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and increase, or advance, their felicity, so far as human nature is capable of it, both in a particular and general relation; rather than the contrary, or discord, rebellion and revolt, fo often advocated, pursued, and in the end, unhappily experienced, under the plausible name and falfe appearance, of melioration.
But how muchfoever the recommendation and Original extension of unity, concord and amity, with a due
happiness submission, in civil society, may be contrary to the and misery ambition, and selfish views, of an independent and rebellious Spirit, in any age, or country, yet it is most certain that as the former constituted the state of original, and most complete, felicity, so the latter occafioned the contrary; and cannot, in the nature of things, do otherwise;—and that human happiness may be much further increased, or augmented, both in an individual and collective capacity, than either idleness or wickedness will permit many to believe, or think possible, the province of Example of Pennsylvania has afforded a very signal example, Pennfylvaand incontestible proof, to the admiration of strangers; and doubtless far beyond the credibility of many, who are not sufficiently acquainted with the early, as well as the later state of the country.
To conclude, as the world is said to have been How good formed out of a chaos, and that order sprung from theires ered disorder, by the effect of Omnipotence; so, in the and restor, rise of this province, appears a remarkable instance ed. of happy consequences, from apparent unhappy causes ;-~rational liberty, with an equal participation of natural and civil rights, and religious privileges, with the glorious effects, have risen out of oppression, persecution and bigotry:
-But, as the abuse of the former has always introduced the latter, sooner or later; and as human nature ever remains to be the fame, so the reversing of those enjoyments continues to be no less incident to the human race, than it was in former ages of the world;
and their preservation depends as much upon the wisdom and conduct of the pofsefsors of them, as their restoration will do, on means similar to those, which raised, and so long preserved, the happy state of the province of Pennsylvania.
C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S
I N T R O DU C TI O N.
PART THE FIRST.
The parentage, birth and education of William Penn, with the time
6. Under the third head are represented:
and manner of his embracing the religion of the people called Quakers, &c.
In the account of the religious system and manners of the Quakers, are comprehended: 1. The time, motive and manner of their first rise, and becoming
a religious fociety. 2. Their first and chief principle, &c. 3. Their wor!hip and ministry, with some of their chief and particular
doctrines. Their other tenets, doctrines, practices and customs, more peculiar to them than to other people, are ranged under the following heads, viz.
1. Their julice, veracity and true Christian fortitudes
4. Under the first of these heads are comprised : Their disuse of flattering titles, and their not respecting persons, &c. Their using the plain and true speech of thou and thee, to a single
paying the government taxes, dues, &c.
5. Under the second head are,
In their diet and discourse.
things, from R. Barclay.
Further account of the life of William Penn, continued till about the
time of the grant and settlement of Pennsylvania.
1. First European discoveries of the different parts of America, by
2. Summary of the ancient Virginia; and of the Dutch and Swede's
3. First rise of New-Jersey, in 1664; and some account of the En-
4. Division of New-Jersey into East and Wes New-Jersey, in 1676;
vania, in 1681, &c.
5. A sketch of the religious state of West N. Jersey, about that time,
with some further hints of its general situation, or state, till the fur-
render of the respective proprietary governments to the crown, in
Note, When the n.onths are mentioned in their numerical order, in the following
history, Marchis inderstood to be the first month of the year, before the change
of the style, in 1 552; after which the year commenced on the first of January.
A general and comprehensive view of the rise, principles, religious System and practice, or manners, of the people called QUAKERS, who first settled
the province, under his government.
THE wisdom of former ages, when transmitted, Ofice and