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Poetry. oroanoramas.oscarson-woworonoswissorascorinasco......rcorsoons.asos....sorror to pollute themselves, by conference

ses by conference I found my error, hung my head. with him.”—The uneasiness continu

And with this plaint I cry'd :

“ How little can our strength command ! ally arising from this state of seques

How little do we know ! tration, led the unhappy Cain to seek Amidst a world of hopes and fears, repose in a distant settlement.

All have their share of woe. If this conception of the history be Come then, Redeemer of mankind, just, and if the quotation from Menu

Blest Jesus, come to me,

Shew me the way to life and bliss, be genuine, we have here one of the

And I will follow thee.”

T. M. oldest traditions in the world ; in confirmation not only of the history as related in Genesis, but of our public

THE MORNING STAR. version of the passage.---Calmet's Dict. Fragment 141.

| Bright harbinger of day, presaging light,

Thou first to chase the gloomy shades of night,
Whose sparkling visage cheers the early swain,

And sends him whistling to his team again;

At thy approach, nature's soft slumbers cease,

And clamour soon usurps the throne of peace. SONNET.

Up springs the cock to greet the coming morn;

The hounds responsive carol to the horn; Oh! I could wander on till dawn of day,

The cumbrous waggon groans beneath its load; And keep my eyes on thee, bright orb of' night,

The full stage-coach comes rattling on the road. Now, whilst thou shedd'st thy pale and silvery | These own thy influence, these admit thy pow'r light

| And presidency o'er the morning hour. O'er the lone path in which my footsteps stray. But not for these began my matin strain; And where is she, O moon! that once with me

To sing of them were trifling all and vain. In silent admiration gaz'd upon thy face,

'Tis thine, O Phosphorus, thine 'tis t' impart And were by no one seen-except by thee.

Associations grateful to the heart. Oh, tell me, does she occupy a place

Looking on thee, we call to mind the earth Above thy glorious height?-does she behold

When infant nature issu'd into birth, Thy light on earth's wide surface uncontrollid,

And retrospecting to the sacred page, Still shed its gentle beams, and does she see

Muse o'er the wonders of the world's first age. My eyes, as ber's were, firmly fix'd on thee?

Looking on thee, we recognize the star Oh! if she does—then thoughts no more will

| Which led the watchful shepherds from afar rise

To that fam'd city, where the work began,
Of melancholy-as I see thee gild the skies.

The heav'nly purpose of redeeming man.
M. M.

Looking on thee, our thoughts are borne above

To the prime source of reason and of love,

That source divine from whom all blessings flow,

To whom the light and all we have we owe. The moon is sailing in a cloudless sky,

T. M. And all is silence--not a sound is nigh, Save the half-stifled laugh of those who roam In misery and woe from friends and home.

THE WARNING. Ah! 'tis a sight makes pity's tear to start,

| Yes, thou hast seen the Virgin's blush To melt to tenderness the hardest heart, To see them thus forsaken and forlorn,

Confess the rising flame, Of hope bereft- from every comfort torn,

And triumph'd o'er the mingling flash, No friend, save one, and that an early tomb

Of innocence and shame; And sickness, and disease, and wan despair,

| Matarer beauty's witching glance

Has led thee through the circling dance,
Are on the cheek instead of beauty's bloom,
That once in loveliness sat smiling there.

Still foremost in the festal throng,
And when they die--there is no one that's nigh

And thou hast press’d the goblet round, To dry their tears--or hear their last repentant

And heard thine echoing roofs resound, sigh!

The wine-pledge and the song. Acton Place.

M. M. Thine heart is struck! that chill reveals

With force thou canst not flee,

Though o'er thee Time all noiseless steals,

Short, short is time to thee!
Man is born unto trouble as the sparks fly up- Thougb vigorous as the morning sun,

| Through pleasure's flower-gemm’d path thou'st

run, An, little thought I when a child,

While youth's bright blossoms o’er thee How vain all is below;

wave, Each foolish toy my passions fir'd,

Laid pale, and stiff, and cold, and low,
And caus'd my heart to glow.

The next November's early snow,
As in the spring the tender flow'r,
From winter's storms secure,

May drift upon thy grave.
I fear'd no change, I thought my joys

O! then the maddening banquet fly, Made only to endure.

Wild mirth and lawless joy, But sad experience soon taught me

And turn thee from the laughing eye, What I would gladly hide,

That lures thee to destroy,

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So, may thy cleansed spirit know,

| Ah woe! ah woe! ah woe! with slain Divine contrition's healing glow ;

The loaded earth is cover'd up! So, Mercy to thy fervent pray'r,

And all is blood yon spacious plain, Grant in thy twelfth and closing hour

More loud the shouts, more wild the strife; Firm faith, and holy hope bave power,

But in yon failing bands a troop
To save thee from despair.

Is wavering now, and now it breaketh,
And victory hopeless now awaketh

In vulgar souls the love of life.

As in the air the scattering grain,
Translated from the Italian of Alessandro

From the broad fan is whirl'd abroad,

So all about the ample plain
Hark! to the right the trumpet knelleth!

The conquer'd warriors' rout is spread; Hark! to the left a knell replying!

But sudden on the fugitive's road On either side the earth repelleth

Fierce squadrons unforeseen appear, The trampling tread of stud and man. And on their flank, more pear, more near, Lo here, in air a banner flying,

Is heard the horseman's thundering tread.
There another broadly glancing-
Here a banded troop advancing,

Trembling before their foes, they lie,
Another meets it, van to van.

The prisoners' yielded arms are heap'd,

The conqueror drowns with clamorous cry The space between hath disappear'd,

The sound the lowly dying makes;
Now they're clashing, brand with brand, The courier to bis saddle leap'd,
Breasts with deadly wounds are scarr’d, Takes, folds his billet, and away;
Blood-burst, more fast their wounds they | He flogs, be spurs, devours the way;

Each city at the rumour wakes.
Who are they? the lovely land
What new stranger wasteth now?

Why, all the trodden road along,
Who hath made the noble vow,

Run ye from forth your fields, your homes? His native soil to free, or die?

Each asks his neighbour in the throng,

Anxious what joyous news hath he; One their language, as their race

Hapless! ye know from whence he comes, Of one country; strangers call

And hope ye words of joyful strain?
Each one a brother, every face

Brothers by brothers have been slain,
Speaks them of a family;

This dreadful news I give to thee.
This earth the common nurse of all-
This earth all kneaded now with blood,

I hear around the festive cries,
Which nature in its solitude

The adorned temples ring with song, Girt from the world with Alps and sea. From homicidal hearts arise

Thanksgiving hymns abhorr'd of God, Ah! who to slay his brother first

The while the stranger, from among Uprear's the sacrilegious brand ?

The Alps high circle stoops his sight,
Oh horror! who the cause accurst

Beholds, and counts with fierce delight,
Of this thrice cursed butchery?

The brave that bite the bloody sod.
They know not-come the hireling band
Of a hireling captain, they,

Break off the triumph and the feasting ! Careless to be slain or slay,

Speed, speed, and fill your ranks anew, With him they fight, and ask not why.

Be each unto his banner basting,

The stranger is come down-is hereAh woe! these fools in conflict wild,

Ah conquerors! ye are weak and few ! Or wives or mothers have they not?

Therefore he comes to battle dight, Why hastes not each her spouse, her child, And waits you in yon field of fight, From that ignoble field to rend?

Because your brother perish'd there. The aged, who e'en now devote To the dark grave each holy thought,

Oh for thy children too confin'd! Why speed they not that maddening route,

Thy sons in peace thou canst not feed; With counsel wise in peace to bind ?

Doom'd land! to strangers now resign'd,

Such judgment hath begun on thee. As.sits the countryman before

A foe, by thee unharm'd indeed, His quiet dwelling gate at ease;

Sits at thy board, and mocks thy toils,
Watching the storms aloof that pour

Divides thy frantic people's spoils,
On fields his ploughshare hath not turn'd;

And holds thy sword of sou’reignty. So hear ye each, afar that sees,

Frantic he too! oh never! no, Secure, yon armed cohorts dread,

Was nation blest by blood and wrong; Recount the thousands of the dead,

The conquer'd feel not all the woe; And the wild woes of cities burn'd.

Still turns to tear the guilty's joy; Then from their mother's lips suspense,

Though not his haughty way along Behold the sons, intent on learning

Th' eternal vengeance sweeps and breaks,

It follows, watches still, and wakes,
By names of scorn to know. from whence
Erelong they shall go forth to slay ;

At his last moment to destroy.
Here dames at eve all brightly burning, Stamp'd in one image at our birth,
With rings and collars jewel'd pride,

Made in the likeness all of One; Which from the vanquish’d's desolate bride, Ever, at every part of earth Husband or lover rent away.

Where breath of life we may inherit,

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Be brethren all! one unison.

bert, Lutterel; Montague, Mordaunt, Accurst be he to strife who turns

Maitland ; Napier, Noel, Nevil; Ogle, Accurst who mocketh him that mourns,

Ogilvie, Osborne; Percy, Pelham, Or saddeneth one immortal spirit!!

R. T.

| Pringle; Quin; Rowley, Ramsay,

Russel; Seymour, Sinclair, Spencer; VERSES FOR SAMPLERS.

Talbot, Tallemache, Thurlow; WentTo morning's gay flow'r we youth may com

worth, Wynne, Wallace; Villiers,

Vane, Verney ; Yonge, Yelverton, &c. pare, How charming the tints while in bloom ; There is also another class of SurIt delights with its beauty, and sheds on the air names, that in general denotes great A sweet and engaging perfume.

antiquity, and of which a considerable Youth's leaves are good nature, with modesty part of the nobility and gentry contwin'd,

sist, viz.—such as are derived from Ev'ry virtue the tints it displays,

the names of places, or have given Its odours consist of a sweetness of mind, And charms us with freedom and ease.

name to them. The following may be

stated as examples among many : This flower is ANNA, young life is her morn, Arundel, Arbuthnot, Abercrombie ;

May she bloom like a blossom in Spring,
And years roll away while unpointed the thorn,

Berkeley, Barrington, Borthwick ; CoTo infix in her bosom a sting!

ventry, Crawford, Cathcart; Dundas; Elphinstone; Fularton; Grant; Ha

milton; Innes; Johnstone; LivingANSWER TO A QUERY ON SURNAMES.

stone ; Menzies, Murray, Montgo

merie; Netterville; Purves; Riddel, In the Imperial Magazine for August Ross; Somerset, Sutherland; York. last, col. 676, a question was inserted

This mark of antiquity is, however, on the Origin of Surnames. To this

not so unequivocal as the first; for question a short reply was given in

although many ancient families, as the Number for October, col. 830. above, have their surnames from parSince that time we have been favoured ticular places, which either were, or with a more detailed account, which

still are, in their possession, yet all can hardly fail to prove satisfactory to

that are so designed are not ancient. our readers.

For it is by no means uncommon for

new families to call their lands by their From this seemingly unimportant sub- own name, and many have their surject, a great deal of curious, and even names from towns and countries, who useful information, may be extracted, never had any property there. by attending to the circumstances pe A very considerable portion of all culiar to the different classes unto ranks is denominated from what is which these marks of family distinc- properly called the Sir-name, which is tion are naturally divided.

taken from the name of the father, or Thus, whenever we find Surnames most honourable progenitor of the of which the etymology is either ob-tribe; and when this is expressed in scure, of foreign extraction, or altoge- the ancient language of the country, ther unknown, the origin of such fami- it is a pretty sure indication of remote lies may very safely be ascribed to the antiquity. In England, this ancient ages of antiquity, to the Norman con- sir-name is expressed in the old Norquest, or to one or other of the dif- man dialect by Fitz, meaning a son; ferent influx of foreigners, that have in Scotland by Mac, a son also ; and so frequently, either in a friendly or in Ireland, by 0, a grandson; all prein a hostile manner, come into this fixed to the proper name of the procountry.

genitor. Of the first, the following In proof of this, it may be remark families have attained to the peerage, ed, that the greater part of the ancient Fitzwalter, Fitzgerald, Fitzherbert, nobility and gentry are thus derived. Fitzwilliam, (2) Fitzgibbon, FitzpaSuch as the Surnames of Allen, Agnew, trick, Fitzmaurice, and Fitzroy,(2) but Agar; Bruce, Burnett, Bertie ; Cour- this last is rather the mark of descent tebay, Campbell, Cummin; Douglas, than of antiquity, being the illegitiDrummond, Dillon; Elliot, Erskine, mate offspring of Charles II. Of the Eden; Foulis, Forbes, Frazer; Gor- sirname by Mac, the following have don, Graham, Goring; Howard, Her- attained to 'peerage:-Macdonald, bert, Hope; Ingram, Irwin, Jervis ; | Macdonnel, Mackenzie, (2) Mackay, serr, Keith, Kennedy; Lesley, Lam- | Macgill, Maclellan, Macdowal, am

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Macartney: and by 0, in like manner haps among the most ancient of this in the peerage, O'Brien, (2) O'Neil, class, its chief having possessed under O'Callaghan, and O'Hara. In Wales, that name his present lands in Athol ap, originally prefixed to the name for more than 400 years. of the father, had the same import; as, Of proper names, almost every one ap-Rice, ap-Howel, ap-Evon; the son may be adduced as surnames. The of Rice,-of Howel, -of Evon. The following are in the peerage, but, extwo first were soon contracted to Price cept the first, of no great antiquity : and Powel, and still indicate anti- Peter, Alexander, Duncan, and Matquity; but the more common practice thew. of expressing the sirname plainly, The surnames derived from the diEvans, Edwards, Johns, or Williams, minutives of proper names, such as is a modern device, which tends to Dick, Thom, Jamie, Will, Watt, Rob, confound ancient families with the Sim, Saunders, Pate, with their own commonalty of that country, who progeny of Dickson, Thomson, Jachange the sirname every generation, mieson, &c. must all have sprung oriby adding for their own sirname the ginally from the lower orders, if not genitive s, to the proper name of their from illegitimacy; as is most proimmediate progenitor. Ex. William bably the case with all surnames dethe son of John Edwards, will call rived from the names of women, such himself William Johnes, or Jones, as Alison, Mollison, Nelson, Beatson, and his own son Edward will in like and Christieson, as well as Christie, manner call himself Edward Williams; or rather Chirstie itself, that being so that were this practice general, all the usual appellation of Chirstain, family distinction, so far as depends which in Scotland, is a woman's name. upon sirname, would be involved in It would be an endless task to trace utter confusion.*

the origin of every surname, nor is it That branch of sirname that is form- here meant to be attempted; but still ed by adding son in plain English to a few observations more may be inthe proper name of the progenitor, is, dulged, particularly on such as have like the English language itself, more attained in this country to celebrity. modern, and besides that there are Thus we may observe, that official fewer of the nobility of this denomina- station and rank have given rise 10 tion, their elevation to the peerage is many dignified families that still conbut of recent date; the most ancient tinue in power and affluence, although at present on the list being Watson the station or rank that their ancestors Lord Sondes ; created such only 45 held has long since ceased to be enjoyyears ago, since which there has been ed,--such as Stuart, Marischal, Cononly eight more of this class added, stable, Butler, King, Dean, Monk, viz. Robinson, (2) Leeson, Dawson, Knight, Falconer, Forester, Bishop, Acheson, Jenkinson, Nelson, and Archdeacon, Treasurer, Chamberlane, Hutchinson. Sanderson, Earl of Scar- &c. There are now about twenty borough, is no proper exception to | of the prime nobility of these surthis, that being only an assumed name names, exclusive of the four last, at no remote period, the original name which have not yet attained to that being Lumley, which is indeed a name honour. of great antiquity. There was in-! Some surnames again denote the deed a Robertson, now changed to Col- nation or people from whence the falier, Earl of Portmore, of pretty an- | milies are derived, as Scott, Fleming, cient date, but that name itself is per- French, (which have all attained to the

* Not unsimilar to this is the practice in the crown, he lodged one night at Lumley castle, Imperial family of Russia, where the children between Newcastle and Durham. Here the take the name of their own father as a sirname: chaplain of the family, in conducting the royal Ex. Peter Alexowitz, Paul Petrowitz, Alexan- / visitor through the gallery of family portraits, der Paulowitz. They have even a feminine took occasion to expatiate on the vast antiquity declension owna, instead of owitz. Ex. Elizabeth of his patron's ancestors, tracing them through Iwanowna, Ann Paulowna, &c. But here l an almost endless genealogy. His Majesty, there is no danger of confusion, the family who foresaw where this was to end, and unwillbeing too dignified to admit of doubt, as to sing to be longer detained on the subject, cut lineage.

him short at once with—“Stop, stop, man, ! It is related, that when our sagacious mo- | never kend before, that Adam's surname was parch, James VI. was on his journey south to | Lumley.” London, to take possession of the English

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peerage) Inglis, and Welch.' Nobody Crookshanks, Bastard, Trollope, &c. has, however, yet thought of distin- which in some of the cases may have guishing themselves by the name of been assumed by, and in others imIrish, yet Ireland is not uncommon as posed on, the parties; of which the a surname; as also England, Scot-wonder is, how their descendants do land, Wales, France, and Holland. not contrive to alter them, which is Almost every town and country, in- often done in other cases, where nodeed, has given rise to a surname thing opprobrious attaches from the

The cardinal points, South, East, name. There can be no doubt also, North, West, are all surnames, of that many surnames are corrupted which the two last are in the peerage. undesignedly in the hands of illiterate

Parts of the Body have been as- people; of wbich, perhaps, there cansumed as surnames, -as Foot, Hand, not be shown a stronger instance than Tongue, Head, Heart, Beard, Belly, the surnames Death and Devil, from Shank, Leg, of which last there are De Ath, and De Ville. two families in the peerage; and of But the most numerous of all the dress and armour, such as Sword, classes of surnames, is that which has Spear, Shield, Buckle, Greaves or arisen from trade and occupation, Graves, Hood, Cuff. Of the three there being very few handicrafts that last surnames, there are five peers of have not given surnames to particular the realm.

families; and even these must be of The Colours form a numerous and considerable antiquity, as the different brilliant class,-as Green, Red, Black, employments of men would be an obBlue, Brown, of which there are seve- vious distinction at the first assumpral in the peerage; White, lately rais- tion of surnames among the great ed to it, and Grey, which has been for body of the people, which it is beages on the list of nobility, and had lieved took place in this country about once nearly secured the crown.

the end of the 13th, or beginning of From Animals, a numerous race the 14th century. But as in these are surnamed, and of high dignity. rude ages, the path to honour would Guelph, the German for Wolf, is the rarely lie in the way of rustics and surname of the illustrious house of mechanics, it would be long before Brunswick, and, of course, of the many families of this class would atRoyal Family of Great Britain: and tain to rank or distinction, and in fact in the list of the peerage are the fol- there are few or none thus derived that lowing ; Lyon, Griffin, Wolf, Fox, lay claim to much renown, till within Lamb, Hare, Hawk, Coote, Cocks, these 150 or 200 years ; although in and Finch.

the present day the number, even in There are remarkably few surnames the higher ranks, thus descended, is taken from the Sea, notwithstanding very considerable, and even among our intimate connection with it. them some are named from profesShore, lately advanced to the peerage, sions by which one would scarcely exseems the only one of respectability;pect that almost any family would for, of the few others in use, such as have chosen to be distinguished. Thus Herring, Haddock, Crab, Whale, and Collier and Salter, which were oriHulk, they seem rather to have been ginally professions held in great disimposed as nicknames, 'than assumed repute, (so much so as to be conducted as surnames of distinction.

only by bondmen,) are now the names A considerable number of surnames of very respectable families; as well are derived from the Gaelic, such as as Dempster, which was originally Roy, Red; Bane, White ; Ogg, Young; the public executioner. More, Great; Begg, Little ; none of The following surnames of this plethem have, however, attained to much beian origin, are now enrolled in the distinction, except Duff, Earl Fife, class of nobility: Fayer, Collier, and of the same import Dove and Cooper, Carpenter, Turner, Ryder, Dow, all of which signify Black Smith, Litster, and Gardiner or Gard. There are several surnames derived ner, consisting of the families of one from personal qualifications or cir- Marquis, six Earls, two Viscounts, and cumstances, such as Sharp, Smart, | four Barons. Jolly, Fair, Short, Small, Strong, On the whole, it is a most gratifying Little ; and even some from personal reflection, that, as, on the one hand, reproach or deformity; as Waddle, such a numerous race of dignified No. 30,--Vol. III.

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