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Answers to Queries.


phraseology, knows that coming to are chargeable with all the conseChrist is another word for believing quences of their errors, as their preupon him. If there is choice in unbe-vious guilt brought the spirit of darklief, as is evident from this passage, ness and delusion into their minds. there must be choice in belief also. Man is therefore culpable for not believing the truth, and the reason why | ANSWER TO A QUERY ON MILDEW IN the arguments in support of truth do

WHEAT. not appear satisfactory to his judyment, is because his judgment is per MR. EDITOR. verted, and perverted by his own Sir, I transmit you the following choice.

communication of Sir John Sinclair,

of Ulbster, bart. to the editor of a Query 3.-" Is the Exercise," fc. public journal, of an important agriCERTAIN moral truths are evident to cultural experiment, with salt, in the all minds. We do not inquire into the cure of mildew in corn, for insertion in origin of this evidence at present, nor your interesting work, as I am perare we shaken by the changeableness of suaded it must be highly important to virtue as pleaded by the ablest advo- those of your readers connected with cates of infidelity. In addition, how the interests of agriculture ; and as it ever, to these universally evident mo does in a measure reply to queries ral truths, there are others, the know of your correspondents, in vol. 2, col. ledge and belief of which are cssential 962, of your miscellany, respecting to our salvation. To acquire a know- mildew in wheat. ledge and belief of these, something I am, Sir, most respectfully, more is necessary than the exercise of

Your obedient servant, that faculty by which the demonstra

ANGLO-Scotus. tion of a problem in Euclid is compre Edinburgh, 23d Oct. 1821. hended. Great philosophers in modern, as well as in ancient times, have

“The rust* in wheat is by far the been great infidels. • The carnal greatest calamity to which, in an agrimind of man understandeth not many

oultural point of view, this country is truths of vital importance, or, if he un

liable. As it originates from corrupderstand them, still they are foolish

tion, and the growth of the fungus ness to him.'' What is requisite in tribe, it seemed to me most probable addition to the exercise of judgment, that the use of saline manures would is a pure intention. “ If thy eye be be found the most efficacious preven. single, tby whole body shall be full of tive. Many circumstances, already light. But if thine eye be evil, thy communicated to the public, tended to whole body shall be full of darkness. I justify that idea, and it is now in a Matt. vi. 23. A pure intention is in- great measure confirmed by an expeseparable from a constant endeavour

| riment that has just been reported to to reduce what we know to practice.

me by Mr. Andrew Robertson, at Al" If any man will do His will, he shall mond Myrehead, near Linlithgow, know of the doctrine whether it be of about 16 miles from Edinburgh:-r. God.” John vii. 17.

" On the 1st of November, 1818,

Mr. Robertson sowed 28lbs. of marine Query 4.-" Is a Man," &c. salt on three falls of sandy land, mixHe is not to be blamed, if he has been

ed with seed wheat. This is at the rate always sincere. Otherwise, because of 26 bushels per Scotch, or about 20 when he knew the truth, he neither bushels per English acre. The crop embraced nor loved it, God may have was reaped on the 27th of August, 1819, given him up judicially to a reprobate and the part salted produced at the mind, to believe a lie. From what I rate of about three bushels per acre have read and observed, I feel con- more than the rest of the field. The vinced that those who hold opinions whole crop was much injured by the opposed to what are styled the essen- rust, excepting the part that was salted, tials of religion, never did search the which, though not altogether free from scriptures, or inquire after the truth, with a sincere and unprejudiced mind.

* In some districts, it is called blight or Therefore, though they now believe mildew. It affects the straw, and not the kernel, what appears to them to be truth, they as smat.



Answer to a Query.



it, yet the injury was very inconsider this sense; and to make known the able, and perhaps would have been ideas of the querist more fully, there totally avoided, had a greater quantity should have been a comma inserted been made use of. Mr. Robertson after the word perfect, thus not allowthinks that it will be better first to ing the action of the verb made, to pass sow the wheat separately, the salt toon to the object knowledge, be sowed and harrowed in afterwards, Sprigg considers the affirmative for he found that the whcat did not idea as neither scriptural nor philospring up so well, in consequence of sopbical; but as he has not advanced its being sown in immediate contact any proofs of the correctness of his with the salt.

ideas, from either of these sources, I “ Crushed rock salt will answer as should have considered it totally use. well as marine salt, and the quantity less to make any remarks of a controshould be varied from 20 to 30 bushels versial description, had I not regarded per English acre. It would be ex- the subject as one fraught with intremely desirable that the result of struction and interest. I proceed to any experiments tried should be com remark, that, “ there are many, who, municated to the public, that the ques having lost their godly friends, have tion may, if possible, be put to rest. rather been disposed to wish that their

“ JOHN SINCLAIR." | friends might know what was taking Edinburgh, 12th October, 1819.

place among their connections on earth, that they might carry on a sort

of mental converse with them:"a very ANSWER TO A QUERY ON THE KNOW natural wish, surely! Such a one LEDGE OF DEPARTED SPIRITS. inspired that beautiful sentiment of

Cowper, In reference to the subject discussed

“My mother, when I knew that thou wast in the following article, we have received several papers, the writers of Say, wast thou conscious of the tears I shed? which take the same side of the ques- Hover'd thy spirit o'er thy sorrowing son?. tion with the author of this which is l Wretch even then, life's journey just begun! inserted. One of these, written by

Perhaps thou gay'st me, tho' unfelt, a kiss,

Y | Perhaps a tear, if souls can weep in bliss! Biblicus, avowedly controverts the Ah! that maternal smile, it answers-yes.") reasonings and conclusions of Sprigg. The others refer to the original ques When Samuel rose from the dead tion. But as the substance of what to announce to Saul the result of his they have respectively advanced is | battle with the Philistines, the procomprised in the selection we have | phet's denunciation was a proof that made, they will perceive the reasons he was acquainted with the present why their communications are not gi- circumstances of the king, and that ven to the public.

Editor. he also knew what would happen to

him, for, “to-morrow,” saith Samuel, MR. Editor.

shalt thou and thy sons be with me," Sir, I have to beg your indulgence, 1 Samuel, xxvii 19.-When Moses while I make a few remarks in reply and Elias appeared on the mount at to an essay (col. 988) on the state of the transfiguration of our Lord, we separate spirits, by Sprigg.In are informed, that they “spake of his referring to the query, (col. 863) which decease which he should accomplish gave rise to the above article, I find it at Jerusalem,” Luke ix. 31. Hence extremely ambiguous: judging from we may infer, that they knew the the punctuation, it appears to be al- time, place, and circumstances, conlowed by the querist, that the souls nected with that great event; and we of the dead have some acquaintance may moreover conjecture, that in with the events which occur in this their conversation they would particuworld ; but the object of the inquiry is, larly remark the great ends to be anwhether their knowledge is of conside-swered by this sacrifice; and if so, rable extent, and to render it more we may reasonably suppose that they explicit, it should have been express- would attentively regard the state of ed,“ Have the spirits of the dead form- | the earth, ulterior to the introduction ed any perfect knowledge of what of the christian dispensation, that transpires in this world ? But your they might ascertain, whether those correspondent has not understood it in purposes were accomplished, for which


Answer to a Query.


Christ“ gave himself a ransom.” Je are thus dignified, may not human

sus told the Sadducees, relative to / spirits unbodied have the same office? · separate spirits, “They neither marry, Our Saviour, when he rewards the

nor are given in marriage, but are as faithful servant that had gained ten the angels which are in heaven," pounds, bids him take authority over Mark xii. 25. “Neither can they die ten cities, Luke xix. 17. And Jesus any more, for they are equal to the told his disciples, that they should sit angels, and are the children of God," on twelve thrones, judging the Luke xx. 36. Angels are “minister- twelve tribes of Israel,” Matthew ing spirits, sent forth to minister for xix. 28. -them who shall be heirs of salva-/ Another argument in favour of this tion,” Heb. i. 14. The spirits of the idea, may be gathered from the apjust are as angels, in their enjoyments pearance of apparitions, whether it and engagements : ergo, they are mi be by some peculiar garb of etherial nistering spirits also. “And how subtlety, or any other way, that they mach,” says Mr. Wesley, “will it add appear, we know that “millions of to the happiness of those who are spiritual creatures walk the earth,” already discharged from the body, and that they sometimes become visithat they are permitted to minister | ble to the eye of mortals; thus, when unto those they have left behind! the Syrians encompassed the city of An indisputable proof of this we have Dothan, to take Elisha: “ And when in the 22d chapter of Revelation, the servant of the man of God was When the Apostle fell down to worship risen early, and gone forth, behold, the glorious spirit, whom he seems to a host compassed the city with horses have mistaken for Christ, he told him and chariots; and his servant said plainly, I am of thy fellow-servants unto him, Alas, my master! how shall the prophets ;' not God, not an angel, we do? And he answered, Fear not: but a human spirit. Angels are for they that be with us, are more messengers from earth to heaven, as than they that be with them. And is the case of Elias, 2 Kings ii. 11, Elisha prayed, and said, Lord, I pray and from heaven to earth, as in the thee, open his eyes, that he may see. case of Gideon, Judges vi. 12; of And the Lord opened the eyes of the Manoah's wife, Judges xiii. 3; of the young man, and he saw, and behold Virgin Mary, Luke i. 26; and of the the mountain was full of horses and birth of Jesus Christ, when a hierar- chariots of fire, round about Elisha, chy of the heavenly host united, and 2 Kings vi. 14, 15, 16. “To popular sang, “Glory to God in the highest,” stories of ghosts and goblins," (says a &c. Luke ii. 19-23; and we may late publication,*) “we give no crereasonably suppose, that it is through dit; but we certainly do hear on some their communications, that there is occasions, such positive assertions, joy in heaven over one sinner that made by most sensible and respectarepenteth, Luke xv.7. This repent- ble persons, that we can scarcely deny ant sinner may have connections in the fact, that the spirits of departed heaven; and will not they join in the friends do sometimes appear.” celestial joy?

But to proceed. S. remarks, “But *'“Can the grave those ties dissever,

we little think how new, how strange, With the very heart-strings twin'd?"

how absorbing, must the things of the

eternal state be, to those entering .“ To proceed one step farther," upon them.” Allowing this to be corsays Dr. Watts, “some part of the rect, it it quite irrelevant to the prehappiness of heaven is described in sent subject; the query does not rescripture by crowns and thrones : why gard the commencement of that etermay not we suppose that such souls, nal state, but the continuation of it. whose sublimer graces have qualified True it is, they are new beyond our them for this dignity, may rule the conception, and that as yet we are nations even in a literal sense? The strangers to the glory that shall be scripture gives a hint of such employ- revealed; “ for eye hath not seen, ments in the angelic world. Do we nor ear heard, neither have entered not read of Gabriel and Michael, and into the heart of män, the things their management of the affairs of which God hath prepared for them Persia, and Judea, and Greece, in the book of Daniel ? Now if angels

* Encyclopedia Londinensis. No. 35,- VOL. III.



Answer to a Query.


that love him," I Cor. ii. 9. But in represents the spirit as a pilgrim and what sense are they absorbing ? surely a traveller, then informs us that he they do not absorb their love, for God has passed through the valley that is is love; and the nearer they approach between, (the valley of the shadow of to God, the more they assimilate to death, I suppose,) then, that he aphim. The love of our neighbour is a proaches the gate of heaven, and necessary consequence of the love of finally, wishes to persuade his readers God, and therefore this cannot be ab- that this mere approach is the end of sorbed by the things of their eternal the Christian's faith, and that here, state. And is this love shewn by con- during the countless ages of eternity, sidering what great happiness their in this spacious void the soul is to refriends will be sharers of, should they main.-Is this the end of Sprigg's chance to arrive in heaven, and in faith? Is this the perfect day to which taking no share in guarding them from the path of the just tends? Is this evils, offering no alleviation to their Abraham's bosom, where the beggar distresses, and in administering no was conveyed when he died? Are supply to their necessities. The things these the mansions which Christ went of the eternal world do not absorb the to prepare for his followers? Is this memory of those resident in it, for in the city out of sight? Is this the situaheaven they sing, “ To him that hath tion of those treasures, where moth loved us, and washed us from our sins nor rust corrupteth not? Finally, Is in his own blood,” &c. Rev. i. 5. plain this the inheritance incorruptible, unly proving that they remembered the defiled, and that fadeth not away, process they underwent for the pur- reserved in heaven for the followers of gation of their iniquity. Those good Christ? No: the Christian will enter principles which we possessed on earth | those everlasting habitations, and will remain unabsorbed by the things of sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and the eternal state. Among these we Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. may class gratitude to benefactors. Sprigg inquires, whether a person “ Make to yourselves friends," (saith | thus situated, can be attracted by the Cbrist,)“ of the mammon of unrigh-trifling scenes on earth? Certainly teousness, that when ye fail, they may not: But what does your corresponreceive you into everlasting habita- dent mean by trifling scenes? He extions,” Luke xvi. 9. ; that is, distri- plains himself in the next sentence, bute your goods to the poor, that by saying, “ Can the soul, present when you die, the sharers of your with the Lord, ever look off from beneficence, who have passed into the him, to converse with those below ?" skies, may receive you with open That is to say, Christian converse is a arms, into that state of eternal trille!“ No," says Sprigg, (answering bliss.

his own question, and then, as if S. inquires, in the next place, “Is thinking that a little too confident, as it possible that the heaven-bound he had only commenced with considepilgrim, who has been conducted by ration, continues, “it is best to supThe Shepherd of the flock, through pose that spirits departed have no the valley that lies between—who ap- concern about the trifles passing here." proaches the gate of heaven, and real. True, but are all terrestrial occurizes the end of his faith-can be at rences trifling? Is the salvation of so tracted by the trifling scenes on many millions of souls of no imporearth ?"-A pilgrim is one who travels, tance? Is all the economy of proviusually, journeys of devotion; the dence, into parts of which angels have adjective, heaven-bound, intimates desired to look, is it all non-essential ? the place of its destination, and in- Jesus says, that a sparrow shall not forms the reader that this journey is fall to the ground, without the obserstill in continuation. Were I not vation of the Father of the universe; rather inclined to believe that latterly yea, the very hairs of our head are the ideas of Charon, Styx, and Cer-numbered. If such circumstances as berus, had been abandoned, I should these are not beneath the notice of be inclined to consider this sentence that Being, who is the great, the holy, as having reference to the valley and the high; occurrences between where the Canes abide, and where which there is such an amazing diffeNox and Erebus hold their doleful rence, and events of such great imabodes. In the first part of it, Sprigg portance, will not be deemed trifling,


Observations on South Shetland.


nor overlooked, by the blessed in Christ is “God over all,” it is utterly heaven.

impossible that it can be a truth of Sprigg observes further: “ The soul subordinate magnitude. The simple reaping the sad reward of its unrigh- statement of it is enough to show that teousness, may desire to look out of it must rank as a first principle; an its burning lake towards the earth article of prime importance,-a founagain, but its intense pain will not dation-stone in the temple of truth : grantit permission.” Incorrect again; -a star of the very first magnitude in for the rich man in the gospel regard- the hemisphere of Christian doctrine. ed his five brethren, and recognized For my own part, I believe it to be even the beggar in Abraham's bosom. But more than this: a kind of central sun, why should such a soul desire to look around which the whole system of out of its burning? Can this afford it Christianity, in all its glory, and in all any pleasure? Can such souls regard its harmony, revolves. On this prinwith satisfaction a life of iniquity ? ciple we cease to wonder at the seeming And is it a gratifying reflection to ob-contrarieties. If, then, this be a key serve many in a state of salvation, which fits all the wards of this seemwhose opportunities were not more ingly intricate lock, turning amongst extensive than their own ? to consider, them with hardly a touch of interrupthat had they accepted the offers made tion, catching its bolts, and laying them of mercy, by God, they would open to us, in the easiest and comhave enjoyed the felicity of eternal pletest manner, the treasure of division? Alas! this must increase vine truth; if this be a principle, their torment, this must cause addi- which, in fact, does produce harmony tional weeping and wailing. To sum and consistency in the word of God, up the whole :-Is it best to suppose while the rejection of it, on the conthat the cold hand of death will dis trary, gives rise to difficulties without solve the tenderest ties of nature? Is number : is not this, of itself, a strong it best to suppose that the epicurean presumptive evidence that the princiworm, when he feeds on the inanimate ple is correct, and well founded ?" corpse, will also devour the recollection of the dearest friends ? Is it most reasonable to imagine that the OBSERVATIONS ON SOUTH SHETLAND. attachments connected with the names of father, mother, brother, sister, &c.

(With a Sketch.) will all be forgotten ? If they be, how can they ever again be united ? The Since the discovery of these distant eternal separation of the affections is and desolate islands, many accounts an idea at which the heart revolts. have been published respecting them. Bad as human nature is, there are But from what source soever the infew, very few,who do not feel the bonds formation has been derived, they all of consanguinity. If your correspon

concur in describing them as barren, dent's soul is of such a description as uninhabited, and in every respect to feel no regret at the idea of death dreary. being an end of all earthly ties, he It was our good fortune to be possesmust indeed be an anomaly. I leave sed of all the leading facts which rethis subject with your readers, and lated to them long before their existbegging your forbearance with my ence was announced to the public ; prolixity, I remain, your's, truly, but at the particular desire of our cor


respondent, who was in the first vessel Truro, Nov. 23, 1821.

that ever touched on these inhospitable shores, we omitted giving it publicity

until several weeks had elapsed ; and MR. EDITOR.

it was not until some reports had Sir. If the following extract from found their way into the world, that Wardlaw meet your approbation, its our embargo was taken off. This insertion in the Imperial Magazine circumstance enabled the conductor of will oblige, your's respectfully,

a weekly journal to announce the ex

istence of these distant lands to the Penzance, Nov. 5, 1821.

public, just before the day of publi

cation with us arrived. Of this inciIf it be indeed a truth, that Jesus dent he has readily availed himself;

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