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QUERIES TO CORRESPONDDENTS.
2.-On Jewish Ceremonies. 1.-On Baptism.
Scriptor, asks, upon what authority A Correspondent who calls himself Jewish customs are abolished, among Lex, asks, whether Baptism is as ne- us, since Christ and his disciples concessary as Circumcision was, even formed to many, such as the Passover, admitting the former to have been &c.? He would be glad to receive a substituted for the latter ?
few observations on this point.
COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, MAY 21, 1821. OUR external commerce still languishes; and so many obstacles appear to present themselves, that we fear a complete revival is rather distant. One great measure has, however, been accomplished; we allude to the resumption of Cash Payments by the Bank of England : and in a short time, the quantity and quality of circulating medium, necessary for the country, will be ascertained. It is anticipated by some well-informed men, that a general revival of trade will be consequent upon this measure ; for our own parts, we are not quite so sanguine, and we should like to see something like a reciprocity of intercourse established between this and other countries; and we are happy to perceive, that the Committees of Trade are alive to this important subject, and, in bringing forward the equalization of the Timber duties, they have given a kind of pledge--that other lines or branches of commerce will receive their investigation.
In recapitulating the transactions of our market, since our last, little variety will be found the prices of most articles have experienced little fluctuation, though some interest will probably be excited in perusing the details.
The sales of Cotton, during the preceding foar weeks, amount to 28,270 packages. On the 13th instant, large Sales by Auction, of this article, took place : the attendance of the trade was not numerous—the Sea Islands went off heavily, at a depression of ld. per lb.-Brazils declined about 1d.-Orleans maintained their previous currency; the other descriptions experienced no variation. The sales of the last week consisted of 6,976 packages, of which the following were sold by private contract:2080 Bags, Bowed, 9d. to 103d.
220 Bags, Demerara, 12d. to 14d. 450 do. Orleans, 10 d. to 13d.
150 do. Geraes, 10d. to 10 d. 40 do. Mobile, 9 d.
110 do. Carthagena, 7 d. 80 do. Sea Islands, 17d. to 210,
220 do. Cuba, 10 d. 120 do. Pernams, 13d. to 13 d.
100 do. Surats, 7 d. to 8d. 90 do. Maranham, 12 d.
250 do. Bengal, 7 d. 360 do. Bahia, 12d. to 12 d. Of British Plantation Sugars, the sales of the month amount to 2250 hogsheads; the low qua. lities have sustained a depression of 1s. 6d. to 2s. per cut. The present rates are certainly reasonable. The following are the quotations :--for low browns, 54s. to 58s.--middling, 59s. to 658.-good middling, 66s. to 70s.-good bright, 71s. to 758.-five, 76s. to 80s. On the 18th instant, 1000 bags of Bengal Sugars, found purchasers at 74s. for good white; and low whites at 68s.
The demand for Coffee is far from being animated ; at the last public sale, the prices ruled for Demerara Coffee, fine middling, 128s. to 129s. 6d. - low middling, 119s. to 121s.-ordinary, 114s. &c. Cocoa is in tolerable request.
Rums go off in small quantities, without any improvement in price. Jamaicas, 16s. O.P. have been sold as low as ls. 10d. per gallon, in bond. Brandy and Geneva partake the same dulness.
Tobacco has undergone little or no variation ; the demand for home consumption and export being very limited. American Rice is more inquired after
;-at 30s. to 32s. per cwt. d. p. Naval Stores.
The late imports of Turpentine have been all disposed of, at 128. to 136. per cwt. All the late arrivals of American Tar have likewise been sold at 13s. 6d. to 15s. per barrel. There has been no import from Stockholm as yet, the price is nominally 188. per barrel. Pine Timber is very steady at 20zd. per foot, and large quantities are daily taken out of the market. Several cargoes of Timber, from Memel and Dantzig, are on the way.
Dyewoods are rather more inquired after. Campeachy Logwood, fetches £9. to £9.55. Cuba Fustic, £9. per ton.
Tallow is recovering from its late depression, and Y. C. sells readily at 50s. 6d. Palm Oil has advanced to £35. per tun.
The imports of Hides from Buenos Ayres still continue on a large scale, and very extensive sales have taken place ---the prices are 91d. to 9gd for good quality, whilst a few prime have obtained 10d. to 10 d per lb. Horse Hides, 6s. to 7s. 6d. eaeh.
The transactions in our Corn Market are very inconsiderable; a great dalness prevails, without producing much declension of price. English Oats, and Barley, are rather lower. Sour Flour, in bond, has attracted the notice of speculators.-500 barrels of New Orleans, have been sold at 13s. 3d. per barrel, in bond.
There have been some arrivals of New Irish Batter, and Cork new-3ds. sells at 88s. per ewt.
Several vessels which went out from bence to the Seal Fishery, on the new-discovered group of Islands, situated to the south of Cape Horn, have returned to London with full cargoes.
PRINTED BY H. FISHER, LIVERPOOL, PRINTER IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJESTY.
Adam Sireh-goma Manhi Rathanal
Formerly a High Puiset of Boodhu) Educated in England bythehet Ádam (tarke, LLD.
OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.
“ MEN IN SAVAGE LIFE, ARE DESTITUTE OF BOOKS.'
White Shark, (Sq. Carcharias). The MONTHLY OBSERVATIONS.
following fact will shew how retentive With a Catalogue of all really British these creatures are of life: in 1820,
when some fishermen were employed Plants, as they come into Flower.
at a distance from land, in fishing for pilchards, a blue shark, about five or
six feet long, came about the boat, As January is the coldest, so this is the and soon took a bait.
After beating hottest month in all the countries of it about the snout with a club until it the northern hemisphere; and fre- appeared to be helpless, it was taken quently in England the direct beams into the boat, and the head divided of the sun are as warm as under from the body, between the spiracles the Line ; in consequence of this, rural and pectoral fins. It was then thrown labour ceases in the middle of the overboard, and it immediately sunk. day; and both men and cattle recruit Some time elapsed, when it was seen their vigour by a mid-day nap. The to rise again, and it continued movtillage of turnips is just ended, and ing about with its accustomed activity, some showers are much wanted to in different directions, for an hour and cause the seed to vegetate ; when this half; and when the boat left the place, is long delayed, a good crop is not it appeared to have suffered no dimiexpected. This is the time also, when nution of its vigour. Sunfishes (Diothe hay harvest is finishing in the don Astringa) appear on the coast, north. The singing of birds is not and lie (sometimes appearing to be so lively as it has been; they are pre- asleep) on the surface of the water, paring to change their feathers, a pro- with a third part of their body above. cess which they undergo annually, but The Launce (Ammodytes) comes into which is peculiarly destructive to shallow water, and is followed by the those which are kept prisoners in a smaller order of rapacious fishes ; to cage. The Redbreast is usually the escape from which it hides itself in first of British birds that moults, and the sand. consequently the first that resumes In this month, the different species its song, which it does in the follow- of solitary Bees abound; but in some ing month. About this time, the years they are much more abundant Cuckoo migrates, being the first of than in others, and it would appear our birds of passage that leaves us; it that the egg or larva must lie torpid is supposed to go to the interior of for many years, until a favourable Africa.
season calls it into life. Some acTrout are observed sporting in the count of one species, (Apis Centuncusun, in the deepest parts of the rivers, laris) I have given in the second vobut they will not then take a bait; | lume of this work, col. 653. They are they may be taken in the evening, but seen searching every cranny for a hole especially early in the morning. Fishes in which to deposit an egg, and for of the Whale tribe (Balæna, Physetu this purpose they quarter out the space & Delphinus) are now active in the as regularly as a setting dog ; but pursuit of small fish; and often, in the they will not use a hole that is charged ardour of pursuit, get themselves into with filth. Caterpillars abound, and situations of real danger. Sharks are found devouring the different spealso abound, and prey on every thing cies of Cabbage ; but it is said that they can swallow, alive or dead. beating the leaves with elder, or sprinkFourteen or fifteen species are found ling them with water in which potaon the British coasts at this time, of toes have been boiled, will protect wbich the most formidable are, the them from their depredations. NuBlue Shark, (Squalus Glaucus,) and merous spots of froth are often seen No. 29,- VOL. III.
588 in gardens or hedges, on furze, or in- Least Gentianella, Exacum filiforme ; deed any low shrub; and they form a Alpine Ladies' Mantle, Alchemilla curious contrast with the excessive alpina; Broad-leaved Pondweed, Podryness of every thing around. They tamogeton natans, and eight other speproceed from the larvæ of the Cicada cies,; Allseed, Radiola millegrana ; Spumaria, and form the protection Sea Lungwort, Pulmonaria maritima ; which Nature has provided for that Tuberous-rooted Comfrey, Symphydelicate frame.
tum tuberosum ; Yellow Loosestrife, Another, and still more extraordi- | Lysimachia vulgaris ; Tufted Loosenary insect that appears this month, strife, L. thyrsiflora ; Bog Pimpernel, is the Glow-worm, which lights up Anagallis tenella ; Trailing Azalea, A. its little lamp when the evening closes, procumbens; Great Bindweed, Confor purposes concerning which there volvulus sepium ; Sea Bindweed, C. has been much controversy among soldanella ; Spreading Bell-flower, naturalists. This light proceeds from Campanula patula; Rampion Bellthe under side of the three last rings flower, C. rapunculus ; Nettle-leaved of the body, and is entirely volun- Bell-flower, T. trachelium ; Clusterd tary: The little creature always keeps Bell-flower, C. glomerata ; Water Loon the ground; and the luminous part belia, L. dortmanna; Great, white, is most usually bent forward, and yellow, black, and Moth Mullein, Versometimes twisted towards one side, bascum thapsus, lychnitis, pulveruin the direction of the eyes, which are lentum, nigrum, & blattaria; Thorn under the thorax. When it moves, it Apple, Datura Stramonium; Henis by a little start, the light is again bane, Hyoscyamus niger; Common bent forward, and sometimes extraor- Centaury, Chironia centaureum; Wadinary pains are taken to direct it to- ter Pimpernel, Samolus valerandi; wards the head. Hence it would Upright Honeysuckle, Lonicera xylosseem as if designed to assist the little trum ; Whorled Knotgrass, Illecebrum creature in its search after its food. verticillatum; Bastard Toadflax, The
Come into flower in July :-Commonsium linophyllum ; Smooth RuptureChara, Chara vulgaris; Prickly Chara, wort, Herniaria glabra; Hairy RupC. hispida; Smooth Chara, C. flexilis; turewort, H. hirsuta ; White GooseMountain Circæa, C. alpina; Spiked foot, Chenopodium album; Allseed Speedwell, Veronica spicata; Welsh Goosefoot, *c. polyspermum ; Sea Speedwell, V. hybrida; Blue Rock Goosefoot, C. maritimum; Prickly Speedwell, V. sexatilis ; Flesh-co- Saltwort, Salsola kali; Shrubby_Saltloured Shrubby Speedwell, V. fruti- wort, s. fruticosa; Sea Eryngo, Erynculosa ; Alpine Speedwell, V. alpina; gium maritimum; Field Eryngo, E. Brooklime, V. becabunga; Long-leav- campestre ; Thoroughwax, Bupleued Brooklime, V. anagallis; Narrow- rum rotundifolium ; Hare's-Ear, B. leaved Marsh Brooklime, V. scutel- tenuissimum ;Prickly Samphire, Echi
Hooded and lesser hooded Mil- nophora spinosa ; Great Bur Parsley, foil, Utricularia vulgaris & minor; Caucalis latifolia; Upright Hedge Gipsywort, Lycopus europæus; Mea- Parsley, C. anthriscus; Spreading dow Clary, Salvia pratensis; Yellow Hedge Parsley, c. infesta; Marsh Iris, 1. pseudacorus; Eleven species of Milky Parsley, Selinum palustre; Rush, Schoenus, Cyperus, & Scirpus Common Cow Parsnep, Heracleum genera; Fifty-four species of Grass, sphondylium; Scottish and Cornish Nardus, Phalaris, Sanicum, Phleum, Lovage, Ligusticum Scoticum & CorAlopecurus, Aira, Holcus, Poa, Briza, nubiense ; Wild Angelica, A. sylvesCynosurus, Festuca, Bromus, Stipa, tris ; Broad and narrow-leaved Water Avena, Lolium, Elymus, & Triticum ; Parsnep, Sium latifolium & angusti. Wild Teasel, Dipsacus Sylvestris; folium; Procumbent and Whorled Field Scabious, Scabiosa arvensis; Water Parsnep, S. nodiflorum & verWhite Water Bedstraw, Galium pa- ticillatum; Common Water Dropwort, lustre: Rough Heath Bedstraw, G. (Enanthe fistulosa ; Parsley Water Witheringii; Smooth Heath Bedstraw, Dropwort, E. pimpinelloides; HemG, sexatile ; Corn Bedstraw, G. tri- lock Water Dropwort, (E. crocata; corne ; Least Mountain Bedstraw, G. Lesser Hemlock, Ethusa cynapium; tricorne; Yellow Bedstraw, G. verum;
Wild Parsnep, Pastinaea sativa; ComGreat Hedge Bedstraw, G. mollugo; mon Fennel, Anethum foeniculum; Cross-leaved Bedstraw, G. boreale; Common and Great Burnet Saxifrage,