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THE

• Imperial Magazine ;

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OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, f. PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.

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MONTHLY OBSERVATIONS.

som to blossom continually: and for

the purpose of taking it from the botWith a Catalogue of all really British tom of the flower, without injuring the Plants, as they come into Flower.

tender vegetable organs, the slender

bill of this genus of birds is well MAY.

| adapted. An opinion has prevailed, The month of May has been celebrat- that the Titmouse devours the blosed by the poets for its refreshing som, which perhaps originated from breezes, and pleasing character. The observing the white petals that were air has acquired a feeling that ren- ready to fall, scattered by it as it ders it agreeable to be abroad, the perches on them ; but this is a mistrees are clothed in umbrageous take, the Beetle alone is destroyed; green, their shoots are advancing; and and the dung of the bird may often they afford a shade, when, in the be observed to consist almost entirely middle of the day, it becomes agree- of the wing-cases of the insect. able to seek retirement from the direct Hay advances in growth, usually in beams of the sun. Flowers no longer proportion to the wetness of the seaappear as if afraid to shew themselves; son ; and Corn prepares to shoot into but they embellish the hedges with ear. Cattle soon experience the betheir beauty and fragrance; so that nefit of feeding on the new grass, acthe scenery of nature in this month, quiring a sleek skin, renovated health, affords the most perfect idea of what and increased activity. Angling for the fancy imagines to itself of Spring, the trout is in its chief perfection; the

One of the most pleasing appear-fish frequent the most rapid streams, ances of the vegetable world, that and one of the best and most temptoccurs in May, is the bloom of Apple ing baits, the Mayfly, now abounds. orchards, which is red at the commence- | Young Salmon, which have for some ment, but becomes like a white sheet | time swarmed in the rivers, are swept spread over the trees about the middle by the first land-flood this month, into of the month. The blossom ofthe Apple, the sea, where multitudes of them are like that of the Pear, Cherry, Straw-| devoured by the ravenous natives of berry, and many other fruits, does the deep; the remainder soon acquire not close, like various other flowers, a considerable size. Shoals of Mackaat the approach of wet; on the con-rel become common along all the Britrary, frequent showers appear ne- tish coasts; they are taken in immense cessary to the well setting of the numbers. Young broods of birds quit fruit. That the presence of wet in the nests never to return; and are folthe flower does not render it sterile, lowed by the parents, who shew as is to be accounted for by the fact, that much care for their safety, and pride the numerous stamens do not come to in their appearance, as any of the huprolific perfection at one time; so that man race can do in the case of their a continued deluge can scarcely pre- offspring. It is amusing to see the vent some of the seeds from being im- little Wren full of importance, in the pregnated; and when this is effected, presence of a numerous race still the setting of the fruit follows of more diminutive than itself. It tempts course. At the time when the blos- them to fly from the slender twig, to soms are open, a small species of which they hold with unsteady foot; Beetle very commonly gets into the they flutter to the ground, and at the flower, probably to its great injury. least alarm, hide in the nearest tuft of This Beetle, which sometimes exists | herbage, while the old ones seek safety in great numbers, is a favourite food in no distant flight. The young are of Titmice, which search after it with fed for some time after they have great eagerness, jumping from blos- quitted the nest; but by some birds a No. 27.--Vol. III.

2 C

395

Monthly Observations.

396

second nest is begun, before the color & lutea; Pale perfoliate Honeyyoung have quitted the first.

suckle, Lonicera caprifolium; BuckAbout the beginning of the month, thorn, Rhamnus catharticus; Berrythe Swift, the last and largest of the bearing Alder,R.frangula; Prickwood, Swallow tribe, makes its appearance; Euonymus Europæus; Common Curand as its time is short, soon proceeds rants, Ribes rubrum; Acid Mountain to form its nest, either in towers, or Currants, R. spicatum ; Rock Curholes under the eaves of houses. It rants, R. petræum ; Black Currants, brings up but one brood while it re- R. nigrum ; Lesser Periwinkle, Vinca mains in this country. Young Eels minor ; Greater Periwinkle, V.major; appear in rivers. Eels produce their Perennial Goosefoot, Chenopodium young alive; and endeavour to get | bonus Henricus; Whiterot and Floatwithin the reach of the tide, to fulfil ing Whiterot, Hydrocotyle vulgaris & that work of nature. The young soon inundata; Wood Sanicle, Sanicula Euproceed up the stream, at first in ropæa ; Knotted Stone Parsley, Causmall numbers, and as the Summer calis nodosa; Great and Common advances, in considerable quantities; Earthnut, Bunium bulbo castanum & and to get as high up the river as pos- flexuosum; Spignel, Meum atharmansible, overcome formidable obstacles; ticum; Sweet Cicely, Scandix odoand they will even quit their element rata ; Rough Chervil, S. anthriscus; to facilitate their ascent. The object Alexanders, Smyrnium olusatrum; of this migration is not clear, but Rock Parsley, Pimpinella dioica; they thereby become the prey of birds, Goutweed, Ægopodium podagraria ; which devour multitudes of them. Wayfaring Tree, Viburnum lantana;

Come into flower in May ;-Mare's- Mousetail, Myosurus minimus; Sumtail, Hippuris vulgaris; Privet, Li- mer Snowflake, Leucojum æstivum; gustrum vulgare ; Common Ash, Frax- Poetic Narcissus, N. poeticus; Raminus excelsior: Common Speedwell, sons, Allium ursinum; Wild Hyacinth, Veronica officinalis ; Smooth Speed Scilla nutans; Lily of the Valley, well, V.serpyllifolia; Mountain Speed- Convallaria majalis; Angular Solowell, V. Montana; Germander Speed mon's Seal, C. polygonatum ; Comwell, V. chamædrys; Wall Speed-mon Solomon's Seal, C. multiflora ; well, V. arvensis; Common Butter- Narrow-leaved Hairy Rush and Wood wort, Pinguicula vulgaris; Sweet- Rush, Juncus forsteri & sylvaticus ; scented Vernal Grass, Anthoxanthum Barberry, Berberis vulgaris ; Sea odoratum; Meadow Foxtail Grass, | Arrow Grass, Triglochin palustre; Alopecurus pratensis ; Water and Chickweed Winter Green, Trientalis early Hair Grass, Aira aquatica & Europæa; Bilberry, Vaccinium myrpræcox; Wood Melàgrass, Melica tillus; Sycamore, Acer pseudo-plauniflora; Bulbous, and smooth-stalked tanus; Common Maple, A. campestre; Meadow Grass, Poa bulbosa & pra- Herb Paris, P. quadrifolia; Blacktensis; Common Quaking Grass,Briza berried Alpine Arbutus, A. alpina; media; Allseed, Polycarpon tetra- Alternate-leaved Golden Saxifrage, phyllum; Sweet Woodruff, Asperula | Chrysoplenium alternifolium; Oppoodorata ; Crosswort, Galium crucia- / site-leaved Golden Saxifrage, C. optùm; Cleavers, G. aparine; Barren- positifolium ; Wbite Saxifrage, Saxiwort, Epimedium alpinum; Holly, fraga granulata ; Rue-leaved SaxiIlex aquifolium; Procumbent Pearl frage, S. tridactylites; Palmate Saxiwort, Sagina procumbens; Annual frage, S. palmata ; Ladies' Cushion, small-flowered Pearlwort, S. apetala; s. hypnoides; Wood Stitchwort, StelUpright Pearlwort, S. erecta ; Mossy laria nemorum; Greater Stellaria, S. Tillæa, T. muscosa ; Common Grom holostea ; Lesser Stellaria, s. grawell, Lithospermum officinale; Corn minea; Plantain-leaved Sandwort, Gromwell, E. arvense; Creeping | Arenaria trinervis ; Vernal Sandwort, Gromwell, L. purpuro coeruleum; | A. verna; Yellow procumbent Wood Evergreen Alkanet, Anchusa semper Sorrel, Oxalis corniculata ; Red Gervirens ; Common Lungwort, Pulmo- | man Catchfly, Lychnis viscaria ; Red naria officinalis; Common Comfrey, and White Campion, L. dioica ; NarSymphytum officinale; Yellow Pim-row-leaved Mouse-ear Chickweed, pernel, Lysimachia nemorum; Cream Cerastium viscosum; Tetrandrous coloured Violet, Viola lactea; Pansy, / Mouse-ear Chickweed, C. tetrandrum; and Yellow Mountain Pangy, V. tri- | Field Chickweed, C. arvense; Asara

397
Varieties of the Human Mind.

398 rracowwwwwwwwwwadarmowooowoworoanoramawasiosastawowwwwonnisvrow.o bacca, Asarum Europæum; Cypress (Heath Pea, Orobus tuberosus ; Bitter Spurge, Euphorbia cyparissias; Bird Vetch, 0. sylvaticus ; Grass Vetch, Cherry, Prunus padus ; Cherry, P. Lathyrus nissolia : Common Vetch, cerasus; Hawthorn, Mespilus oxy- Vicia sativa ; Bush Vetch, V. sepium ; cantha; Medlar, M. germanica; Ap- Bird's-foot, Ornithopus perpusillus; ple, Pyrus malus; Truc Service Tree, Tufted Horseshoe Vetch, Hippocrepis P. domestica ; Mountain Ash, P. au-comosa ; White Trefoil, Trifolium recuparia; White Beam Tree, P. aria; pens; Subterraneous Trefoil, T. subRaspberry, Rubus idæus ; Woodterraneum ; Honeysuckle Trefoil, T. Strawberry, Fragaria vesca; Common pratense; Rough Trefoil, T. Scabrum; Avens, Geum arbanum ; Baneberries, Slender Bird's-foot Trefoil, Lotus difActæa spicata ; Celandine, Chelido- fusus ; Black Medick, Medicago lunium majus; Violet-horned Poppy, pulina; Heart Medick, M. polymorGlaucium violaceum; Hoary Dwarf pha; Purple Goat's-beard, Tragopogon Cistus, C. marifolius; Pheasant's Eye, I porrifolius; Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Adonis autumnalis; Grassy Crow- Hieracium pilosella; Mountain Fleafoot, Ranunculus gramineus; Butter-wort, Cineraria integrifolia; Great cups, R. bulbosus; Small-flowered Leopard's Bane, Doronicum pardaCrowfoot, R. parviflorus; Ivy Crow-lianches ; Wild Chamomile, Matricafoot, R. hederaceus; Water Crowfoot, ria chamomilla; Meadow Orchis, O. R. aquatilis; Globeflower, Trollius moris ; Military Orchis, 0. militaris; Europæus ; Marsh Marigold, Caltha Marsh Orchis, 0. latifolia; Bird's palustris: Common Bugle, Ajuga rep | nest Ophrys, 0. nidus avis; twentytans; White, Red, and Yellow Dead eight species of Carex; Dwarf Birch, Nettle, Lamium album, & purpureum, Betula nana; Bryony, Bryonia dioi& Galeobdolon luteum ; Reddish Bas- ca; Wake Robin, Arum maculatum ; tard Balm, Melittis melissophyllum; Chesnut, Fagus Castanea; Horn Purple and White Bastard Balm, M. Beam, Carpinus betulus; Scotch Fir, grandiflora; Ivy-leaved Snapdragon, Pinus sylvestris; Crakeberry, EmpeAntirrhinum cymbalaria; Linnæa, L. | trum nigrum; Misseltoe, Viscum alborealis ; Simple hard Whitlow Grass, bum; Sallow Thorn, Hippophae rhamDraba hirta ; Twisted-podded Whit-noides; Sweetgale, Myrica gale ; low Grass, D. incana; Common and Roose Root, Rhodiola rosea. English Scurvy Grass, Cocklearia officinalis & anglicà ; Danish Scurvy

THE VARIETIES OF THE HUMAN , Grass, C. Danica; Horse-radish, C.

MIND. armoraica; Naked-stalked Candytuft, Iberis nudicaulis; Seakale, AMONG the contemplations of the Crambe maritima; Impatient Ladies' thinking and intelligent, the varieties Smock, Cardamine impatiens; Yel-incident to the human Mind will not low Rocket, Erysimum barbarea; be overlooked. What is man? He Sauce-alone, E. allieria; Wild Wall is indeed a creature ; but he possesses flower, Cheiranthus fruticulosus; a spark which was imparted by the Scentless Dames' Violet, Hesperis Almighty. What, we may ask, was Inodorata; Bristol Rock Cress, Ara- he in his primeval state? Then that bis stricta: Tower Wall Cress, A. spark shone in all its brilliancy,--then turrita ; Smooth Tower Mustard, Tur- he was spotless and innocent; but, at ntis glabra ; Hairy Tower Mustard, present, he is degraded, and he has I. hirsuta; Rape, Brassica napus; lost that happiness which he before Sea Cabbage, B. oleracea ; Charlock, enjoyed. Even now, however, he Sinapis arvensis ; Sea Stork's Bill, shows himself superior to other creaErodium maritimum; Dusky Gera- tures ; but let him beware of being nium, G. phæum; Knotty Geranium, proud of a bestowed eminence. G. nodosum ; Stinking Geranium, G. We are all at present liable to pasrobertianum; Shining Geranium, G. sion, and subject to change. It is Acidum; Jagged-leaved Geranium, pleasing to observe this not only in 4. dissectum; Common Mallow, I other persons, but also in ourselves. Malva sylvestris ; Yellow Fumitory, 1 At one time cast down, at another fumaria lutea; Common Fumitory, time cheerful, we are, and must neces. officinalis ; Broom, Spartium sco- sarily be influenced by circumstances; parium ; Hairy Greenweed, Genista and we bend to them all, being affected pilosa; Petty Whin, G. anglica ; in as many different shapes as there

399

Observations on New-Zealand.

400

may be circumstances to cause the the sting is blunted, if sympathy exvariations. Prosperity elates us; we tend her aid. But for the assistance should, therefore, remember that we of kind friends, many a one could do not exceed proper bounds; nor hardly have sustained the heavy burindulge so much in our joy, that we den. So strong is the desire of symshould be unable to bear sorrow when-pathy, that we often hear people reever it may come. Adversity depres- eount their troubles, I could almost ses us; Christians can bear it with say, with a sort of satisfaction. In patience, knowing that this world is fact, the desire of it is inherent in hunot their home and resting place : man nature ; and all must allow its others can tell better than we can, how beauty. . We have those two golden they endure it.

sentences recorded in the Scriptures : People are too often apt to lay their “ Weep with them that weep;' and, losses and gains to fortune: I think “ Rejoice with them that rejoice." that a good and wise Providence or- What is in opposition to this sentidains what shall befall a man; that ment is disagreeable to both the parthere is no acting at random. Some- ties. Who, that has experienced the times a man has to blame his own burden of ill-timed mirth, would wish negligence, when adversity overtakes to feel it again? There is a season him. Act with a good conscience in for every thing, both for mirth and all things; humbly rely on the Al- sorrow. Nature will have her way in mighty ; act up to the great doctrines this imperfect state. Perfection will of Christianity, and the precepts of not arrive till the immortal spirit, our blessed Redeemer; and you will unfettered from the shackles of flesh be his care, and he will give you need and sense, shall enjoy its primitive ful things for body and soul. Those freedom and blessedness. who despise our holy religion, have no

A. H. consolation afforded them in the sea. son of adversity: they are worse off than even the Roman moralist, who

OBSERVATIONS ON NEW-ZEALAND. was a heathen. He could with raptore adopt those words so consoling

London, Feb. 28th, 1821. to his mind, “O præclanum diem,

MR. EDITOR. cum ad illud divinam animorum, con- | MANY of the New - Zealanders with silium coelumque proficiscar; cumque whom I am acquainted, possess fine ex hac turba et colluvione discedam.” tempers and natural dispositions.

It would be too much to contem From this, we, as having a concern for plate at present the difference of mo- their souls, and breathing a missionary tive, occupation, and workings, which spirit, may derive great encouragement exists between the mind of one indi- / to labour among them, and for their vidual and that of another. The vari- | benefit, both in temporal and spiritual eties which are evident within one in- subjects. The awful customs, and dividual mind, are enough to astonish. cruel superstitions, with which the At one time eager after one pursuit, minds of this people are enveloped, it climbs its difficulties with agility : call aloud for Christian zeal and then comes the moment of reflection ; benevolence, in order to rescue them this object is not worth its considera- | | from the grand enemy of man 3 tion; or another starts up in its | salvation. place, which is liked better, and New Zealand must rise in importance which pleases, perhaps, merely on in the eyes of the nations of Europe. account of its novelty. And, when Its situation is favourable. Its cliold age comes to sum up the time it mate and soil are very encouraging. has occupied, taking into the account Its natural productions are inviting; all the events intervening between the and the noble inhabitants are calcuday in which the man was born and lated to inflame the hearts of Christhe present, it appears like a dream- tians with spirits of enterprise, espeit is scarcely believed to have been cially in the missionary department, realized.

which has for its object the universal There is one passion so closely knit spread of the gospel of peace, and with the human heart, that I cannot salvation of every tribe and rac forbear mentioning it; viz. sympathy. men. In misfortunes, as they are called, half New-Zealand is, and will be more

ar

401 Letter from New South Wales.--Fooleries of Olden Time.

402

and more, a place of importance to | road will be clear in a month. The the South-sea whalers. While I con- country is beautiful, and fully equal tinued in the island, a ship came to my most sanguine expectations, into harbour to procure provision for for all the necessary purposes of colotheir passage home; which was done nization. Picture to yourself large without any difficulty, and at a very extensive downs, not plains, some as small expense. This was a saving of large as from fifty to sixty thousand 150 pounds, if not 200; for if the acres, without a tree, and well watercaptain had gone to Sydney in New ed, partly by rippling streams, partly South Wales, he would have had by chains of ponds in all directions. harbourage to pay, and provision to There are many plains of different procure at a dear rate; besides, the sizes, and the hills and broken counship being at New Zealand, the captain try around are thickly clad with exwas a fortnight's sail nearer home, cellent timber. It is in fact a most then he would have been had he put desirable country; and before next into Port Jackson; and provided the Christmas I confidently anticipate, ship had not been full, she was within we shall prove that the snow and rain one day's sail of the whaling district. which fall on the mountains and high

I have no doubt of the safety of country seen to the S. W. have an ships, when lying at anchor at New outlet to the sea. The lake is called Zealand, provided captains and crews by the natives Warrewaa, and is stated treat the natives with humanity and by them to empty its waters in a kindness; if they do not so, the New-southerly direction, where we perZealanders will be revenged. If a ceive an opening in the high land, on European should kill a native man, its west margin, by a river they call the brethren of his tribe will demand Murrum-hid-gee. The lake runs from an European to be put to death on his N. to S. about 30 miles, and extends account. However, I can say, that in breadth from two to ten miles, its the great kindness and hospitality of margin abounding in the most picthis people towards me, during my turesque bays and points." stay among them, far surpassed my most sanguine hopes and expectations. They are in my view a noble FOOLERIES OF THE OLDEN TIME. race of people.

I am Sir, your's, &c. MR. EDITOR.
SAMUEL LEIGH, Missionary. Sir,--The following extract from

Evelyn's Memoirs will show that the

art of rope-dancing has not made a LETTER FROM NEW South Wales. great advance since the period in

which he wrote, although its profesLondon, Feb. 28th, 1821. sors at the present day belong nomiMR. EDITOR.

nally to a higher class of creation: The following is a letter lately re- Sept. 16th, 1660. I saw at Southceived from New South Wales. It wark, at St. Margaret's Fair, monkeys gives an account of the great exer- and apes dance and do other feats of tions of a gentleman I well know, activity on the high ropes; they were Mr. Throsby, who some time since gallantly clad a la mode, went upright, discovered a way to the fine country saluted the company, bowing and beyond the Blue Mountains. His pulling off their hats: they saluted last enterprise has been crowned with one another with as good a grace as great success. The letter is dated if instructed by a dancing-master; the 5th of September, 1820.

they turned heels over head with a I am, Sir, your's, &c. basket having eggs in it, without SAMUEL Leigh, Missionary. breaking any; also with lighted can

dles in their hands, without extinguish“You will see I am in a fair way of ing them; and with vessels of water, verifying my prediction, that ere long without spilling a drop. I also saw a route would be continued as far to an Italian wench daunce and performe the southward on our continent, as all the triks on the high rope to adTwofold Bay. The lake now dis- miration: all the court went to see covered is full 140 miles S. S. W. of her. Likewise here was a man who Sydney, to which an open carriage I took up a piece of iron cannon of

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