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ministration of a country like go quietly to their homes—to Southorn Baluchistan is bound spread his teachings in preto bo pretty sketehy.
paration for The Day. “Now suppose your Bolshe- “But he made a mistako very vik agent has managed to reach common with agitators. Ho India, Where does the best overrated his powors of oonfield for his labours lie? trol over the foroes that he Where better than at the was generating. And before great contres of pilgrimage ? he realised it his leadership For at these religious fairs was gono, and the Aghori thousands in some cases, ruled the mob. So then Peter hundreds of thousands of decided that the time had pilgrims colleot from the four come for him to seek pastures corners of India ; 80 seed new; for he had no wish to Bown there is sown broadoast. share in the limelight of an And the pilgrims are then just antimely murder. in the right frame of mind, “Bat'--my friend remarked too, to be carried away by the —'do not fear; he will not pornicious doctrines of any esoape us. For every policeself-styled saint or reformer. and levy-post is warned. And
“So it was with these con. he has given me much useful siderations before his mind that information, — such my friend was sent to Southern names of their agents ander Baluchistan, with orders to training at Tashkend and keep a special watch on Nani Mery and Asksbad, with the Mai. He travelled to the routes they mean to follow. shrine in the disguise of an Oh yes, we have done very 8866tio, and there he found Stre- well. But you, sir, you had an wal Peter already in possession. anoommonly nárrow shave.'
“The rest of the tale is briefly “With that verdiot I entirely told. My friend soon saw that agree. And, if over any one Strewal Poter was the very asks me to visit Chandragup, man he was after. So he took I shall think of the reply of care to pal up with hina, and Sinan bin Selama, the Arab, to listen reverently to his teach- when appointed by the Coings. When the pilgrims ar- liph to command the Makran rived, the work of propaganda Expeditionary Foree : Thou at once began. And in his showest me the road to Makran pose of Yogi, Strewal Poter —but what a difference lies know well how to combin, between an order and its exereligious arguments with all oution! I will never enter the the subtle doctrines of the country, for its name alone Soviet-to kindle fanaticism terrifies me.' He knew a thing against British rule. But at or two, did Sinan; and Makran this stage mere murder was no has not altered greatly for the part of Peter's programme; better during the twelve hunfor he wanted his hearers to dred odd years since his day."
CURIOUS MISUNDERSTANDING WITH REGARD TO THE
TEMPERANCE (SCOTLAND) ACT, 1913.
BY LYDIA MILLER MACKAY.
Not long ago two simple swore stoutly that they had Soottish electors, having been watohed the door of the flats deluged by leaflets either advo- during the whole of the time eating or donouncing Prohibi- in question, and that no human tion in view of the Looal Option boing had gone inor oat. poll expected next November, After a long period of beand having heard much talk wildermont, the mystory was and many arguments in and out solved by some olevor amateur and round about the Temper- who oame to the ageistance of ance (Scotland) Act, 1913, took the law and discovered that the extreme and, as it would the dood had been done by the now almost appear, the' un- postman. This supposedly usual step of exponding 2d, in harmless official had callod at the purchase of a copy of the the usual hour, and, contrary Aot, and reading it over for to all precedent, had taken themselves. To their amaze- away the body of the old ment they found that it had gentleman with the mails in nothing whatever to do with his post-bag. So little, howProhibition, and that, so far ever, had the witnesses associfrom those who framed it ated the thought of murder having apparently so extreme with a postman, and so sure a step in view, it seems to have had they unoonsciously been boen drawn up with the that a post-bag could contain onation that has long been nothing more mysterious than addociated with our national lotters and newspapers, that oharaoter.
they had not over seen the I think it is G. K. Chester- postman in this new and ton who, in order to prove how unexpeoted obaraoter. our senses may deceive us Exactly the contrary seems under the influence of a pre- to have happened in connection oonooivod idoa, onoe wrote a with this Temperance Aot. So fantastio tale of an old gentlo- sure has the publio been that man who was murdered on it oontains Prohibition, that the the top flat of some London shadowy form of this gigantie mansions. The murder, it was spootre has been seen fitting ina proved by oiroumstantial evi- and out of pages where assurdonos, must havo been com- odly it is not. mitted and the body removed The other alternative one within a fow minator of midday, dismissos hastily. It cannot and the case was the more be that people writo leaflets puzzling boonuse tho porter and make speechos about Aote and several other
porsons which they have not read!
Experts here and there have, Aot. If, then, the No-License doabtless, put the facts plainly, Resolution is not Prohibition, but those faots seem, for the what is it, and why has it most part, to have fallen on been the Nemesis of the unheeding ears. Let us, then, “Trade" and the hope of the rid our minds of all precon- Temperance Party for the osived ideas, and see what the last seven years ? On what, Aot really contains.
exaotly, are we asked to vote Words and names are often in November? 80 loosely applied as to befog We are to have three options the imagination, and a defini- pat before us. (Here are the tion may olear the air,
exaet words of the ballot Prohibition, as demonstrated paper.) aoross the Atlantio, means that i. No Change Resolation. the manufaotare, sale, importa
(Means that the tion, or distribution of alooholio
powers and disoretion drink is entirely forbidden. The of the licensing court wealthy classes may still be shall remain anobanged.) able to have wine on their 2. Limiting Resolution. tables from oellars Stooked
(Means that the num. under the old system, but no ber of certifioates for the one, from end to end of the sale of excigable liquors United States, oan now bay a shall be reduced by one single glass of spirits without
quarter in accordance patting himself into opposition with the provisions of to the law.
the Aot.) Under the "No - License 3. No-License Resolution. Resolution" of the Seottish
(Means that no verti. Aot, on the other hand, the
ficate for the sale of exwholesale trade in liquor is oisable liquors shall be allowed to go on pretty muoh granted exoept for inns, as it did before, and hotels, hotels, or restaurants, in inns, and olubs will still be special cases, in accordallowed to sell alooholio liquors ance with the provisions to their guests, or to any one
of the Act.) taking & moal on their pre- With the first two options misos. With a dootor's order we are not here oonoerned, but liquor may be bought at a as to the third, half the story ohemist's ; restaurants may of the meaning of the Resoluprovide spirits, wine, or ale tion depends on the little word with meals, and the well-to- “except," and the exoeptions do person need not be under above mentioned seem to the any apprehension that his writer to clear our post-bag sellar will be interfered with ; from any suspicion of confor, providing that he buys not taining the body of that less than two gallons at a time, muoh-murdered old gentleman, his liberty to drink may even “Prohibition.” degenerate into lioongo, with- And now for the more out any interference from the particular meaning of the No - License Resolation. If, out very much as they did in by a majority of 55 per the Carlisle area experiment; oent of the reoorded votes (not and the “Trade," which, in less than 35 per cent of the many instances, seems sincerely electors for the area having desirous of doing its work in voted in favour thereof) tho a better atmosphere, would be Resolation is carried in any given the opportunity of fularea, the grooers' license and filling the aspirations which the drinking bar go out of many of its members have existence. The cause of Tem- recently expressed in regard peranoe roaps the enormous to reform. benefit that this entails, for And here an interesting the serious temptations to point may be noted. After secret drinking offered by the the expiration of the first one, and the scandals of the year of the new restaurant streets so largely causod by lioonse, the proprietor of what the other, are immediately we may call the Reformed swept away.
Pablio-house must satisfy the This is not all, however. The lioensing authorities, through licensing aathorities, and, be it the figures shown by the ex. notod, the same licensing an- oise, that he has not made more thorities as we have at present, than two-fifths of his profits may in any area issuo fresh from the sale of alooholio licenges for inns or restaurants, liquors.1 This provision, which where, as in the Carlisl. ex. seems to have been somewhat periment, any one may have overlooked so far, should work beer, wine, or spirits with his out, it seems to as, in such a moals. It is true that the way as to make the limitapremisos of such a publie-house tien most felt precisely where or rostaurant must bo struo- it is most needed.
It sareturally adapted to the pro- ly means that where the inn, vision of food; bat the almost hotel, or restaurant makes sure result of the passing of large profits through the provithe No - License Resolation sion of lod gings, food, &o., this would be that a certain nom- enactment will be little felt; ber of the publio-houses would, while in the lower distriots of in their own interests, altor great oities for instanoo, whore their promises so as to moet the the whole profit must be demands of the Aot, and that made on those very meals those pablio - houses would go with which "drink” is proon with their business andor vided, there will be very real * now and reformod system restriotion. If any one wants in May 1921, whom the Ro- beer or spirits with his meal, solution will come into force. he may have it; bat, on the Things would indood work othor hand, if he only wants
This two-fifth provision is only indirectly mentioned in the Act. The reader is referred to an older Act, which gives this as the condition of the renewal of the restaurant-keeper's licenso,
beer or spirits, with a bisonit & loaf, however, is surely, in thrown in, it will have to be the present instance, better rathor an expensive biseuit. than no broad, and the
It must be admitted that objections before mentioned the No - License Resolution is are not, after all, insuperable. far from perfeot. It goes too Sine the Act gives the whole far for some of us, and not matter into the hands of the far enough for othors. It is eleotorato, the working man not free from a suspicion of will not voto for “No-License olass legislation, although on unless he likes it. As a matter this head it may be noted of fact, when in 1887 a plebi. that the Independent Labour seite of the city of Edinburgh Party has recently, by & was taken on the subjeot of majority, voted in its favour. Prohibition, the largest number It removes drinking-bars and of votes for the olosing of the grooers' licenses without com- public-house was recorded in pensation, and it is so hedged the poorest part of the oity, about with “bats" and "ex. and the smallest in the West oopts” that it practioally End, where the miseries oonleaves the situation in the neoted with the present system hands of the licensing au- were known only to the thorities - a body that has imagination. As to the hard. not always been 80 whole- ship entailed by the publionn heartedly in favour of Tom- and licensed grooer, they, after peranoe as some of us would all, have had seven years of desire.
warning and of plenty in With all its faults, how which to insure against lous; evor, it is the only measure the licensed grocer, moreover, of temperance reform now loses only part of his trade, before the country. An inter- and the publican may rooonesting artiole, whiob appeared struet his premises and torn in the November number of restaurant-keeper. To add to Maga,' advooated State this, the whole thing is in Purobago as an amendmont the nature of an experiment, to the 1913 Aot. Sootland and need only last for three did not, however, rise to this years, a reflection which should idea, and although it is being make an appeal to the candy disoussed for England, there is Soot; while, as a guide to no suggestion of its being possibilities, it is interesting offered to us Soots at present. to remember that Ontario Neither does the country ap- tried the same experiment pear to be ripe for Prohibition. many years ago, and that Whatever might have been the when, after tbree and a half case in the early days of the years, she had an opporwar, it seems certain that tunity of going back to the Sootland is not now inclined old oonditions, the demands to follow Amerioa's example, for Repeal were almost negRightly or wrongly, she does ligible. not wish to go "dry." Half If, then, the Aot is real