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Monthly Observations.

590 Pimpinella saxifraga & magna; Dwarfrey, S. subulata ; Purple Loosestrife, Elder, Sambucus ebulus; Tamarisk, | Lythrum salicaria; Weld, Reseda Tamarix gallica; Strapwort, Corri. luteola; Base Rocket, R. lutea; Purgiola littoralis; Thrift, Statice arme- ple Spurge, Euphorbia peplis; and ria; Sea Lavender, S. limonium ; five other species; House Leek, SemMatted Sea Lavender, S. reticulata; pervivum tectorum; Willow-leaved Common and Narrow-leaved Paleflax, Spiræa, s. salicifolia ; Dropwort, S. Linum usitatissimum & angustifolium; filipendula ; Burnet Rose, Rosa spiProcumbent Sibbaldia, S. procum- nosissima; Prickly unexpanded Rose, bens; Round-leaved, Long-leaved, and R. involuta ; Hazel-leaved Bramble, Great Sundew, Drosera rotundifolia, Rubus corylifolius ; CommonBramble, longifolia, & anglica; Great round- Rubus fruticosus; Mountain Avens, headed Garlick, Allium ampelopra- Dryas octopetala; Yellow-horned sum; Sand Garlick, A. arenarium ; Poppy, Glaucium luteum; Mongrel Mountain Garlick, A. carinatum; and White Poppy, Papaver hybridum Streaked Field Garlick, A. olera- & somniferum ; Yellow and White ceum; Crow Garlick, A. vineale; Water Lily, Nymphæa lutea & alba; Asphodel, Narthecium ossifragum; Limetree, Tilia Europæa; DottedTen species of Rush, Juncus ; Smooth leaved and common Dwarf Cistus, and Powdery Seaheath, Frankenia Cistus surrejanus & helianthemum ; levis & pulverulenta ; Water Purslane, Columbine, Aquilegia vulgaris ; Water Peplis portula ; Bloody-veined Dock, Soldier, Stratiotes aloides; Traveller's Rumex sanguineus; Sharp Dock, R. Joy, Clematis vitalba; Common Meaacutus; Broad-leaved Dock, R. obtu- dow Rue, Thalictrum flavum ; Greater sifolius; Golden Dock, R. maritimus; Spearwort, Ranunculus lingua; Little Yellow Marsh Dock, R. palustris; Upright Crawfoot, R. parvulus; AlGreater Water Dock, R. aquaticus; pine Bugle, Ajuga alpina; Wood Marsh Arrow Grass, Triglochin pa- Sage, Teucrium scorodonia ; Water lustre; Great and Floating Water Germander, T. scordium; Wall GerPlantain, Alisma plantago, & natans; mander, T. chamædrys; Catmint, NeSeven species of Willow Herb, Epi- peta cataria; Vervain, Verbena offilobium ; Yellow Centaury, Chlora per- cinalis ; Bergamot Mint, M. odorata; foliata; Cross-leaved and Cornish Downy Hemp Nettle, Galeopsis vilHeath, Erica tetralix & vagans ; Am- losa; Common Hemp Nettle, G. tephibious Persicaria, Polygonum am- trahit; Bee Nettle, G. versicolor; phibium; Spotted Persicaria, P: per- Betony, B. officinalis ; Hedge, Downy, sicaria ; Pale-flowered Persicaria, P. and Corn Woundwort, Stachys sylvalapathifoliam; Buckwheat, P. fago- tica, germanica, & arvensis; Black pyrum; Round-leaved Wintergreen, Horehound, Bullota nigra ; White Pyrola rotundifolia ; Lesser Winter- Horehound, Marrubium vulgare ; Mogreen, P. minor; Serrated Winter- therwort, Leonurus cardiaca; Marjogreen, P. secunda; Single-flowered rum, Origanum vulgare; Wild and Wintergreen, P. uniflora; Clustered Bazil Thyme, Thymus serpyllum & Alpine, Yellow Mountain, and droop- arinos; Calamint, T. calamintha ; ing Bulbous Saxifrage, Saxifraga Common Skull-cap, Scutellaria galenivalis, aizoides, & cernua; Annual riculata ; Self-heal, Prunella vulgaris; Knawel, Scleranthus annuus; Dept- Alpine Bartsia, B. alpina; Yellow, ford Pink, Dianthus armeria; Proli- Viscid, and Red Bartsia, B. viscosa & ferous Pink, D. prolifer ; Clove Pink, odontites; Eyebright, Euphrasia offiD. caryophyllus; Maiden Pink, D. cinalis; Crested Cowwheat, Melamdeltoides ; English Catchfly, Silene pyrum cristatum, and three other speanglica ; Bladder Campion, š. inflata; cies; Round-leaved Fluellin, AntirSpanish Catchfly, s. olites ; Corn rhinum spurium ; Sharp-pointed FluCalcbfly, S. conica; Night-flowering ellin, A. elatine ; Creeping pale blue Catchfly, S. nortiflora ; Lobel's Catch- Toadflax, A. repens; Great Snapdrafly, s. armeria; Purple Sandwort, gon, A. majus; Lesser Snapdragon, Arenaria rubra ; Dwarf Cherleria, c. X. orontium; Knotty-rooted and Wasedoides; Four species of Stone Crop, ter Figwort, Scrophularia nodosa & Sedum; Water Chickweed, Ceras- aquatica; Balm-leaved Figwort, s. tium aquaticum; Corn Spurrey, Sper- scorodonia ; Moneywort, Šibthorpia gula arvensis ; Knotted Spurrey, s. Europæa ; Mudwort, Limosella aquanodosa ; Ciliated Awl-shaped Spur- tica; Tall

, Lesser, and Purple Broom

Observations on the Study of History.

592 rape, Orobanche elatior, minor, & coe- | Lizard Satyrion, Satyrium hircinum; rulea; Awlwort, Subularia aquatica ; Creeping Satyrion, S. repens ; Least Broad-leaved Pepperwort, Lepidium Twayblade, Ophrys cordata ; Dwarf Jatifolium; Bitter Candytuft, Iberis Ophrys, 0. loeselii ; Bee Ophrys, 0. amara; Woad, Isatis tinctoria; Wall apifera; Marsh Tender Twayblade, Rocket, Sisymbrium tenuifolium ; Malaxis paludosa; Broad-leaved HelFlixweed, S. sophia; London Rocket, leborine, Serapias latifolia; Marsh R. iris ; Treacle Hedge Mustard, Ery- Helleborine, s. palustris; Birthwort, simum cheiranthoides; Mountain Ge- | Aristolochia clematitis ; Horned Pondranium, G. pyrenaicum; Bloody Ge- weed, Zannichellia palustris ; Greater ranium, G. sanguineum ; Marsh Mal. Duckweed, Lemna polyrrhiza ; Great low, Althæa officinalis ; Musk Mal- and Dwarf Cat's Tail, Typha latifolia low, Malva moschata ; Sea Tree Mal- & minor; Branched Burreed, Sparlow, Lavatera arborea; Dyer's Ge- ganium ramosum ; Simple Burreed, nista, G. tinctoria; Ten species of S. simplex; Curved Carex, C. inPea and Vetch, Pisum lathyrus & Vicia curva; Capillary Carex, C. capillaris ; genera ; Hairy Mountain Milk Vetch, Russet Carex, C. pulla ; Spiked WaAstragalus uralensis ; Six species of ter Milfoil, Myriophyllum spicatum; Trefoil, Trifolium; Tutsan, Hyperi- Verticillate Water Milfoil, M. verticum, Androsæmum, and some other cillatum; Arrowhead, Sagittaria saspecies of St. John's Wort; Hawk- gittifolia ; Burnet, Poterium sanguisweed Oxtongue, Picris hieracioides; orba; Hop, Humulus lupulus; AnBlue Sow Thistle, Sonchus coeruleus ; nual Mercury, Mercurialis annua; Tall Marsh Sow Thistle, S. palustris ; Frogbit, Hydrocharis morsus ranæ; Common Sow Thistle, S. oleraceus; Juniper, Juniperus communis; Shrubby Ivy-leaved Lettuce, Prenanthes mu- and Frosted Sea Orache, Atriplex ralis; Rough Hedypnois, H. hispida; portulacoides & laciniata. Deficient Hedypnois, H. hirta; Alpine single-flowered Hawkweed, Hieracium alpinum; Branching Mousecar Hawkweed, H. dubium ; Umbelled Mouse-ear Hawkweed, auricula ; Wall Of all the subjects which tend to amuse Hawkweed, H. murorum ; Succory- and yield improvement, none is more leaved Mountain Hawkweed, H. palu- efficient than History. The most imdosum ; Soft-leaved Hawkweed, H. portant reflections may be drawn from molle; Spotted Cat's-Ear, Hypochæris facts that have affected great portions maculata; Wild Succory, Cichorium of mankind. They incline us to adintybus; Burdock, Aretium lappa ; | mire the designs and providence of Common Sawwort, Serratula tincto- the Deity, furnishing lessons of inria ; Alpine Sawwort, S. alpina ; Four struction to all, and especially to

species of Thistle, Carduus ; Hemp- those who are at the head of governagrimony, Eupatorium cannabinum; ment. Tansy, Tanacetum vulgare ; Dwarf Effects are produced from occurCudweed, Gnaphalium supinum; and rences which are indistinctly delithree other species; Plowman’s Spike- neated. On the other hand, causes nard, Conyza squarrosa ; Alpine Flea- appear, which, though they seem not bane, Erigeron alpinum ; Stinking to be of much consequence, produce Grounsel, Senecio viscosus; Moun- important effects. The studions reatain Grounsel, S. sylvaticus; Hoary der will discover these things. And, Ragwort, S. tenuifolius; and three although the superficial will not conmore species of Grounsel; Golden sider them so philosophically, they Rod, Solidago virgaurea; Elecam will be engaged by the relation of cirpane, Inula helenium ; Sea Feverfew, cumstances which are extraordinary, Pyrethrum maritimum ; Sea Chamo- and interested in knowing their event. mile, Anthemis maritima ; Oxeye The experience of others in that Chamomile, A. tinctoria; Goose- / which is evil, and that which is good tongue, Achillea ptarmica ; Corn Blue and beneficial, is, or ought to be, a Bottle, Centaurea cyanus; Greater warning to those who succeed them. Knapweed, C. scabiosa; Common He who attends to this warning, will Star Thistle, C. caleitrapa; St. Bar- take the safe path ; it will serve him as naby's Star Thistle, C. solstitialis; a rule by which to proceed in that parPyramidal Orchis, 'o. pyramidalis; ticular whereof it trcats. Individuals,




Providence and Grace.



therefore, who have relation to go- accounts of ancient Rome, and read vernment and public business for the her poets and historians, delight to nation, should take advantage of His-tread the “ classic ground.” tory: they should profit by the expe- Where History is obscure, there has rience of other States, avoiding per- arisen political controversy. Many nicious counsels, principles, and con- things are concealed from our knowduct; and imitate only those actions ledge, as to any certainty, and in a which have produced beneficial effects. great measure lost. Concerning them, By this, I do not mean, that certain History has given but imperfect hints; rules which apply to the situation of hence endless contention: some deone, will apply to the situation of clare the existence of certain facts, every nation.

Their various circum- and others deny it. I refer now to stances forbid it. Still, fixed and that disputed question, viz. whether right principles in the art of govern- there was any house of commons in ing, are necessary; and they may be the Saxon government, in England ? drawn, at least in some degree, from Such questions as these are not of experience.

great importance now. I can only I must remark, that to those indi- say, that if men were unbiassed by viduals of whom I have been speak- party feeling, and came unprejudiced ing, a knowledge of the former circum- to the question, when there is any stances, and situations of their own light thrown upon it, it would be more country, is most necessary. They justly determined. then see what may happen under their own particular government. They perhaps may discover an instrument

PROVIDENCE AND GRACE, AS EXEMin it by which to benefit society; or, perhaps, be able to view its defects, and endeavour to reform them. To all“ gentlemen of the long

(Concluded from col. 571.) robe,” History is certainly requisite. “We went on about two or three miles far"No man can be acquainted rightly ther, when the old woman said, as I must be with his country's laws, without à hungry and tired, she would take me a little knowledge of its History.To per

ont of the road to some friends of hers, where

we could get some refreshment and stay all sons of every profession and condi- night if we chose. With this we turned ont of tion, History is very useful. The va- the highway, and crossing several by-lanes riety of its objects may afford an came at last to an open green spot by the side amusing discourse, and assist con- of a shady copse, where several gipsy tents versation. It is not

an abstruse

were erected. As I had always been greatly study; but it is accounted a pleasing when I found the inhabitants of these tented

afraid of gipsies, I felt an indescribable horror one, to refresh the mind after more dwellings salute my companion as an old friend difficult subjects.

and acquaintance. 1 thought now my ruin was To those who are, or intend to be, inevitable. I barst into a flood of tears, and writers in any way, this study affords cried aloud, telling the old woman, in sobs and help. It offers us those things which sighs, I did not think she would have brought

me to such a place as that. O how did I wish serve as an illustration of our subjects, myself back again at ; but I knew the and it gives us the opportunity of wish was in vain, and this made my sorrow the drawing new ideas. In reading, like- more pungent. The old woman, joined by her wise, we meet with sentiments and gipsy friends, used every method to pacify me. reflections, which nothing but an ac- kindest manner, with promises of any thing. I

Some bread and butter was given me in the quaintance with historical facts will wanted, and assurances of safety; and it is enable us to elucidate.

bat justice to say, that these promises were How pleasing is it to the individual faithfully observed; and, during the time I versed in this study, to compare the

was with them, every method was used to times in which he lives, with those please and gratify me.

“ The place where these tents were set, was that have passed! He rejoices at the remarkably pleasant. A small wood was beimprovements of the age,

but laments hind, bounded by a thick hawthorn hedge, its degeneracy. Still more pleasing under the shade of which they were placed? must it be, for such an one to traverse There was a little declivity in front. At the the regions, to which

History assigns bottom a rippling stream murmured along, while of science, and the opon its banks grass and flowers formed a

lovely carpet. Several village spires were Brightness of learning.

How would seen round about. After we had refreshed the individual who had studiсd the ourselves, I was persuaded to go and gather

the perfection


Providence and Grace.


some flowers with a girl of the company, with considerable distance from the place at which whom, however, I felt no inclination to make I got into his chaise. He now endeavoured free. In the course of the evening several to allay my fears, by informing me that I was more men and women joined the party, so that quite safe, and that what he had done was for at last there were fifteen or twenty. At supper my good. • Did'nt you meet,' said be,' a genthey feasted upon the produce of the day, teman upon a grey horse ?' I told him we Various broken meats were banded from their did, and I thought he noticed us particularly. wallets, and the meal was finished with a bottle Well,' he continued, that gentleman stopped of gin, which, with a recital of their adven- me, and said I should overtake an old woman tares, closed the business of the day. I was and a girl that he suspected she bad enticed excessively shocked at their coarse vulgarity; away and intended to ruin. He said he would oaths and curses composed a great part of their give me balf-a-crown if I would take you away discourse. In the workhouse nothing of this from the old gipsy; which I promised to do, kind was suffered, and my misery in being ex. and I believe it's a good thing that I have, for posed to it was very great. The old woman, a depend upon it she had no good in her head.' girl, and I, were appointed to sleep together in * The driver, as we went along, asked me a one tent. But of sleep, I had but little. I variety of questions, as to where I was going, thought of Mr. and Mrs. Conway; then of my whence I came, and how I got into company present state-among gipsies—entire strangers with the gipsy. To all these inquiries I re--without a friend or protector; then I thought plied by stating the simple truth. The next of my mother. My disobedience in leaving thing that entered into the post-boy's mind was,

without permission, made me very mi- how to dispose of me. To set me down in the serable. The distress it would occasion came road by myself he thought would be crael, and fresh into my mind, and my uneasiness was in- where to take me to, he did not know. At creased by contrasting the comfortable bed I length he resolved to take me to his inn, at had at the workhouse with the crowded and

and tell his mistress the wbole story, hard pallet I then lay upon. A just panish- and hear what she would say. We, therefore, ment, I thought, had befallen me.

went on till we came to the Star, at In the morning, before we rose, I opened “ We drove into the yard by a back gate, my distress to the old woman. She endeavour- and I alighted and stood in the yard till the ed to soothe me, by kind promises of taking horses were taken out and put into the stable. me to London to see my mother. She said I The driver then took me into the house to state should go a part of the way that day; but as my case to the landlady. The inn was one of she must make calls on the way, I must not be the first respectability, and the mistress was surprised if it took some time to reach the busily employed in the bar. As soon as I per; journey's end. • Besides,' said she, I have ceived a glance from her eye light on me, I very little money, and we must sometimes go dropped a low courtesy, which she was pleased a little out of our way to beg a trifle. Though to answer by a slight inclination of her head. the thought of begging, was to me by no means “I was conducted into the kitchen, where pleasant, I was so far influenced by her pro- the maids werc busily employed in cooking for mises, and the hope of reaching London, that the various visitors of the house. my wishes to retarn to – began to sub- The cook, reasonably supposing me to be side, and I resolved to persevere in the jour- hungry after my journey, set before me a piece ney. The whole company collected round us, of cold pie, which I ate with considerable re. when one of them, seeing me destitute of a lish, indeed I thought it was the nicest I had bonnet, gave me an old one she happened to ever tasted, so true it is that "hunger is the have; then, sending their remembrances to best sauce.' An hour or two passed away befriends we were expected to see on the road, fore I was called for, when at length a waiter they shook us by the hand and bade as fare- came to fetch me and call the driver. Well, well.

John,' said the landlady, 'what have you to “We travelled on together a few miles,when say about this girl: wbat girl is it? Why, we were overtaken by a return chaise on its ma'am,' replied the post-boy, I'll tell you

When it came up to us, the all I know about her. As I was driving home driver stopped his horses, and asked us if we from

I met a gentleman, and be would ride a mile or two?

telling us, that, as stopped me and said I should soon overtake an the chaise was empty, he could

give us a lift

. old gipsy

wonan with a tidy looking girl that To this we agreed, and he opening the door, I he thought she had stolen away, and he said it stepped in. The old woman was about

to fol- would be a charity to carry the girl away from low me, when the post-boy said to her, “Stop, her; so when I came up I managed to get the you'd better get in on the other side ;' and im- girl' into the chaise, and drove off, leaving the mediately put up the steps and shut the door. old woman in the lurch. So as I did not know The old woman went round to the other side, what to do with ber, I thought I had better but in the mean time, the driver stepped into come and tell you all about it. A very pretty his place, and, whipping his horses, drove off thing,' exclaimed the landlady, to bring her at full speed. The old woman immediately here to me. Why how can you tell that the called out to him

to stop, and continued to do gipsy stole her. I dare say she came honestly so as long as she could be heard. I too was enough by her. There are always young bag, dreadfully alarmed, and began to cry vehe- gages enough ready to run off with such sort mently; but the driver was unmindful of us of folks! Why did not the gentleman part both, and continued at the same rapid pace till them himself, if he wanted them parted? You we were fairly beyond the reach of the old have got a fine trouble upon your hands by woman; for, though several persons upon the your meddling! Where do you come from road who heard my cries had called out to him and what

brought you with the old woman? to stop, he absolutely refused till we were a These last words were directed to me ; but they

way to






597 On the Genius and Writings of Wordsworth. 598 were uttered with so much severity, accom- The subsequent branches of this inpanied with such a sternness of countenance, teresting narrative go on to state, that as forbid any reply but tears. I was strongly after the death of Mrs. Wallis, she agitated, and sobbed aloud. looked at me affectionately, and said to his entered into the service of a Lady mistress, “ I'am sure, ma'am, nobody could Johnson ; that she was sayingly conhave refused to do as I did.' Well, well,' verted to God; and was afterwards said she, in a softer tone, I say you've got married to a fellow servant now her yourself into a pack of trouble : the girl might; husband, who in a remarkable manto be sure, bave been stolen, but what is that to us! Her tears soon told her these last

ner had also been brought to a knowwords would not bear criticizing, and she im- ledge of the truth as it is in Jesus. mediately added, “Yet one would not like a The whole is interspersed with impoor thing to be lost.'

She then spoke to me portant reflections, that are at once and said, Come, child, don't cry, but tell me where you came from ?"' In broken accents, i entertaining and highly instructive. said, From · And where was you

We envy not that man his feelings, going? " To London, to find my mother. who can read this little book without And how came you with the old gipsy?' In being both interested and profited. answer to this question I related all the circumstances of the case, giving a particular and artless account of all my adventures with the old woman, from the time we met, to our separation. The feelings of the landlady were

WORDSWORTH. evidently changed by my simple tale, and the change was apparent on the countenance of the Sir,-If the following remarks meet post-boy, who anxionsly traced the mind of his your approbation I shall be happy to mistress upon the features of her face. · Poor see them inserted in the Imperial thing,' said he,' I would not have left her with Magazine as early as possible. that creature on any account : I would not trust that dog with her;' pointing to a spaniel that lay on the hearth. The landlady looked There is not any living Poet upon at me, then at the dog, then at the driver; whom so much has been said, to so 'Well, what's to be done ?' said she. I don't little purpose, as upon Wordsworth. see what we can do, only send her back by the waggon to

La! ma'am, said the Innumerable essays and pamphlets bar-maid, who had listened to all that had have appeared, many of which were passed, I'd never send the poor thing back to written from a party spirit, and others the workhouse. Why there's Madam Wallis, from a mistaken idea of his system of where our Jane went to live, slie's a kind soul, poetry. That system has been misretill something could be done for her." Do presented with no common baseness, you think so, Charlotte ? · I have no doubt and those who have endeavoured to of it, for you know how good she is to the take up the subject the most imparpoor? : We can but try, said the landlad y; tially, have, in general, reasoned upon so, addressing herself to me, ` go into the kitchen and stay with the maids, and to-morrow

the theory, without once looking at we'll let Madam Wallis know about it.'

the poetry; and thus have been tight"In the morning my landlady took me with | ing with shadows, and wrestling her, and waited on Madam Wallis. She was with sunbeams. As it regards that an aged widow, who employed a considerable system, however, it is not our intenincome in acts of benevolence and piety. The tion to make any observations; it has landlady was admitted, and, after some time, I been long before the public, and whatwas sent for into her parlour. The same ques. tions were again proposed, as at the inn, and I ever ridicule may have been thrown gave similar answers. The old lady repri- upon it, one thing is certain, that Mr. manded me, but in a tone of kindness, for leav- | Wordsworth has been gradually rising

-, and made some just remarks on into fame, and is now acknowledged the dangers to which I had thoughtlessly exposed myself. The conclusion of the matter by the master spirits of the age, as however was, that she would take me into her one of the divinest of intellects. We house, and set me to work as well as I was wish to shew our readers, that though able, till something better offered itself. Here some highly-gifted bards have picthen, for the present, I took up my abode. “ Mrs. Wallis was remarkablý kind. She and told of the turbulent spirits and

tured all the anomalies of our nature, errands and little jobs in the house. As she sad diseases of the heart, yet there

is found me tractable, and was likely to lose one one who has opened a fountain of of her servants, who was about to marry, she pure water, and made its streams to resolved on keeping me with her'; at which I flow in a thousand channels—who has was not a little pleased, and, in fact, I continued caused flowers to spring up in our with her till her death,

which took place eight path, and cast a hue over human nayears after I entered her bospitable house.

ture at once bright and enduring


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