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III. THE VERB; literally, the word” in a sentence

(i.e. the principal word); as, “ Children, obey your

parents.” IV. THE PARTICIPLE; a word “partaking of” (Lat. parti

ceps, i. e. partem capiens, part-taking) the nature both of a verb and an adjective; for, like a verb, it has tenses, and governs cases; as, ruling the city; having-ruled the city; and, like adjectives, it qualifies

and has the power of agreement; as, the ruling city. The Indeclinable Parts of Speech are : V. THE PRE-POSITION ; a word “placed before,” in order

to govern some case of a noun (Lat. præ, before ;

positum, placed); as, ad urbem (acc.), to the city. VI. THE AD-VERB; a word generally "attached to a verb,”

in sense (Lat. ad, to; verbum, a verb); as, he acted

wrongly. It is also used 1. With participles ; because they are parts of the verb;

as, having acted wrongly: and 2. With adjectives, which are often almost undistinguish

able from participles ; as, a decidedly flourishing

town; sadly extravagant. They usually indicate, either

1. Time; as, then:
2. Place; as, there: or

3. Manner; as, harshly. VII. THE CONJUNCTION ; a word "joining together” words

or clauses ; as, day and night (Lat. con, together ; jungo, I join). It unites like cases of nouns, and like tenses of verbs; as, the history of the kings (gen.) and queens (gen.); he loves (pres.) and reverences

(pres.) his father. VIII. THE INTER-JECTION; a word “thrown amongst” the

other words of a sentence, but unconnected with them (Lat. inter, amongst ; jactum, thrown); as, “ he lived (alas !) too long for fame.”

NUMBER AND CASE. There are Three Numbers in Greek: 1. Singular ; which speaks of one only; as, ó intros, the

horse. 2. Dual; which speaks of two; as, to inaw, the two horses. 3. Ρlural; which speaks of two, or more; as, οι ίπποι, the

horses. Each number has Five Cases, as will be seen below (Declension I.).

THE ARTICLE.

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ό, ή, το (the).

Singular.
Fem. Neut.
ή το the
της του of, or from, the
τη τα to, or for, the
την το the

Dual.
τα τώ the two
ταϊν τον of, or from, the two.

Plural.
αι τα
των των of the
ταίς τοις to the
τας τα the

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NOUNS SUBSTANTIVE. The Declensions of Substantives are Ten : five of Simples, and five of Contracts.

The first four declensions are pari-syllabic (Lat. par, equal; syllaba, syllable), i. e. have an equal number of syllables in the nominative and genitive.

The fifth declension and all the contracts are im-parisyllabic (Lat. in, not ; par, equal; syllaba, syllable), i. e. have not an equal number of syllables in the nominative and genitive, but increase in the genitive.

· DECLENSIONS OF SIMPLE SUBSTANTIVES.

FIRST DECLENSION.
Two terminations: -as and -ns, both masculine ; as,

ο ταμίας, the steward ; ο κριτής, the judge.
Singular.

Dual.

Plural. Nom. rapi-as | N. A. V.

a l Nom. Cal Gen. · -ov

G. D. -aly Gen. -ñv Dat.

Dat. -ULS Acc.

Acc. -as Voc.

-al Singular.

Dual.

Plural.
Nom. kpir-ns
Gen. -Oū

The same.

The same.
Acc.
Voc.

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Dat.

SECOND DECLENSION. Two terminations: -a and -n, both feminine; as, η μούσα, the song και η τιμή, the honour ;

% % Aóa, the friendship. Singular.

Dual.

Plural.
N. V. Moño-a
Gen. -ns

The same,

The same. Dat.

- ? Acc. –ăr

Singular.

Dual.

Plural.
N. V. tep-
Gen. -ñs

The same.

The same.
Dat. -ñ
Acc. - v
Singular.

Dual.

Plural.
N. V. Qilica
Gen. -as

The same.

The same. Dat.

Acc. N.B. All words ending in a pure (i. e. with a vowel or p

before it) must be declined like pilía; but All words ending in a not pure (i. e. with any con

sonant except ø before it) must be declined like uovoa.

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