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titles of books, pamphlets, etc., but all the important articles in the largest and most valuable works and periodical publications. The number of volumes described is not far from 12,000. Many of them are of great value. A very considerable proportion are in the Latin and German languages connected with biblical and theological studies. The library is deficient in English literature. Mr. Taylor will have the thanks of all the friends of the Seminary and of religion for his labor. It is what few persons will fully appreciate. Industry, perseverance, accurate and extensive bibliographical learning have been lavishly expended. We hope to notice the volume more fully hereafter.

The cause of science has lately met with a very severe loss in the death of Nathaniel Bowditch, LL. D., F. R. S.. president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He died in Boston March 16, in the 65th year of his age. His translation of the great work of La Place on Celestial Mechanics, to which he added a commentary and many original notes of his own, has given celebrity to his name throughout the world. His practical works on navigation are of the highest value.

Mr. Marsh's Icelandic Grammar is in the press at Burlington, Vt.-The New York Review is to be hereafter united with the American Quarterly.

Great Britain.

Mr. Wilberforce's Life is in the press of Mr. Murray. It will be comprised in four Vols. 8vo., with portraits. It is edited by his sons Rev. Robert I., and Rev. Samuel Wilberforce. The Memoirs are drawn from a journal, in which, during a period of fifty years, Mr. Wilberforce was accustomed to record his private sentiments and his remarks on the incidents of the day. The work will be enriched from his correspondence with his distinguished contemporaries.

Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire with notes by Milman and Guizot is publishing in London in monthly volumes. The original, unmutilated text of Gibbon is given, along with a candid and dispassionate examination of his misstatements on the subject of religion.

Lieutenant Wellsted's Travels in Oman, the Peninsula of Mt. Sinai and along the Shores of the Red Sea are in press in two Vols. 8vo.

A Catalogue of the Irregular Greek Verbs, with all their tenses extant, their formation, meaning and usages, has been translated from Buttmann's Ausführliche Sprachlehre, by Mr. Fishlake.

Leonard Horner, F. R. S. has translated M. Cousin's "Present State of Education in Holland, with special reference to the schools for the working classes."

The second and third volumes of Mr. Hallam's "Introduction to the History of Literature in the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries," the first volume of which was noticed in our last No., are now in press.

Dr. Carr has been consecrated bishop of Bombay, and Dr. Spencer bishop of Madras; the last as the successor of the holy and venerated bishop Corrie.

The distribution, printing, or translation of the Scriptures, in whole or in part, has been promoted by the British and Foreign Bible Society, directly in 66 languages or dialects, indirectly in 69; total 135. The number of versions, omitting those which are printed in different characters only, is 157. Of these, 105 are translations never before printed. Issues of Bibles, since the commencement of the society, 3,990,678; Testaments, 6,302,987; total, 10,293,645. Expenditure from the commencement, £2,291,884.


By recent investigations it was ascertained that the scarcity of Bibles is very great. In one village, a Bible was found, which ten or twelve persons subscribed for together, and sent one of their number into Holland to buy; and there it cost them 42 francs. During the last year, 8420 copies of the Bible were distributed in this country.


Strauss's Life of Jesus continues to attract great attention. Its publication seems to have been the signal for an avowal of infidelity on the part of multitudes in Germany. The book has been ably examined, and its positions overthrown particularly by Neander and Tholuck.-Gesenius is now prosecuting his labors on his Thesaurus.-Hengstenberg is regarded with increasing fear by the enemies of evangelical religion. His views on church government, church and State, etc. are not of the most tolerant order.Some of the posthumous works of William von Humboldt are looked for with much anxiety.-The concluding Nos. of Freytag's Arabic Lexicon do not yet come to hand.-The Leipsic Gazette announces that the new number of Schumacker's Astronomical Notes contains a discovery, made by Dr. Encke, professor of astronomy at Berlin, that the planet Saturn has three rings instead of two, as hitherto believed.


The people of Polynesia have no names for many of the animals mentioned in the Scriptures. They had never seen horses till the missionaries introduced them. At some of the islands the people had pigs in great abundance, and they called the horse "the pig that carries the man." In the Polynesian dialects, a vowel intervenes between every two consonants. This made it impossible to Tahitianize the word horse, for not only the two consonants must have been divided, but the letter s, not known in the language, must have been changed or omitted. In this case, the missionaries resorted to the Greek, hippos, and rejecting the s and one p, made hipo. In reference to baptism, there was a native word, which signified the application of water, without determining the precise manner in which that water is applied. Lest, however, dispute should arise, they resorted, like the English translators, to the Greek, and chose a term which any native can pronounce and comprehend.



Addison, Joseph, Works of, noticed 257.
Advancement of Biblical Knowledge 60.
Allusions to Christianity, infrequency

of in Greek and Roman writers 203.
The Greeks and Romans, in the
time of the apostles, were not ac-
customed to visit Jerusalem 203.
The question in reference to those
writers who flourished from the
time of Domitian to the end of the
age of the Antonines 205. Greek
writers 205. Roman writers 206.
the Christians found able and
In the age of the Antonines
eloquent advocates 211. Writ-
ers who entered into controversy
with the Christians 214. Crescens
215. Lucian 216. Celsus 220. In
the age of the Antonines the Chris-
tians had obtained notoriety 221-
224. Christians not unknown to
men of letters 226. Eulogists of
the Christians 227. The Epicureans
and Cynics despised the Chris-
tians 228.
Analogies between Nature, Providence,
and Grace 344. The first analogy
respects the qualifications for en-
tering into the kingdoms, humility
and faith 345. Secondly, they are
governed by general laws 347.
The laws of each kingdom are
self-executing 348. There is a
striking analogy in the degree and
manner of sovereignty exercised in
each kingdom 349. Necessity for
active exertions in each of the three
kingdoms 352. The same apparent
mixture of good and evil, order and
confusion, light and darkness, in
each 352. In each God brings
good out of evil, etc. 357.
Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, noticed and
commended 509.

Antiquitates Americanae noticed 519.
Antiquities of the Jews, Dr. Palfrey's
Lectures on, noticed 515.
Appeal, fraternal, to the American
Churches, together with a Plan for
catholic Union on Apostolic princi-
ples 86.


Bailey's Family Preacher, noticed 261.
Ballantine, Rev. E. Translation of
Hengstenberg on the Causes of the
Denial of the Mosaic Origin of the
Pentateuch 416.

Borrows, Prof. E. P. on the Advance-
ment of Biblical Knowledge 60.
Bible Dictionary, Union, noticed 245.
Biblical Knowledge, the Advancement
of 60.

Biesenthal's Hebrew Lexicon reviewed

Bush, Prof. Exposition of the Books of
Joshua and Judges by, noticed 262.


Catholic Union on Apostolic Principles,
Plan for, by Dr. Schmucker 86.
Christianity, infrequency of Allusions
to in Greek and Roman writers 203.
Christian Professor, the, noticed 253.
Church, Pharcellus, Prize Essay by, on
religious Dissensions 259.
Classics, Utility of the Study of to theo-
logical Students 28. An edict of the
emperor Julian, advice of Augus-
tine 29. The Reformers felt that
even profane learning was from
God, and to be applied to his glory
31. It materially assists in the in-
terpretation of the Scriptures 32.
Refines the taste and quickens the
sense of the beautiful 33. The
classics anciently called the hu-
manities 34. The neglect of clas-
sical studies to be attributed, in
some measure, to the manner in

which they are taught in academies and colleges 36 etc. Connection of the Old and New Testaments, by Prof. Twesten of Berlin 232.

Court of Rome, History of, noticed 254. Cousin, Victor, his Life and Works, noticed 519.

Cowper, new edition of his works by Southey and Grimshawe 514. Critical Notices 245, 503.


Day, Pres. on the self-determining Power of the Will 503. Deluges, Historical and Geological, compared 1. Argument from examination of contents of caverns and fissures 1. In a cavern in Yorkshire, more than twenty species of animals made out from relics 2. The deluges of Geology and of Scripture agree in being comparatively recent 4. In being of great extent 4. The language of Scripture 5. Of commentators 6. Objections 8. Arguments against the identity of the two deluges appear to preponderate 9. Objections derived from Geology, etc. against the truth of the Mosaic history of the deluge considered 10.- viz. It is thought that certain natural processes now going on must have had an earlier date than the Noachian deluge 10. It was formerly urged that it is mathematically impossible for the present oceans of the globe to be raised so high as to cover its whole surface 11. Some parts of the globe are said to exhibit no marks of diluvial agency 12. The existence and preservation of the olive on mount Ararat have been urged as objections 13. Change of climate at the epoch of the geological deluge, etc. 13. Another objection is, that pairs of all the animals on the globe could not have been preserved in the ark 14. The present distribution of animals on the globe, etc. 16. Many species, both of animals and plants, are capable of enduring great varieties of climate 16. But the greater part of animals and plants are

confined to particular districts of the globe 17. The deluge may not have been universal 19. A new creation of animals and plants may have taken place subsequent to the deluge 19. Such a hypothesis probable 21. Could any natural causes have produced the deluge? 22. Some suppose the deluge was caused by the approximation of a comet to the earth; some, by the sinking down of continents beneath the ocean, etc. 22. Others impute it to the sudden elevation of the bottom of the ocean, etc. 23. Summary of conclusions from the preceding discussion 25.

Denial of the Mosaic Origin of the
Pentateuch, Causes of 416.
Design of Theological Šeminaries 187.


Edwards, B. B. on the Connection between the Old and New Testaments 232.

Europe, State of during the Middle Ages, by Henry Hallam, noticed 247 Evidences of the Genuineness of the Gospels 265.

Ewald on the Use of the Tenses in Hebrew 131.


Faith, Views of the Reformers on 448.
Family Preacher, the, noticed 261.
Ferdinand and Isabella, History of
their Reign, by Prescott 518.
Fish, Samuel, M. D. on the Nature of
Instinct 74.

Fosdick, D. Jr. on Literary Impostures 39.

Fraternal Appeal to the American Churches, together with a Plan for catholic Union, on Apostolic Principles 86.


Gospels, the, Evidences of the Genuineness of, by A. Norton, Reviewed by M. Stuart 265. General remarks 265 etc. The work of Mr. Norton not superfluous 271. Positions which have been taken by leading Neologists 272 etc. The aim of Mr. Norton's book is to examine the positions 275. Agree

ment of the respective copies of the four gospels, the present Greek text 275. Interpolations 276. Was the gospel of Matthew written in Hebrew 276. Argument against Eichhorn's positions 278 etc. Evidence respecting the authors of the gospels to be derived from the works of Justin Martyr 298 etc. Supposition that he quoted the gospel according to the Hebrew 301. Not probable 302. The testimony of Papias as recorded by Eusebius 304. Spurious epistles 304. Mr. Norton's caution commended 305. Testimony of Clement of Rome 305. Importance of the author's notes 306. Examination of Griesbach's celebrated theory respecting the Western, the Alexandrian, and the Byzantine classes of Mss. 307. The author's reasoning highly commended 308. Hug's recensions examined 310. The author's conclusion on the subject of Mss. 310. Commended 311. Various readings of the Greek text of the New Test. considered in relation to their character and importance 311. Less in proportion than in most of the classic authors 312. Method of detecting passages of spurious origin 315. No new doctrine discovered and no old one shaken by criticism 316. The author's effort to show that Matthew's gospel was originally written in Hebrew, and his reasons for considering Matt. I. II. etc.supposititious, examined 317 etc. Various readings of the gospels compared by Origen 317. Correspondencies of the first three gospels 318. Discrepancies in chronology 321, 336. The supposition that two of the evangelists copied, the one from his predecessor, and the other from both his predecessors, examined 321. Origin of the theory of a Protevangelium 322. Recapitulation 325. Α more satisfactory method of accounting for the coincidences of the first three gospels 326. Further consideration of the same 327. The author's theory of an original Hebrew gospel examined 330. Ex

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Hackett, Prof. H. B. Translation 'of Tschirner on the infrequency of Allusions to Christianity in Greek and Roman writers 203.

Hallam, Henry, Works of, noticed 247. Head of the Church, Head over all Things 344.

Hebrew Prophets, a new Translation
of, noticed 260.
Hebrew Tenses, Review of Prof. Ew-
ald on the, by M. Stuart 131. Com-
mendation of Prof. E. 132. Syntax
of the Verb 134. Of the two modes
with Vav relative or conversive
137. Vav relative with the second
mode 137. Vav relative with the
first mode 141. Participle or rela-
tive tense 443. Remarks on the
preceding account of the Hebrew
tenses 146 etc.
Hengstenberg, Prof. on the Causes of
the Denial of the Mosaic Origin of
the Pentateuch 416.
Hickok, Prof. L. P. on the Design of
Theological Seminaries 187.
Historical and Geological Deluges
compared 1.

Hitchcock, Prof. on the Historical and
Geological Deluges 1.
Holy Ghost, on the Sin against 506.
Hovey Prof., his Letters from the
West Indies noticed 512.


Impostures, Literary 39. What are we to understand by the expression, literary impostures ? 39. Three classes, the first of which are plagiarists 41. There have been men of considerable reputation who could unblushingly advocate this species of robbery 42. Examples of its practice among the ancients 43. Modern examples: Barbora,

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