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1227 Review-Captivity and Escape of Captain Knox. 1228 21st of January, 1657, with a design to tieth and one-and-thirtieth verses, where the trade one year from port to port, and Gaoler asked St. Paul, “What must I do

And he answered, saying, then return to England. On taking in to be saved?".

“ Believe in the Lord Jesus Christ; and thou her cargo for this country, a violent shalt be saved, and thine house.” tempest compelling them to cut away “ The sight of this book at once so rejoiced their main-mast, and preventing them and affrighted me, that I cannot say which from pursuing their voyage, they sailed passion was greater ; the joy, that I had got to Cottair Bay, on the eastern shores sight of a Bible, or the fear that I had not of Ceylon, to trade with the inhabit- da (ss.) in the world, which I would willingly

enough to buy it ; having, then, but one pago ants, while their ship was undergoing bave given for it, had it not bee for my boy, repairs. On their arrival, they were who dissuaded me from giving so much; altreated with apparent kindness, until leging my necessity for money many other their suspicion was lulled to repose, for a far meaner price, provided I would seem

ways; and undertaking to procure the book when being decoyed ashore, they were

to slight it in the sight of the old man. This surrounded with the natives, made counsel, after I considered, I approved of ; prisoners, and carried up into the in- my urgent necessities earnestly craving, and terior. . of the treatment which the my ability being but very small to relieve the author and his companions in misfor- samé ; and, however, I thought I could give tune received, during the long period my piece of gold at the last cost, if other

. of their captivity, their manner of life, “ The sight, indeed, of this bible, so overand various efforts to regain their li- joyed me, as if an angel had spoken to me from berty, we have a detailed account; but heaven ; to see that my most gracious God had it is such as will admit of no epitome. prepared such an extraordinary blessing for

On February 9th, 1660, the author's miraculous ; to bring unto me a bible in my father, who had previously command- own language, and that in such a remote part ed the vessel, died, and himself being of the world, where His name was not so sick and weak, and unable to bury much as known, and where an Englishman him, he applied to a native for assist was never known to have been before. I ance ; but the only aid he could pro-ture with the 'Ten Commandments, he had

upon it, as somewhat of the same nacure without paying for it, was, to have given the Israelites out of heaven; it being a rope tied round the neck of the the thing, for want whereof, had so often corpse, by which it was to be dragged mourned, nay, and shed tears too ; and, than naked into the woods. This, how- the enjoyment whereof, there could be no ever, was refused; and by some triling greater joy in the world to me. property a grave was procured, into God having brought a fish to me that my soul

· Upon the sight of it, I left off fishing : which he placed the body with his own had longed for; and now, how to get it, and hands. Shortly after the death of his enjoy the same, all the powers of my soul father, the author relates the following that he had brought it so near to me, and most remarkable incident : “ Provisions falling short with me, though Now, it being well towards evening, and not

earnestly prayed that he would bestow it on me. rice, thank God, I never wanted ; and money, also, growing low, as well to belp out a

having wherewithal to buy it, about me, I meal, as for recreation, sometimes I went with departed home, telling the old man, that in an angle to catch small fish in the brooks, the

the morning I would send my boy to buy it of

him. aforesaid boy being with me. It chanced, as I was fishing, an old man passed by, and seeing thinking of it, fearing lest I might be disap:

“All that night I could take no rest for me, asked of my boy, if I could read a book? | pointed of it. In the morning, as soon as it He answered, "Yes.” “ The reason I ask, said the old man, “ is, because I have one I

was day, I sent the boy with a knit got when the Portuguese lost Columbo ; and, had made for me, to buy the book, praying in if your master please to buy it, I will sell it to my heart for good saccess, which it pleased him.” Which, when I heard of, I bid my boy God to grant ; for that cap purchased it ; and go to his house with him, which was not far off, the boy brought it to me, to my great joy; and bring it to me, making no great account of which did not a little comfort me over all my the matter, supposing it might be some Porta

afflictions."

To the narrative of Captain Knox, “ The boy having formerly served the Mr. Harvard has prefixed a judicious English, knew the book; and as soon as he had got it in his hand, came running with it, preface, in which he has included such calling out to me, It is a BIBLE!" It testimonies, as must remove all doubt startled me to hear him mention the name of a of the author's veracity. We cannot Bible, for I neither had one, nor scarcely could conclude our remarks in language ever think to see one ; upon which, i tlung more appropriate, than that which has first place the book opened in, after I took it in already expressed the character of my hand, was the 16th chapter of Acts; and this work. The author's narrative exthe first place my eye pitched on, was the thir-hibits “a lively picture of the state of

guese book.

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1229 Sanctification.----Memoir of William Scoresby. 1230 the country, and the manners of the the ensuing number we should be able people ; and the account which he has to furnish a memoir of his life. That given of what relates more imme- wish, however, we were prevented diately to himself, and particularly of from accomplishing, through causes in his extraordinary escape from such a which the reader can have no particuvigilant enemy, and in such difficult lar interest. From that period until circumstances, combines the accurate the present, we have been exerting details of a real transaction, with the ourselves to collect materials to reglowing interest of a romance.” deem our pledge with the public ; and

altbough we have not been able to

succeed to that extent which would at Review. Sanctification through the

once gratify our subscribers and ourTruth, &c. a Sermon by the Reverend selves, we have been able to trace the Thomas Brown. 12mo. p.58. Nisbet, general outline of his life ; and we Castle-street, Oxford-street, London.

now present to our friends a narrative 1821.

which we flatter ourselves will be So far as the fetters of the author's neither destitute of interest, nor uncreed will allow, he

worthy of their acceptance. where incul

every cates experimental and practical god-780, we introduced a paper inserted

In our number for September, col. liness throughout this pamphlet. He in the Transactions of the Wernerian informs his readers, that,

1. The high importance of sanctification appears the possibility and practicability of

Society, written by this gentleman, on from its necessity to qualify us for eternal blessedness. A man may go is replete with sound and manly sense,

reaching the North Pole. This paper to heaven without wealth, without power, without learning, without elo actual experience, and conducting the

containing observations founded upon quence, without all or any of those reader on the ground of analogical things by which secular and worldly men estimate bis

reasoning, through the only practicable

character, but “ without holiness no man can see the in the reach of man, of accomplishing

methods that appear to be placed withLord.” But lest they should become that great object,which would be hailed righteous over much, he adds in the with joy by every nation in Europe. next paragraph, “ that the holiness of In this paper, the necessary equipments saints in the present life is imperfect, for such an arduous undertaking are Perfection, though the ambition and aim of all the truly pious, is not the briefly given ; and the various diffi

culties which the daring adventurers positive attainment of any. We have

would have to encounter, so far as heard of some such pure, and perfect, and spotless beings; we have never

probability can extend her views, are

faithfully stated. Few papers contain seen any such ; and we look in vain for them in the historical record of the fund of information, or display a more

within the same compass a greater Old and New Testaments. shall we find this boasted perfection?" vigorous and comprehensive mind.

In the life of such a man, every

incident, however trifling, becomes These passages fairly develope the character of this discourse. It is a

interesting ; and perhaps there is pretty little dish of Antinomianism, scarcely a reader who does not feel a rendered palatable to the taste by wish to peruse the journals of his nuthe seasoning that has been used in

merous voyages into the Greenland the cookery

seas, to catch those emanations of science which associate with the va

rious objects which arrested his attenBRIEF

SCORESBY, tion, and excited his observations. ESQ. F. R. S. E. &c. LATE Mr. William Scoresby, Jun. was WHITBY, YORKSHIRE, BUT NOW or born at the village of Cropton, near LIVERPOOL.

Pickering, in Yorkshire, October 5th,

1789. His grandfathers were both In our number of the Imperial Maga- farmers ; and his father was originally zine for June, 1821, we prefixed a por- intended for an agriculturist : but his trait of this enterprising and scientific active and enterprising mind finding navigator. This was accompanied itself cramped in such a limited scene with the expression of a hope, ihat in of employment, he left his paternal

p.5.

MEMOIR

OF

WM.

JUN.

OF

1231
Memoir of William Scoresby, Jun. Esq.

1232 roof while yet a youth; and at Whitby, privilege of an excellent seminary of the nearest sea-port, commenced a instruction, conducted by Mr. Stock, sea-faring life.

of Poplar, from which he derived At the age of three years, Mr. great advantages. Scoresby, Jun. was removed from the The next year he repeated his voyage place of his nativity to Whitby, in to Greenland, along with his father; which town his father, from his mari- who having himself proved eminently time employment, had found it con- successful in this occupation, was sovenient to take up his abode. Here licitous to train up his son to the same the son received the rudiments of his profession. He accordingly now pureducation ; bat this consisted only in sued it year after year, and was prothe acquirement of such common gressively entrusted with the importbranches of knowledge as are regular- ant and arduous duties of chief-mate ly taught in country schools.

and harpooner. In his 16th year, he In the year 1800, when the subject had an accidental opportunity afforded of this memoir was only in his ilth him of attacking an unentangled year, his father, then commanding a whale. He was successful in harpoonwhale fishing vessel from London, puting it by a throw of the weapon, and into Whitby Roads, and invited him in this first adventure succeeded in the off to see the ship; and he, not being capture. unwilling to undertake the enterprise, His education, thus interrupted by remained on board throughout the professional duties, could only be provoyage. The first consideration of his moted during the winter of each year; father was, to furnish him with suit- his summer months being regularly able clothing for resisting the severi- spent among the icebergs and whales ties of the climate in the region to of Spitzbergen. In these intervals of which they were bound. Fortunately, his voyages, he attended a school in there were several persons in the ship, Whitby ; but his opportunities of imwho, previous to their engaging in the provement being very much abridged, sea service, had beer regularly trained he was sent in 1806 to the university to different handicraft occupations. of Edinburgh, and again in 1809, These, being supplied with the requi- where, for about two-thirds of each site materials, most of which were session, he attended various classes, luckily on board, soon equipped the calculated for expanding the mind, young adventurer in a complete sai- and inculeating philosophical knowlor's garb; and every thing being ledge. In this famous seminary, the ready, they departed on their hazard- development of his talents so far exous expedition. The voyage proved cited the attention of the learned and an arduous one. Owing to the uncom- scientific, that, as a testimony of their mon perseverance of the commander, approbation, and an encouragement to the ship became involved in the ice of perseverance, on the latter occasion he Spitzbergen, where it lay immoveable, was elected a member of the Wernenotwithstanding every exertion of the rian Society. sailors to free themselves, for eight In the autumn of this year, (1809) successive weeks, During this period there was a call made upon all British the limit of the ice was never discern- seamen, especially upon those enible from the mast-head; and the field gaged in the Greenland trade, by the into which the ship was frozen, accu- Government, for assisting in bringing mulated to the thickness, in many the fleet captured from the Danes into places, of more than 14 feet.

a British port. On this occasion, the The following year Mr. Scoresby seamen of Whitby being unwilling to remained in England with his mother, come forward, Mr. S. was the first to to improve himself in learning, while offer his services in the national his father navigated the Greenland cause. This stimulated many others

This interval, however, afforded to follow his laudable example ; and him no other opportunity of improve- the services which, on this memorable ment than what a common day-school occasion, they rendered to their counregularly supplies.

try, will not be soon forgotten. In 1802, Mr. S. joined his father in On his arrival in Denmark, he was London, after his return from his usual appointed to take charge of one of the voyage. During their stay, which was gun-boats, which it was deemed pracabout 3 or 4 months, he enjoyed the ticable to deck and transport to Eng

seas.

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