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660 the Report which was read, and from ject which the society had in view, and the observations made by the gentle- furnished statements of its vast utimen who addressed the meeting, it lity, not only at home, but also in was evident, that much good had re- foreign countries. 'sulted from this benevolent institu- The principal speakers on this occation. In the conduct of the seamen, sion were, the Rev. Mr.Martinet from a reformation of manners was percep- Paris, Rev. Mr. Ward from Seramtible;
and in many vessels that had pore, Rev. Dr. Pye Smith, Rev. James lately gone to sea, divine service was Hinton, Rev. Legh Richmond, and now regularly performed. The same the Rev. Mr. Curwen. benevolent spirit had also manifested In the speeches delivered by the itself towards this valuable class of above gentlemen, many pleasing and men, not only in other ports of Eng- instructive anecdotes wẽre introduced. land, but also in America.
Several instances were also adduced,
to prove, that the Divine blessing had LONDON HIBERNIAN SOCIETY. accompanied the exertions made by
the friends of the institution; that The fifteenth anniversary of this So- some tracts which had been districiety, was held on Saturday, May 5th, buted, God had blessed to the conat the City of London Tavern. Lord version of souls in various portions of Vis. Lorton was called to the chair.
the globe; and that much religious This meeting was honoured with knowledge had been diffused through the presence of the Hon. Charles the community, by their instrumentaShore, Rev. John Owen, Rev. Wm. lity. Rushe, Sir St. Claudias Hunter, Rev. D. Thorpe, Rev. Dr. Collyer, Hon. and Rev. G. Noel, Rev. J. Addison PROTESTANT society FOR THE PROCoombs, John O'Drescol, Rev. Lewis
TECTION OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY. Way, Rev. B. Richings, Rev. E. Burn, The tenth anniversary of this society, G. Sandford, Esq. Rev. D. Wilson, was held on Saturday, May 12th, 1821, and the Rev. W. Dealtry, who all in a large room at the Old London spoke on the occasion.
Tavern, Bishopsgate-street. The preThe Report, which was read by the ceding anniversary of this society Rev. J. Morison, stated, that during had excited such a lively interest, the last year, the funds of the institu- that nearly four hours prior to the tion, which had been in an exhausted commencement of the present meeting, condition, were greatly replenished, many persons had secured seats. This both by collections and donations proved a timely precaution, as some The number of schools assisted by hundreds who wished to attend, were this society, amounted to 534, which compelled to retire, from the want of contained 54,520 pupils.
In almost every countenance, The various speeches delivered by that strong attachment to the sacred the above gentlemen, all tended to rights of conscience, and to religious show the advantages which must re- liberty, which is the prerogative and sult from educating the peasantry of the boast of every Englishman, was Ireland ; and its necessity was en- strongly depicted. It had also been forced from the relative situation of expected, that Lord John Russel, son the two countries, the compact which of the Duke of Bedford, would take subsisted between them, and from the chair, and thus sanction with his moral obligation.
presence that cause which has for
ages been associated with the name RELIGIOUS TRACT SOCIETY.
of his family and ancestors. His On the morning of Thursday, May other avocations, however, prevented 10th, the twenty-second anniversary him from attending; but his communiof this society was held at the City of cation expressed the cordial co-opera. London Tavern, when Joseph Rayner, tion of his feelings, in the designs Esq. was called to the chair. The which they were assembled to promeeting was opened by the Rev. Mr. mote. Upton with solemn prayer, and the
Mr. Whitbread, M. P: for Middlereport was read by the Rev. Mr. sex, who entered the room accomJames,
panied by the Treasurer, Secretaries
, The report set forth the great ob- and Committee, amidst reiterated
plaudits, was called to the chair after
LONDON SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING some time, when it was known that
CHRISTIANITY AMONG THE JEWS. his Lordship was unable to attend. The speeches delivered by the dif- DURING several years, this truly beferent speakers at this meeting, nevolentinstitution has laboured under though full and appropriate, were all some discouraging circumstances; and absorbed in that torrent of eloquence it was observed with pain, that many and vigour of thought, with which Mr. persons, who had previously contriWilks entertained and instructed the buted to its support, had begun to. audience, in a speech that occupied grow weary, from seeing little or no nearly two hours and a half. This fruit of their labour. Still, however, speech, which was frequently inter- it had some warm and persevering rupted by bursts ofreiterated applause, friends, who, relying upon the Divine was followed by a string of resolutions, veracity, prediction, and promises, which were unanimously adopted. have continued their patronage and These were followed by the appoint- exertions with unwearied assiduity. ment of a committee to watch the The anniversary of the present year, progress of public measures, and to (Sir Thomas Baring in the chair,) give the alarm should any attempts be seemed to furnish a more pleasing made to introduce innovations, or prospect than any which had preceded. accidentally to infringe upon the it; but still it appeared from the rerights which the Protestant Dissen- port, that although the duty of endeaters enjoy.
vouring to evangelize the sons of Abraham was obvious, much room
still remained for the exercise of faith LONDON MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
and hope. Some instances indeed The anniversary of this Society was were adduced, to prove the beneficial held on Thursday, May 10th, in Great effects of this philanthropic society, Queen-street chapel, when W. Alers by stating specific facts which former Hankey, Esq, treasurer, was called to exertions had called into existence. the chair. Among the numerous an- This meeting was numerously and reniversaries which have taken place in spectably attended. Among the speathe metropolis, no one seemed to ex- kers were, R. Grant, Esq. Rev. Legh cite a more lively interest than this Richmond, Right Rev. Bishop of of the London Missionary Society, Gloucester, Rev. Mr. Bushe, Rev. and this was considerably augmented Lewis Way, Rev. E. Burn, Rev. Mr. by the presence of Prince Ratafe, and Jowett, Sir C. S. Hunter, Rev. D. of Mr. Campbell the celebrated Mis- Wilson, and others. sionary traveller, who has penetrated There is scarcely any fact in existfarther, perhaps, into the interior of ence, that can tend more powerfully South Africa, than any other Euro- to prove the authenticity of the scrippean. Even to those who do not per- tures than the phenomenon which the haps feel that interest in the spread of Jews exhibit. Their characteristic the Gospel which every Christian obstinacy, so long foreseen, and so ought to feel, the suppression of the clearly foretold, continues to make a slave trade, and the civilization of constaạt appeal to our senses. Africa, cannot but afford cause for unequivocal satisfaction.
At this meeting the speakers were the Rev. Dr. Bogue, Rev. Mr. Ward, Rey. J. Brown, Rev. Dr. Steinkopff
, On Saturday, May 26th, a meeting was Rev. J. Saunders, J. Taylor, J. A held
at the great room of the ThatchedCoombs, T. Jackson, Mr. Marsden, House Tavern, London, for the pur
Mead Ray, W. B. Williams, Col. pose of considering the propriety of Munro, and E. Phillips, Esq. The founding " a Society for the Moral statements given by these speakers, and Intellectual Improvement of the show the rapid spread which the gos- Native Inhabitants of British India.” pel has lately taken in different parts This was a new institution; but from of the heathen world, particularly the vast numbers, and high respectaamong the Islanders in the South bility of those who attended, proofs Soas, who seem unanimously
to stretch were given; that the spirit of benevoforth their hands unto God.
lence, for which England has so long
BRITISH INDIA SOCIETY.
and so justly been celebrated, still con- On Thursday, the 19th of April, a tinues to glow with unabated fervour. special meeting of the Directors and
About 12 o'clock, the chair was Governors was held at the Mansiontaken by the Right Hon. J. C. Villiers, house, the Lord Mayor in the chair. M. P. On his right hand sat the Earl The meeting was convened to receive of Clare, Lord Teignmouth, Lord a communication through Lord SidDunally, Lord Gambier, Sir James mouth, from his Majesty to the Duke Mackintosh, M. P. Sir Wm. Bur- of Beaufort, one of the Vice Patrons, roughs, and several gentlemen of dis- signifying that his Majesty had been tinction, who had filled official situa- graciously pleased to take this chations in India. On his left sat the rity under his Royal protection. Lord Bishop of Gloucester, Lord Gos- Since the commencement of this port, Wm. Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. institution, no less than 13,202 objects The Right Hon. J. Sullivan, Admiral have been relieved; and with a design Sir J. Saumarez, Fowell Buxton, Esq. to facilitate its usefulness, stations M. P. and several Directors of the have been appointed at Lambeth and East India Company. The room was Southwark on the same benevolent crowded to excess.
principles. In the various speeches that were delivered, the degraded character of
ASYLUM FOR THE RECOVERY OF the Hindoos was set forth in a most luminous manner, and the duty of instructing those whom Divine Provi. On Tuesday, May 29th, a meeting of dence had committed to our care, was the subscribers and friends of this inenforced by arguments, which, on stitution took place at the Thatchedmoral and political grounds, appear. House Tavern, London. The design ed irresistible. It was observed by of this charity is to afford medical Lord Teignmouth, that about fifty aid and accommodations to persons years since, when he went out to who are poor, but not wholly destitute India, he recollects a request made by of every other resource.
Of this dea native, then in his service, that a scription, multitudes may be found, letter should be written to his friend who, at a distance from their friends who resided at a distance, soliciting and connections, can neither procure him to send a particular stone to him, nurses, nor command such convewhich he described, as he wanted it niences as their cases may require. to make a God!
For the relief received, each person The business of the meeting was pays a weekly sum, in proportion to highly interesting; and the grand ob- the benefits enjoyed. Since the last ject which the society had in view, as annual meeting, the donations have expressed in its title, met with the amounted to £371. 17s., and the subunanimous approbation of all present, scriptions to £137. 13s.
At this mcetwho appeared to render it support bý ing it was unanimously resolved, that their cordial co-operation. The Hin- a proper place for the formation of doos were represented as possessing an asylum, should speedily be taken; a teachable
disposition, and as already in consequence of which, a large colprepared for the reception of those lection was immediately made. truths which can alone ennoble man, and make him wise unto salvation.
THE CAMBRIAN SOCIETY.
Of this Society, the first anniversary ROYAL UNIVERSAL DISPENSARY FOR
was held on Thursday May 17th, at CHILDREN, ST. ANDREW's
HILL, Albion chapel, Moorfields, R. H. Mar; DOCTOR'S COMMONS.
ten, Esq. in the chair. This humane and benevolent institu- from the report, that on board of tion was founded in the year 1816, by various vessels lying in the river, from Dr. John Davies, for the sole purpose two to three hundred persons may of affording immediate medical and constantly be found, who undersurgical aid to the necessitous poor stand no language but their own. in all parts of the metropolis and its These ships, when cleared out
, are vicinity, without waiting for any other used alternately for preaching and recommendation than that which cala- prayer every Sabbath day, and fres mity and distress can always urge.
quently at other times when occasions
665 On the Origin and Nature of Human Knowledge. 666 offer. This institution appears to | ing assert, that it is yet in its infancy, have originated in the Port of Lon- and the conflicting opinions of metadon society. The object is to pro- physicians bear them out in the assertect, facilitate, and cherish, these tion. laudable measures, and to promote, by When Locke's Essay on the Human all judicious means, the spiritual in- Understanding made its appearance, terest of the sailors.
the doctrine of innate ideas was geneOf several other benevolent institu- rally believed ; since that time it has tions in London, the anniversaries been gradually losing ground. It rewere held during the month of May. ceived its death-blow from the pen of Many of these, though of local appli- that author, and it is now, by most mecation, must be considered as of much taphysicians, regarded as “ a wretched importance to several branches of the relic of a dark and barbarous age. community.
But as most theists, in their attempts The same liberal spirit has been to demonstrate the existence of a diffused throughout the community Deity, had urged, as an argument in at large, so that there are few towns their favour, that, “ the notion of a in the united kingdom, which, in pro- Deity was imprinted on the minds of portion to their magnitude, wealth, all men,” the levelling of this mound, and extent of population, have not which ignorance had raised, was viewemulated the metropolis. These, in ed with no small alarm, by many their united energies, even more than excellent men, who imagined that its her victorious fleets and armies, con- demolition would be followed by an spire to render Great Britain the inundation of infidelity.. Time has, queen of Isles, and to make her a however, proved that their fears were praise in the whole earth.
groundless, and that there is no necessary connection between that doc
trine, and the proof or belief of an inON THE ORIGIN AND NATURE OF HU-telligent first cause. MAN KNOWLEDGE RESPECTING GOD Some facts stated by Mr. Locke,
and on which he founded his reason(Continued from col. 538.)
ings, were in substance as follows ;
that a language existed, which contained The preceding paragraphs of this ar- no name for God; and a people, in whose ticle relate to the substratum of mat- minds no traces of a Dcity could be ter; the following, to the origin and found; and, as "God was not in all nature of our knowledge respecting their thoughts," so they had no priest, no God and divine things ;-a change temple, no worship. And though abuntherefore has been adopted in the dance of ridicule has been poured on title.
him, for what his opponents call “ his The present inquiry is, whether all credulity in giving ear to the increour notions of the spiritual world are dible tales of Thevenot and others, purely negative. On this subject, as the relations he believed and repeaton most others, men are not agreed in ed, have been corroborated and contheir opinions; and they differ, be- firmed by men on whose veracity may cause the only standard by which it be placed the most implicit reliance. can be decided has not been con- The intelligence received from the stantly appealed to. Our knowledge missionaries to the heathen world, of spiritual objects, is one of those establishes the mortifying truth, that phenomena about which philosophers where no ray from the orb of revela
are in the dark.” And humilitating, tion has fallen, there," the world by to the pride of reason, is the reflection, wisdom knew not God.” Their state that though they have been investi- is more deplorable than was at first gating, or pretending to investigate, imagined. The Rev. Basil Wood the nature and operations of the hu- concludes his account of the life and man mind for several thousand years, death of Mowhee, a native of New with ' nine-tenths of the phenomena Zealand, thus ; “ I have only to add of mind, they are quite out at sea, one remark, which much surprised
respect to their origin.” So little myself and friends : it was Mowhee's indeed is the progress that has been opinion, that the New Zealanders made in mental knowledge, that the have no idea of the Supreme Being; wisest of men in this branch of learn- I that they perform nu religious wors No. 29.-VOL. III.
AND DIVINE THINGS.
668 ship to the grotesque figures found in supposition that it has a direct pertheir possession; and that these ception of these things, similar to strange and distorted figures have no that which it has of the objects of reference to a religious use. I have sense. And though your corresponsifted him on this subject, and could dent's opinion is the reverse of this, only discover that they seemed to be- it is not, I conceive, less wide of the lieve in some evil spirit named | truth. The principle that all our noAtuce, who greatly annoyed them, tions of the nature of spiritual objects by entangling their nets and overset- are purely negative, annihilates, as far ting their canoes.”—Missionary Re- as a principle can be said to do it, all gister for February 1817, page 79. divine knowledge! It extinguishes
Other nations are in a similar state the light of heaven; and leaves us, of moral degradation. A converted like madmen, staring at vacuity !!! African, in a conversation with the Knowledge has been defined to be writer, assured him, that until he had “that in the mind which answers to left his native land, he never heard a its object.” And the absence of somename for God, nor ever thought of thing answerable constitutes ignorance. such a being ; and it was his opinion, When, therefore, negative notions rethat the aged persons of his nation fer to a whole class of objects, and to were as ignorant as himself on this every thing relating to the nature of subject. He observed further, that those objects, thin indeed are the when he was first told of the existence partitions that divide the bounds beof such a being, he laughed at his in-tween negative knowledge and sheer former, and did not believe him.- ignorance. If all the information we Query. If no revelation had been possess of the spiritual world is degiven, would men, by the mere exer- rived from the sacred volume, and if cise of reason, have discovered the all our notions of the objects of that existence, unity, and eternity, of the world are negative, it follows that divine Being?
God has revealed to us, not what spiNor are heathens less ignorant of ritual things are, but what they are other subjects of a divine nature, than not, and a negative revelation is an they are of the being and perfections object that startles and confounds my of God. In some instances, the state understanding. Whatever is the kind of their minds may be aptly compared or quality of our notions, as they to paper on which no characters are refer to the spiritual world, they must inscribed; in others, to paper on agree with that revelation which which is depicted the most unmeaning, gives them birth; and it is to the fantastic, or disgusting forms. But nature of revelation, as well as to the whether viewed as enveloped in igno- notions which the mind actually posrance, or under the domination of a sesses, that we must appeal for the cruel or a foolish superstition, their decision of the question. condition demonstrates the necessity
(To be continued.) and utility of a divine revelation. And contrasting their mental condition with that of those who are enlightened by the gospel, the natural
Review.-The Cottage of Pella, a Tale inference is, that all divine knowledge
of Palestine ; with other Poems. By is derived from revelation.
John Holland, Author of Sheffield As all divine knowledge emanates
Park, fc. 8vo. pp. 80. London, from the volume of inspiration, it is
Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, $
Brown. 1821. to this source that we are indebted for whatever knowledge we have of the In our number for October last, col. spiritual world. And it is to the na- 854, we had an occasion to notice a ture of this knowledge that your cor- poetical production of this Author, respondent's remark evidently refers. entitled “ Sheffield Park.” His muse I have now lying before me a com- has since taken a bolder flight, visited pendium of the different theories that the regions of Palestine, retired into have been adopted to account for the the periods of antiquity, and brought origin, and to explain the nature of the village of Pella to our view. that knowledge which the mind pos- In a preceding number of the Imsesses of spiritual things; and most perial Magazine, we published a criof them proceed upon the erroneous tique on the Rev. H. H. Milman's