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695
Remarks on the Poets of Italy.

696 wanaosomassos.....................senanerosoccorsommereracunarssonwiness sensorer dressed Luther, “I thought thou hadstmate of northern song? But, if our been an old spent theologian, that sat very first poets have been indebted to at the fire-side, disputing with him the revivers of literature for a portion self; but I see thou art a fresh, young, of their fame, if even Milton lighted at and strong man. If I had even an their shrine that immortal fire which army of five and twenty thousand breathes such animation through his men, I should not dare to carry thee works,--to what 'extraordinary smallfrom Germany: for I have inquired ness' must have dwindled the powers all around during my journey, how of Mr. Leigh Hunt, Mr. John Keats, the people were inclined to thee, and Mr. Procter, alias Cornwall, if and what they thought of thee ; and I such glorious lights as Dante, Tasso, found very much, that where one and Ariosto, had never shone upon stood on the Pope's side, there stood their little faculties, or had never been three on thy side against the Pope." | translated for them into English? Miltiz continued in this tone, and by It is indeed surprising, how much his friendly conversation prevailed Fanshawe, Fairfax, and Hoole, have with Luther so far, that he promised done towards facilitating a knowledge to be silent respecting the dispute, if of the Tuscan tongue, and supplying his opponents were also enjoined si- our Cit poets with a spirit of imitation, lence. Luther even transmitted an and subjects ready cut and dry to their humble letter to the Pope, in which he hand. We often amuse ourselves with even submitted, and added the as- thinking what sort of a revenge those surance, that he would encourage the great masters of the Tuscan lyre would people by other writings to obedience. have exercised upon their caricatuMore could hardly take place. But rists, our modern versifiers of Italian what Miltiz bad well done, D. Eck, canzonets and sonnets, had they been Professor of Theology at Ingoldstad, as immortal as their works, to see the spoiled again. This, not ignorant, yet delicate versions which these gentlemean-thinking passionate man, full of men have made of them. Would they fanatic zeal for the Catholic religion, have slit their tongues, or amputated challenged Luther to disputation at the fore-finger and thumb of their Leipzig; which was carried on with so right hands, to dissuade them from much passion and bitterness, that Lu | exposing their ignorance of the truth ther separated himself more and more and spirit of the models from which from the Catholic church. Miltiz they copy? Or would Tasso have therefore found, on a new conversation quietly expostulated with Mr. Hant, with Luther, that he was quite on the cruelty and impropriety of his changed, and could do nothing with making him sit for his portrait, and of him. He, nevertheless, continued presenting it in no manner of likeness unceasingly, and without letting him- in our British gallery of poets ? Supself be cast down by the defeat of his pose the shade of Tasso to walk into plan, to operate in a mild manner. the artist's daubing room, just as he

was about to put his last touch to the

Aminta, (we wish, for the joke of the Remarks on the Pastoral Poets of Italy, thing, he had.) Here, however, they and Thoughts on reading Mr. Leigh hold a conference. Hunt's Translation of the Aminta of

TASSO AND LEIGH. Torquato Tasso.

Scene-Kentish Town.

Tasso. (Concluded from col. 608.)

My name is Tasso : I have the honour to kiss your Majesty's hand.

Leigh. On perusing this little translation, we could not avoid frequently asking our

[Starting up. selves the question-What would our Have you read Rimini and Foliap-andgreat poets of England have been but do you read in the other world? without Italy; that rich storehouse of

Tasso. the literature of the ancient world, to! Certainly! and copy and steal from one anwhich they have continually resorted: | other too-but my business is with your ma-the fountain-head from whence they

jesty in this. As the republic of letters is, fordrew those luscious streams, which

| tunately for your Majesty, converted into an fertilized and adorned the colder cli- propriety of your bestowing all your royal

absolute government, I come to submit the

God bless me.

1 shall.

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tention to the preservation of a just equilibrium revenge for the fallen honours of Rimini, whose and preservation of your subjects, without in- story, of deep and sacred memory, you have so termeddling in foreign affairs, which (with your wantonly parodied, converting one of the most Majesty's leave) are really above your royal bright and beautiful episodes of our prince of capacity. Your Majesty's late invasion of the poets, into the amour of a groom and a chamParnassus of Italy, is quite unprecedented, and bermaid-so flippant and trashy is the language against all the rules of literary warfare, the in which it is conveyed-unequalled by any rights of poets, and the common sense of man- | thing except Billingsgate, or the Fancy. The kind.

disciples of your slang school also are at work; Leigh.

but Apollo, though of long suffering" with Perfectly astonished-perfectly astonished, I the race of blockheads, is not to be tempted for assure you. I have been just complimented by

ever-beware the fate of Marsgas, lest he reJohn Keats, Esq. and our renowned Barry, / peat the punishment, and upon the infinite delicacy and skill which I “ Tear the calf-skin from your recreant limbs.have exercised upon your poor Amintas. Yes,

SHAKSPEARE. and I'll translate the Jerusalem too.

For myself, I will only pray that your works Tasso.

may survive, for the benefit of whole posteriNow heaven forbid-you would not so far be

ties--of grocers and cheesemongers of other mine enemy. And let me persuade your Ma

times. I am afraid it is in vain that I entreat jesty, that you would not herein be consulting

you to desist; I suppose you will still conyour royal reputation. Consider, that in lite

tinue to torture our souls. Casting a look of rature and the arts, it is preferable to be" great

lordly, but quiet reproach upon Leigh, and in little things, rather than little in great at

murmuring, " he will print it,” the hapless shade tempts.” You therefore shewed some judg

departed. Leigh pondered for a moment, and ment in choosing my Amintas instead of God- | then turning towards his manuscript with a frey. The former was merely a jeu d'esprit,' smile of complacency,—" Yes, I will print it.”] of which I never thought much, and not a little

If our readers should object to the dashed with conceit, which I presume made yonr majesty in love with it. You have pre

opinions of a ghost, let them listen to served my concetti very faithfully I see, and

those of an Italian critic. It is a plain wherever you could, without flagrant violation matter of fact, that we have again of the text. introduced no little of your own. read Tasso's Aminta, for the purpose As to the “Jerusalem delivered,' let me beseech

of comparing it with Mr. L. Hunt's your Majesty to abandon the design. The reed

translation and so far we are obliged and the trampet are very different instruments on which to play. I could forgive Fairfax

to him-but not for reading it “ done but Hoole, and another unmerciful wretch, a | into English,” without the spirit and namesake and a poetic relation of your Majesty's, admirable simplicity of the original. I suppose, has given England, once the land of Still we find it sufficiently faithful poets, a very pretty idea of me indeed.

more particularly in the preservation Leigh.

and heightening of the concetti, That's just the reason I wish to make a ver- doubly simplifying what was already sion of the Jerusalem myself. They really have simple, and often debasing what is not done you common justice, my dear fellow. [We observe, he addresses Lord Byron in a

great and lofty in the sentiment. Mr. similar style.]

H. appears to understand the nature

of true pathos. It is but too appaTasso.

rent, that he has affected a native and May all the powers of impudence reward you! As to your modern school of scribbling. | pastoral style, endeavouring at the my trust in heaven is, that it will at last write same time to appear free from affectaitself down. Under all the vexations of a wan tion, which sits rather awkwardly updering and a wretched life, I consoled myself on him, after giving bimself such a with the prospect of some future justice, and, | full swing of conceit in all his precedperhaps, lasting fame : but, alas, you are now all doing what you can to blast the few laurels

ing prose and poetic writings. that would have sat bright and lovely on my

There certainly was no occasion to brow. O, how have Ariosto, and poor Tasso, | let down the simple language of Tasso, provoked the malignant spirit with which you into any thing of a more puerile and have pursued us! By what faults have we

trifling tone, to suit the pastoral chamerited the approbation and admiration which you profess--the resolution and cruel perse

racter, as Mr. H. has occasionally verance with which you translate and metamor

done. Of versification, there is little phize us! While, on the other hand,

or none that deserves the name, after “ To be dispraised of such were no small praise.”

reading the harmonious numbers of

Tasso: and his style, though pretty Expose, attack, revile, and vilify us as you much varied, is deficient in interest, will-we will not complain ;-but spare us, we beseech you, the honours of your friendship

for want of due recurring rhymes, and alliance and your translations with your

which alone can give to any English names staring the public in the face with our composition the name of Poem. own. Dante, though in purgatory, murmurs With all these faults, however, we No. 30,--VOL. III,

2 Y

699

Essay on the Study of Antiquities.

700

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think Mr. H. appears to more advan-1

Obscure Grammar. tage in this translation, than ever he

“ In thus denying pity has done in any original work. By To one whom nought else under heaven dethe bye, the king of our metropolitan nies it.” poets, has shewn more than a royal

Wonderful Knowledge. judgment in selecting it. It is exactly “ What the woods know, and what the mounfitted to the breadth and compass of

tains know,

And what the rivers know, and man knows his mind, which is by no means remarkable for its reach and capacity.

Long Metre. Mr. H. should indeed confine himself “ The banks of the river, I told him my journey." to the lighter walks of literature, pick

Very Odd. daisies with the lamb, chirp with the « And fertilizing there, I saw act round grasshopper, and flirt and bound with Apollo and the Nine.” the nimbleness of the squirrel, from

Poetic License. bough to bough;

« In the small wells Singing with his loud heart, I love, I love." Which a sweet smile forms in a lovely cheek.” AMIN.

p. 57. Among the lesser poets of our Cock-! Again, ney school, Mr. H. is assuredly the “ Makes grave and troublesome wounds." least and the best : and, as Homer" Lifts him with a sparkling hand.” p. 137. was said to be the father of the

“ Under whose smile of pity is concealed sublime, so Mr. H. has a good title to

An iron for my soul.”

p. 188. that of the minute or little in poetry.

| A deadly ice has shot about my heart, Besides, it is not only little itself, but

And shuts up my loud spirit.the cause of littleness in others. And here too, we shut up Mr. Hunt's When we think of this race of Lillipu- book for the present, and trust that he tians, and compare it with the poetic may give us occasion for higher praise breed of our Campbells and our By- / in the next production with which he rons, we are at a loss to conceive how favours the public. For the best porthey manage to grow to such an extra- tions of this little pastoral drama, we ordinary smallness. That our readers must refer our readers to the choruses, may not suppose that we wish them to particularly that which concludes the tie their faith to the sleeve of our | first act. This does Mr. H. more “ ipse dixit,” let them accept the few credit than the whole of the work befollowing specimens of quaintness and | sides, and we have only to wish that conceit from our Aminta done into En he would always write so. We really glish: viz.

think, if he would allow us, we could Affectation.

“ lick him into shape" after all. “ When every where he follow'd her about

R.T. To chase and sport: young lover, his young Lass.

Nonsense. « Till pity mollify

ESSAY ON THE STUDY OF ANTIQUITIES. The blunting ice."

p. 8. Reiteration.

The science of Antiquities will oc" 'Tis she is blind, not I,

cupy an extensive place in the mind “ Though blind I am miscalled by blinded men.”

of the individual who is engaged in

literary pursuits. The pleasing senSaucy.

sations which the perusal of "testimo“My delight

nies, or authentic accounts, that have Is following the chace, and when 'tis saucy come down to us, of ancient nations," Bringing it down.”

p. 10. and which, an historical knowledge Harmony of Versification.

of the edifices, magistrates, offices, " And what can time not do! and what not do manners, customs, ceremonies, worA faithful lover and importunate.” p. 14. ship, and other objects worthy of Vulgar and Butcher-like.

curiosity, excite in the mind,--are “ When thy Amintas shall domesticate sufficient motives for continuing and Thy wildness for thee, and put flesh and blood

persevering in this study. And when Into this steel and stony heart of thine.”

these descriptions are confirmed by Correct Metre.

what are called Antiques, the satis« Pray let Amintas with himself and his loves

faction is increased to a higher degree. Of seeing thyself grown wrinkled and fea

The remains of the edifice, which is tureless.

mentioned in the graceful strains of a

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Virgil, and a visit to the monument innumerable topics of antiquity which recorded in history, and which oc- might be mentioned, but which would cupies the site of any celebrated per-occupy too great a space. The learnformance-whether military or civil, ing and arts, so remarkable among whether consecrated to the memory of the ancients, the dresses worn by public or private virtue-increases them, and the various forms of their the enthusiasm with which we trace civil and military affairs, are well the page of record, and affords an worth the attention of the student. inexpressible pleasure to the mind. There are, indeed, Antiquities which The science of Antiquities opens to become the acquaintance of certain our view the former state of king- professions in life. The divine would doms; it enables us to judge of the do well to trace the inferior and erromerits or defects of their institutions, neous religions of the heathens;—the and at the same time reminds us of physician would benefit himself by the great changes that have taken getting a knowledge of his art (howplace in the world in general, and in ever imperfect it might then have been) each nation and region in particular. among the ancients ;-and the lawyer Animus meminit præteritorum, præ should be able to compare the civil sentia cernit, futura prævidet. This polity of Greece and Rome, of the study will in part assist us to say ancient Germans, &c., that he might, these words of the immortal Cicero. among many other uses, see the hap

It is of great importance to be ac- piness which is insured by those laws quainted with past affairs. A sen- in which he is a practitioner. (Vide sible man is a creature desirous of Urquhart, on Classical Learning.) knowing the history and customs of It must, however, be understood, his own species. And, though he that Antiquities are not confined to take disgust at tbe scene which the Greece and Rome. Every kingdom blood of gladiators presents, he will of which we have a knowledge, that allow it to be a natural consequence has made a distinguished figure in the of the disposition of the people; world, has also a claim on us, and knowing that a cause will produce a contributes its assistance for our incorresponding effect that the barba- tellectual improvement. And, while rity which is inherent in the disposi- a Briton, a Frenchman, a German, a tion, will not fail to discover itself in Spaniard, and every other individual action. If we look over the volumes of whatever country, earnestly conwhich treat of the Grecian Antiqui- | tends for the excellency of his pative ties, written by Archdeacon Potter. I institutions, and each carries before and mark the different stages of the him the maxim, Non sibi, sed patriæ ;Athenian customs, as well as com- / let them all turn a moment from mupare their form of government with tual animosity, and consider if they our own unrivalled constitution, it have improved upon the ancient inwill prove an entertaining and institutions of their forefathers, and structive undertaking. A vast deal learned to manage the art and appenof pleasure is afforded in tracing the dages of government, from a view of progress of the different arts, and in the civil polity of the ancients. reading the history of those persons

Z. who introduced any particular benefit;-such as the invention of letters, which is ascribed to Cadmus; or the PUNISHMENT AND MARK OF CAIN. enacting salutary laws, such as those of Solon. Contemplate the peculiar

The learned Shuckford was not only art which stamped immortality on the

dissatisfied with our usual notion, Roman character, and observe the that God set a mark upon Cain in independent genius that primarily consequence of his having killed his marked it.

brother Abel, but he makes himself

merry with the ludicrous nature of Tu regene imperü populos, Romane, memento; some of those marks which fancy had tibi erant artes : pacisque imponere morem Purcere subjectis, et debellare superbos.

appointed to be borne about by him.

Without attempting to defend those ÆNEID vi.

VI. conjectures, and without adding to There exists indeed an extensive the number, I shall merely endeafield for contemplation; and there are / vour to shew, that the customary ren

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dering of the passage, Gen. iv. 15. to interpose, and to act as judge on may be supported.

this singularly affecting occasion. Among the laws attributed to Adam might be ignorant of this guilt, Menu, is the following appointment, ignorant by what process to detect it, which I notice especially, because it and ignorant by what penalty to punis directly attributed to Menu him-ish it; but the Lord (metaphorically) self, as if it were a genuine tradition hears of it, by the blood which cried received from him; and it describes so from the ground : and he detects it, powerfully and pathetically, the dis- passes sentence on him-" Thou art tressed situation of an outcast, that cursed from the earth, which hath openone is led to think it is drawn from ed her mouth to receive thy brother's the recollection of some real instance, blood;" a fugitive and a vagabond rather than from the foresight of shalt thou be in the earth. And Cain the sufferings of such a supposed cri- said to the Lord, “Is my iniquity too minal.

great for expiation? Is there no fine, Crimes in general have been thought, no suffering, short of such a vagaby mankind, susceptible of expiation, bond state, that may be accepted ? more or less, according to the degrees Behold, thou hast banished me this day of their guilt: but some are of so from the face of the land where I was flagrant a nature, as to be supposed born, where my parents dwell, my atrocious beyond expiation. Though native country! and from thy presence, murder be usually considered one of also, in thy public worship and instithose atrocious crimes, and conse- tutions; I must now hide myself from quently inexpiable; yet there have all my heart holds dear, being prohibeen instances wherein the criminal bited from approaching my former was punished by other means than by intimates, and thy venerated altar. loss of life. A judicial infliction, of a I shall be a fugitive, a vagabond on the commutatory kind, seems to have earth; and any one who findeth me may been passed on Cain. Adam was slay me without compunction, as if I punished by a dying life ; Cain, by a were rather a wild beast than a man." living death.

The Lord said, “I mentioned an exFor violating the paternal bed,

piation formerly, on account of your Let the mark of a female part be impressed crime of ungovernable malice and

ON THE FOREHEAD, WITH A HOT IRON. | anger, bidding you lay a sin-offering For drinking spirits, a Vintner's flag: before the entrance ; but then you For stealing sacred gold, a dog's foot: disregarded that admonition and conFor murdering a priest, the figure of a head

mand. Nevertheless, as I did not less corpse.

take the life of your father Adam, With none to eat with them,

though forfeited, when I sat in judgWith none to sacrifice with them; With none to be allied by marriage to them :

ment on him, but abated of that rigorAbject, and excluded from all social duties,

ous penalty; so I do not design that Let them WANDER OVER THE EARTH;

you should be taken off by sudden Branded with indelible marks,

death, neither immediately from myThey shall be deserted by their paternal and self, nor mediately by another. I promaternal relations.

nounce, therefore, on whoever shall Treated by none with affection ;

destroy Cain. Moreover, to shew Received by none with respect.

that Cain is a person suffering under Such is the ordinance of MENU.

punishment,-since no one else has “ Criminals of all classes, having power to do it; since he resists the performed an expiation ordained by justice of his fellow men; since his law, shall not be marked on the fore-crime has called me to be his judge, head, but be condemned to pay the I shall brand his forehead with a mark highest fine." This also is from of his crime ; and then, whoever obMenu.

serves this mark, will avoid his comLet us apply these principles in pany; they will not smite him, but illustration of the history of Cain. they will hold no intercourse with Cain had slain Abel his brother; this him, fearing his irascible passions being a very extraordinary and em- may take offence at some unguarded barrassing instance of guilt, and per-word, and again transport bim into haps the first enormous crime among a fury, which may issue in bloodshed. mankind which required exemplary | Beside this, all mankind, wherever be punishment, the Lord thought proper / may endeavour to associate, shall fear

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