 300 field-gang, and 50 the Italians had not yet put heavy guns. Against these into the line all the divisions the Turks had nominally 5 they had reconstruoted out of divisions and 47 battalions, their defeated troops during but these only amounted to the winter, out of which they 18,000 rifles, 1000 sabres, and were ultimately to form the no more than 100 gans. Here Sixth Army.

we were 6 to 1. In the Balkans there were This survey would not be 23 Balgarian, 2 German, and complete without a mention 2 Austrian divisions, a total of of Lettow - Vorbeck in East 27: 294 battalions, 228,000 Afrioa, with his 250 Europeans rifles, 3000 sabres, 972 field- and 1500 Africans. A British guns, and 353 heavy gang. On and native force of 12,000 our side, 8 French, 47 British, rifles, with a ration (not a 11 Italian, 3 Greek, 6 Serbian, 1 oombatant) strength of 55,000 Italian in Albania, 23 divisions were kept busy chasing him. in all: 271 battalions, 219,000 So the Allies, in spite of rifles, 7000 sabres, 1100 field- losing the Russians and Roagans, and 380 heavy guns, manians, kingdoms of millions Here the enemy was slightly of men, who had thrown into superior; but the Greek mobil- the balance more than 120 isation was not finished. Later divisions — in spite of not in the spring the size of their having more than one Amerioontingent would be doubled oan division at their side from or trebled; this woald leave the & country which had sotually advantage to the Allies again, registered 25 million men as

In Palestine and Mesopo- capable of military service—in tamia the Allies were over. spite of these deduotions, at whelmingly larger than the the beginning of 1918, still Tarks, whose battalions, by the had the advantage. time they reached the front, War abstracts the world into were all reduced to 200 or 300 a ohess-board where each piece by desertion. General Allenby is measured in divisions. At in Palestine had 7 British the first meeting of the and 1 Indian divisions : 117 Supreme War Counoil, M. battalions, 100,000 rifles, 16,000 Venizelos harangued it for an sabres, 410 field-guns, and 93 hour on the past, present, and heavy gans. Faoing him were future glories of Hellas; but 11 Turkish divisions and 1 when he stopped drenching his second-olass German division audience with his eloquence, at and south of Damasous: the only voice raised was by 107 battalions, but only 29,000 General Robertson, who asked, and shrug and_sigh over its 24,000 sabres ; 8800 field-guns being too late. But if a central and 5500 heavy guns. The military organ of oommand for allies had available 97 French, the whole front between the 57 British, 10 Belgian, 1 AmNorth Sea and the Adriatio erioan, and 2 Portuguese-al. had existed before, the no- together 167 divisions, esticessity for the improvement mated at 1585 battalions, would have appeared as soon 1,480,000 rifles, 74,000 sabres; as they started disoussing, and 8900 field - guns and 6800 it could easily have been heavy guns. So the Allied oarried out in the early part totals were still superior to of the war.

the German, the German units, Caporetto decided Mr Lloyd divisions and battalions, being George. At a conferenoe held smaller than the Allied. The at Rappallo in the beginning rate at which their divisions of November, the Supreme War oould be brought from the Counoil was founded as a cen- East, where they still had 58, tral direoting politioal body for of rather inferior quality, was the whole alliance : it was a about 10 a month. Of those, monthly meeting of the prin- perhaps 40 at the most could oipal Ministers of each country be expeoted to appear in at Versailles. There was a France, and so their maximum permanent staff of Military strength, between 200 and 210 Representatives at that place divisions, would be reached in to aot as their military ad- May. But the American divivisers. These military ad. sions (of which one only was visers were Sir Henry Wilson; now in the line and counted) Weygand, Chief of the Staff

to were beginning to come in; so Fooh in Paris; General Ca- that at no time would the dorna ; and later, General Bliss, German superiority in number Amerioan Chief of the Staff. over the Allies be near 80 This, as Major Grasset says, great as the Allied superiority "was a hesitating but not less over the Germans had been decisive step towards unity of for at least one and a half command.”

years. There ought therefore The plans elaborated be- to have been no cause for tween Fooh and Sir Henry anxiety. Wilson at Versailles can be On the Italian front there better understood if the foroes were still the 11 Anglo-French in opposition, as they were to divisions sent there after be between the middle and end Caporetto, and 50 Italian divi. of February 1918, when the sions : 764 battalions, 633,000 fighting was expected to begin, rifles, 6400 sabres; 3700 fieldare known.

guns and 2100 heavy guns. By the flow of divisions The enemy had only 431 from the East, the Germans Austrian and 3 German, & in France then had 178 divi- total of 461 divisions : 439,000 sions-estimated at 1630 bat- rifles, 3400 sabres; 8000 fieldtalions, 1,232,000 rifles, and guns and 1500 heavy guns. On the Italian front therefore rifles and 3000 sabres, and per. we were still 6 to 4 in spite of haps 200 or 300 guns. We Caporetto.

were 3 to 1. In the East the Austrians In Mesopotania, 1 British had 34 divisions, some of which end 5 Indian divisions : 101 might be expected to come to battalions, 125,000 rifles, 9000 Italy; but, on the other hand, sabres, 300 field-guns, and 50 the Italians had not yet put heavy guns.Against these into the line all the divisions the Turks had nominally 5 they had reconstruoted out of divisions and 47 battalions, their defeated troops during but these only amounted to the winter, out of which they 18,000 rifles, 1000 sabres, and were ultimately to form the no more than 100 gans. Here Sixth Army.

we were 6 to 1. In the Balkans there were This survey would not be 23 Balgarian, 2 German, and complete without a mention 2 Austrian divisions, a total of of Lettow - Vorbeck in East 27: 294 battalions, 228,000 Afrioa, with his 250 Europeans rifles, 3000 sabres, 972 field- and 1500 Africans. A British gans, and 353 heavy guns. On and native force of 12,000 our side, 8 French, 41 British, rifles, with a ration (not a 11 Italian, 3 Greek, 6 Serbian, i combatant) strength of 55,000 Italian in Albania, 23 divisions were kept busy ohasing him. in all: 271 battalions, 219,000 So the Allies, in spite of rifles, 7000 sabres, 1100 field- losing the Russians and Rouguns, and 380 heavy gans. manians, kingdoms of millions Here the enemy was slightly of men, who had thrown into superior; but the Greek mobil- the balance more than 120 isation was not finished. Later divisions — in spite of not in the spring the size of their having more than one Amerioontingent would be doubled van division at their side from or trebled; this would leave the country which had actually advantage to the Allies again, registered 25 million men as

In Palestine and Mesopo- capable of military service-in tamia the Allies were over- spite of these deduotions, at whelmingly larger than the the beginning of 1918, still Tarks, whose battalions, by the had the advantage. time they reached the front, War abstracts the world into were all reduced to 200 or 300 & chess-board where each piece by desertion. General Allenby is measured in divisions. At in Palestine had 7 British the first meeting of the and 1 Indian divisions : 117 Supreme War Counoil, M. battalions, 100,000 rifles, 16,000 Venizelos harangued it for an sabres, 410 field-guns, and 93 hour on the past, present, and heavy gans. Faoing him were future glories of Hellas; but 11 Turkish divisions and 1 when he stopped drenching his second-class German division audience with his eloquence, at and south of Damasous: the only voice raised was by 107 battalions, but only 29,000 General Robertson, who asked, and shrug and sigh over its 24,000 sabres; 8800 field-gung being too late. But if a central and 5500 heavy guns.

The military organ of command for allies had available 97 French, the whole front between the 57 British, 10 Belgian, 1 AmNorth Sea and the Adriatio erioan, and 2 Portuguese-alhad existed before, the ne- together 167 divisions, esti. cessity for the improvement mated at 1585 battalions, would have appeared as soon 1,480,000 rifles, 74,000 sabres; as they started disoussing, and 8900 field - guns and 6800 it could easily have been heavy guns.

So the Allied carried out in the early part totals were still superior to of the war.

the German, the German units, Caporetto decided Mr Lloyd divisions and battalions, being George. At a conference held smaller than the Allied. The at Rappallo in the beginning rate at which their divisions of November, the Supreme War could be brought from the Counoil was founded as a con- East, where they still had 58, tral direoting politioal body for of rather inferior quality, was the whole alliance: it was a about 10 a month. Of those, monthly meeting of the prin- perhaps 40 at the most could oipal Ministers of each country be expected to appear in at Versailles. There was

& Franoe, and so their maximum permanent staff of Military strength, between 200 and 210 Representatives at that place divisions, would be reached in to sot as their military ad- May, But the American divi. visers. These military ad sions (of which one only was visers were Sir Henry Wilson; now in the line and counted) Weygand, Chief of the Staff to were beginning to come in ; 80 Fooh in Paris; General Ca- that at no time would the dorna ; and later, General Bliss, German superiority in number Amerioan Chief of the Staff. over the Allies be near This, as Major Grasset says, great as the Allied superiority

was a hesitating but not loss over the Germans had been decisive step towards unity of for at least one and a half command.'

years. There ought therefore The plans elaborated be- to have been no cause for tween Fooh and Sir Henry anxiety. Wilson at Versailles can be On the Italian front there better understood if the forces were still the 11 Anglo-French in opposition, as they were to divisions sent there

after be between the middle and end Caporetto, and 50 Italian divi. of February 1918, when the sions : 764 battalions, 633,000 fighting was expeoted to begin, rifles, 6400 sabres; 3700 fieldare known.

guns and 2100 heavy guns. By the flow of divisions The enemy had only 431 from the East, the Germans Austrian and 3 German, a in France then had 178 divi- total of 461 divisions : 439,000 sions—estimated at 1630 bat- rifles, 3400 sabres ; 3000 fieldtalions, 1,232,000 rifles, and guns and 1500 heavy guns.

SO

On the Italian front therefore rifles and 3000 sabres, and per. we were still 6 to 4 in spite of haps 200 or 300 guns. We Caporetto.

were 3 to 1. In the East the Austrians In Mesopotania, 1 British had 34 divisions, some of which and 5 Indian divisions : 101 might be expeoted to come to battalions, 125,000 rifles, 9000 Italy; but, on the other hand, sabres, 300 field-gang, and 50 the Italians had not yet pat heavy gang.

Against these into the line all the divisions the Turks had nominally 5 they had reconstruoted out of divisions and 47 battalions, their defeated troops during but these only amounted to the winter, out of which they 18,000 rifles, 1000 sabres, and were ultimately to form the no more than 100 gang. Here Sixth Army.

we were 6 to 1. In the Balkans there were This survey would not be 23 Bulgarian, 2 German, and complete without a mention 2 Austrian divisions, a total of of Lettow - Vorbeok in East 27: 294 battalions, 228,000 Afrioa, with his 250 Europeans rifles, 3000 sabres, 972 field- and 1500 Africans. A British guns, and 353 heavy guns. On and native force of 12,000 our side, 8 French, 4j British, rifles, with a ration (not a 1} Italian, 3 Greek, 6 Serbian, 1 oombatant) strength of 55,000 Italian in Albania, 23 divisions were kept busy ohasing him. in all: 271 battaliong, 219,000 So the Allies, in spite of rifles, 7000 sabres, 1100 field. losing the Russians and Roaguns, and 380 heavy guns. manians, kingdoms of millions Here the enemy was slightly of men, who had thrown into superior; but the Greek mobil- the balance more than 120 isation was not finished. Later divisions — in spite of not in the spring the size of their having more than one Americontingent would be doubled oan division at their side from or trebled; this would leave the a country which had actually advantage to the Allies again, registered 25 million men as

In Palestine and Mesopo- capable of military service-in tamia the Allies were over- spite of these deduotions, at whelmingly larger than the the beginning of 1918, still Tarks, whose battalions, by the had the advantage. time they reached the front, War abstracts the world into were all reduced to 200 or 300 a ohess-board where each piece by desertion. General Allenby is measured in divisions. At in Palestine had 7 British the first meeting of the and 1 Indian divisions : 117 Supreme War Counoil, M. battalions, 100,000 rifles, 16,000 Venizelos harangued it for an sabres, 410 field-guns, and 93 hour on the past, present, and heavy gans. Faoing him were future glories of Hellas ; bat 11 Turkish divisions and 1 when he stopped drenohing his second-class German division audience with his eloquence, at and south of Damasous: the only voioe raised was by 107 battalions, but only 29,000 General Robertson, who asked,

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