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ABBREVIATIONS.

neg. neut. nom.

num. obs.

acc. act. adj. adji. aor. 1. aor. 2. Att. comp. conj. contr.

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dat.

decl.

par. part. partic. participl. perf. pers.

dem.

pl.

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for accusative.

active.

adjective. » adjectival.

first aorist. second aorist. Attic. comparative. conjunction. contracted. dative. declined. demonstrative. diminutive. enclitic. English Vocabulary. feminine. governs. genitive. imperfect. imperative. impersonal. indicative. indeclinable. indefinite. interjection. interrogative. intransitive. irregular. Latin. literally. masculine.

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for negative.

neuter. » nominative. „ numeral. » obsolete (out of

use). » optative. » originally. » particle. » participle. 9 particle.

participial. » perfect. » personal. » plural. » plural.

perfect middle. „ positive. » possessive. » present. » pronominal. » root.

reciprocal. „ reflexive. relative.

substantives. singular. subjunctive. substantive. superlative. termination(s).

usually. , verbal.

gen.

pos. poss. pres.

imp. imper. impers. ind. indecl. indef.

pronl. R. recipr. refl., reflex. rel.

interj. interr.

simp.

middle.
» nominative.

intr. irr.

Lat.

lit.

sing. subj. subst. superl. term, usu. verbl.

masc. mid.

n.

LETTERS

There are twenty-four letters in the Greek alphabet.

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The letter olyua has two forms:
o at the beginning and middle 7

} of words. s at the end The letter y, before y, k, or X, is pronounced like v; as, άγγελος, pron, αngelos.

B

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PART I.

GRAMMAR.

PARTS OF SPEECH. Every distinct class of words is called a part of speech.

There are Four Declinable Parts of Speech : I. THE NOUN; or name (Lat. nomen). Everything that

can be named in one word is called a noun. But

there are two kinds of nouns. 1. The Noun Substantive : which is, the name of a

thing, or person ; as, animal, king: “ the name of any thing existing” (Lat. nomen substantivum, or nomen

ejus quod substat). 2. The Noun Adjective: which is, the name of a quality,

or property; as, beautiful: “the name (of some quality) which is added” (to the substantive) (Lat. nomen ad-jectivum).

· N.B. The Greek article o, ii, is, for all practical purposes, an adjective ; i. e. it follows the same

rules of agreement. (See p. 26.) II. THE PRONOUN; literally, a “for-name" (Lat. pro, for,

nomen, a name); a word used for. a noun. There

are two kinds : 1. The Pronoun Substantive; used “for a noun sub

stantive,” to avoid repeating the noun itself; as,

he, they. 2. The Pronoun Adjective; used “for a noun adjective;" as, his, theirs.

• B 2

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