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573 Review- Essay on the Utility of Sea-Bathing. 574 staff, to plunge into the waters “ hissing hot,' interest to his sensible remarks upon than to enfeeble the living forces of the sys- this subject, by the following narratem by so banefal a piece of caution."--p.72. tion. The Essay contains a particular
The practice of the Persian physicians, enumeration of those maladies, which and of those in the regions southward, is well bathing is calculated to remove or exemplified in the case of Sir John Chardin, alleviate. Nervous diseases, scro- in the seventeenth century. At Bender, on phula, gout, rheumatism, epilepsy, the Persian Gulph, Sir John was attacked indigestion, and many more of the with the epidemic fever, that raged there, acevils which afflict and thin our species, companied with delirium. He was removed are brought forward; many observa- from the bad air at that place, to Laar, and tions are made upon their causes, na
was attended by the governor's physician. tures, &c.; and the manner in which I am dying with heat,” exclaimed the pa
tient." I know it,” said his physician, "but bathing acts to their cure is pointed
you shall soon be cooled.” He was ordered out.
a cooling confection, some bottles of emulsion, Mr. Williams, while he prescribes and several pints of willow water and ptisan. bathing as a remedy in nervous cases, the malignant flame still raged unabated. has the candour to acknowledge that some snow was then procured of the goverthe hypochondriac is often indebted to nor; and his apothecary, after filling a large the change, the society, and the re- vase with willow water and barley water, put creations of a watering-place, for the a large lump of snow into it, and when half benefit he experiences; and this con- melted, presented it to his patient to take his cession he illustrates with the following fill. The bed was then stretched along the whimsical story.
ground of the room, but it was thought to heat
him, and the patient was laid on a mạt with“The celebrated Sydenham, was once much out any covering, and two men were placed perplexed with a low-spirited patient, for at his side to fan him. The air was filled whose relief he had exhausted all the resources with a cool spray from the water constantly of bis art; but he had the penetration to dis- thrown on the floor. But all this was inefcover, that if he could furnish him with a mo- fectual to allay the heat. Sir John was now tive of sufficient interest to divert the current placed in a chair, and while supported by asof his ideas from the cherished theme, he sistants, had two buckets of cold water poured might procure him relief. The nobleman was
over him; and his apothecary then took a therefore informed, that there dwelt at Inver- bottle of rose-water, and bathed his face, dess in Scotland, a physician of great and de- arms, and breast.
The French surgeon served celebrity, in the cure of the disorder standing by, exclaimed, “ They will kill you, under which he suffered; and Sydenham told Sir!” But Sir John finding himself refreshed his titled patient, since he could do po more and recruited, persisted in submitting to the for him, he would give him a letter to carry native doctors, congratulating himself on to the more skilful Dr. Robinson. The no- being privileged with such delicious treatbleman seized the idea with eagerness, imme- ment. His fever abated, and bis senses rediately prepared for his long journey, and turned to the astonishment of his own friends, from the strong interest of a new motive and who expected that nothing short of death pursuit, and the various engagements on the could happen to him from so strange a pracroad, he had forgotten his malady before he tice. During his convalescence, he was orreached Inverness. On his arrival in that dered emulsions of the cold seeds, and abuntown, no Dr. Robinson could be found, after dance of raw cucumbers, water melons, and the strictest search, and the ahused invalid pears, with luxurious draughts of his snowresolved to hasten back to London, to load cooled potation, which effectually extinguishhis physician with reproaches, for having ed all his remaining feverish beat.”—p. 144. wilfully deceived him. With this paramount idea in his mind, which occupied the place of
The reader who takes up Mr. Wil his former association of distempered notions, liams' book, expecting to find its pages be reached home, and instantly summoned rigidly confined to the subject of bathSydenham to his presence, and demanded how ing, will be agreeably disappointed. he dared to abuse his confidence in sending Mr. Williams' excursive imagination him on such a fool's errand ! Sydenham has travelled into various departments gravely, asked, if he found himself relieved ? of science and literature, and brought The patient replied, that he was now well
, but together a mass of valuable informahe had not to thank him or Dr. Robinson for tion from all quarters. He is indeed it , and continued his severest invectives, &c.” sufficiently full of his subject, and he p. 108.
imparts so much interest to it, that Mr. Williams, it would appear, is a the reader, however thoughtless, or strong advocate for the cool treatment however fearful, insensibly resolves in. cases of fever, He gives pleasing upon a dip. But if this book should
576 be read by the patient, for the prescrip- Review.--Epsom Salt not a Nostrum, tions, cautions, and directions in the
being Remarks on a Tract, entitled. use of the cold and warm bath, which
“ Instructions for the proper use of it contains; it may also be read by the philosopher for its scientific research,
Epsom Salt,” &c. By c. W. John
To which are appended, some by the scholar for its numerous clas
Considerations relative to certain alsic allusions, and by the general reader for its fund of miscellaneous and va
leged cases of Poisoning, by mistaking
the Oxalic Acid, and other deleterious luable information. Mr. Williams has evidently brought
substances, for this Salt. to the investigation of his subject, a
Goose. 8vo. pp. 36.
Baldwin, Crahigh degree of mental energy, and no
dock & Joy; and Simpkin & Marsmall share of industry.
shall, London. reading, nor study, nor experiment, THERE are not many controversies has been spared in the prosecution of easily to be understood, except by the his work. The quotations we have parties engaged in them, and few can made are an adequate specimen of his include more difficulties than those style, which throughout the whole book which refer to chemical subjects. In will be found lively, luxuriant, and reply to the claims of Mr. C. W. figurative; we think too much so, for Johnson, Mr. Goose undertakes to a work whose predominating feature prove, that no individual has any right is scientific, but perhaps not too much to demand from the public an exclu80, for the class of readers among sive patronage, either as the maker or whom it will most extensively circu- the vender of Epsom Salt,--that his Iate.
claims to superiority are unfounded, Our commendation of this volume -and that the charges brought against is by no means unqualified. It con- deleterious articles having been sold tains some specimens of what we do under delusive appearances, may be not hesitate to pronounce negligent traced to causes, which have no imwriting. The public, however, will mediate connection with the Salt excuse this, when they think of an under consideration. On both of these eminent Practitioner, in a populous points, Mr. G. seems to have argued district, whose rapper is never still; successfully; but we think his pamand whose circle of patients presents phlet would be more generally accept, diseases, so numerous, so diversified, able, if, divested of personalities and that their names alone are more than local allusions, it had only aimed to the head of an ordinary person can embrace science, principle, and fact. contain. The candour of Mr. Williams will excuse our notice of these inattentions; and his pen will correct them in the second edition of his Essay. The book is a good book; but The Wesleyan Missions, which a few he who wrote it can write a better. years since were too diminutive to
excite much attention, except among Review.-The Importance of Religion have now attained such a degree of
those by whom they were supported, in Early Life ; a Discourse delivered eminence, as to hold a conspicuous at the New Chapel, Portsmouth, on Sunday, March 11th, 1821. By the anniversary brings with it fresh evi
rank in the Christian world. Every Rev. James Bromley. p. 20. Ports- dence of their increasing prosperity
, mouth; Mills, fc.
and furnishes new proofs of the advanThis discourse seems to be adapted tages which result from the active to the situation and comprehension of co-operation of their advocates, and those young persons, for whose benefit of their beneficial tendency among it was delivered. The observations the heathen nations of the earth. are plain and practical, calculated to The annual meeting of the London enforce the necessity of seeking after District Auxiliary society, was held a communion with God in early life. on the 25th of April, in Great QueenThe motives on which this is urged, street chapel, Mr. Alderman Rothare obvious to every capacity; and well in the chair. The Report was read the advantages to be derived from by the Rev. Mr. Watson. The speakers piety, appear as the inevitable result. on this occasion were, the Rev. J. Buck
578 ley, L. Haslop, Esq. Rev. E. Grind- Col. Munro, Rev. W. Ward, S. Armrod, W. Blair Esq. Rev. J. Anderson, strong, Esq. Rev. H. F. Burder, B. $. T. Armstrong, Esq. J. Bulmer, Esq. Shaw, Esq.Joseph Carne, Esq. J. VanRev. R. Watson, N. Bingham, Esq. der Smisson, Esq. from Hamburgh, Rev. J. Gaulter, Rev. F. Caulder, Rev. T. Lessey, Rev. Jabez Bunting; Rev. J. Taylor, Rev. J. Scott, H. Rev. R. Newton, and Mr. W. G. Noyes, Esq. and the Rev. J. Bunting. Scarth from Leeds.
Of the important objects which they In a compendium like this, it would had in view, various surveys were be folly to attempt enumerating even taken by the respective speakers, one half of the excellent things, which from every one of which they were were advanced by the various speakfurnished with motives to persevere ers. Every one seemed to place the in the glorious cause which they had subject in a light that was new and undertaken to support. The zeal and advantageous, and the numerous inci-. animation manifested on the occa- dents which were introduced cannot sion, have been seldom equalled, fail to be long remembered by those perhaps never surpassed. A spirit who heard them. of genuine philanthropy breathed of the formidable difficulties which throughout the whole assembly, so obstruct Missionary exertions in India, that speakers and hearers appeared the Rev. Mr. Ward presented an to be actuated by one harmonious awful catalogue. But over these, in impulse. Several anecdotes were in numerous instances, the gospel has
troduced by the various speakers, risen triumphantly, thus encouraging i tending at once to diffuse life through its friends to persevere, and proving | out the assembly, and to illustrate its origin to be divine.
the interesting subjects under consideration.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE
The annual meeting of this society, of which the preceding is only a On the second of May, the sevenbranch, was held on Monday April teenth anniversary of this astonishing 30th, in the New Chapel, City Road, institution was held at Freemason's London. Prior to the meeting, it had Hall, Great Queen-street, Lincoln'sbeen expected, that Joseph Butter- Inn Fields. The Right Hon. Lord worth, Esq. M. P. would preside; but Teignmouth, President, in the chair. being prevented from attending by At this anniversary, the chief speasome unavoidable business, Colonel kers were, the Rev. John Owen, the Sandys was nominated, and unani- Earl of Harrowby, the Right Hon. mously requested to take the chair. Viscount Loughton, the Right Hon. This pious gentleman, who is a native the Chancellor of the Exchequer, W. of Cornwall, having spent upwards of Evans, Esq.M.P., the Hon. and Right twenty years in India, was intimately Rev. the Lord Bishop of Gloucester, acquainted with the prejudices and the Right Hon. Lord Calthorpe, His general character of the Hindoos, and RoyalHighness the Duke of Gloucester, therefore admirably qualified for the Rev. Thomas Gisborne, Rev. John office to which he was chosen.
Brown, Lord Bentinck, the Right The Report, which was read by the Hon. Charles Grant, Rev. W. Jowett, Rev. R. Watson, stated, that under Rev. Jabez Bunting, Joseph John the direction of the committee, nearly Gurney, Esq. George Sandford, Esq. 150 missionaries now filled upwards and Sir T. D. Ackland. of 100 important stations ;-that up- The Report, which was read by the wards of 27,000 members had been Rev. John Owen, stated, that, during united in religious society ;-and that the preceding year, 104,828 Bibles, both in the East and West Indies, and 142,127 Testaments, had been dismany thousands of children were in tributed; which, added to those of structed in schools which had been former years, made a total of 3,201,978. established, Ceylon alone containing It appeared also, from the statement nearly 5000, who receive daily instruc- given by this gentleman, that the total
expenditure of the year amounted to The principal speakers on this oc- £75,000, of which £26,270 had been casion were, the Rev. W. Griffiths, for Bibles, and that the receipts for John Poynder, Esq.W.H. Trant, Esq. I the year amounted to £89,154.
580 It appears from the accounts pre-sinian languages ;-that in Calcutta sented at the meeting, that prosperity and the northern India district, schools continues to attend the Bible Society had been established, in which about in every part of the world ;-that the 2000 children were receiving educaprejudices which were formerly raised tion ;-that in India several native against it have gradually disappeared ; schoolmasters had rendered their as— that some of its former enemies have sistance ;—that many thousands of lately become its friends;—that others tracts had been circulated ;—and that have retired in silence from the contest a great desire for reading the scripin which they have been vanquished by tures prevailed. The receipts of mothe spirit of benevolence; that branch nies during the year, amounted to societies have been formed in the £33,921. 10s. 8d. and the total of exmost unpromising regions ;—that their penditure to £31,991. 58. 10d. numbers regularly increase ;—and that The speeches delivered at this meetnone of its illustrious supporters have ing, chiefly referred to some one or grown weary in well doing. Of the other of the articles enumerated in benefits which had resulted from the the preceding Report. Of the inhucirculation of the scriptures, many manity which still prevails in India pleasing testimonies were also given, towards infants and widows, the Rev. drawn from quarters, where, in all Mr. Thompson drew a melancholy probability, had it not been for the picture, that completely contradicted Bible Society, the inhabitants would an opinion which had been propagathave lived and died without hope, and ed, namely, that the burning of wiwithout God in the world. Into the dows was confined to the bigher languages spoken by the northern na- classes, and that those who suffered tions of Europe, the Bible had been were voluntary victims. He had seen translated: in Arabic, it had been un- instances that completely falsified dertaken by an Abyssinian; and in these statements; and the cruelties Chinese, a translation of the whole which he had been called to witness, scriptures was already accomplished. demanded our compassionate activity These were grounds of future antici- and exertions. pation, and presages of success. The soil was cultivated, the seed was sown, and furnished promises of an abundant harvest.
On Thursday the 3d of May, the ninth anniversary of this society was held
at Stationer's Hall, Ludgate-street, Of this Society, the twenty-first an- when, as both the President and Viceniversary was held on the 1st of May, President were absent, Joseph Wilson, at Freemason's Hall, Great Queen- Esq., the treasurer, was called to the street, when the Right Hon. Lord chair. Gambier was called to the chair.
On this occasion, speeches were On this occasion, the principal delivered by — Macaulay, Esq. John speakers were, Rev. Josiah Pratt, Poynder, Esq. Hon. and Rev. G. Noel, Hon. Lord Loughton, Rev. W. Dealtry, Rev. Mr. Jowett, Rev. Charles Simeon, Rev. W. Jowett, Rev. E. Burn, Lord Rev. Daniel Wilson, Rev. Mr. Marsh, Bishop of Gloucester, Rev.Mr. Thomp- Rev. Mr. Burn, Rev. W. Dealtry, and son, Charles Grant, Esq. Sir Charles the Rev. Mr. Bickersteth. Macartney, Rev. Dr. Thorpe, Rev. The Report, which was read by the Dr. Steinkopff, Hon. and Rev. Gerard Rev. C. Ř. Pritchett, the Secretary, Noel, and the Rev. D. Wilson.
stated, that the committee had distriThe Report, of which an abstract buted 8982 bound Prayer Books and was read by the Rev. Mr. Pratt, Psalters, and 49,022 Homilies and stated, that during the preceding year, Tracts. The receipts of the year the society had acquired new acces- amounted to £1993. 13s. 10d. and the sion of strength;-that many indivi- disbursements to £2170.58. 10d. This duals of considerable influence had excess of expenditure had arisen from co-operated in the grand design ;- the extension of the society's operathat additional branch societies had | tions to foreign countries. been formed :--that the scriptures
In the speeches which were deliverwere preparing in the Maltese & Abys- ed at this anniversary, many warm
PRAYER BOOK AND HOMILY SOCIETY.
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
581 Liverpool Bible Society. Literary Notices. 582 but descrved eulogiums were passed creeds. Throughout the day, the uton the form of sound words which the most harmony prevailed. Under the Liturgy contains, and on the truths of influence of the general wish which the gospel included in the Homilies. was manifested, to spread a knowBetween the church of England and ledge of the Gospel among heathen that of Rome, a striking contrast was nations, party distinctions disappearexhibited; and the interests of the ed; and mutual pledges were given former were advocated with much to one another by those present, to eloquence, and warmth of feeling. persevere in the arduous work which Towards others who were not so cor- they had undertaken. The meeting dially attached to the establishment continued until about four o'clock. as themselves, a spirit of enlightened A collection as usual was made at the liberality was displayed, and the door, which we understand correspondgrand aim appeared to be to do good. ed with the benevolent spirit for which
Liverpool has been long and so justly
distinguished, but of the exact amount AUXILIARY BIBLE SOCIETY, LIVER
we have not been informed. POOL.
(The remaining Anniversaries we hope will be Pursuant to public notice, the anni- given in our next.) versary of this benevolent Institution, was held on Wednesday, May 16th, in the Music Hall, Bold-street. The
Literary Notices. business began about 12 o'clock, at Just published, in 2 vols. 8vo. Memoirs of which time this large and commodious the Mexican Revolution, by William Davis room was nearly filled, with a most Robinson. respectable company.
A clear systematic View of the Evidences
Sir J. Tobin, of Christianity, 1 vol. 8vo. By !. Macardy: late Mayor of Liverpool, having been
A description of Modern Birmingham, 1 vol. called to the chair, a general Report 8vo. By Charles Pye. was introduced; which, after some The Vicar of Iver, a Tale. By the Author gentlemen had spoken, was succeeded of the Italian Convert. 12mo. 38. 6d. by another, referring exclusively to Kings ; for the amusement and instruction of
A Compendium of the History of the Jewish that branch which had been conduct Youth; embellished with sixteen coloured Ened by the Ladies. But, although both gravings. 18mo. 3s. of these Reports were admirably writ- Two Sermons : one on the death of Mr. J. ten, and their contents deeply inte- Billing; and the other addressed to Young resting, as they were deemed too long Persons. By J. Styles. D.D. 2s. to be wholly read, some parts were edition, enlarged and improved. 12mo, 5s.
Burder's Missionary Anecdotes.
A new omitted. This plan, if frequently History of the Persecutions endured by the adopted, would rarely fail to ensure Protestants of the South of France, and more general satisfaction. On public oc- especially of the department of the Gard, durcasions, the length of the Report is ing the years 1814, 1815, 1816, &c. including
a Defence of their Conduct, from the Revolualmost incessantly a subject of com
tion to the present period. By the Rev. Mark plaint. Most of those who attend, Wilks. 2 vols. 8vo. 185. would rather hear a bad speech, than The Sapport of the Christian Ministry ; a a good Report.
Sermon, preached at the Nether Chapel, ShefOn behalf of the parent Society in field, before the Associated Churches and MiLondon, the Rev. Mr. Owen, one of nisters assembled there, April 25th, 1821. By
the Rev. J. Bennett, of Rotherbam. Third the Secretaries, was present, whose Edition, 1s. 6d. eloquence, and statements of facts, Spiritual Recreations in the Chamber of excited a considerable degree of in- Afiction, or Pious Meditations in Verse, terest. Several clergymen from the written during a protracted illness of thirteen town and neighbouring parishes at- years. By Eliza. Post 8vo. 6s. boards.
In the Press, in one volume octavo, a Gramtended, and spoke in succession, in mar of the Sunscrit Language, on a new plan. conjunction with various ministers By the Rev. Wm. Yates. belonging to the Independents, Bap- The Bee, No. 22, has just been issued from tists, Methodists, and Presbyterians. the Caxton Press. Both the place and the occasion exhibited a kind of neutral ground, on The Coronation is expected to take place which the advocates of jarring senti- early in July. About 2800 medals, nearly the ments might meet without hostility, size of a half crown, are to be coined. One and for a few moments lay aside the that is very large will be preserved as a mepeculiar dogmas of their respective morial of this event.