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Sale of WAVERLY MSS. The sale of the Wa- in the time of peace, 45,000 able-bodied men, 2000 verly MSS. took place at Edinburgh on Saturday, stout lads, and 14,000 Royal Marines, consisting of on the disposal by auction of Mr. Ballantyne's libra- 100 companies, thus divided :—Head quarters, Chatry. The manuscript of “The Black Dwarf” ham, firsi division, 24 companies; Portsmouth, secbrought twenty eighi guineas; Sir Walter's proofs ond division, 28 companies; Plymouth, third divi. of his “Life of Napoleon," in nine volumes, were sion, 24 companies; Woolwich, fourth division, 24 sold for forty-five guineas; and twelve volumes of companies. Royal marine artillery, 10 companies, proofs of the “ Waverly Novels” fetched forty-one head quarters, Portsmouth.-Hampshire Guardian. guineas.
TRADE BETWEEN GREAT BRITAIN AND CHINA. DR. Smith's CLASSIC BIOGRAPHY--- We have The number of ships which arrived in Hong Hong watched with the deepest interest the progress of Dr. during the year 1847, was 699-viz., 414 from Great Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography Britain, 147 from the British colonies, 16 from the and Mythology- a work which has now reached United States, and 95 from foreign states. The veyond “Plato,'—and, like the Dictionary of Greek lotal tonnage amounted to 229,465. The value of and Roman Antiquities, by the same editor, consists the imports into Hong Kong, in Chinese vessels, of the accumulated contributions of our besi classical during 1846, was 642,700 piculs, or 325,7801. ; and in scholars, Professor Ramsay of Glasgow; Dr. 1847, 840,990 piculs, or 493,2391. The estimated Schmitz and Mr. Gunn of the High School of Edin. value of sugar exported from Hong Kong during burgh; Mr. Elder of Durham; Mr. George Long 1847 amounted to 144,8271. of Cambridge; Philip Smith, B. A.; C. P. Masun, University College, London ; Dr. Greenhill of Ox- NEWSPAPERS at Rome.—The Pose having declinford ; Mr. Bunbury of Cambridge; Mr. Liddell of ed absolute sovereignty, and constituted a represenWestminster School; Rev. A. H. Millman, and tative Government, the Roman periodical press has others; articles by all of whom we have read with obtained the same freedom as the Florentine. The admiration of the terse, accurate, recent, and authori- leading Journals" of Rome are the Bilancia and tative details which they have contrived to intro- the Contemporaneo; and after these come the Malico, duce.---Lowe's Magazine.
the Speranza, Commercio, Paladia, Unione, Indica
tore, Epocha, Capitole, &c. The censorship, except DEPARTURE OF JENNY LIND FROM STOCKHOLM-- over religious writings, is totally abolished by the Maile. Jenny Lini arrived at Blackwall, on Friday, new Constitution. the 21st of April by the countess of Lonsdale steam er, from Hamburgh. She appeared in excellent
Baths and Washhorses.--At a meeting of the health and spirits. We see by the Swedish papers,
subscribers to the institution in George-street, Eustonthat her departure from Stockholm was attended by square, a report was read, stating that, since the the most extraordinary demonstration. It was on formation of the society in 1846, mure than 200,000 the 13th instant; the weather was beautiful ; from male and female bathers had availed themselves of 15,000 to 20,000 people lined the quays ; military the institution; while 70,000 poor women have bands were placed at intervals, and she embarked washed, dried, ironed, and mangled the linen of amidst cheers and music. The riggings of the themselves and families, who at least average four vessels in the harbor were manned. "The hurrahs in number in each family; It was ultimately resolvand the waving of hats and handkerchiefs continued ed that a special appeal should be made to the public as long as the vessel which bore Jenny Lind remain to obtain means for its extension. ed in sight. Her last performance in Stuckholm KEEPER OF SHAKSPEARE'S HOUSE.-It is stated was for the benefit of a charitable institution she has that the Commissioners of Woods and Forests have founded. The tickets of admission on this occasion appointed James Sheridan Knowles, the dramatist, were put up to auction, and fetched immense prices. to ihe charge of Shakspeare's house at Stratford-on
Avon, at a salary of 2501. a year.- Globe. A New Discovery in Chemistry-Paper-coloring and designing by nitrate of silver, and other
TESTIMONIAL TO The Poet Tuom.—The secretary salts, has been suggested in the French Academy by of the committee in Dundee for raising subscriptions M. Larocque, who intimates that he has discovered for the widow and children of Thom, tbe Inverary that nearly all salts are volatilized with aqueous va- poet, writes to us thus—" I am glad so say that our por, or with any vapor arising froin saline solutions; tund progresses in a very satisfactory way; already and that, in this way, he has colored papers in de it amounts to nearly 2001.; which sum, however, signs reserved in white, especially with nitrate of includes a grant cf 201. from the royal Literary silver thus volatilized. Some of these M. Larocque Fund, and several collections made at a distance submitted to the Academy.- The Builder.
sent in a lump to us : but a good deal doubtless will
yet be done in other places; and in London the Present Naval Force of Great Britain-Flag Caledonian Society have formed a commitee. We Officers-Admiral of the Fleet, Sir J. H. Whitshed, may thus, one way or other, muster more than 300l. ; Bart., G. C. B.; 30 admirals, 45 vice-admirals, and which, invested safely and judiciously, will be very 75 rear-admirals; captains, 544; commanders, 869 ; great assistance to the family.”—Dumfries Herald. lieutenants, 2339; masters, 435; mates, 49; second Song of the PhiloMELA.— Mr. Broderip quotes masters, 160; inspectors of hospitals and fleets, 6; Bechstein, the rhapsodist, as thus interpreting part deputy-inspectors, 12; physicians, 2; surgeons, 354; of the song of a favorite 'nightingale. Hark to the assistant-surgeons, 243; acting assistant-surgeons, note of Philomela-. 63; dispensers of hospitals, 4; paymasters and pursers, 456; clerks 237. The naval force of Greal
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Hezezezezezezezezezezezezezezeze, couar ho dze hoi. Britain consists of 678 ships of war, (carrying from Higaigaigaigaigaigaigaigaigai, guaiagai coricor dizo 9 to 120 guns each of different calibre), either in
dizo pi.” commission, ordinary, or building; of these 165 are of which we will only say, that we hope it was armed steamers, many of them built of iron, and more barmonious than it looks.-Church of Eng. propelled by the screw. This immense fleet employs, land Quarterly Review.
PASSENGERS AS COMPARED WITH ACCIDENTS.-By search of Sir John Franklin, under Sir John Ross. an analysis of the returns recorded in the railways It confidently asserts that no Arctic or Antarctic Exdepartment, it appears that of the 110 persons killed pedition has ever sailed under such favorable cir. and 74 injured, on all the railways of Great Britain cumstances. All the experience obtained from and Ireland, during six months, there were 5 pas- former Expeditions has been made available, and sengers killed and 39 injured, from causes beyond the scientific arrangements for ventilation and heattheir own control; 3 passengers killed and 3 in. ing are admirable. jured, owing to their own misconduct or want of The vessels (the Enterprise and Investigator, the caution; 9 servants of companies or o contractors first of 407, and the latter of 420 tons) are built as killed and 8 injured, from causes beyond their own strong as wood and iron can make them, with due control; 56 servants of companies or of contractors regard to their sailing qualities. They are larger and killed and 19 injured, owing to their own reckless. far more elegant in appearance than the Erebus and ness or want of caution : 36 trespassers and other Terror. It will be remembered that those vessels persons, neither passengers nor servants, killed and were fitted with screws worked by steam under high 5 injured, by improperly crossing or standing on the pressure. It was found impossible with the most railway; 1 suicide. Total: 110 killed; 74 injured. favorable circumstances to obtain a greater speed And, for the same period, the number of passengers than three knots an hour from this power; and there amounted 10 31,731,607.-Parliamentary Paper. was the serious disadvantage of ihe most valuable
portion of the vessel being occupied by cumbersome New GalVANIC APPARATUS.- The Rev. Dr. Cal- machinery. The plan, we know, was strongly oblam, Professor of Physical Science in Maynooth jected to by Sir James Ross and we shall be quite College, has invented a new kind of galvanic bat- prepared to bear of its having turned out a signal tery, in which the pile consists of alternate plates of failure. In the present Expedition a different course zinc and cast-iron.' In ordinary batteries, the use of has been pursued. A launch is atached to each platina plates is a source of great expense - the or- ship, fitted with a screw propeller. These boats are dinary price of platina being about 32s. per ounce. so constructed as to be easily stowed midships; and In those in which copper is substituted for platina, the steam machinery, which is light and portable, the great number of pairs ot' plates required, renders occupies but little room, and can be shipped and una powerful battery equally expensive. A'Wollas- shipped in a very short space of time. The result of ton battery, to be as efficient as the one that bas various experimental trips gave an average speed just been completed at the College of Maynooth, of seven knots an hour; and it is expected that these would require 10,000 pairs of copper and zinc launches will prove of great service in exploring plates, and thus it is estimated that the entire bat. open seas during a dead calm and in towing the tery could not be constructed for less than 20001. A vessels. Ninety tons of prepared fuel for the use of Grove battery as powerful as the Maynooth one the launches are carried by each vessel. would require an expenditure of 8001. for platina' Tbe ships are amply provided with instruments alone, independent of other cost, while the Maynooth for magnetical and meteorological observations. All battery has cost in the present instance only 401. A The barometers have undergone the most rigid comseries of experiments were tried, from which it ap- parison with the Royal Society's standard instrupears that this battery is three times as powersul as ment--and we were pleased to find that some of the any other now in existence. A full-grown turkey newly invented aneroid barometers have been supwas killed in half a second on being touched by the plied by the Admiralty's orders. wires; discs of iron, thick pieces of copper, and Under all these favorable conditions, we sincerely pieces of the hardest tempered steel, were ignited trust that the Expedition will succeed before the with the greatest ease.- Herald.
close of this summer in meeting with Franklin.
That every effort will be made for the purpose we THE SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN DIFFICULTY.-The feel assured; and such efforts are not limited to the Schleswig-Holstein dispute in a measure began with present year--for the ships are fully provisioned for the attempt of the late King of Denmark to enforce ihree years. the female order of succession in Schleswig as well as in Denmark, in default of direct male beirs, whilst Holstein still followed the collateral male The Constitutionnel gives the following :- During
StatistICS OF THE LATE FRENCII REVOLUTION.line. The representative of this female line is Prince the days of the 23.d and 24th of February, 1512 barFrederick of Hesse, the son of the Lanograve Wil- ricadr's were erected in Paris. Each barricade reliam of Hesse Cassel by the Princess Charlotte of quired on an average 845 paving stones, so that the Denunark. Prince Frederick is heir to Hesse Cas. sel by right of his father , and to Denmark by right people in few hours must have torn up 1,277,640
paving stones There were also 4018 trees, some of of' his mother, if, in the latter case, the direct female inem of very large size, cut down ; 3704 lamp-posts line were preferred to the collateral male. The broken down, and between 3000' and 4000 lamps male line in Denmark is represented by the Duke of broken ; 53 guard houses were burned or torn Augustenberg, now in arms against the Danish down, and about 603 watch boxes and small wooden King. Prince Frederick is at present in London; bureaux destroyed. In this calculation no mention and ine Times states that he has accepted an alierna- is made of the iron railings which were torn down tive put by the Chainber of Hesse Cassel-has chosen his German lot, and resolved to renounce the
at the Bourse, and many of the churches and other claims of his family on the Danish crown. It is as
public buildings.” sumed by the Times that the way for a peaceable arrangement of the Danish and Prussian quarrel is LARGEST MUSEUM AND LIBRARY Known. It has thus opened.
been decided that the palace of the Louvre shall be
connected by additional buildings with that of the Tae EXPEDITION IN SEARCH Of Sir John FRANK. Zuileries, and that the royal library shall be depositLIN.- The Athenæum has had the opportunity of in. ed there. The entire pile will thus form the largest
ting the vessels, filted out for ibe ex lition in museum and library in the world.
Dr. Chalmers' ELOQUENCE.—The following is tended by extreme destitution and distress, and an one of the most striking among the many anecdotes amount of mortality unprecedentid in former years. told, illustrating this celebrated Scotchman's elo- The number who embarkeil in Euripe in 1847, for quence. Soon after the promulgation of his fame, Canada was 98,006, viz. : from England, 32,228; he preached in London on a public occasion in from Ireland, 54,329 ; from Scotland, 3,752; and Rowland Hill's Chapel. His audience was nume- from Germany, 7,697. Of the whole number, 91,rous, and principally of the higher circles. Upward 882 were steerage passengers, 684 cabin, and 5,541 of one hundred clergymen were present, to whom were infants. Deducting from this aggregate the the front seats in the gallery were appropriated. Germans and the cabin passengers, the entire num
In the midst of these sat Mr. Hill himself, in a ber of emigrants who embarked at British ports state of great anxiety arising from his hopes, and was 89,738, of whom 5,293 died before their arrival, fearful that he would not succeed before an audience leaving 81,415 who reached the colony. Of these it so refined and critical. The Doctor as usual com- is estiinated that six-sevenths were from Ireland. menced in his low monotonous tune, and his broad Among the thousands who reached the colony, a provincial dialect was very disagreeable to the deli- large portion were laboring under disease in its cate ears of his metropolitan audience. Poor Mr. worst type, superioduced by the extremity of famine Hill was now upon the rack; but the man of God and misery which they had suffered previous to emhaving thrown his chain around the audience, took barkation. Of the 84,446 who reached the colony an unguarded moment to touch it with the electric | alive, no less than 10,037 died after arriva!, viz.: fluid of his oratory, and in a moment every heart At quarantine, 3.452 ; at the Quebec Emigrant began to throb and every eye to fill. Knowing well Hospital, 1,041; at the Montreal Hospital, 3,579; how to take advantage of this bold stroke, he con- and at other places in the two Canadas, 1,965 ; tinued to ascend; and so majestic and rapid was his leaving 74,408. But of these no less than 30,265 flight that in a few minutes he attained an eminence were admitted into hospital for medical treatment. so high that every imagination was enrapiured. Thus it will be seen that more than one-seventh The rapid change from depression to joy which Mr. of the total embarkations died, that more than oneHill experienced, was too much for him to bear. eighth of the total arrivals died, and that ..ore than He felt so bewildered and intoxicated with joy, that one-third of those who arrived were received into unconsciously he started from his seat, and before hospital, his brethren could interfere, he struck the front of Up to the 12th of November last, the number of the gallery with his clenched fist, and roared out destitute emigrants forwarded from the agency at with a stentorian voice-"Well done, Chalmers." Montreal to Upper Canada, was 38,781, viz. : male
adalts, 12,32; female adults, 12, 153; children unGood News For SPINSTERS — The Athenaum der twelve, 10,616; infants, 3,080. The expenditure mentions a gigantic scheme, originating in the colo- necessarily incurred for medical and hospital altend. nies, and supported by subscriptions raised there, for ance on the sick, and for the burial of the dead, was carrying over 20,000 young women, of good char- considerably enhanced by the necessity of providing acter and sound healih as brides for the expectant for numerous individuals, and even for entire famibushmen. The unmarried daughters and sisters of lies, during the sickness or convalescence of their artizans are the classes which the committee charged parents or friends, and of maintaining numbers of with the detail of the plan contemplate carrying out. orphans, of whom upwards of 1,135 became chargeThey are required to pay a small sum as a sort of able upon the public funds. The expenses on acguarantee of their respectability.
count of emigration in Canada East, from the
opening of the navigation in 1847 to December in IMPORTANT GEOLOGICAL Discovery. Nearly the same year, amounted to £106,001 15s. 3d. thirty years ago Dr. Mantell described the form and The receipts from various sources a mounted 10 £43,structure of the teeth of that colossal extinct reptile, 707 18s. 4d.; showing an excess of paymenis over called the Iguanodon. At that time, however, no- receipts of £62,693 16s. 11d. The Coininittee of the thing was known of the jaw in which these reeth Executive Council conclude their report by recomwere once contained ; but Dr. Mantell's continued mending the adoption of precautionary measures rescarches have now rewarded him with the comple. against a recurrence of the same calamity, and sug. tion of his former interesting but partial discovery. gest an increased emigranı tax, and stringent regulaHe has found large portions of the ripper and lower tious providing for the accommodation of emigrants jaw of this extraordinary antediluvian, and they on board ship. differ entirely in form from anything, previously known in this class of reptiles. Indeed, the conti- CENTRAL FIRES IN THE EARTH.-The increased guration of the jaw is wholly unlike that of any temperature, found at increased depths in digging other animal. This curious discovery has been the Artesian wells, more particularly that of Gre. made in the" Wealden formation,” in the south of nelle in France, has been adduced by M. Arago, and England.
other philosophers, as proof of central fires in the
earth. Cominander C. Morton, of the Royal Navy, EMIGRATION TO British PROVINCES IN North known as the propounder of the electrical origin of AMERICA.— A number of official papers have just hail stones," and the vegetable origin of the basaltic been issued in England, by order of Her Majesty, in columns of the Giani's Causeway, and those of Stafcontinuation of those presented to Parliament in fa, merely regards the increased temperature at inDecember last, relating to Emigration to the British creased depths as the natural consequence of the inProvinces of North America.
creased pressure of the atmosphere, and as much a The papers consist of correspondence between the matter of course as the increased cold or diminished Colonial Office, the Governor General, the Earl of temperature found to exist on ascending mountains, Elgin, Lieut. Gov. Sir W. Colebrook, and Mr. according as the almospheric pressure diminishes in Merivale. The report of the Committee of the Ex- the ascent. The beautiful simplicity of this theory ecutive Council on Matters of State (enclosed in may, perhaps, induce the conviction of its alliance Lord Elgin's dispatch) describes the progress of im- with nature. In corroboration, we may justly remark migration in 1847, which it appears has been al- that the artificial compression of air does elicit heat.