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513 Extract of a Letter from New South Wales. 514 of seeing him once at his ball in 1754. male? and then he guesses from the When prince Condé descended at his characters, not only the age of the perdwelling in the Taurish palace, he son, but even the moral disposition. found there all the servants dressed in He has guessed several times with an the same livery which his own domes- astonishing exactness; and Lavater tics had worn at Chantilli, when the might become jealous of him.” emperor Paul saw him there: (how Extract of a Letter from the statedelicate an attention!) on the courtchariots, which are intended for the

counsellor Boeder, chief physician prince's use, the emperor had his arms

of the king, to Monsieur Bacciarelly, painted; and on the colours of his

cabinet-secretary at Warsaw. regiment, the Russian eagle is sur- Petersburg, 6th April, 1798.-Our rounded by French lilies. The pa- good master died merely through an lace of Czernischeff he gave him as a attack on the nerves, which was present; and when he went there for brought on by the painful and disthe first time, he found Hotel de Condé agreeable labour to get out of the emwritten over the gates."

barrassing situation in which unfortu“ On the 15th December, 1797,-the nate projects had involved him. For king was present at a dinner which the rest, his end was like that of the prince Besborodko gave. Besides the empress Catharine, and he was buusual splendour, and the completely ried with the same honours." exhausted art of cookery, one remarked about twenty perfuming pans, which exhaled the most precious odours. EXTRACT OF A LETTER FROM MR. JOHN There appeared also the famous bomb COWELL, TO ROBT. FOWLER, BROMPof Sardanaple, with the epicurean TON, -DATED SYDNEY, NEW SOUTH sauce, invented by a butler of Frede- WALES, AUG. 31, 1820. rick the Second. The most costly “I have to inform you of the death of wines of all countries were in abun- Mayree, the New-Zealander: he died dance, and hundreds of wax candles on the 9th of April, about half past illuminated the tables. At the dessert, two o'clock in the afternoon, in lat. every dish was covered with a glass 43. 34. S. long. 89. E. I have great bell, of beautiful workmanship. Etru- hopes that he died rejoicing in Christ rian painting adorned these bells, and Jesus as his saviour. During the pasthey did great credit to prince Jusu- sage, he was very attentive to the inpoff, who is the director and active structions given him in reading, writmanager of this manufactory." ing, &c. He was particularly atten

On the 8th January, 1798,-the tive to the reading of the scriptures, king was present at the consecration The morning of his death, I attended of the water; but his balcony had been on him until half past ten o'clock; dursurrounded with windows. The em- ing that time I endeavoured to point out press, although very far gone with Jesus Christ to him as his saviour: he child, bad walked to the wooden cha- was very thankful for my attention and pel, which had been erected on the ice advice. My dear partner then came of the ditch that encloses the admi- into his cabin to relieve me, while I ralty: she came afterwards likewise to attended divine service in the afterthe balcony, had the windows opened, cabin, it being the sabbath-day. Durand stood there longer than two hours ing the morning he was perfectly senwithout umbrella, and apparently with sible, and about half an hour before out any inconvenience, although it his death, he begged Mrs. Cowell to snowed very hard, and the snow lay pray with him ; which she did. After two inches high around her feet. The prayer, he said, “ Now, Mrs. Cowell, count of Montmorenci, son of the you make a write : tell all my England duke of Laval, has given several proofs friends that Jesus Christ is Mayree of a very singular art, which he pre- friend-Mayree die and go to heatends to have learned from the bishop ven.” After divine service I attended of Nanci: One gives him something in bis cabin, and in a few moments he in writing, even the mere address of à expired ; leaving this world, I hope, to letter, by a person of whom he knows dwell with Christ his saviour in the nothing at all, and whose name one kingdom of heaven. During his illdoes not tell him: he asks only whe- ness on board the ship, he expectorather it is the writing of a male or fe- ted very little. I was desirous to as845 New South Wales.- Compressibility of Water. 546 certain the nature of his disorder, and I trust we shall have a fruitful harvest. cause of his death. I therefore re- I am happy to inform you, that our quested the surgeon to open the body; congregations, Sunday schools, and which he kindly did. On opening it, societies, are on the increase. Mr. the surgeon found the right lobe of the Lowry will give you a particular aclungs decayed, and the heart very count of the work of God in this place. much enlarged. It was this gentle- “ Last month there were twelve man's opinion, that the enlargement of men under sentence of death. Mr. his heart was the cause of his death." and Mrs. Carvosso visited them, and

Mayree learned to write while he gave them bibles and tracts; but when continued in England, which was only the priest went to see the six which about six months.

were Roman Catholics, he took the The following is a copy of a short bibles and tracts, and threw them out Letter he sent to a friend, a day or two of the cell, and said, if they read such before the ship sailed.

books he would not hear their confes“ To my friends,

sions. Three of the other went to the All very kind—Mr. Cowell Dervent to suffer. We have no hopes very kind-Mrs. Cowell very kind in- of their salvation: but the three who deed. Little John very good ; Mayree suffered here, we have reason to bevery sorry; me too much cry. Mr. lieve, repented and found mercy. The Cowell make a preach last night, and morning in which they suffered, they go to bed and no cry. Mr. Cowell went into every cell, and exhorted the come this morning, and say, Mayree, people to repent, and believe in Christ. how be you? Mayree say, Very well, At the place of execution, each man and no cry. Mayree make a write to delivered a very affecting speech, and Mrs. Cowell's brother. Poor Mayree begged the thousands who surrounded much like John-be make a pray for them, to attend to the missionaries, me. Good by me. See you no more. to whom they owed under God the sal

IŠ MAYREE.” vation of their souls. After they had

sung a verse of a hymn, the drop fell,

and they were launched into eternity.” MR. EDITOR. Sir, I here send you an extract of a letter from Sydney, New South Wales, on the COMPRESSIBILITY OF water. addressed to myself, dated Aug. 31, 1820.

In the first volume of the Imperial Samuel Leigh, Missionary. Magazine, col. 1009, an article apLondon, Feb. 28, 1821.

peared, describing various experi“Six weeks after you sailed, two ments on the pressure of the ocean. Romish priests arrived, with the sanc- Similar experiments have since been tion of government. They bave large made, by Mr. Jacob Perkin, on his congregations, and are going to build passage from America to this couna chapel. They meet in the court- try, and published in the last numroom. May 19, Mr. and Mrs. Carvosso ber of the Philosophical Transactions, arrived, and were sorry that affliction in a paper entitled the “ Compreshad compelled you to leave the colony sibility of Water.” This article has before they came. Mrs. Carvosso is been handed to us by a correspondent a person of deep piety, and much de- who calls himself Selector. 'voted to the mission work. They are “A strong empty porter bottle was gone to Windsor to live. We are sunk to the depth of 150 fathoms, sorry for it; but as they are willing to having first lightly corked and sealed be any where or any thing, if the Lord it in the following manner.

Six cowill bless their labours, we did not verings of cotton cloth, saturated think it our duty to interfere. They with a composition of sealing wax are much loved and respected. and tar, were strongly fastened over

" May 28, a meeting was held in the cork by a cord wound round them, our chapel for the formation of a Bible directly under the projection at the Association. July 5, a meeting was neck of the bottle. After the bottle held for the formation of a Wesleyan had been suffered to remain at the Missionary Society. Surely these are depth above mentioned a few ninutes, the beginning of good days.

The seed it was drawn up. No water was *which you have sown is growing up: found to have been forced into it

..

ON MUTUAL AFFECTION.

547 Compressibility of Water.-Mutuat Affection. 548 neither was there any visible change expansion of the water, upon being at the mouth.

drawn towards the surface, as was The same bottle was again sunk at the case in the former experiment, the increased depth of 220 fathoms: It is worthy of remark, that when the when drawn in, it was found to con- water from this bottle was poured into tain about a gill of water, but not a tumbler, it effervesced like mineral the slightest visible change had taken water. place in the sealing.

“Experiment 5. In this experiment “ The same bottle was now sunk, for two strong bottles were sunk to the the third time, to the still greater depth of 500 fathoms; one of them depth of 300 fathoms; and when drawn was stopped with a ground glass stopup, only a small part of the neck was per, and well cemented, then placed found attached to the line. Its ap- in a strong canvass bag: when the pearance was truly interesting. The bag was drawn in, it was found that bottle was not broken by external | the bottle had been crushed into many pressure, but evidently by the ex- thousand pieces. The other bottle pansion of the condensed sea-water, was very tightly corked, but not havwhich had found its way through the ing been left down a sufficient length sealing. Upon examination, it was of time, it came up whole, filled to found the cork had been compressed within one and a half inch: the cork into half its length, making folds of had been driven in and remained so; about one-eighth of an inch; and that but the cementation was unaltered, the coverings, consisting of six layers excepting at the surface, where it of cloth and cement, had been torn had become a little concave." up on one side before the bottle burst. The effect produced upon the cork cannot, we imagine, be accounted for but in one way, viz. that the water, divided into very minute particles,

“Of the emotions of pure spirits we may form must, by the surrounding pressure of

conjectures; but we can speak with cer

“ tainty, and scientifically, "of those only the water, have been forced through “ which are known to us by experience.”. the coverings, and filled the bottle;

BEATTIE. that the water thus forced in, and con- MR. EDITOR. densed to a great degree, expanded Sir,–With your permission, I again as the pressure was removed by draw- intrude on the notice of your readers, ing towards the surface, not only so for the purpose of defending that as to press the cork back into the which I have asserted in“ An Ănswer neck, and, owing to the resistance of to a Query. on Mutual Affections,”. the coverings, compress it half its from the criticism of a correspondent size, but to separate the neck from signing M. number 27. col. 462. the body of the bottle.

I am accused by him, not only of Experiment 4. An empty porter asserting improbabilities in the abovebottle, the shortest that could be found, mentioned answer, but of implying an was stopped in the following manner. absolute contradiction in one part, to A cork with a large head was firmly a proposition which have endeadriven into the neck; it was then co-voured to substantiate in another.vered with six layers of fine linen, I now request the candid and imparsaturated with a composition of tar tial reader to be my judge; should he and wax, over them was applied a also consider my opinion as a mass covering of leather, and all perfectly of absurdity, I must rest content, secured by being well bound at the though every feeling of contempt neck. The bottle thus prepared was should be roused against the ignosunk 270 fathoms. When drawn in, rance which prompted me to a deit was found perfectly sound, and the fence of a train of inconsistencies. sealing unchanged; but filled with M. after a recital of my remarks, water to within an inch of the cork. (number 26. col. 350.) adds ;--"Such The coverings were taken off, layer an opinion, I am persuaded, will, upon after layer, but no signs of moisture investigation, be as absolutely refuted were visible. Had the bottle remain as decidedly insisted upon,” meaning ed down a sufficient length of time to (as I should suppose) to say, that have completely filled, it would un- after excluding mutual' affection from doubtedly have been broken by the eternity, I contradictorily assert, as

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549
Mutual Affection.- Education.

550 my opinion, that the joys of futurity, mental perception is evident; yet my will have an intimate dependence on argument is in no danger of suffering it. That my concise remarks will ad-by it. He says, “ If individual affecmit of a construction being put on tion merges for ever after death, all them, sufficiently different to obviate perception must die with it.” I anthe objections he has raised, it is my swer, Certainly it must: instead, howintention in the next place to prove; ever, of consigning the noble faculty in order to which it will be necessary of perception to the shades of oblifor me to return to the words of our vion, I would rather consider it as querist, (number 23. col. 100.) which the embryo of that exalted perception, inquire ;—“ whether it be probable, which, when eternity shall burst upon that mutual affections particularly esta- our view, will enable us to perceive blished between kindred spirits in time, amidst the myriads of the blest, no will be perpetuated in eternity ?It spirit that will not be equally entitled is almost unnecessary for me to re- to our heavenly love—that perception mark, that affections established in which will prove to us we have but time, must be the affections of time ; one Father, which is in heaven;" the affections mentioned in the query, which will prove all those to be our are the affections of time, and I can- brethren, who, during their trial here, not reconcile the idea of their being “ with the spirit of understanding, the affections of eternity. In my an- heard the word of God and kept it." swer, I assert, that “mutual affec

And now, after apologizing for the tions, and the kindred affinity of trespass which I have committed on spirits, are mere relative modes,” &c. those pages which are ever wont to be

consistent only with time:” and better adorned ; and expressing my conclude by saying, that," that affec- determination to controvert no longer tion therefore which subsisted in time, a subject which must inevitably termiwill not be perpetuated in eternity.” nate in mere conjecture, I shall conIt is evident, that my meaning is not clude, with the most perfect good-will to exclude all mutual affections from towards your correspondent M. this immortality, but only those established feeble effort of my pen; presuming, in time; for of the affections to which however, to add, that what I have I have denied an existence hereafter, advanced is my firm opinion; and, I have given a definition, and have until arguments be adduced, as far asserted with what they are consist- superior in force to those wbich have ent; but can this definition, and this already appeared against me, as the assertion of consistency, apply to “an blaze of day is superior to the taper infinitely enlarged system of reciprocal flame of night, I shall consider such love,” or mutual affection? Surely not; opinion consistent with the justice of though I may be able to circum- the Deity; capable of silencing the scribe the bounds of a temporary cavils of the pedant: and I shall look

the like task, when such an forward to the consummation of things, affection shall have been infinitely as the period when angels will attest enlarged, would defy every effort of it with their lips, as the rising blest, human intellect, and finite reason. reclining on the ambient air, enter Infinity cannot be conceived; how the mansions of eternal joy. then can it be defined ?

May 6th, 1821, Priestgate,

T.R. I consider a contradictory argu, Peterborough. ment to consist in the assertion and denial of the same thing.

Mutual affection, and “an infinitely enlarged system of reciprocal love,” are not synonymous terms. Consequently, there are few subjects upon which though the same argument should more treatises have been written than contain a denial of the one, and on Education, and to some of which equally insist on the existence of the the greatest deference is due ; but yet other, no contradiction could possibly when I consider the great importance be implied. This dissipated mist of education, I think it will be a sufis the unsubstantial foundation, upon ficient apology for my offering a few which your correspondent M. has thoughts upon that interesting subject. raised the structure of his reason. The persons to whom I particularly

affection;

ON EDUCATION.

531
Education.--Church of St. Botolph.

552 suppose are capable of affording what | rose to great eminence, and became is called a liberal education.

of importance to his country : Stultus Education is the improving and cul- remained in his first station, unnotivating of our minds, and the polish-ticed, and almost unknown. I shall ing and refining of our manners by conclude with a saying of Socrates,learning.

Learning is an ornament in prosI do not pretend to give a routine perity, and refuge in adversity; those of studies. I leave this to some more who give their children a good educompetent head; but the following cation, furnish them with the means studies I think I may safely recom- of making them both virtuous and mend as steps towards the Temple of happy.”

J. K. Knowledge.

Nothing is more practically useful MR. EDITOR. than English Grammar; for without it Sir,-By the request of 36 Housewe can neither speak nor write our keepers of Bishopsgate parish, I send own language with any degree of pro- you an account of the parish church. priety. I have known a public speaker, I should be much obliged to you to from being ignorant of this, however place it in the Imperial Magazine as original bis ideas might have been, or soon as convenient; the above being what argument soever he might have subscribers to this work. used to support his ideas, who was

I am, &c. scarcely noticed by the intelligent part April 14, 1821. I. Burgess. A. M. of his congregation; and the good which might otherwise have been very Account of the Parish Church of Saint extensive, was confined within a very

Botolph, Bishopsgate. narrow compass.- Next to this I may The church of St. Botolph, Bishopsrecommend Geography, which is ne- gate, is situated on the west side of cessary both in private and active Bishopsgate-street, a little beyond the life. A knowledge of the Classics, at spot where the gate formerly stood. least Latin, if not Greek. Though The ancient church of this parish, these are not absolutely necessary, was a mean building of brick and they improve and strengthen the mind; stone, with a square tower and a and as this is of importance, I strongly turret. It escaped the ravages of the recommend the study of them to every great fire in 1666, but was soon after one who wishes to acquire a liberal found to be so much dilapidated, that education. A thorough acquaintance in the year 1723 it was declared by both with ancient and modern History, the parishioners to be in a state beI deem indispensable; for here we yond reparation, and they accordingly have not only the simple history of applied a third time to parliament on the actions of men, but all their dif- the subject of a bill to rebuild it. ferent passions delineated; in short, An act being obtained for this purwe have man copied ; and it will pose the following year, the present enable us to form our own judgments handsome structure was erected, from upon the different transactions of our a design by Mr. J. Gold, and it was own time.-To be well acquainted consecrated in the year 1728.

The with these things will certainly require body of the church is of red brick upon some trouble and pains, but by plen- a stone basement, and is strengthened tifully implanting in our minds the and ornamented with stone coignes, seeds of knowledge, what an ample cornices, and window frames. The harvest shall we reap! It will qualify interior is handsome and well ar. us to fill any station in life in which ranged; the roof is supported by pilwe may be placed; it will enable us lars, which rise from the floor, and to become valuable members of soci- sustain the gallery. Contrary to the ety, and to enjoy all the pleasures and old absurd rule, of placing the steeple happiness of a rational and cultivated at the west end of the church, howmind.

ever disadvantageously from the situSapiens and Stultus were brothers, ation of the building, that ornament -apparently with the same advan- rises at the east end of the church, tages. Sapiens applied himself to which is next the street, and here it learning, and well improved every is seen in a very favourable point of moment of his time : Stultus wasted view. The church has a stone frontishis time in trifles and folly.- Sapiens piece of the Doric order, with a pedi

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