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for some of them had in them more feet than the verses would bear.
CEL. That's no matter; the feet might bear the
Ros. Ay, but the feet were lame, and could not bear themselves without the verse, and therefore stood lamely in the verse.
CEL. But didst thou hear, without wondering how thy name should be hang'd and carved upon these trees?
Ros. I was seven of the nine days out of the wonder, before you came; for look here what I found on a palm-tree2; I was never so be-rhymed since Pythagoras' time, that I was an Irish rat3, which I can hardly remember.
CEL. Trow you, who hath done this?
-a PALM-TREE ;] A palm-tree, in the forest of Arden, is as much out of its place, as the lioness in a subsequent scene.
3 I was never so be-rhymed since Pythagoras' time, that I was an IRISH RAT,] Rosalind is a very learned lady. She alludes to the Pythagorean doctrine, which teaches that souls transmigrate from one animal to another, and relates that in his time she was an Irish rat, and by some metrical charm was rhymed to death. The power of killing rats with rhymes Donne mentions in his Satires, and Temple in his Treatises. Dr. Grey has produced a similar passage from Randolph :
"Shall with a satire, steep'd in gall and vinegar, Rhyme them to death as they do rats in Ireland.” JOHNSON.
So, in an address to the reader at the conclusion of Ben Jonson's Poetaster:
"Rhime them to death, as they do Irish rats
So, in The Defence of Poesie, by our author's contemporary, Sir Philip Sidney: "Though I will not wish unto you to be driven by a poet's verses, as Rubonax was, to hang yourself, nor to be rimed to death, as is said to be done in Ireland." MALONE.
CEL. And a chain, that you once wore, about his neck: Change you colour? Ros. I pr'ythee, who?
CEL. O lord, lord! it is a hard matter for friends to meet*: but mountains may be removed with earthquakes, and so encounter 3.
Ros. Nay, but who is it?
CEL. Is it possible?
Ros. Nay, I pray thee now, with most petitionary vehemence, tell me who it is.
CEL. O wonderful, wonderful, and most wonderful wonderful, and yet again wonderful, and after that out of all whooping"!
Ros. Good my complexion'! dost thou think,
4 friends to meet :] Alluding ironically to the proverb: "Friends may meet, but mountains never greet."
See Ray's Collection. STEEVENS.
So, in Mother Bombie, by Lily, 1594: "Then we two met, which argued that we were no mountains." MALONE.
5 but MOUNTAINS may be removed with earthquakes, and SO ENCOUNTER.] "Montes duo inter se concurrerunt," &c. says Pliny, Hist. Nat. lib. ii. c. lxxxiii. or in Holland's translation: "Two hills (removed by an earthquake) encountered together, charging as it were, and with violence assaulting one another, and retyring again with a most mighty noise." TOLLET.
6 out of all WHOOPING!] i. e. out of all measure, or reckoning. So, in the old ballad of Yorke, Yorke for my Money, &c. 1584:
And then was shooting, out of cry, "The skantling at a handful nie."
Again, in the old bl. 1. comedy called Common Conditions : "I have beraed myself out of cry." STEEVENS.
This appears to have been a phrase of the same import as another formerly in use, "out of all cry." The latter seems to allude to the custom of giving notice by a crier of things to be sold. So, in A Chaste Maide of Cheapside, a comedy by T. Middleton, 1630: I'll sell all at an outcry." MALONE.
An outcry is still a provincial term for an auction. STEEVENS. 7 Good my complexion!] This is a mode of expression, Mr. Theobald says, which he cannot reconcile to common sense. Like enough and so too the Oxford editor. But the meaning isHold good my complexion, i. e. let me not blush. WARBURTON.
though I am caparison'd like a man, I have a doublet and hose in my disposition? One inch of delay more is a South-sea of discovery; I pr'ythee, tell me, who is it? quickly, and speak apace: I would
"Good my complexion!" My native character, my female inquisitive disposition, canst thou endure this! For thus characterizing the most beautiful part of the creation, let our author answer. MALONE.
"Good my complexion!" is a little unmeaning exclamatory address to her beauty; in the nature of a small oath. RITSON. 8 One inch of delay more is a South-sea-of discovery.] This is stark nonsense; we must read-off discovery, i. e. from discovery. "If you delay me one inch of time longer, I shall think this secret as far from discovery as the South-sea is.” WARBURTON.
This sentence is rightly noted by the commentator as nonsense, but not so happily restored to sense. I read thus:-One inch of delay more is a South-sea. Discover, I pr'ythee; tell me who is it quickly!-When the transcriber had once made discovery from discover I, he easily put an article after South-sea. But it may be read with still less change, and with equal probability-Every inch of delay more is a South-sea discovery :Every delay, however short, is to me tedious and irksome as the longest voyage, as a voyage of discovery on the South-sea. How much voyages to the South-sea, on which the English had then first ventured, engaged the conversation of that time, may be easily imagined. JOHNSON.
Of for off, is frequent in the elder writers. A South-sea of discovery is a discovery a South-sea off-as far as the South-sea. FARMER.
Warburton's sophistication ought to have been reprobated, and the old, which is the only reading that can preserve the sense of Rosalind, restored. A "South-sea of discovery," is not a discovery, as far off, but as comprehensive as the South-sea; which, being the largest in the world, affords the widest scope for exercising curiosity. HENLEY.
The old copy has-of discovery; and of, as Dr. Farmer has observed, was frequently used instead of off in Shakspeare's time: yet the construction of "South-sea off discovery" is so harsh, that I am strongly inclined to think, with Dr. Johnson, that we should read-a South-sea discovery. "Delay, however short, is to me tedious and irksome as the longest voyage, as a voyage of discovery on the South-Sea." The word of, which had occurred just before, might have been inadvertently repeated by the compositor. MALONE.
thou couldst stammer, that thou might'st pour this concealed man out of thy mouth, as wine comes out of a narrow-mouth'd bottle; either too much at once, or none at all. I pr'ythee take the cork out of thy mouth, that I may drink thy tidings.
CEL. So you may put a man in your belly.
Ros. Is he of God's making? What manner of man? Is his head worth a hat, or his chin worth a beard?
CEL. Nay, he hath but a little beard.
Ros. Why, God will send more, if the man will be thankful: let me stay the growth of his beard, if thou delay me not the knowledge of his chin.
CEL. It is young Orlando; that tripp'd up the wrestler's heels, and your heart, both in an instant. Ros. Nay, but the devil take mocking; speak sad brow, and true maid".
CEL. I'faith, coz, 'tis he.
Ros. Alas the day! what shall I do with my doublet and hose ?-What did he, when thou saw'st him? What said he? How look'd he? Wherein went he1? What makes he here? Did he ask for me? Where remains he? How parted he with thee? and when shalt thou see him again? Answer me in one word.
CEL. You must borrow me Garagantua's mouth
9 — speak sad brow, and true maid.] i. e. speak with a grave countenance, and as truly as thou art a virgin; speak seriously and honestly. RITSON.
1 Wherein went he?] In what manner was he clothed? How did he go dressed? HEATH.
2 - Garagantua's mouth-] tions to be answered in one word. such magnitude is too big for any the giant of Rabelais. JOHNSON.
Rosalind requires nine quesCelia tells her that a word of mouth but that of Garagantua,
first 'tis a word too great for any mouth of this age's size: To say, ay, and no, to these particulars, is more than to answer in a catechism.
Ros. But doth he know that I am in this forest, and in man's apparel? Looks he as freshly as he did the day he wrestled?
CEL. It is as easy to count atomies 3, as to resolve the propositions of a lover :-but take a taste of my finding him, and relish it with a good observance. I found him under a tree, like a dropp'd acorn.
Ros. It may well be call'd Jove's tree, when it drops forth such fruit *.
ČEL. Give me audience, good madam.
Garagantua swallowed five pilgrims, their staves and all, in a sallad. It appears from the books of the Stationers' Company, that in 1592 was published, "Garagantua his Prophecie." And in 1594, "A booke entitled, The History of Garagantua." The book of Garagantua is likewise mentioned in Laneham's Narrative of Queen Elizabeth's Entertainment at Kenelworth-Castle, in 1575. Some translator of one of these pieces is censured by Hall, in his second book of Satires :
"But who conjur'd, &c.
"Or wicked Rablais dronken revellings
"To grace the misrule of our tavernings?" STEEVENS. to count ATOMIES,] Atomies are those minute particles discernible in a stream of sunshine that breaks into a darkened room. HENLEY.
"An atomie, (says Bullokar, in his English Expositor, 1616,) is a mote flying in the sunne. Any thing so small that it cannot be made lesse." MALONE.
4 when it drops forth sUCH fruit.] The old copy reads"when it drops forth fruit." The word such was supplied by the editor of the second folio. I once suspected the phrase, “when it drops forth," to be corrupt; but it is certainly our author's; for it occurs again in this play:
woman's gentle brain
"Could not drop forth such giant-rude invention." This passage serves likewise to support the emendation that has been made. MALONE.