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907

Poetry

908

name.

STANZAS

Where flowers of enjoyments are spread in Addressed to a Lady in Distress of Mind.

profusion,

Which, soon as he plucks them, immediTHERE is a heart-a tender heart,

ately die. Which feels the pang of others' woe; A soul wbich fears a hidden part,

But changed is the scene all gloomy and Nor seeming grief to know.

dreary

The comfortess Hope from his bosom is There is a cordial, sanguine mind,

fled : Which looks beyond the gloom afar ; Recumbent he rests, like a pilgrim when weary, Sees cares and fears borne on the wind,

His journey completed-on Death's silent And hails the morning star.

bed! That beart, that soul, that mind is mine, The green turf's his mantle--the cold earth his That pressing grief and magic joy;

pillowAnd mine the fervent prayer divine,

A grave-stone contains the short age of his To Him above the sky.

fame :
Behold there his tomb!

-and its shade is a There is a sigh-a rending sigh,

willow, Which heaves the honest labouring breast,- That sighs' as the reader pronounces bis A starting tear,-a languid eye, But known to the distress'd.

Now seasons are fled and new seasons sucThere is a dire,--a bursting storm,

ceeding, Impending o'er the naked head:

The rank-growing nettles encircle his shrine; But see! a shining beavenly form

On his once gentle breast the wild leveret is Appears, and it is fled.

feeding, That sigh, that tear, that gloomy night,

And who on his tomb-stone can trace out a O Madain! thou hast known as thine :

line? But His that heaven-born face of light,

O Time! thou despoiler of Beauty and Nature, Whose fiat bade it shine.

I see thee disfig'ring Lithography's page : Seek thou to him. His powerful voice

Where Pity, no longer with each grief-woru Callid forth from wild, chaotic night,

feature, This rolling sphere, and said “ Rejoice,” Laments o'er the mouldering dast of the To all that saw the light.

sage. He is thy God, and He alone,

Even Friendship and Mem'ry his name have Can chase thy gloomy fears away

forgotten, O trast him ! for thou yet shalt own

His moss-cover'd marble no longer retains His providential sway.

A useless inscription for bim who lies rotten; AN IRISIIMAN.

Since dark-veild Forgetfulness claims his

remains.

Return, O! my Mase! from a scene so disA PICTURE OF FUTURITY.

tressing, SIR-I have just accidentally cast my

Ah! why dost thou search in Futurity's eye on the following verses, published for sorrows so poignant? for anguish so

sbade, in a Newspaper in this country in the

pressing ? year 1809.

If you have no objection, The figure's unreal thy fancy has made. I could wish to see them in the Impe- But Time frowning answers" Though flowers rial Magazine.

now are springing, I am, Sir, respectfully, &c.

To paint with their beauties the meadow ALEXANDER.

and lawn ; Downpatrick, 26th May, 1821.

“They'll bloom scarce a day-and the bard

that's now singing,

“ Will shortly exhibit the piece he bas " Why dost thou build the hall? Son of the

drawn.” winged days! Thou lookest from thy towers to-day ;-yet a few years—and the blast of the desert comes-it howls in thy empty court, and

ELEGY whistles round thy half-worn shield.” OSSIA N.

To the Memory of Anna Margaretta, late Wife 0! mark yonder youth, on the hill's summit of John Brereton, Esq. Bointon, Norfolk, who bounding !

departed this lifé March 21st, 1819, aged 62 As light as the roe on green Morven of years. (By the Rev. Samuel Jones.)

streams; He gazes with joy, on the prospects sur

A solemn knell is heard; the awful soand, rounding :

To aged and to young, to great and small, False visions of pleasure! fair fancifal Replete with admonition wise is found ; dreams!

Not only to the relatives, but all. Now, thoughtless descending to vales of dela- The voice says, “ Cry.”—Then let the fiat pass, sion,

And may the call divine be heard with power: Life's wide-spreading landscape enraptures What shall I cry? Behold all flesh is grass,

And mundane beauty withers like a lower.

his eye;

909

Poetry.

910

[die;

But stop the sound, too poignant to the breast," She now, we doubt not, sings in accents sweet,

A wile, a mother, sister, friend, deplor'd : The anthems of the ransom'd choir above. Yet why lament that one so lov'd is blest? Be Áeaven's decree, while nature weeps,

Thou fairest among women, whither gone ador'd.

Thy dear Beloved ? Whither turn'd aside?

The answer, My Beloved is withdrawn The loss of those most near by nature's bond Into his garden with his constant bride. Is great indeed ; a husband lov'd bereav'd

Unto the beds of spices he repairs Of one so lov’d, remov'd a mother fond,

The churches, where his faithful saints are May well too great for language be con

known, ceiv'd.

To gather sweetest flow'rs, of grace the heirs, Not only to ber family endear'd,

For glory meet, as lilies fully blown. But all within the circle that she mov'd, Will witness bear how much she was rever'd Tho' flow'rs may fade, we thus from scripture

know, In Israel a mother she has prov'd!

That Christians, though remov'd, shall never Let one connected as a friend sincere,

Transplanted ouly from the church below, A pastor, to a constant hearer pay

As wreaths immortal flourishing on high. A tribute due, and, wiping off the tear, Permission take with confidence to say

VERSION OF OSSIAN'S ADDRESS TO The subject of our verse was one who knew,

THE SUN.
And lov'd, and serv'd sincerely, the most
High:

(IN HIS POEM, CARTHON, VOL. 1.)
Her trust in Christ, to whom for grace she
flew,

Oh, Thou that rollest in azure fields, And prov'd that He could all her wants sup- Round as the orbs of my forefathers’ shields ! ply.

Whence are thy beams, o San! thy lucent light?

Thou comest forth in awful beauty bright; Renouncing proud self-confidence, aware That all our actions best with sin are stain'd, The pale, cold moon, in western oceans liesi

The vanquish'd stars are hidden in the skies; She sought a righteousness divine in prayer,

But thou unmov'd roll'st on. Great trav'ller, And by her conduct prov'd her faith un

say, feign'd.

What force can be companion of thy way? To latest time her memory shall endure,

The mountain oaks, tho mighty, fall away; Her acts of charity on ev'ry tongue :

The mountains too themselves with years decay; Her greatest pleasure here to feed the poor, The ocean ebbs and flows upon the shore, To clothe the naked--to instruct the young.. Or refluent beats the rocky surf no more;

The moon in heav'n is lost, nor signs remain, But like the fragrant lily of the vale,

To shew her course along the starry plain : As she, while living, hambly sought the But thou remain'st the same effulgent force,

shade,
I hear her dictate—" Stop :" then cast a veil,

Rejoicing in the brightness of thy course.
With tempest when

the world in darkness lies, And be her will, as still alive, obey'd.

Wben thunders roll, and forky lightning flies; But caution due observ'd, we must revere In dazzling beauty starting from a cloud, The grace of God, which magnified, may

Fearless, thou laughest at the storm aloud.

But vain the cheering rays on Ossian shed, The hearts of others, who his goodness hear, From him the great sublime is ever fled; Exciting prayer that they his love may prove.

Whether at early morn with zephyr gay,

In the clear east thy yellow ringlets play; To God the praise, not to the creature due,

Or gayly drest in lucid robes of state, Acknowledge and adore his righteous claim: Thy beams are trembling at the western gate. The dear departed saint this lesson knew,

But still perhaps thy rays translucent shine : And doubtless still acknowledges the same.

And share alone the fleeting hour that's mine. Before in bondage known, through fear of death, Then careless, reckless of the morning's call, She like a summer's eve repos'd her head;

Immur'd in clouds, and heedless of thy fall, To God serenely yielding up her breath, Will sleep. If so, exult, thou rising Sun ! By Him supported on her dying bed. Too soon, alas, Youth's glowing hour is run!

Age is unlovely as the gleam of light Resign'd, although withheld the rays or sun Shed by the moon thro' broken clouds by night,

Of those who strong assurance here enjoy; While yet the mists are lingering on the hill, The will of God, she said, in all be done

And dreary damps the bumid valley fill, For me be Christ to live, or gain to die. When from the terrors of the northern blast Remov'd the fear of Death's approaching dart, The traveller shrinks ere half his journey's The clouds withdrawn, again to one she said,

past. “To God be praise, who does to me impart

Peterborough, May 2, 1821.

M. " The victory through Christ, our living head."

EPITAPH IN CHICHESTER CHURCH - YARD. Her hope and constant prayer, in heaven to Here lies an old Soldier whom all must applaud, meet

Since he suffer'd much hardship at home and The Saviour, and adore his sov'reign love; abroad;

But the hardest engagement he ever was in, * The bell was stopped by order of the af

Was the battle of SELF in the conquest of Sin. Bicted relatives,

move

Yours,

ATHEISM AN ABSURDITY.

911 Ilindoo Superstition.--Atheism an Absurdity, 912 HINDOO SUPERSTITION.

up the hole with earth, so that the old

man might be said to be burnt and MR. EDITOR.

buried alive. Two of the children SIR, -I have transcribed the follow- were present, one seven and the other ing from a periodical work published eight years old ; and they alone, of all in 1788 ; should it be agreeable to the the spectators, appeared to be affectdesign of the Imperial Magazine, its ed. As to the women, they went home insertion will oblige,

with the greatest sang froid. Such an affectionately, affectior

event being an object of glory to the

J. S. relations; the day on which a wretchHollinwood, July 19, 1821.

ed victim to superstition is thus self

devoted, is a day of triumph to his Extract of a Letter from a Gentleman whole family." in Calcutta, to his Father in London.

“ I have lately been an eye witness of a most melancholy transaction, the sad consequence of the ignorance and superstition that reign in Indostan. I saw an aged man throw himself into One of the arguments used, to provethe a pit ten feet deep, and half full of existence of a God, is this-wherecombustibles, which had been set on ever there is a manifest contrivance fire. This man made himself a volun- and design, there is, or there must tary victim, to preserve, as he thought, have been, an agent who could conthe lives of his children, who were at trive and design: but in the appearthe time attacked by a dangerous and ances of nature in general, and in the epidemical distemper.

construction of the human frame in “When this distemper breaks out particular, there is manifest contriamong the Hindoos, they believe, most vance and design ; therefore there is, religiously, that one of them must die or there must have been, some agent, to save the rest. This poor man was who has designed and contrived the thoroughly persuaded that the lives of appearances of nature in general, and bis children could not be preserved if the construction of the human frame he did not offer himself up as a sacri- in particular.” I have seen an objecfice for them. I used every argument tion started against this argument, of with himself, his wife, his brothers, which the following is an accurate and sisters, to convince them of the copy, absurdity of such an opinion, and the “ The Theists assert that the strucguilt of suicide, but in vain; they were ture of the universe in general proves deaf to my reasons; and, thinking at its divine original; that the being last that I intended to prevent by force called man, displays so much conthis horrible sacrifice, they threw them- trivance and design, both in the faculselves at my feet, and begged, with ties of mind and body, that he must tears in their eyes, that I would not have been created by a superior beingoppose the resolution of the old man!

a being possessed of greater power “ The self-devoted victim being and wisdom than himself. Granted. seated on the brink of the pit, raised What follows? If man, possessing his hands to heaven, and prayed with moderate power and wisdom, would great fervour. After he had remained not have existed unless he had been half an hour in that posture, four of created by a being superior to himself, his nearest relations help him on his much less could that being have exlegs, and walked with bim five times isted unless he had been created by a round the pit, all of them calling upon still superior being-that being by Mam and Setaram, two of their saints. another, and so on, ad infinitum--the During this ceremony,the women were difficulty increasing tenfold with every tearing their hair, beating their breasts, link of the chain. Thus the very argu. and roaring in a most horrible man- ment which tends to prove that God

The four relations at last let go created material and rational beings, their hold of the old man, who imme- proves at the same time, a fortiori,that diately threw himself into the pit, and he himself must have been created, pot a groan was heard from him. The i. e. it proves nothing at all.”. 1 bystanders had each a spade in his Upon the argument, and upon

this hand, and immediately began to fill objection or reply made to it

, I beg

ner.

913

Atheism an Absurdity.

914

existence.

leavo' to submit the following obser- | as the argument rests exclusively upon vations :

the former. A material substance 1. All that the argument proves, all with contrivance in its organization, that the argument professes to prove, proves that there must have been a is, not that ihe being who made nature, contriver; and if that being who conand made man, is benevolent, or holy, trived, be also material, and organized, or wise, or even powerful; but simply, and contrived; he must, for the same that there is a being who can contrive, reason, have resulted from another wbo has made nature, and the body of being who can contrive. But it does man. I consider, therefore, that those not follow, that because a material terms in the objection which ascribe substance, contrived in its organizawisdom, superiority, &c. to the being tion, must have had a contriver, that, whose existence is denied, however therefore, that contriver is a material they may affect other arguments, affect substance: on the contrary, it is not this.

asserted that that contriver is unorga2. The argament ascribes to the nized and immaterial; and, conseappearances of nature, and to the quently, this argument, which proves body of man, no qualities of excellence, the existence of such a being, by no perfection, exquisiteness, &c.; it sim- means proves that he was either ply ascribes to them the character of created or contrived. intention, contrivance, and design. After making these observations, I So that to say the contriver does not beg leave to pursue the argument in a exist, because the contrivance is not somewhat different way. perfect, is saying nothing that touches The first proposition, viz. “ Wherethe argument. I do not say that the ever there is manifest contrivance and contrivance is perfect, but that there is design, there is, or there must have a contrivance. I do not argue to the been, an agent who could contrive and perfection of the contriver, but to his design," I regard as self-evident; a

proposition to which the Atheist him3. That which the argument rests self does not object. We can as well upon, and that which it alone needs, conceive an effect existing without a is the contrived organization of material cause, as conceive a contrivance exsubstances. I did not know that the isting without a contriver. But the advocates for the existence of God second proposition, viz. “ That in the had ever argued that existence from appearances of nature in general, and mind or spirit as their data. Dr. Paley in the construction of the human frame does not. He may refer to the faculty in particular, there is manifest conof thinking, to prove or illustrate the trivance and design,” is that which attributes of God; but the proof of his the Atheist treats as vulnerable and falexistence the rests wholly upon the lacious. It is not now my object, and adaptation and contrivance in the neither is it necessary to adduce numeorganization of material substances; rous instances from animated nature, to and certainly nothing more is neces prove that in that nature there is plan sary, at least nothing more is used in and device, an ingenious arrangement the argument under consideration of parts, and an adaptation of means When, therefore, the objector says, to an end-one shall suffice. If any * that the being called man displays man can sit down, and examine with so much contrivance and design, both the eye of science and philosophy the in the faculties of his mind and body,” structure and operation of the eye; if he is either replying to an argument he can have a clear perception of the totally distinct from that before us, or position, purposes, action, movement, he is introducing a ground of sophism. &c. of its cornea, its humours, its I greatly suspect the latter. I do not pupil, its fibres, its retina, and its attribute contrivance to the faculties nerve; and if with this scientific exaof the mind. I say nothing about mination, and this clear perception, he either the mind or its faculties; they can assert that the eye manifests no form a subject concerning which no- contrivance, presents no ingenuity of thing is here predicated.

structure, no accommodation of means Upon close inspection, the fallacy to an end, with such a man the arguof the reply will be found to lie here- ment is at an end-he must assert on, the objector confounds organized sub- and none can contradict him-he is stances with faculties of mind; where entrenched in the last resource of a 915

Atheism an Absurdity.

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916

puerile argument, a mere ipse dixit! | be the author of rational souls, as well We conceive then, that the conclusion as organized bodies, it is still required is invincible; and that it follows, with to show reason why he himself is not all the evidence of sound reasoning, caused and produced? why, as the “ that there is, or there must have human spirit has resulted from some been, some being who has devised spirit, that spirit has not resulted and contrived the works of nature in from some other spirit, and so on ad general, and the body of man in par- infinitum ? ticular.”

I believe the person, who maintains It is now the business of sound the non-existence of Deity, will reaargument, and true philosophy, to dily, nay exultingly allow, that the discover the agent who has thus in subject now resolves itself into this vented and contrived. We have be- question,-“ Is the chain of causes fore us a manifest purpose and design; and effects eternal, or is there a first this design must have resulted from cause?” It is to me utterly inconchance, or from necessity, or from ceivable, that without a first cause, some being possessing intelligence there could ever have been any cause and power. Design, resulting from at all. To this it will be answered, chance, is a contradiction in terms. that I might as well say, that there Necessity cannot be the contriver; would be no duration, because there for, if necessity have any existence at was no first duration. But the cases all, it only exists as a law ; but law are not parallel--duration is uncaused, cannot devise, cannot act; it is only simple, indivisible, and infinitea rule by which a something else de- causes and effects are caused, disvises or acts. This design then must tinct, and divisible, or at least they have resulted from some agent, from are not one. But I do not stand upon some cause, possessing intelligence this ground; and neither have I any and power:

thing to do with the common alluUp to this stage of the argument, Isions to “ a suspended chain, and a hope it may be pronounced clear and string of blind men.” I flatter myself safe. Of the being possessing intelli- I have bold of something more solid gence and power, whose existence we and argumentative than either. There hope is legitimately made to appear, must be a first cause; for an eternal we say, that either he is uncaused and chain of causes and effects involves a eternal, or he is the produce of some gross contradiction. The following is other being. I am aware that the my proof :Atheist will suppose he is overturning

No axiom in geometry is more all my preceding argumentation, by clear than the following positions,-0f proving or saying that this being him two things, one of which causes, and self must have been caused by some the other is caused by it; that which other being, and that being by some causes, must exist before that which is other, and so on ad infinitum. But if caused. If there are two things, and it can be made out that this involves one of them existed before the other, a gross contradiction, the point is both cannot be eternal. That which gained.

is true of every part must be true of To my own satisfaction, and, I have the whole. Now, here is a chain of the vanity to think, to the satisfaction causes and effects, i.e. a succession of of every close and impartial reasoner, things producing, and of things proit has been fully shown, that it cannot duced ; and it is allowed, that the be argued, that this being was formed things which produce existed before and was contrived, on the same ground the things produced ; and both are that we argue that the works of nature asserted to be eternal; consequently, were contrived and formed: the works one eternal thing must have existed of nature are material, and mechani- before another eternal thing, which cally organized ; and from that, it is is absurd. Take any one thing that inferred, that they must have emanated causes, and the immediate thing that from a being possessed of invention is caused by it, and it is allowed that and power; but that being himself is the former must exist before the supposed to be immaterial and un- latter; and what is thus allowed of organized, and it does not follow from the thing that causes, and the thing any thing in the argument, that he is that is caused, is allowed of every not so. But as this being is allowed to thing that causes and every thing that

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