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Illness, Death, and Funeral, of Queen Caroline.
9. On the Peopling of Islands. executors, on finding that the former E. W. wishes to know the generally
was a favour not to be obtained, made received opinion as to the manner in
preparations for carrying the latter which many Islands, unknown to the
into effect. other parts of the world, became in
| During the period which elapsed habited ?
between her Majesty's decease, and
the removal of her body, the utmost 10. On the Division of the Earth in the
respect was paid to her memory by days of Peleg.
nearly all classes of inhabitants, E.W. also asks, What division of the | throughout the metropolis, and its earth that is supposed to have been, vicinity. In most places the shops which took place in the days of Peleg, | were either entirely or partially clomentioned Gen. x. 25 ?
sed,--the bells were tolling at times in every direction,-and mourning pre
parations were making for the day of ILLNess, DEATH, AND FUNERAL, OF
her removal from Brandenburgh QUEEN CAROLINE.
Prior, however, to the completion of
those arrangements which were conTHE grand messenger of mortality has
templated, a serious misunderstandagain visited the abode of Royalty, and
ing arose between her Majesty's exeonce more clothed a considerable part
cutors and the authorities of governof the nation with the sable of death.
ment, respecting the time when her Early in the month of August, a re remains should be removed. This was port prevailed that her Majesty was
followed by some unpleasant altercaill; and on the third, the following | tion, accompanied with much painful bulletin was issued by her medical at
feeling, that tended to agitate the pubtendants. “Her Majesty has an ob lic mind. The time and manner of her struction of the bowels, attended with
Majesty's funeral procession appear inflammation. The symptoms, though from the following order, issued at the mitigated, are not removed.” On the
Lord Chamberlain's Office, dated 4th, her health was represented as hav
Aug. 12, 1821. . ing undergone scarcely any visible
1 « The remains of her late Majesty will be alteration. On the 5th, sonic serious
privately removed from Brandenburgh-house apprehensions were entertained, and
onTuesday (Ang. 14) morning, at seven o'clock, she made her will. On the 6th, the in a hearse decorated with ten escutcheons, and dangerous symptoms remained, but drawn by eight horses, preceded by the Knight without any increase. On the 7th, she Marshal's men on horseback, with black staves,
and followed by the carriages of her late Ma. seemed to enjoy some little relief, and
jesty, each drawn by six horses, conveying expectations were entertained of her
the Chamberlain, the Ladies of the Bed-chamspeedy recovery; but a relapse fol
ber, and others of her late Majesty's estalowed, and about half past ten, her blishment. Majesty expired.
- The whole will be escorted by a guard conThe general burst of sympathetic
sisting of a squadron of the royal regiment of
Horse Gaards, with a standard, which will be feeling which this awful event occa
relieved at Romford by a like guard of the 4th sioned, is not easily to be described.
Light Dragoons; and similar reliefs will take Through what avenue soever we look place at Chelmsford and Colchester. into the field of politics, scarcely any “Upon the arrival of the procession at thing was to be seen, but a lively in
Chelinsford, the remains of her late Majesty
will be placed in the church under a military terest manifested in her favour, and
guard during the night. a common lamentation for her fate.
« On the following morning, at seven o'clock, It appears that her Majesty had made the procession will move in the same order, arrangements respecting the place of (with the exception or the Knight Marshal's herinterment, the purport of which was. men, who will remain at the termination of
the first day's journey), and will halt at that, in case she could not be interred
Harwich, where a gaard of honoar will be in the sepulchre with her daughter, ac
provided, to guard her Majesty's remains companied with those honours which, until they shall be embarked; and the colours as Queen of England, she had a right at that station, and at Languard Fort, will be to claim, her remains should be remo
hoisted at half mast. The body, attended by ved to Brunswick, to be deposited in
those persons composing the procession, who
are to accompany the same to the Continent, the sepulchre of her illustrious ances
will be conveyed on board the Glasgow frigate, tors. Shortly after her decease, her appointed for this purpose.
Illness, Death, and Funeral, of Queen Caroline.
“Minute guns will be fired from Languard again moved onward, towards the Fort as soon as the body is placed in the boat, 1 port allotted for the embarkation of and will be continued until the firing is taken
the corpse. The hearse arrived at up by his Majesty's ships in the bay." In pursuance of the preceding or
Chelmsford about four on Wednesday der, and of those preparations which
morning, which place it left about were made for carrying it into effect,
half past eleven, followed by the greatnotwithstanding the remonstrances of
er part of the population. It reached the executors to the contrary, very
Kelvedon about three in the afternoon, early on Tuesday morning, a great
and thence proceeded to Colchester, part of the population of the metropo
which place it reached about five lis was in motion, to pay their last
o'clock on Thursday morning. In this respects to the remains of the Queen,
place it remained till about eight, when before they were transmitted for ever
| it proceeded onward through Manfrom this country ; but the route which
ningtree to Harwich, at which place the procession was to take being ra
it arrived at half past eleven. In all ther uncertain, every avenue was
the towns and villages through which thronged in all probable directions that
it passed, every mark of attention and it could possibly take. After some un
respect was paid by the inhabitants, pleasant altercation had taken place,
whom neither their own private conMr. Bailey, who was to conduct the
cerns, nor the unseasonableness of the procession, took from his pocket a
hours, could deter from manifesting paper, describing its route in the fol
the deepest sympathy and regard. lowing manner.
A few minutes before twelve, the “The funeral cavalcade to pass from
body was raised by a crane at Harthe gate of Brandenburgh-house,
wich, and lowered into the barge of through Hammersmith, to turn round
the Glasgow frigate, which was appointby Kensington Gravel-pits, near the
ed to convey the body from the English church, into the Uxbridge road, to
shores. The barge was quickly towBayswater; from thence to Tyburn
ed off to the Pioneer schooner, which turnpike, down the Edgeware-road,
instantly made sail, after having hoistalong the New-road, to Islington,
ed the royal standard, to join the down the City-road, along Old-street,
Glasgow, which lay two miles east of Mile-end, to Romford, &c. A squad
Languard Fort. ron of Oxford Blues, from Branden
The state cabin, in which the remains burgh-house to Romford. to attend of her Majesty were placed, on board the procession; a squadron of the 4th
the Glasgow, had been previously preLight Dragoons from Romford to pared by a number of workmen from Chelmsford; another squadron of the
the King's upholsterers. The whole same regiment from Chelmsford to
interior of the cabin was entirely coColchester, another escort from Col
vered with black. A bier about four fect chester to Harwich, where a guard of 1 high was raised under a canopy about honour is in waiting.”
six feet long, and four feet wide, edged This route was no sooner made pub
with black fringe, and ornamented with lic, than it created a general ferment
tassels. The corpse was placed on among the multitudes assembled, who
the bier, covered with the pall, and avowed their determination, that the
the crown and cushion placed on the procession should move through the
pall. The walls were decorated with city. To obtain this end, obstructions
sconces and candelabras with wax canwere repeatedly thrown in the way of
dles. On each side of the coffin were the funeral escort, which occasioned
| four escutcheons, and a hatchment was much delay, and which at length be- |
I placed against the head of the coffin, came so unsurmountable, that the ori- 1 upon which were the royal arms e ginal route was altered, and the wishes
blazoned. On each side of the corpse of the people were partially realized.
were three massive silver candlesticks, This, however, was not accomplished
| six feet high, with long and thick wax until some skirmishes between the
tapers. There were seven black tressoldiers and populace had taken place,
sels on each side the apartment, which in which several of the latter were se
were sat upon by the Officers of the verely wounded, and one or two lives
Lord Chamberlain's department as the were lost.
body lay in state. The apartment had After the unpleasant ferment had an
an imposing effect. Sir George Naysomewhat subsided. the procession Iler has left his state habilimente
England, as it would not be proper standard being hoisted, the squadron for him to wear them in a foreign fired a royal salute. In a few minutes country.
he reached the Royal George Yacht, The Glasgow lay at anchor until Sa-, when, the standard being again hoistturday morning, in order that those ed, a second salute was fired from the who were appointed to attend the ob- squadron. The captains commanding sequies of her Majesty might have time the several ships in the port, were then to make all necessary preparations for individually presented, after which his their departure. On Saturday morn- Majesty retired to dress for dinner. ing the little squadron set sail; and, It will be impossible, within the followed by the eyes of thousands, gra limits prescribed to this article, to dually receded from their sight. state the progress of his Majesty's
Such is the grand outline of the cir voyage in all its minutiæ ; and this cumstances connected with this me- will be rendered the less necessary, as morable yet melancholy event, de- nothing of moment occurred from his tached from all party colouring and leaving Portsmouth, until his arrival political feelings. It would be pleas- at Holyhead, at which place the squaing to draw a veil over the disgraceful dron came to anchor on Monday, Auscenes which unhappily connect them- gust 6th, about midnight. No sooner selves with this branch of departed was his Majesty's arrival announced, royalty; but they will live in the pages than bonfires were immediately lightof history. We shall therefore con ed up on all the eminences in the viclude this account without opinion, cinity; and, notwithstanding the latenote, or comment.
ness of the hour, every one strove to exceed his neighbour in giving some public testimony of joy. His Majesty,
however, did not land until five o'clock HIS MAJESTY GEORGE THE FOURTH's
in the evening of the ensuing day. On VISIT TO IRELAND.
stepping on shore, he was saluted by
the firing of cannon, and the shouts of AMONG the various events that have thousands, who preserved the utmost lately arrested public attention, that order, while they were arranged in the of his Majesty's visit to Ireland is not form of an amphitheatre. This burst the least interesting.
of approbation was succeeded by “God His Majesty left London on the 31st save the King." His Majesty was of July, and reached Portsmouth about accompanied by the Marquis of Anhalf past five in the evening, in his glesea and other noblemen. A deputravelling carriage, accompanied by tation, consisting of Sir John Stanley Lord Graves, and Mr. Watson his and other gentlemen, then presented Majesty's private secretary, escorted an address from the gentlemen, clergy, by a party of the 10th hussars. His | and other respectable inhabitants of Majesty's arrival having been antici- | Holyhead and its vicinity ; which was pated, every preparation was inade most graciously received. The royal for his reception, both in the garrison party then proceeded to the seat of the and in the town. The streets were Marquis of Anglesea, where his Malined with troops; and naval and mi- jesty spent the night. litary officers, in their full uniforms, "Before his Majesty could leave Hoadded much to the splendour of the lyhead, which did not take place until spectacle, which Portsmouth every Thursday, he received information of where exhibited. On reaching the the death of the Queen. He was on outer barrier, a salute was fired from board the Yacht when the messenger the bastions; and the keys were pre- arrived; and the event was announced sented by Sir George Cook, and in- to him by Lord Londonderry as he sat. stantly returned. After riding slowly in the cabin. On receiving this indown the street, through lines of sol-telligence, he ordered mourning, and diers, who presented arms as he pass- immediately the usual ceremony of ed, his Majesty, on reaching the point lowering the slag took place. of embarkation, was received by Ad-! Having experienced some delay by miral Sir J. Hawkins Whitshed, and contrary winds, his Majesty embarked the Captains of the squadron. He at Holyhead on board the Lightning was then handed on board the royal Steam Packet, which he named “THE barge by Sir C. Paget, when, the Royal GEORGE The Fourth.” From
this vessel he landed in safety at Howth joy, with which he appeared to be on the 12th, and thence proceeded to much delighted. On this memorable Phoenix Park, the Lodge of the Lord occasion all party feelings and private Lieutenant
animosities seem to have been laid On the 17th his Majesty made his aside; and we sincerely hope, if they public entry into Dublin, amidst the cannot be buried in eternal forgetfulacclamations of myriads, the firing of ness, that ages will elapse before they cannon, and other demonstrations of experience a resurrection.
Erratum.-Col. 819, line 3, for Greenwich read Greenock.
COMMERCIAL REPORT, LIVERPOOL, AUGUST 25, 1821. There still exists a great dulness in the trade of this port: the operations may be chiefly referred to the supply of our internal wants; and whilst the continent of Europe receives the principal part of its colonial produce from the places of growth direct, our transit trade must remain on a diminutive scale, compared with former years. Several other circumstances, such as the exclu: sion of foreign grain, and the heavy duties on European timber, tend very much to restrict our intercourse with northern Europe. In such a state of things, monied men, both at home and abroad, withdraw their funds from commerce, and prefer the certain revenue (however small) arising from placing their money on foreign securities, to risking their capitals in commerce : thus the large supplies of goods press directly apon the consumer, and create a further depression of value. No alteration then can be well expected, until some political event shall turn the tide of opinion among capitalists, when the low state of produce may be considered susceptible of a very powerful impression.
The transactions of the week ending this day, will present our readers with the true state of the market; they are not characterized by any novelty.
The holders of British Plantation Sugars bring their supplies to market freely: the sales by auction this week amount to 1200 casks; low, middling, and brown qualities, have again sold rather lower, whilst good and fine sagars havé obtained better prices; they may be noted as urder: Dry Brown, 54s. to 58s. middling, 59s. to 698. good, 70s. to 73s. fine and very fine, 74s. to 78s. per cwt. 1270 bags of Bengal Sugar went off at advanced prices; fair to fine white 68s. 9d. to 76s. 3d. per. cwt.
Coffee. The market remains very depressed, yet holders will not generally submit to the prices offered. Ordinary Jamaica, 112s. good ordinary quality, 115s. middling to fine, 1186. to 134s. according to gradation of quality.
Rum.-The transactions therein are still limited; about 100 puncheons of Jamaica have been taken at ls. 10d. to 2s. for 16 O. P.; for Leewards there has been more demand. Common Leewards, Is. 5d. 16 0. P. ls. 9d. and 22 0. P. 22s. per gallon.
Spirits of other kinds are in a state of similar depreciation. Geneva may be quoted at to ls. 10d. per gallon. Brandy, Cogniac, 3s. 3d. to 3s. 6d. per gallon.
Cotton. The market still continues in a languid state, and prices are again a shade lower in almost every description. Brazils are particularly heavy. Sea Islands are very lifficult of sale, and the large quantities declared for public sale in the ensuing week, tend still to depress the article more. The sales this week consist of 2278 boweds, 89d. to 101d. 890 Orleans, 8zd. to to 14d. 200 Tennessee, 87d. to 10 d. 90 Sea Island, 14:d. to 173 d. 40 Stained. 13d. 310 Pernams, 127d. to 13 d. 440 Maranhains, 11 d. to 12 d. 450 Bahia, 11 d. to 12 d. 80 Demerara, 11 d. to 12d. 20 Para, 11?d. 12 Carthagena, 7 d. 80 West India, 8 d. to 10 d. 60 Surat, 744. to 7 d. 640 Bengal, 6 d. to 6 d. making a total of 5483 packages.
Tobacco.--The sales this week are limited; they consist of 30 hhds. Kentucky leaf, of the new crop, of good quality with flavour, at 4d. per Ib. some few Virginias at 5 d. to 7d. per lb. also several trivial parcels of old ordinary Virginia and Kentucky stemmed at Zd. to 3 d. per Ib.
Rice.-Carolina has experienced no alteration, and rules at 14s. 6d. to 16s. 6d. per cwt. 200 bags of fair Bengal Rice have brought 123. 6d. per cwt.
Drysaliery Goods.-For ashes there has been a considerable inquiry for export, and nearly 1000 barrels have been disposed of. Pearls are at 38s. to 39s. per cwt. Pots American, 38s. to 39s. Montreal, 32s. per cwt. Jamaica Logwood is on the advance, and brought by auction 08. 15s. per ton. Campeachy commands €9. 5s. to £9. 10s. Cuba Fustic, 28. 8s, Nicaragua Wood has advanced to 160 per ton, in consequence of the absolute scarcity of Brazil Wood. Valonia is more inqnired after, and 120 tons of ordinary to fair quality have been taken for consumption at £16 to £21 per ton.
The accounts from the Greenland and Davies Straits fisheries are, on the whole, rather favour. able; the price asked for arrival is t29 per ton, without casks. Gallipoli Oil has been sold at £66 per ton, which is a reduction of 44. In Seed Oils little is doing; prices are steady. Palm Oil is dull of sale at 32s. per cwt. Oil of Turpentine, 63s. per cwt. Tallow remains at the low rate of 47s. per cwt. for Petersburg Y.C. Hides continue in increasing request.
The demand for Pine Timber is steady and regular, and sells readily at 21 d. to 22 per cubic foot. Baltic Pine, 2s. 4d. to 25. 6d. per foot. American Staves are scarce, and much wanted; and Quebec Staves 'sell very easily at £63. per standard t
Market. The harvest having commenced under very favourable circumstances, bas occasioned a very dull sale for all kinds of grain, and prices are nearly nominal. Wheat is al. decline, and Oats are lower. Bonded grain is almost without inquiry. Fine Malt keeps ups price, and Malting Barley is held at former prices, whilst that for grinding is much cheaper.
LONDON: PRINTED AT THE CAXTON PRESS, BY H. FISHER.