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to his per
in and through these sufferings: there is food in affliction, and though the instruments of it cannot see it, all shall work together for good to them that fear the Lord: keep your ground in the truth, that was, and is the saints victory. They that shrink, go out of it; it is a shield to the righteous: feel it, and fee, I charge you by the presence of the Lord, that you turn not aside the Lord's end towards you, in this suffering, by consulting with flesh and blood, in easing your adversaries; for that will load you.
Keep out of base bargainings, or conniving at w, Penn, fleshly evasions of the cross. Our Captain would
not leave us such an example: let them shrink that friends in know not why they fhould stand; we know, in Bristol.
whom we have believed: he is mightier in the faithful, to suffer and endure to the end, than the world, to persecute: call to mind those blessed ancients, “ That by faith overcame of old, that en: dured cruel mockings and scourgings, yea moreover, bonds and imprisonments, that accepted not deliverance, (to deny their testimony) that they might obtain a better resurrection:"_They were itoned; they were tempted; they were fawn afunder; they were slain with the sword; but ye have not so resisted unto blood; and it sufficeth, I hope, to you, that the Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptation, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment, to be punished; when it may be truly faid, “ It shall go well with the righteous, but very ill with the wicked.” The Lord God, by his power, keep your hearts living to him; that it may be your delight to wait upon him, and receive the bounty of his love; that, being fed with his daily bread and drinking of his cup of blessing, you may be raised above the fear and trouble of earthly things and grow strong in him, who is your crown of rejoicing; that, having answered his requirings, and walked faithfully before him, you may receive, in the end of your days, the velconne sentence of gladness. Eternal
riches are before you, an inheritance incorruptible: press after that glorious mark: let your minds be set on things that are above, and when Christ, that is the glory of his poor people, shall appear, they shall appear with him in glory; when all tears shall be wiped away, and there shall be no more sorrow, or fighing, but they, that overcome, shall stand as Mount Sion, that cannot be removed."
So, my dear friends and brethren, endure, that you may be saved, and you shall reap, if you faint not.
What should we be troubled for our kingdom is not of this world, nor can be shaken by the overturning here below. Let all give glory to God on high, live peaceably on earth, and thew good will to all men; and our enemies will at last, see they do they know not what, and repent, and glorify God, our heavenly Father. O! great is God's work on earth. Be universal in your fpirits, and keep out all strastness and narrowness: look to God's great and glorious kingdom, and its prosperity: our time is not our own, nor are we our own: God hath bought us with a price, not to serve ourselves, but to glorify him, both in body, soul and spirit; and, by bodily sufferings for the truth, he is glorified: look to the accomplishing of the will of God, in these things; that the measure of Christ's sufferings may be filled up in us, who bear about the “ dying of the Lord Jesus;” else our suffering is in vain. Wherefore, as the flock of God, and family and house-hold of faith, walk with your loins girded, being fober, hoping to the end, for the grace and kindness, which shall be brought unto you, at the revelation of Jesus Christ, to whom you and your's are committed: his precious spirit minister unto you, and his own life be shed abroad plenteously among you, that you may be kept blameless to the end. I am your friend and brother in the fellowship of the suffering for truth, as it is in Jesus,
WILLIAM PENN. © Worminghursl, the 24th of the Twelfth month, 1681."
Having thus far pursued this abstracted account of the life of W. Penn, I shall, in the next place, after having previously given a brief preliminary description of the first rise of the British colonies, in America, and more especially of West New Jersey, in which he was so much concerned, attend him in the settlement and colonization of his province of Pennsylvania.
PART THE SECOND.
A short preliminary sketch of the first colonization
of continental America by the English;-Of the Dutch and Swedish settlements, pretensions and proceedings, on Hudson's or North river, and on the bay and river of Delaware;-But more particularly, of the rise, government, and early transactions of the colony of West New Jersey, previous to those of Pennsylvania.
THE firlt European discovery of some of the insular
parts of America, in the year 1492, by Chrif- Discovery topher Columbus, and the success of his subsequent of America voyages, as well as those of Americus Vespucius, bus
, and by
Americus, between the years 1496 and 1499, to that continent, both in the service of Spain, are now so well known as here to need no repetition; and, for the fame reason, it is unnecessary to specify, in this place, how, or why, this newly discovered part of the world was called America, from the name of the latter of these persons; whose last voyage, in the employment of Portugal, gave that part of South America now called Brasi, to that kingdom; as the prior discoveries of Columbus and himself had added, besides the islands, immense tract of ter
ritory to Spain, both in the northern and southern latitudes of continental America; according to that universally acknowledged law of nations, which assigns all waste and uncultivated countries to the prince, who is at the charge of the first discovery
of them.* 1497. I shall only, therefore, in this place, previously British difcoveries, by
mention, that, in the year 1497, John and Sebasthe Cabots, tian Cabot, father and son, in the service of king
Henry the seventh of England, by the best accounts, are generally acknowledged to have been the first Europeans, who discovered that
of north America, where the English colonies were afterwards fettled, along the Atlantic shore, including Newfoundland, from 60, or 68 degrees north, to fo far south, as the isle of Cuba, or the latitude of Florida.
See Justinian, Grotius, &c. on this subject. Columbus is said to be buried in the cathedral of Sevifle, in Spain, with this infcription on his tomb.
“ Columbus has given a nerv world
To the kingdoms of Castile and Leon." Herrera, the great Spanish historian of America, expressly affirms, “ That neither on the continent, nor isles of the West Indies (the name the Spaniards usually give to all America) were there either filk, wine, sugar, olives, wheat, barley or pulse; all which (adds Herrera) and many other things have been transported thither from Spain,” Their own fole original productions were tobacco, indigo, cocheneal, cottoni, ginger, cocoa, piemento, fundry useful drugs and woods for dying, furniture, physic," &c.
Anderson's historical deduction of commerce, &c.
+ « The main end of the above attempt of the Cabots, from England, was said by the writers of, or near, these times, to have been to discover a north-west passage to the Indies, or spice islands, or, to Catbaia; as they then termed a country, since known to be China; whither some travellers had gone over by land, in the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Cabot having failed so far north as 671 degrees, the land which he firit faw, was the country between the mouth of the river of Canada and FI udson's strait; and which he, therefore, named Prima vista; (i. e. first discovered) which name it soon lost; and next got the name of Corteriga lis, from a Portuigueze; who, from Lisbon, fell in with that coast, anno 1500, calling also the north part of it Eftotilard, After the French had Littled in (anoda, they freely called the country New France. Lastly, the English discoveries, on the north parts of that country, deep into the bay of Hudfon, called it New Britain; though the Portugueze, in some of their maps, called it Terra di Labrador: its only produce hitherto being peltry, furs and feathers.”