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prove greatly detrimental to the best itself, to the terrible crisis. The whole interests of society? In what words is written in a very vigorous and then can we express our abhorrence manly style, and seems to be the best of such characters as Carlisle, who, extenuation of the errors and motives after treating the immortality of the of that prince, that could have been soul as a mere illusion, an ignis fatuus, devised; and, read in reference to the pourtrays to us an imaginary state of eventful period above mentioned, must bliss in this world, that will apply needs produce peculiar feelings. indemnify us for our non-existence! In 1767, three letters appeared in hereafter? But even this is not to be the Gentleman's Magazine, written granted us, unless we implicitly follow from this neighbourhood, and tending the directions so minutely laid down to shew that the actual executioner of in his “ Address to Men of Science." Charles I. was one William Walker, What an excellent figure would Car-who died at Darnal, a village about a lile bave made during the mania of mile from Sheffield, (as his epitaph, in the revolution in France! He would the parish church at the latter place, then have been in his proper element! | set forth,) in November 1700: this is With the Brissots and Robespieres he presumed principally from the dying probably would have made himself confession of Walker, and the concurhighly conspicuous; though it appears rent testimony of the “State Trials,to me, that notorious as these men wherein it is observed in the trial of were, they would almost have been | William Hulet, for being one of the ashamed of his company. I cannot masquers on the scaffold, that the conceive that any work published at stroke was given by Walker, and the that period, could possibly in its na- | head then held up by Hulet. The ture have been more calculated to whole of the evidence to be deduced unhinge the elements of society, from these letters makes it very than the present publication. His probable, if not certain, that William whole family appear to be infected Walker above mentioned was the with the same disease, doubtless aris- actual executioner. Mr. Hunter, howing from the execrable example taught ever, the learned and judicious histothem. What a father must that be, rian of Hallamshire, attempts to diswho can thus deliberately teach his parage the above report, yet, as I offspring (let his own opinions be what think, on insufficient grounds. they may) to despise and ridicule that connected with the book, and report which the majority of the world, and above mentioned, I have to add the the wisest and best of men, look upon following extract, written on one of with awe and reverence.

the blank leaves of a copy of the I. D.

'Έικών Βασιλική lately in my possesHolloway, near Islington,

sion, and once belonging to a person Aug. 25, 1821.

of Darpal. It exhibits the most bitter and fiery spirit of republicanism;

and some expressions rather tend to Extract from an old Book, &c. &c.

strengthen the opinion respecting

Walker:-“ We glory in the rememMR. EDITOR,

brance of having the honour to be his SIR,-There lies before me a copy majesty's judges, ignominiously called of that somewhat rare, and certainly regicides, applauded mightily for their very curious book, called 'EIKIN zeal and integrity for the good old BASIAIKH', professing, as is well cause, and cordial approbation, and known, to be written by that unfor- the great effects, these of which we tunate monarch. Charles I. but long annually celebrate on the 30th of attributed to the pen of Bishop January, that derisional festival which Gauden, whom, however, later evi we keep like true patriots of our coundence has proved not to have been try, and that the true spirit of liberty the writer. The work contains twenty-may never die. We not only declare eight chapters, wherein are discussed ourselves brave defenders of that glothe most prominent topics connected rious action, by reverencing that vawith the proceedings of the king at that liant arm that did that noble deed, most calamitous period of his life and and annually signalize our gratitude government, from the time when his to the pious memory of those illuskingdom began to be divided against trious, (the writer's pen bere seems to

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have slipped a word,) who by their ring up a tempest in a man's own undaunted magnanimity brought un- bosom. paralleled to a happy issue, and left “ Nor hath God's justice failed in behind them such a glorious example thc event and bad consequences, to which we will ne'er neglect to imitate shew the world the fallacie of that when we sball have the like occasion. / maxim, Better one man perish (though We are the cocks that dare crow, and unjustly) than the people be displeased make the lion tremble.” On the blank or destroyed. leaf preceding this extract, is written “ In all likelihood I could never in reference to the book, “ Fleshly have suffered with my people greater relief for the sons of Adam.”

calamities (yet with greater comfort) As connected with a subject of per- / had I vindicated Stratford's innocence, ennial interest in English history, I at leas by denying to sign that destrucwill transcribe a part of the second (tive bill according to that justice which chapter from the Basilike, entitled my conscience suggested to me, then “Upon the Earl of Strafford's Death." I have don sinse I have gratified som The royal prosopoiea observes, men's unthankful importunities with

“ I looked upon my lord of Strafford so cruel a favour ; and I have obas a gentleman, whose great abilities served, that some wbo counselled me might make a prince rather afraid, to sign that bill, have been so far from than ashamed to emploie bim in the receiving the rewards of such ingragreatest affairs of state.

tiatings with the people, that no men " For those were prone to create in have been harrased and crushed more him great confidence of undertakings; than they. Hee only hath been least and this was like enough to betraie vexed by them who counselled me not him into great errors, and manie eni- to consent against the vote of my own mies; whereof he could not but con- conscience. I hopeGod hath forgiven tract good store, while mooving in so me, and the sinful rashness of that high a spbeer and with so vigorous a business. lustre, he must needs (as the sun) rais • * * * *. manie envious exhalations, which, con-' “ Nor were the crimes objected densed by a popular odium, were capa- against him so clear as after a long ble to cast a cloud on the brightest and fair hearing to give satisfaction to merit and integritie.

the major part of both houses, espe“ Though I cannot in my judgment cially that of the lords, of whom scarce approov all hec did, driv'n (it may be a third part were present, when the by the necessities of times, and the bill passed that hous. And for the temper, more than led by his own dis- | Hous of Commons, manie gentlemen position to anie height and rigour of disposed enough to diminish my lord actions; yet I could never be con- of Strafford's greatness and power, vinced of anie such criminousness in yet unsatisfied of his guilt in law, him, as willingly to expose his life to durst not condemn him, who, for their the stroke of justice, and malice of integrity in their votes, were (by posthis enemies.

ing their names) exposed to the poI never met with a more unhappy pular calumnie, hatred, and furie, conjuncture of affairs, than in the which then grew so exorbitant in their business of that unfortunate earl; 1 clamors for justice, (that is, to have when between my own unsatisfiedness both myself and the two houses vole, of conscience, and a necessitie (as and do as they would have us,) that some told me) of satisfying the im-manie (tis thought) were rather terriportunities of some people; I was ried to concur with the condemping persuaded by those that I think wished partie, than satisfied that of right they mee well, to chuse rather what was ought to do so. * * safe than what seemed just ; preferring -- This tenderness and regreet I find the outward peace of my kingdoms in my soul, for having had any band with men, before that inward exact-|(and that very unwillingly, God knows) ness of conscience with God. * * * * in shedding one man's blood unjustly,

though under the color and formalitie T I see it a bad exchange to of justice, and pretences of avoiding wound a man's own conscience, there- / public mischiefs, which may (I hope) by to saly state sores; to calm thc bec some evidence before God and storms of popular discontents by stir- man to all posteritie, that I am!

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from bearing justly that vast load and, vindication. If Aristarchus has emguilt of all that blood which hath been braced the infidel sentiments avouched shed in this unhappie war, which some in the poetry of Lord Byron, it may men will needs cbarge on me to ease account for the indiscriminate praise their own souls, who am, and ever he has lavished upon him, but it does shall bee, more afraid to take away not invalidate my assertions. The any man's life unjustly, than to lose time has been when Dr. Wollcott was my own.” Then follows (as at the regarded as the greatest poet of the end of all the chapters) a series of reign of George the Third,* but his penitential reflections and prayers laurels were gathered upon an imappropriate to the subject.

pure soil, and they have withered. No I have by me a large sheet published essayist now borrows a plume from at the Restoration, entitled “Eng-them to ornament his productions. land's Black Tribunal, or the Royal Your correspondent seems to imaMartyrs,” containing a large wood cut gine, that he has aimed a bold stroke with heads of eighteen of the nobility at Wordsworth, and demolished at who suffered death in the cause of once his poetical character. But far their royal master, with a likeness greater wits than himself have not also of the king himself, “ Enthron'd been able to accomplish this. If the in centre of the planets bright,” as the Ethiopian cannot be made white with verse has it. Round the picture are washing, neither has the muse of a series of doggerel verses appropriated Wordsworth become black by all the to each of the heads. I shall conclude bottles of ink, nor maimed by all the this article with the one referring to arrows of criticism, which have been Strafford, which may be amusing, from hurled against her. More than twenty the salvo it contains for the loss of a years have elapsed since the poems of head:

Wordsworth at first appeared in a 66 0 Strafford! thy dear only king,

small edition, when they were imme

diately attempted to be “ run down;" Lamented thy sad suffering;

but they have now obtained a name And at his death thy fate was such

and a place among the magnates of As griev'd his conscience very much.

the land. But Aristarchus is cvidentIf he who was both king and saint

ly unacquainted with his writings, and Did thus thy life and goodness paint;

with the writings of his cotemporaries, Encomiums thou needest none,

else he would have known that nearly Enough, the thing by Charles is done."

H.

all the great poets of the age have Sheffield, Aug. 18th, 1820.

paid him their eloquent homage. His faine is upborne by “a cloud of wit

nesses.” He has been acknowledged defence OF WORDSWORTH. with reverence by Rogers, Corneval,

and the author of Waverley. MR. EDITOR,

Montgomery, in his critique upon SIR,-It is not my intention to reply the Excursion, in the Eclectic Review, at length to the “ Vindication of Lord pronounces it a poem, “not more disByron's Poetry,” (col. 810,) but rather tinguished by the depth, compass, and to recur to and improve the remarks variety of its speculation, than by exwhich I have already made respecting quisite choice of ornament, and inimihis lordship and Mr. Wordsworth. | tably appropriate diction ;' and in

If your correspondent Aristarchus, I another place, when speaking of as he somewhat pompously styles him- | Wordsworth generally, he terms him self, thinks fit to look into your Maga- a poet who seems “all eye when he zine for Mareh last, he will there find sees, all ear when he listens, all inthat I have spoken of Lord Byron in tellect when he reasons, and all sensiterms of eulogy; and in the number bility when he is touched.” Moore, for July, where, in a paper upon the author of Lallah Rookh, tells us, Wordsworth, I had occasion to men- that “ Wordsworth is a poet even in tion his lordship, I never questioned his puerilities, one whose capacious his claim to the title of a great poet. mind, like the great pool of Norway, My censures were directed to the im- draw's into its vortex, not only the moral tendency of his writings; and mighty things of the deep, but its upon this, the only point of attack, your correspondent never attempts a * See Dr. Aikin's Annual Review.

887
On the Boiling of Potatoes.

888 minute weeds and refuse." Coleridge, for preparing this valuable article of in his “ Friend,"owns him as “apoet life. who has received the harp with reve- ! Select the potatoes as nearly of one rence, and struck it with the hand of size as possible, pare off the skins, power;" and, lastly, Hazlitt, in his and wash them very well, then put * Table Talk," lately published, eulo- them into an iron pot, and cover them gizes the poetry of Wordsworth, “in with cold water; place the pot on the comparison of which," says he, “all fire, and cause them to boil as soon as that Lord Byron has written is but possible. Care, however, must be EXAGERATED COMMONPLACE.”

taken, that after they begin to boil, they I am, yours, &c. be not suffered to boil quick, but rather

G. M. slow. In about ten or fifteen minutes Bridge-street, Derby, Sept. 6th, 1821. after they begin to boil, try them care

fully with a fork; and as soon as they

receive the fork very easily, and ON THE BOILING OF POTATOES. appear to be breaking on the surface,

take them off the fire, and be particuMR. EDITOR.

larly careful to pour from them all the SIR, I was very much pleased with water, and then putting the pot on the the bistorical observations which you fire for about five minutes, continue to published, (col. 797,) respecting the shake the pot so as to move the bulk Potato. To this root no one can of the potatoes, and the steam will evaattach a greater value than myself.porate, and the potatoes will assume But while I feel thankful to Divine à pleasant and dry surface. Care Providence for this simple but useful must be taken in this latter process vegetable, I cannot but regret that it that they do not burn at the bottom of should be so seriously injured in the the pot. You have only then to take dressing as it frequently is, by those to a clean napkin, and putting it over and whom the management of cooking is pressing it down on the potatoes in consigned. In Lancashire and Che

the pot, place them at some little disshire, the Potato is brought to the tance from the fire, and they will keep table in the highest state of perfection for an hour, if necessary, good looking of which its nature has hitherto been and good tasted. Some persons, after found to be susceptible, but in most the water is poured off, sprinkle a other parts of the kingdom the inba- little salt on the potatoes while shaking bitants have a lesson yet to learn them, which is said to heighten their

Having been brought up in Lanca- flavour; but this is an experiment shire, and accustomed to this vegeta-, which I never tried. ble, where it is served up both in ap

I. G. pearance and taste remarkably good, August 11, 1821. I was greatly disappointed on leaving the country, to find it brought to the table in a manner no way inviting. MEMOIRS OF THE LIFE AND TIMES OF Sometimes it has been saturated with

LEONARDO ARETINO. water, and at other times hard and clammy, which rendered its look bad

( Continued from col. 689.) and its taste still worse.

The refractory Cardinals, on quitting On making inquiries, the people, in Lucca, repaired to Pisa, where they some places, wondered at my dissatis- took the bold step of constituting faction, and in others they ascribed themselves a general council, in which the defect to the bad quality of the capacity they summoned the principal Potato, and to the uncongenial soil. ecclesiastical dignitaries of the variBut so far as I have been able to ex-ous countries in Europe to assist tend my observations, not one appear- | them in the task of composing the ed conscious that the preparation was distractions of the Church. In this defective, and that a Potato, but in- | crisis of his affairs, Leonardo still addifferent in quality, might be much | hered to the fortunes of Gregory, improved by good management in whom he accompanied on his return dressing it. Satisfied of this defi- / from Lucca to Siena, in the month ol ciency, allow me, Sir, to forward for | July 1408. But wearied and disgust your insertion, in your valuable and led by the unsettled life which he bag widely extended miscellany, a recipe of late been compelled to lead, and

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scandalized by the intrigues and attention of your friend and yourself dissensions of which he was the daily that with respect to promotions of this witness, he began to envy the tran- kind, the ground ought to be well laid quillity enjoyed by his friend Poggio, by careful and diligent previous mea. who had retired from the pontifical sures, so that they who have the court to Florence, where he devoted power may also be inspired with the himself to the intercourses of friend will to bestow them. These previous ship and the prosecution of his stu- measures, without which all expectadies. He therefore requested the tions are futile and vain, your friend kind interposition of Poggio and of seems totally to have neglected. ReNiccolo Niccoli, to procure for him, in member that this court is crowded by his native republic, some official sta- our countrymen, whose opposition tion, which might justify him in quit- must be silenced, or whose interest ting the service of the Pontiff." In must be conciliated, by a bribe. If this wish, however, he was for the you imagine that I can effect this present disappointed ; and after pay-business by a simple application, you ing a visit to the baths of Petrioli, are egregiously mistaken. As Juvenal he went to his native city Arezzo on says, the first of December 1408; and from To rise to power, commit some daring crime; thence proceeded to rejoin his mas- For probity is praised, and left to starve. ter, who, in the course of his wander- “I write my sentiments freely on this ings, had fixed his abode at Rimini. $ point, in order that you may under

Individuals who have familiar ac- stand, that if you would attain your cess to the great, are ever troubled object, you must change your meawith the importunities of those who sures. As to myself, I am ready to hunger and thirst after places of pro- serve you to the utmost of my ability; fit and trust. To these importunities but at this time I have not power to Leonardo appears to have been ex-compete with the projects of the amposed, in consequence of the interest | bitious men by whom I am surwhich it was presumed that he had rounded. Let the candidate then do established with his Holiness, in con- his Holiness some signal service, in sequence of the fidelity of his attach- order that his name may be received ment to him. During his residence with due favour. The Deity proposes at Rimini, he received a letter from the good things of life as prizes; these Niccolo Niccoli, requesting him to prizes, however, are not the meed of exert his influence to advance an the indolent spectator, but of the streaspiring ecclesiastic to a bishopric nuous and active champion.”+ which was supposed to be vacant. Though Leonardo thus instructed The reply which he made to this ap- the ecclesiastical aspirant how to plication may afford hints of advice to make his way to preferment in the candidates for the niitre in modern pontifical court, he was too indepentimes.

dent in spirit himself to practise the " Your letter, which I received to- lesson which he thus inculcated. day, announces to me the notable Whilst he attended to the routine of cupidity and immature haste of your his duty as one of the secretaries of friend, who, with a view of serving his Holiness, he was careful not to God without the inconveniences of foment the divisions which gave seanpoverty, desires a rich bishopric. dal to the Christian community, or In replying to this part of your epistle, to assist in drawing up the anathemas not to hold out delusive hopes to and processes which were fulminated your friend, who may be a good man, against the enemies of Gregory. By but, as I conceive, by no means a man this conduct, his interest at court was of the world, I must inform you that diminished, and he became liable to you are deceived by the reports of invidious animadversion. But in this the deprivation of the bishop whom decline of favour, he consoled himself you mention. You may be assured by the approbation of his conscience; that no such step has been, or is, con- supported by which, he firmly resolved templated in this court. Besides, you not to quit the onward path of integmust allow me to suggest, what in rity. It was his earnest wish to do deed ought not to have escaped the no wrong to any one; and on his

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