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Review - Mexican Revolution.


had spared their lives, and conducted them as The warrior, indeed, perceives no prisoners to head-quarters, the booty would not have been so great, as iu that case they might difficulty connected with it. He finds bave lost the clothes.

justice securely entrenched under the “ The next morning, the enemy entered the deserted fort in triumph. Then ensued a tra.

cover of his arms, and prowess with gedy, by order of the infuriated Linan, which him is the criterion of right. AniIt is vain to attempt to depict in colours suf- mated by the example of kings and ficiently strong.

" The hospital, as we have before observed, heroes, whose exploits have been rewas filled with wounded, a large majority of corded in the pages of fame, he only whom were foreigners, principally Americans, aims at wealth and military glory; he paces distant, were made to do so, while others, marches on in his career of conquest whose fractured limbs would not permit them over heaps of slain, and smiles at the to move, were inhumanly dragged along the ground to the fatal spot. There stood the fero- blood which either flows around him, cious Linan, feasting on the spectacle ; regard. or smokes upon his sabre. less of their miserable situation, of their former gallant conduct, of the clemency and respect

The Spaniards, in the conquest of which they bad shewn to royalist prisoners- Mexico and Peru, acted upon that ummindful of all these considerations, he or principle which Mina followed. The dered them to be stripped of all their clothes, only difference lay in the result of

“ Linan occupied three days in compelling the their exertions ;-the former were reother prisoners tbat were found in the fort, to demolish the works; which being effected, he

warded with wealth and victory, and ordered them to be brought to the square, and the latter was recompensed with pothere shot. One of the prisoners, immediately verty and death. before being shot, discovered the place where the treasure and other articles were buried; but

Among all the even this information did not save his life. “ Thus terminated the siege of Sombrero; out

· mighty troublers of the earth, of the two hundred and sixty-nine men who Who swam to sov'reign rule through seas of bad entered the fort with Mina, only fifty escaped.”

blood,” From the extracts thus given, the from Nimrod to Napoleon, there is reader will be able to contemplate the scarcely an invader to be found, 10 horrors of war, reflect on the cruelty whom the charge of injustice will not of the Spaniards, on the bravery of apply. The history of nations is too Mina and his followers, on the author's frequently, like the laws of Draco, talents as a writer, and on his fidelity written in blood; and he who can jusas a narrator of th facts which he de- tify the depredations of these military scribes.

marauders, may become apologists We have already hinted, that the for Mina. delineation given in these volumes are But whatever may be said respectnot without some tincture of colouring ing the principles by which Mina was unfavourable to the Spaniards, whose actuated, nothing can be inferred from character is almost every where placed hence, either to the advantage or disin an unpleasant light. The facts advantage of the volumes which rethemselves are, however, of such a cord transactions of which he is the nature, that they cannot with justice hero. The narrative abounds with a be questioned, when viewed in the variety of incidents; among which abstract; although it must be allowed, none are more interesting, than those that a writer, under an impression of that accompany the capture and death opposite feelings, would have found of this daring adventureravi 'extil occasion to give prominence to ano- Independently of these, the descripther class of objects.

tions given of the country, its govern, To men in different walks of life, ment, its population, wealth, internal whose minds have been trained to va- resources, together with the manners 'ried modes of reflection, questions of of the inhabitants, interest the feela very opposite nature will readily oc- ings, which are alternately soothed cur. The warrior and the moral phi- and harassed; while mingled emotions losopher seem to belong to distinct of pity, sympathy, contempt, and inspecies of beings. The latter will dignation, occasionally occupy the readily inquire, what were the motives mind. No person, we think, can perase which induced Mina to enter South these volumes with attention, without America, to commit depredations on acknowledging them to be instructive, the Spanish territories? This is a ques- important, and interesting. We shall tion which we must confess it is more be pleased to learn, that the author has easy to propose, than satisfactorily to beeh amply remunerated for his past solve.

sufferings, and his present labour.


Review-Literary Fund.


Review.-The incorporated Society for cence it has since been permanently

the management and distribution of established. the Literary Fund. 8vo. 66, Nichols & The society standing on this exSon, Parliament Street, London, alted ground, soon attracted the no1821.

tice of the late Mr. Thomas Newton, The pamphlet before us is of such a a member of the family of our imcomplexion, that its principal claim mortal philosopher, by whom it was to the notice of a reviewer, arises from assisted on its progress with a bequest its connection with the subject of which of his entire possessions. it details the history. It presents to

Having attained this state of imus an account of the origin, progress, portance, a royal charter of incorpoand incorporation of a society, esta- ration was deemed necessary, and blished for the purpose of affording for this an application was immerelief to literary characters reduced diately made. Several obstacles, howto a state of distress.

ever, so far obstructed the progress of The author informs us, that this be- the applicants, that some years elapnevolent institution originated with the sed before the object could be attained. late Mr. David Williams, who, so early But through the influence and perseas the year 1773, communicated his verance of the Earl of Chichester and ideas on the subject to a literary club, Sir Benjamin Hobhouse, every oppoof which he was then a member, but sition was at length surmounte and not finding that cordial co-operation on the 18th of May, 1818, the deed and support which he had anticipated, which established the incorporation his plans lay dormant until 1788, when was ratified with the privy seal. they were revived by the death of the

Such is the history which this pamlearned and amiable Floyer Sydenham, phlet details, in a pleasing and perwho being arrested for a small debt, spicuous manner. To the various licontracted under the necessity of sub- terary characters who have been resisting; expired beneath the pressure lieved by the institution, the author of bis calamity. On this afflicting oc- adverts with an equal degree of pacasion, a small subscription was raised thos, feeling, and delicacy. The charamong the literary friends of Mr. ter of the society, and the rules of the Williams, and an appeal was made to institution, are also placed before the the public by his pen.

reader, and these are followed by a These efforts proved so far success- long list of subscribers, among whom ful, that in 1790, the society was many of the most exalted personages formed, its constitution fixed, its offi- in the nation appear. cers appointed, and its first annual The pamphlet before us is well festival auspiciously celebrated. At written, and fairly printed; but we have the fourth anniversary, the late Captain introduced it to the notice of our Thomas Morris recited a poem which readers, principally from a wish to he had composed for the purpose, and promote the welfare of an institution, his example being followed by some which we cannot but think deserving gentlemen of superior talents, poetic of that support which it has already recitation became the distinguishing obtained, and highly worthy of the accompaniment of the society's an- strongest recommendation. nual celebration.

In 1797, a permanent fund was es- Review.—Memoirs of the Rev. John tablished through some very liberal Taylor, late Pastor of the General donations, which gave to the Society Baptist Church at Queenshead, near a considerable capital. To this the

Halifax, Yorkshire ; chiefly compiled late Mr. Samuel Salte added by be

from a MS. written by himself. By quest a legacy of £100.

Adam Taylor. 8vo. pp. 144. London, In 1803, the accession of the Earl Baynes & Son, Paternoster Row, and of Chichester to the society, consti

Mann, Commercial Road. 1821. tuted a kind of epoch in its bistory, | When men, who have been long dissince, by the liberal exertions of this tinguished for talents, piety, and useenlightened nobleman, it was elevated fulness, are taken from the active to the attention of the Prince of scenes of life, to the repositories of Wales, our present sovereign, with death, and from the fluctuations of whose immediate patronage it was time to the immutabilities of eternity, honoured, and by whose royal munifi- they present us with an awful crisis in


Review- Memoirs of the Rev. John Taylor. 856 the progress of existence, by directing possible for me to continue it long, and preus to pause on the margins of divided

serve my reason and my sight." The former I

soon feli much affected, and subsequent events worlds. The narrative which this book re- fered. These hints may perhaps be a warning

quickly proved how much the latter had sufcords, is chiefly taken from Mr. Tay- to those who may be strongly tempted, as i lor's own diary, in which he has given was, to endeavour to obtain a little knowledge

, a faithful and unvarnished account of when all the powers are too much worn down

to bear it." pp. 60. God's dealings with his soul in early life ;- of his spiritual trials and strug- Shortly after this, Mr. T. lost the gles ;-of his hopes and fears ;--of his use of his right eye, the sight of which doubts and perplexities;- and of his he never again recovered. happy deliverance from the numerous He, however, persevered in his lasnares to which he was exposed. In bours until December 6th, 1818, when every paragraph, the irradiations of he delivered his last discourse. He truth shine with peculiar lustre, and continued to languish until Friday the the whole of his spiritual warfare tends 25th, when he rested from his toils

, to exalt the abundant grace of God. and entered on his reward. His fuIn pursuing his journey through this neral was attended with the highest vale of tears, his domestic troubles testimonies of respect. Ten ministers were neither few nor small; but it is of different denominations honoured pleasing to observe the Sun of righ- his interment with their presence; and teousness beaming from behind the the concourse of people was estimated darkest cloud which seemed to ob- at between two and three thousand. scure his passage. In all his narrative, He was beloved in life, and honoured the records of his life are accompanied in death, by all who had the pleasure with much self-abasement, and with of his acquaintance. an exaltation of that grace which It is a tribute of justice due to his brings salvation into the soul.

memory to say, that after living fortyRaised from the coal mines, in which five years among the same people, and several of his family had earned a occupying a station, that exposed him scanty livelihood, to the pulpit of to popular observation, he maintained Queenshead, he still appears to have a good report to the close of life. retained his primitive simplicity of Even calumny herself seemed unwil. manners, aiming to bring souls to ling to tarnish his name. Jesus Christ, the promotion of whose The last section in this biographical glory seems to have been his principal sketch, contains his own account of object. In this, his efforts were hap- his behaviour towards his children, pily crowned with success; for al- and to his neighbours,--his views and though the infant church in that place, designs in beginning and continuing in which he was made instrumental in the work of the ministry;---his manner raising up, was afterwards subjected of preaching,-his visiting and going to many painful vicissitudes, his among his friends,--his exercises of strength was according to his day, and devotion,--the ways of Divine Provihe lived to see the great Head of the dence towards himself and familychurch triumph over all his enemies. and finally, with considerations which Of his unremitting diligence, we give supported him through all his labours

. the following specimen in his own all these furnish many important les words.

sons, which the most accomplished “ In about a year and a half, I read more than three thousand octavo pages; among and they set forth an example which

ministers might advantageously learn; which wei'e all the volumes of Neal's History of the Po ritans. I wrote, I think, nearly a piety in every form will not disdain to quire of paper; besides all that I had to do of follow. reading acid writing, connected with my work Of the part which Mr. Adam Taylor, as a minis ter. In doing this, I lived one sam, the biographer, has performed in this out of it vrhen I was wanted in the house. In work, but little remains to be said. the winter season, I sat down at the time of The greater portion of the materials candle-ligl sting, placed my candle behind my he found prepared and arranged to his shoulder on the top of my chair, and with hand. His selections appear to bare scarcely a ny intermission, even when the even- been made with much judgment, and ings were five or six hours long, I kept on the fidelity which he has shewn in dereading, o in bed-time. This intense reading lineating the character of his friend, till both d je doctors and others said it was not cannot but secure for him the appro


Review-Protestantism and Bible Societies.


bation of all candid and judicious ed the infamous decree, that fach is not to be readers. It seems to present to us. a kept with heretics, a decree of which modern faithful mirror of the deceased. Were Catholics affect to be ashamed, and which they

say they reject. But for individual Catholics, biographers always to act thus, friend

or all the Catholics in England or Ireland, to ship might lament the dead, without talk of rejecting the decree of a council, is just compelling justice to sigh-that truth as absurd as it would be for the magistrates of had been interred in the same se- Dudley to say they had rejected an act of parpulchre.

liament. As in the latter case, parliament only has the power of repealing its own acts; so in

the former, none but a council can repeal the Review.-Remarks on the Rev. Tho- never exercise, but at the expense of their

decrees of a council : and that power they can mas T'ysun's attack on Protestantism infallibility.” (Preface.) and Bible Societies; in Letters to a

In these sentiments of the author, Friend. By Jacob Stanley. 8vo. pp. we most readily concur. But we must

83, London. Blanshard, 1821. not forget, that the advocates for the We are well aware that there was a Catholic system will not allow the contime when infidelity and ignorance clusion which terminates the paramade a formidable stand against the graph. They tell us, that the decisions circulation of the word of God; but of councils are governed by the occafrom the long silence which these op

sions which called them forth; but that posers have studiously observed, we as circumstances change, the modes flattered ourselves that the warfare of of decision vary, without losing their Bible Societies was past, and that

character of infallibility.

opposition had been overwhelmed by “ a Mr. Stanley's Letters are four in flood of day.” The pamphlet before number, and they appear to be writus, however, and the attack on Pro- ten in a strain of argumentative hutestantism and on Bible Societies, to mour, which cannot fail to amuse even which it alludes, have taught us a dif- those whom they are best calculated ferent lesson. We find ourselves by to instruct. To an author who posthese carried back into the dark ages

sesses a fertile imagination, the mumfrom which our protestant ancestors meries of popery furnish ample mahappily emerged; where we are sur-terials on which to display the corrusrounded with the gloom of superstition, cations of wit ; and these Mr. Stanley sheltered by the dogmas of authority, exhibits to some advantage. and secured by the intrenchments of

But independently of these occainfallibility.

sional sallies, his reasonings are clear In the late attempts which have been and masculine, and he shews himself made to eflect what has delusively been to be something more than a novice in denominated Catholic emancipation, we the polemic art. On the passages of were taught by its advocates, that the scripture which Mr. Tysan, his Cathoabsurdities and anathemas, which had lic antagonist, quotes, Mr. S. animaddisgraced former centuries, had pe- verts with considerable ability, and rished with the periods which gave

we conceive with good effect. them birth. We were informed, that From some popish authors of aeknowthe light which distinguished the nine- ledged celebrity, Mr. Stanley has quoteenth century, had irradiated the Ca- ted passages which we can scarcely tholic mind; that the dangerous tenets read without feeling indignant at the with which they were charged, existed in piety and insolence which they disonly in the terrified imaginations of play. From the renowned Bellarmine their opponents; and that Catholics he selects the following: “ If the pope and Protestants might now enjoy the should err, in commanding vices, and common privileges of their birthright. forbidding virtues, the church were To these tales we were disposed to bound to believe vices to be good, and lend an attentive ear; but we have virtues to be evil.” “A Christian ought been warned from many quarters to to receive the church's doctrine withbeware of delusion; and the subject out examination. All Christians, and now before us, confirms the suspicions ministers, and bishops, are to be subwhich we were recommended to en-ject to the pope.” When infallibility tertain.

arrogates to itself such authority as “Roman Catholicism,” (Mr. Stanley tells this, that man must have abandoned us,)“ is the same now, as in the time of the his reason, who does not doubt its Council of Constance, which solemnly enact- pretensions. No. 31.- Vol. III,





We have no time to follow Mr. Stan- frivolity which they have discovered. ley through his examination of the Authors who will flatter their readers various topics which fall under his in their weaknesses, will always comnotice. We can only say, that he has mand a multitude of admirers, the handled them with considerable talent numbers of which will be in proportion and address; and we are much incli- to the dexterity with which they can ned to think, that the Rev. Mr. Tysan, conceal their designs. To extol wiswhen he commenced his attack upon dom is the most effectual method that protestantism and bible societies, had can be taken to disarm suspicion of its no anticipation that his own authority vigilance, and to levy an impost upon and infallibility would be so formid- the pockets of imbecility. ably called in question. We recom- In the poems before us, there is a mend this pamphlet to the perusal of considerable fund of masculine sense every Catholic in England and Ire- and elevated sentiment. The author's land, and to as many Protestants as lines in many places contain much feel an interest in the circulation of pointed harmony. The weapon of the Scriptures, and that form of Chris- satire wears a keen edge, and occatianity which their ancestors shed their , sionally inflicts wounds in unexpected blood to secure.

quarters; so that while we smile at the blow which some vice or characteris

tic foible receives, of which we are Review.--Poems by Joseph Jones,

conscious we are not guilty, the sabre M.A. pp. 180. London, Longman,

takes an unexpected turn, and, falling Hurst, Rees, Orme, f. Brown ;F.C. upon ourselves, compels us to suspend J. Rivington ; J. Hatchard's Son; our merriment, and even to leave the

huzza anfinished. Whitaker & Brown, Wigan, 1821.

Authorship, the first subject, is carThe subjects of these poems are five ried on in the form of a dialogue bein number ; namely, Authorship, The tween a Friend and a Poet. Of these, Church, Greatness, Zeal, The Satir- the former reprehends, and the latter ist, and Content. These subjects are vindicates, and in both instances the preceded by a preface, containing fif- characters are well sustained. We teen pages, in which the author deve- subjoin the following as a specimen. lops the principles which he intends to unfold in the subsequent poems. This

F. Why scribble, and complain of scribbling preface is well written. It contains Why rhymes condemn, and yet compose in

times? many judicious observations on the

rhymes ? various topics which are introduced to What inconsistency! But blame no more ; public notice by the most celebrated Or lock your papers in your escrutoir. writers of the present day, in which the best interests of mankind are either P. Pause, gentle friend : not writing I deoverlooked, or only introduced in a spise, vague and incidental manner,

Provided writing aims to make us wise.

Let authors only always keep in sight though they were too trifling and un- The weal of man, as well as his delight; important to occupy their thoughts, or Shew wisdom, labour, gravity, and thought; employ their pens. For this open and And they shall have my plaudit, as they ought. candid avowal of his sentiments, the author is entitled to the approbation

“ F. What is an author? An unlucky wight, of all those whose favour he would For ever wrong, and yet for ever right; consider worthy of his acceptance.

Now brisk and lively as the rising lark; His reflections indeed extend in Silent and fretful, talkative and vain;

Now dull as beetle, buzzing in the dark ; their consequences beyond the charac- A mental despot no one can explain. ters to whom he has restricted their Expecting all must to his sceptre bend, application. The manner in which He only loves the giddy who commend : those authors have written, whose con

Dictates, asserts, impatient of debate, duct falls under his censure, contains An oracle, incorrigible elf,

And loads opponents with his deadliest hate. a severe satire on the age in which For realms and ages he accounts himself. we live. They pursue their career, A dozen thoughts, the sum may be too great, because they find it congenial with the Lodge in the sombrous chambers of his pate; vitiated taste which prevails. They Are turned and tortur'd, varied and combind, have watched the march of intellect, And forth proceeds a volume, bright and bold, and have availed themselves of the Where much is uttered, and yet nothing told.


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