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lodge, and generally to every master of a lodge. All these forms induce Your Committee to place reliance on the documentary evidence, which may be classed under the following heads, viz :—
1st. There have been Minutes of the Proceedings of the Grand Lodge kept, with Military Warrants. some interruptions, since 1819; and in them there are entries respecting the military brethren, the granting of warrants, and the demanding and the receipt of money from various lodges in the army. The following are examples of such entries; viz.
At a meeting of the Loyal Orange Institution, Manchester, 28 June 1819.-" Resolved MS. Minute book, that a warrant be granted to brother Brew, to hold a lodge in the 6th regiment of Infantry." 26 and 27 June 1820. Meeting at Manchester.--Resolved, "That all military lodges on Minute book, p. 16. their arrival in Ireland shall communicate with the Grand Lodge of Ireland, but must transmit their returns regularly to the Grand Lodge of England.”
6 March 1821, Manchester.-Resolved, "That Serjeant Hill of the 4th dragoon guards Minute book, p. 28. be again admitted as a member of the Institution, in consequence of the charges originally made against him having been proved to be malicious and false."
Minute book, p. 38.
16 June 1821. Half-yearly meeting at Lord Kenyon's,-Resolved, "That brother William Bridgeman, master of lodge 131, lately held in the 16th regiment, be required to account to the grand lodge for his conduct on pain of expulsion;" at the same meeting, warrants were granted to Faithful Hall, 11th regiment of foot, Thomas Mackean, 10th light dragoons, and to Henry Gray, 2d or coldstream guards, to hold lodges in their respective regiments.
25 March 1823. Meeting of grand lodge at Lord Kenyon's.-Resolved, "That warrants Minute book, p. 60. be granted to John Sempleton, schoolmaster serjeant, 3d regiment of guards." And at this meeting there is a separate resolution,-" That no distinction in numbers be made between military and civil warrants."
At a meeting of the grand lodge in Lord Kenyon's on the 29 September 1823, deputy grand master Stockdale, in the chair. It was resolved,-" That our military brethren holding warrants, regularly notify to the deputy grand secretary their change of quarters, that the necessary communications may be preserved with the grand lodge."
Meeting of grand lodge, 15 June 1827, Lord Kenyon in the chair. " John Gibson (military) Woolwich," attended the meeting and was appointed a deputy grand master.
And at the first meeting of the Orange Institution of Great Britain after the Duke of Cumberland became grand master, held at the house of Lord Kenyon on the 17th March 1829, the Duke of Cumberland in the chair, the report of the Grand Committee was read, received and confirmed, and the following resolutions. were unanimously adopted :—
"That New Warrants be granted."
No. 66, to Samuel Morris, musician, 43d Foot, Gibraltar.
94, to Hospital-Serjeant Charles O. Haines, 2d Batt. Rifle Brigade, Malta.
114, to Corporal John Parkinson, 2d Batt. Rifle Brigade, Devonport.
At a subsequent meeting in the same place, on the 4th June 1832, where the Duke of Cumberland also presided, the report of the Grand Committee and their resolutions were read before the grand lodge. The tenth resolution is to the effect that "several additional letters were laid before the grand committee, containing complaints against Mr. Chetwoode;" among these were letters from the following non-commissioned officers and privates :
Serjeant Chainey, Nov. 2, 1831;
- Hospital-Serjeant Haines, 2d Batt. Rifles, April 15, 1832.
Brother Nichols, 50th Reg. May 12, 1832;
- Brother M'Innes, 42d Reg. Highlanders, 1st May1832;
Inglis, 24th Reg.;
By the report of the proceedings of the grand lodge, held on the 16th of April 1833, the Duke of Cumberland being in the chair, it appears, that the proceedings of warrant 233, Woolwich (being a military warrant, Royal Artillery, 9th Battalion,) were read, and Brother John Gibson (military) of the said warrant was examined; and it was resolved that Charles Nimens (a private in that battalion) should be suspended from membership, with right of appeal through the grand committee to the next grand lodge.
2d. In the letter-book of the institution, from 1808 to the latest period, up to which Your Committee have been enabled to obtain evidence, there are copies of letters addressed by the deputy grand secretary of the institution to non-commissioned officers and privates in regiments, and in detachments of artillery at home and abroad, (copies of some of which are annexed in the Appen
dix ;) all sent by the deputy grand secretary for the time, in the name of the
3d. There are regular entries of the names of the regiments, and the corps of Dues from Military
DUES received from the following Military Lodges, from the Account submitted to the
No. 254 to Samuel Heasty, 6th Battalion Artillery.
258 to James Smith, 94th foot.
260 to Private Wilson, 17th foot.
Dover - 114: Dues from June 1832, 1st Rifle Brigade
4th. There is a register in which some thousand names are alphabetically Alphabetical Reentered, with the number of the lodge they belong to; and, of these, some hun- gister of Military. dreds are entered as military, and opposite to them the number of the regiments they respectively belong to.
5th. There exists a register printed in 1826, and made up in manuscript List of the lodges. by Mr. Chetwoode to 1830, of all the lodges under the institution, having the names of thirty regiments or corps opposite the numbers of the warrants they held; and many of the printed circulars announced that those printed registers of Appendix, No. 19. the lodges were on sale at 2s. each. An extract of the registers of military lodges is given in another part of the Report.
6th. In the printed circular reports of the proceedings of the grand lodge, Printed Reports. at which His Royal Highness presided, there are entries of the warrants granted to regiments by that grand lodge: for instance, it appears from the minutes of proceedings of the meeting of the grand lodge at No. 9 Portman-square, on the Grand Loyal 17 February 1831, the Duke of Cumberland grand master of the empire in the Orange Lodge. chair, that the issuing of 24 warrants to hold new lodges was approved, and three of them are thus inserted:
Appendix, No. 2. p. 80.
There are also entries (1947) of Serjeant William Keith having attended two Proxy from meetings as proxy for the 1st Regiment of Dragoon Guards, warrant 269. And Military Lodges. by a resolution at a meeting of the grand lodge on the 15 February 1827, "No
person can be received as proxy in the grand lodge, who is not of himself
7th. In the laws and ordinances of 1821, 1826 and 1834, there is an apparent No Fees to Soldiers. encouragement held out for the initiation of soldiers and sailors to be Orangemen by the remission of the fees of admission.
On the 4th of June 1834, there is the following entry in the printed report of proceedings:
"The laws and ordinances of the institution, as revised by the grand committee, and "submitted to the inspection of His Royal Highness the grand master, and his lordship the "deputy grand master of England and Wales, were approved and confided by His Royal
Highness to the final supervision of Lord Kenyon."
And it is difficult to understand how either of them could be ignorant of the following law; viz.
Rule 41st. No person can be admitted into this institution for a less fee than 15s., nor advanced into the purple order, after a reasonable probation, for less than an extra fee of 5s., except soldiers and sailors, when the fee of admission shall be at the discretion of the meeting.
This rule was entered in the manuscript laws submitted to Mr. Serjeant Lens in 1821, also in the copy of 1826, and is to be found in the last copy revised in 1834.
8th. A warrant was granted in 1832 to Edward Nucella, esquire, to visit Foreign Warrant to
established Brother E. Nucella.
See Appendix, No. 23, p. 210.
Report of Grand Lodge, 4 June 1834.
established lodges on the continent of Europe, and in Malta and the Ionian
No. Foreign Warrant,
By Wirtue of this Authority,
Our well-beloved Brother ORANGEMAN, EDWARD NUCELLA, Esq. of South Lambeth, in the County of Surrey, is and are nominated and warranted to the Office of Worshipful Master in the Orange Institution, and appointed to perform the requisites thereof within beyond the Realm of Great Britain.
Given under our Seal, at London.
ERNEST, Grand Master.
CHANDOS, Grand Secretary.
Mr. Nucella was informed, before his departure from England, that there were military lodges in Malta, and he stated to the Committee that it was publicly known in that island that Orange Lodges were held in the regiments there. He was known in Malta as the agent of the Loyal Orange Institution, and the soldiers and non-commissioned officers visited him as such, and he attended their lodges. He wrote several letters from Malta and the Ionian Islands to the deputy grand secretary, describing his proceedings; these letters were read by the grand committee, were read in the grand lodge, when the Duke of Cumberland and Lord Kenyon were present, and the thanks of the grand lodge were given to Mr. Nucella for his zeal,-Mr. Nucella stated in his letters that he had granted two warrants, viz. to the 7th and 73d regiments, to hold lodges; and these were afterwards approved of by the grand lodge, and the dues for the same were entered in the account of the regiment, kept in the books of the grand lodge as received. On the 4th October 1833, he writes, "I find only two out of four battalions of regi"ments and companies of artillery stationed in this island, viz., 42d Highlanders
(the head lodge) and the 94th are sitting under warrants, the former, No. 104, "master John M'Kay; the latter, No. 258, master Frederick Spooner; the two "other regiments, the 7th and 73d, are sitting under precepts." On the 30th October 1833, he sends a list of the members of lodge No. 258 in the 94th regiment, and of No. 194 lodge in the 7th regiment, &c.; he states, "that Major Middleton "of the 42d regiment had put down the lodge No. 104 held in that regiment," and he details his expostulation with the major for so doing. In his letter from Corfu, 26th November 1833, he states that he had been prevented by Lord Nugent, the civil governor, from establishing a lodge there; and he mentions with astonishment, the orders of the Commander of the Forces, prohibiting the soldier from holding or sitting in any lodge whatever. In his letter of 7th February 1834, he mentions that he had granted to Captain M'Dugall, paymaster of the 42d Royal Highlanders, the warrant No. 196 Z lodge for having been an Orangeman for 30 years, and that he had raised him and the deputy master, ensign and quarter-master Hickman of the 73d regiment, to the dignity of the purple order. "All this," he adds, "subject to the approbation and confirmation of the grand master of the em"pire, whom you of course make acquainted with the whole, and also the grand
lodge." Mr. Nucella never thought of concealing his mission as a commissioner appointed by the Orange Association: but, in every letter, and in his evidence, seems proud of that duty; his warrant was hung up openly in his chambers all the time he was in Malta. These letters were read in the grand lodge at different times. Notice of them was made on 4th June 1833 by Lord Kenyon in very favourable terms; and at another time the following entry appears:
"The zealous exertions of brother Nucella, M. D. C. and grand commissioner on the continent for the advancement of the institution as detailed in his letters from Italy, Malta, and the Ionian Islands, afforded high gratification, and called forth the unanimous approbation of the grand lodge.”
Your Committee call particular attention to the proceedings of Mr. Nucella,
the deputy grand secretary the following letter of thanks from the Imperial Grand Master.
My dear Sir,
Cannon-row, 6 June 1834. IT affords me no small portion of pleasure to forward you an extract from the last Report of the Grand Committee, which was confirmed by our illustrious Grand Master in Grand Lodge. My time has been so engrossed, as well in preparing for that meeting as in presiding at Grand Committees, since another of which, on finance, will be held to-morrow, that I have scarcely had one moment which I could call my own. This must serve as my apology for not offering you my respects in person, which I shall seize the first opportunity of doing; in the meanwhile, begging you to accept my best wishes for the restoration of your health,
To Edmond Nucella, Esq.
Having heard read the highly interesting, important and valuable communications of brother Nucella, M. G. C., &c., from Corfu, Malta and other remote places, of various dates, as also one of this morning from Vauxhall-place, on his return to England, after an absence of two years, during which he had been making a tour no less extensive than useful, your grand committee beg to offer him their warmest congratulations and their most cordial welcome on returning to his native land. The acceptable proofs he has afforded on all occasions of his unremitting zeal to promote the objects and to extend the principles of our institution have been such as cannot fail to ensure him the approbation of the Grand Lodge. In bearing this testimony to his merits, the committee would be guilty of great injustice were they not to recommend him strongly for some especial mark of honour for the heavy claim he has established on the gratitude of the high dignitaries and of the brotherhood in general. They cannot close this well-deserved tribute of respect for him without expressing their regret at his indisposition, with their best wishes for his recovery. W. B. F., Chairman,
I have, &c.
W. Blennerhassett Fairman.
9th. Lieutenant-colonel Fairman states, that soldiers from the garrison in the Publicity. castle were admitted in their regimentals tothe lodges he held in Edinburgh whilst on his tour of inspection; that he granted a new military warrant to the 6th Dragoons at Sheffield; and, as a matter of course, he and his predecessor, the former deputy grand secretary, exchanged many old Irish military warrants for English ones without inquiry. At Rochdale, it was publicly and generally known, that the military belonged to the Orange Associations. In Malta, the existence of Orangeism in the army was generally known by officers and men; and Mr. Nucella was recognized by them openly as a COMMISSIONER from the Duke of Cumberland, the Imperial Grand Master of the Loyal Orange Association of England. Mr. Nucella remonstrated with the commanding officer of the 42d regiment on the subject of his suppressing the lodge in that regiment; and he afterwards attended the meetings of other military lodges there, although he knew they were being held contrary to the order of the commander of the forces.
Your Committee therefore submit to The House these details, as some of the many proofs which have been brought before them, of the manner in which the Orange Lodges, in the army have, from time to time, come under the notice of the grand committee and of the grand lodge; and, when it is also known that, at almost every meeting of the grand lodge since his appointment, the imperial grand master and the deputy grand master for Great Britain have been present, Your Committee must repeat, that they find it most difficult to reconcile statements, in evidence before them, with ignorance of these proceedings on the part of Lord Kenyon and by his Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland.
The two tours of inspection in 1833 and 1834 by Lieutenant Colonel Fairman, Scotland. under his itinerant warrant (') was intended to extend the Orange system in England and in Scotland; and, with the patronage of the Duke of Gordon as deputy grand master of Scotland, great expectations were formed of the extension of Orangeism from those tours. It appears by the evidence, that the deputy grand secretary assembled the established lodges in Edinburgh, where some of the military (cavalry and infantry), (2) were admitted (3) in their regimentals; and that he gave them every assurance of support from the Loyal Orange Institution of London; but the Committee have been unable to ascertain what number of Orangemen were at that time in Edinburgh. The deputy grand secretary spent some weeks in the north with the Duke of Gordon, but it does not appear that there are any Orange
(1) 755. 744.
(2) 1836-1837. (*) 1034.
Number of Lodges in Scotland.
Appendix, No. 20.
41 Lodge 44 Tendency of Orangeism.
Lodges north of the Firth of Forth. At Glasgow, and in the west of Scotland
Copy of the Proceedings of the Grand Lodge, 4th June 1833.
"A vote of thanks having been passed to the editors of the Glasgow Courier,' and "Edinburgh Evening Post,' for their exertions in the Orange cause, the deputy grand secre"tary observes thereupon, that as the noble Duke, who is deputy grand master of Scot"land (Gordon) was not present at the last grand lodge, I will now take the liberty of "assuring his Grace, that such a fire has been kindled in North Britain as must speedily burst "into a conflagration not easily to be extinguished.' Brother Thompson deputy grand master for Neilston, stated at the same meeting, that having had the pleasure to attend Colonel Fairman during a part of his last mission in Scotland, he could testify it had been the means "of infusing new life and vigour into those districts of the institution that a firm basis was "thus laid for great accession of strength, to the lighting up of a flame of Orangeism in the "north,' which all the efforts of its opponents would never be able to smother."
It is particularly worthy the consideration of The House, to consider what is meant by lighting a flame of Orangeism which all the efforts of its opponents will not be able to smother," and Your Committee direct their attention to the evidence of Mr. Cosmo Innes, a deputy Judge Advocate of Scotland for an explanation.
Your Committee has been desirous of ascertaining the exact number of Orange Lodges and of Orangemen now existing in Scotland, but without success. Lieutenant-colonel Fairman, in his evidence (1863 to 8), stated the number of lodges at some of the towns he visited, but withheld the general return of Scotland, on a plea that he had no correct register. A reference must, therefore, be had to the return prepared from the books of the institution by Mr. Colwill, the assistant to the deputy grand secretary, from the entries of the districts, and of the lodges, in each of the seven districts in Scotland, amounting to 44 lodges, besides separate lodges too far distant to be under the deputy grand master of any of these districts. If the evidence of Mr. Motherwell, the editor of the Glasgow Courier, is referred to (3324), the lodges in Glasgow do not appear to be in a very flourishing state, as he, as district master, has suspended some of them from communication with the Grand Lodge in London, for offences and disobedience of various kinds; and the Gordon Lodge, which was to embrace a higher class of members, seems at present at a low ebb. To show the tendency of Orange Lodges in the West of Scotland, the whole of Mr. Innes's evidence must be read. Mr. Innes was deputed by the Lord Advocate of Scotland, the law officer of the Crown, to proceed to Airdrie, Glasgow and other places in the west part of Scotland, to inquire into the nature and extent of the riots, that had taken place in July last in several parts of that country, and their causes; he stated to the Committee, that the existence of Orange Lodges had been the cause of those riots, some of which had been attended with loss of life, and the subsequent execution of the offender; and that some of the late rioters were now waiting their trial. It will be seen that the meeting and procession of the Orangemen, at one time, led to the riot and breach of the peace; that, at another time, the Catholics became the aggressors, having met and proceeded in great numbers with the determination of preventing any Orange procession which they expected to take place; and, on another occasion, the inhabitants of the town were brought forth to put down the riot between those two parties, and to drive them from the town. Your Committee observe, that in Mr. Innes's opinion, those breaches of the peace, alternating from one party to the other, are expected