« ZurückWeiter »
99 Royal Institution.-Queries to Correspondents.
100 pleasant, takes off the edge of reproof, gives a The Associates under the patronage of the sanction to its sentiments, reflects a lustre on King, will be elected by respected and competent the virtues of the persons who possess it, and judges. The Associates nominated by subscrimakes them more accomplished as men, as bers must have the same qualifications of learnChristians, and as philosophers.”
ing, moral character, and public principle, as The author's observations in this those who are elected, and must be approved by
the same judges. little work, do not enter deeply into
Every Associate, at his admission, will choose the latent windings of the human
some subject, or subjects, of literature for disheart. They are rather pleasing than cussion, and will engage to devote such discusprofound, and are better calculated to sions to the Society's Memoirs of Literature, of be useful, than to excite wonder, or to which a volume will be published by the Society,
from time to time; in which Memoirs, will likecommand admiration. Many of his wise be inserted the successive Prize Dissertaremarks, however, are not destitute of tions. novelty, and these can hardly fail to From the months of February to July, it is recommend themselves to the friends purposed that a weekly meeting of the Society of Christianity, because they blend the shall be held; and a monthly meeting during
the other six months of the year. principles of politeness with moral excellence, and connect them with the To foster and cherish the interests fundamental doctrines of the Gospel. of Literature, is an action worthy of a
British Monarch. This Institution will
form a true monument of national NEW ROYAL INSTITUTION.
greatness. Such displays of Royal We learn with much pleasure, that it munificence will tend more to crown is in contemplation to establish a the name of His Majesty in the eyes of Royal Society of Literature, under the Europe and posterity, with unfading immediate auspices and patronage of | laurels, than the conquest of provinces, his Majesty George IV. The follow
or the most brilliant victories obtained ing is an outline of the plan that has by powerful fleets and armies. been published. Royal Society of Literature, for the encouragement
QUERIES TO CORRESPONDENTS. of indigent merit, and the promotion of general 1.- Inquiry respecting Books. literature. To consist of Honorary Members, Subscribing Members, and Associates.
W. S. being desirous of a thorough The Class of Honorary Members is intended
cquaintance with the history and anto comprise some of the most eminent literary tiquities of his own country, and of the men in the three kingdoms, and the most dis- southern countries of Europe in the midtinguished female writers of the present day. dle ages, would feel obliged by some
An annual subscription of Two Guineas, will constitute a Subscribing Member. Subscribers correspondent favouring him with
1. A list of useful and necessary of Ten Guineas, and upwards, will be entitled to privileges hereafter mentioned, according to books. the date of their subscription.
2. An account of the languages neThe Class of Associates is to consist of twenty cessary to be learnt, (besides French, men of distinguished learning, authors of some Greek, and Latin,) with the method of moral character ; ten under the patronage of obtaining an acquaintance with them, the King, and ten under the patronage of the together with any such introductory Society.
information as may be deemed neHis Majesty has been pleased to express, in cessary. the most favourable terms, his approbation of
2.-On Mutual Affection. the proposed Society, and to honour it with his munificent patronage, by assigning the annual G. A. would be glad to know if it sum of One Hundred Guineas each, to ten of be probable, that mutual affections, the Associates, payable out of the Privy Purse; particularly established between kinGuineas for the best dissertation on some inte dred spirits, in time, will be perpetuated resting subject, to be chosen by a council belong in eternity, between the same indi, ing to the Society.
viduals? Ten Associates will be placed under the pa
3.-On Witches. tronage of the Society, as soon as the subscriptions (a large portion of which will be annually P. J. would be obliged for any rafunded for the purpose) shall be sufficient, and tional observations on the real or imain proportion as they become so. An annual ginary power ascribed to witches; on Subscriber of Ten Guineas, continued for five the source of their power, admitting years,jor a Life Subscription of one Hundred Guineas, will entitle such subscribers to nomi- its existence; or, if imaginary only, nate an Associate under the Society's patron
on the cause of an opinion so preva. age, according to the date of their subscription, lent in former ages ?
Queries.—Literary Notices.-Commercial Report. 102 7.-On the Physical Effects of Sin.
Literary Notices. The same querist, G. B. asks, Whe
Reasons for admitting the Divine Origin of Revelation, ther sin has superinduced any new By Joseph Jones, M. M. 12mo. 28, 60. principles into the soul of man, or has
A Prospectus has been circulated of a new Periodical
Religious Magazine, conducted by Members of the United Seonly disorganized those which he ori- cession Church of Scotland, entitled the Christian Recorder
and British and Foreign Religious Intelligencer; the first ginally possessed ?-and if the latter, number will appear in January from what source sprang envy and
In the press, and speedily will be published, Twenty Fa
miliar and Practical Essays, on Important and Interesting malice?
Subjects. By the Rev. William Sleigh, price 28. 6d.
The Philosophy of Painting, in one volume, octavo, by
Wolstenholme Parr, Esq. is in a state of forwardness, and 8.-On Burying in Churches.
will be published in a few weeks.
L. Towne has in the press, and speedily will be published, F. R. asks, Whence arose the cus- The Farmer and Grazier's Guide, containing a valuable tom of burying in churches? and, Whe- collection of Recipes, for the most common and fatal ther the practice of thus mingling the subject, both tried and approved of by most of the great dead with the living, is not contrary Part Second of the Farmer's Directory, and Guide to
the Farrier, Grazier, and Planter; with the Domestie Into the usage of nations, detrimental
structor; (by Mr. L. Towne,) has just been published. to the health of mankind, and offensive Tales, is now before the public.
No. 9, of the Bee, Fireside Companion, and Evening to God?
COMMERCIAL REPORT, DECEMBER 21, 1820. A GLANCE at the Prices Current annexed, will announce to those least conversant with mercantile affairs, that we are arrived at a most interesting crisis in Trade. Every article of foreign and domestic produce is obtainable at rates, which are discouraging to the importer, and bringing nothing bat loss to the home grower. True it is, that the value of money is much altered and enhanced ; yet not in the same ratio, to the depreciation in foreign or domestic produce. A re-action, in our opinion, must ere long be the consequence, and we look with sonie degree of confidence, for a decided improvement.--Still, our hopes for this desirable event, are directed to the Legislature, who we trust will take the state of our foreign affairs into serious consideration—so that our intercourse with other Powers may be fixed upon a basis of reciprocity and mutual benefit. Hitherto, we have no commercial treaty with any of the European powers ; (with the exception of Portugal) yet, on the examination of many eminent men before the Committees of Parliament, it did appear, that some concessions on the part of Great Britain to the other Powers, would be attended with many signal benefits to our commerce and manufactures.
The following is a rapid, but a correct sketch of the proceeding in our market during the past month. The transactions in Cotton have been on an extended scale, and the market has closed with a trifling improvement in the price of Uplands. The chief part of the purchases have been made for consumption ; except in Brazils, some business has been done on speculation. The depression in this article, during the last year, has been so constant and continual, that speculators have been deterred from investing their capitals therein. The demand for the home trade is both regular and extensive, so that an improvement may be looked for, unless the arrivals should prove larger than expectation.
The sales of Sugars have been rather inconsiderable, and no variation of price has occurred. In Coffee little has been offering ; a large cargo of Java Coffee from Batavia direct, bas been landed, and will be exposed to sale as soon as the shipping season commences. The Grocers supply themselves with the occasional small public sales which take place the prices are about 5s. per cwt. lower than those noted in the last month.
In Molasses, Cocoa, Ginger, and Pimento, there is nothing to remark. The Spirit Market is flat and heavy, and the dealers purchase very sparingly. American Produce is generally in fair request. Little business is doing in Naval Stores, owing more to want of supply than demand. Turpentine sells at 10s. per cwt. Tar is scarce, and readily commands the extreme quotations. Carolina Rice of good quality is very saleable. Pot and Pearl Ashes are moving out of the market, at improving prices-the supplies, which are all arrived, fall short of those received last year. Quercitron Bark has no tendency to decline.
Oils, with the exception of Olive Oil, are very dull. Fish Oils still give way. Sweet Oils vary little in value, but do not sell freely. Several parcels of Palm Oil, daily expected from Africa, have been sold to arrive at 35l. a 361.
tun. Dyewoods continue neglected. The demand for Tallow is somewhat better. The crops of Flax in Ireland have this season been very abundant. Best Belfast, of fine quality, will obtain 55l. to 561. per ton.
The supplies of Timber from British America this year, have been very large, yet the vessels having now nearly all arrived, the total supply is ascertained, and we should not be surprised at seeing this article take a sudden start.
Corn Market. The supplies of Irish Grain, though considerable, .go off very freely, so that no stock accumulates here. Wheat brings the annexed quotations. Barley is rather scarce. Oats have given way a little. For Bonded Flour and Wheat, the stocks of which are abundant, there is no demand. Some new American Flaxseed, of excellent quality, has arrived, branded 1821 ; it is to be sold by auction, on the 26th instant. American Clover-Seed is expected to command about 70s. a 75s. per cwt. in the Spring, and is likely to find ready sale.
Prices Current.-Exports.- Imports, &c. &c.
-SUNDRIES.-Llverpool, Dec. 31. FLOUR, best, sk.240fb.385.0d.a428.0d
seconds........34 0 36 0 OATMEAL,sack 240fb.30 0 POTATOES, 90th.....16 1 10 FRESH BUTTER, 16oz 1 1 HAY, old, y 30 lb....... 05 08
new.. STRAW, Wheat, 2011.0 24 0 3
HEMP, y ton,
Petersburg clean 43 0 a
Riga Rhine ......44 0 FLAX, ton,
St. Petersburg 12-head 46 0 a 48 0 HOPS, Kent pock. new 3 5 4 15 & Sussex, bags, do. 3 10 Worcester, do. 3 10
4 10 Yearling, Kent post} 30 LEATHER, y tb.
8. d. 8. d.
Do. 30 a 35 ..22 2 4
......16 17 HIDES, bb. Bu. Ayres o 84 0 104
West India ( 61 08 List of Vessels Arrived. Cleared From West India & Bri-7
for sea. tish Settlements in
Prices of Bullion.
London. Foreign Gold, in Bars ...£3 17 104 Portugal Gold, in Coin........3 17 6 New Doubloons
....3 15 0 New Dollars...
..0 4 11 Silver, in Bars, Standard......0 4 114 Rates of Insurance.
Liverpool. To Africa and back.. cent. 6 guíneas. Brazils
........ 30$ a-. British America....
23 New Orleans
40 United States (Eastern).. 50 South Whale Fishery ....168
WHOLESALE.-L.pool, Dec. 31, 1820.
iniddling 60 64
65 72 fine ........ 73 82 Refined,Dble.Loavs. 6.a 7th. 140 150
Single do. 7-141b. 108
Canary do. 24-281b.100 110 MOLASSES, British ...... 25 28 RUM, gallon, 16 O. P. 28.4d. a 25. 7d
Leewards, common 17 1 9 BRANDY, Cognac.... 30 3 10 GENEVA....
3 2 6 COFFEE, cwt. West India, ordinary.. 123 a 127
middling ..131 134
fine........140 142 MAHOGANY, V foot, Honduras ..
1 0f & upw. St. Domingo ...... 15
Cuba (none at market)i 4 do. COTTON,Vtb.Sea Isl.2
16 2 3 good to fine ordinary to middling 101 154 Bowed, Georgia.... O & 0 11 New Orleans ......09 11 Maranham
0 11 1 0 Barbadoes ........ 0 105
0 11 West Indies ........09
0 11 Surat
07 09 Bengal
06 07 DYE WOODS, ton, £. s. Fustic, Cuba... 8 10 8 9 0
Porto Rico.... 6 0 70
Jamaica ......60 7 0 Logwood, Campeachy 7 15
Prices of Stock, London, Dec. 19. Bank Stock 3 Cent red. ...............
694 4 Cent 5 P Cent N. An.
shut. Bauk long Annu..
17 15-16 Exchequer Bills
1 dis, Consols for Acct.
- pr. IRISH FUNDS.-Dec. 16. Government Debent. 34 V cent, 75 €
Liverpool Exports of British Manufac
lures, from 22d Nov. to 21st Dec. Cotton Stuffs.. 1704 pcs. & 9164846 yds. Woollen do... 17535
4236 Worsted do... 9402
1018 Flannel ......
129701 Linen Cloth..
247916 Kerseymere.. 1090 Carpeting
large solid.. }..24 0
Jamaica.... 6 5 6 15
Honduras,.. 6 10 75 Nicaragua Wood,
26 0 small
10 0 12 0 TOBACCO, tb. s. d. 8. d. James River
0 3 a 0 74 stemmed... 0 31
0 64 Rappahanock 0 24 0 42
stemmed........ 0 3 0 45 Kentucky
0 21 044 ASHES, | cwt.
8. d. ist, Pot, fresh, U. S. 39 0 a 400
Montreal ........33 0 34 0
American, 1st, Pearl 39 40 0 TAR, ¥ barri.Stockholm 200 210
Archangel 18 0 19 0
American 18 0 19 0 RICE, y cwt. American,
328. a 36s. duty paid. East India
14 19 6 BRIMSTONE, ton, £. $. £. $. rough
220 a 24 0 SHUMAC, Pcwt. 8. d. 8. d.
Sicily ..........22 0 a 23 0 PINE TIMBER,Y cub ft. s. d. 8. d.
American ........1 3015
Baltic & Swedish..2 1 2 3 SALT PETRE, y cwt. 28 0 34 0 GRAIN,
8. d. s. d. Barley, Eng! y 60th. 40 a 46 Irish.... 3 3
36 Beans, Engl. Y qr... 400 44 0
Foreign ....32 0 40 0
sour (free)..310 34 0 Oats, Engl. P 45lb. } 2 10 3 0
Irish & Foreign 2 9 3 1 Wheat, Engl. 701b. 7 9 8 6
Irish... 7 0 7 10
Dantzig .... 80 8 6 TALLOW, 11215. 8. d.
8. d. Russia Y. Candle 53 6 a 54 0 Brazil ..
.54 0 56 0 IRON, Eng, bar....... £9 S
Swedish in bond 16 0
Russia ........ 18 0
..22 0 31
Cod .......20 0 Greenland Whale.... 230
Palm ....37 0 38 0 Linseed, gall... 28.10d. a Os.od. Rape ............ 4 2
Turpentine, pcwt. 51 0 56 0 PROVISIONS
s. d. $. d. Beef new, y tierce 100 0 a 105 0
barrel 700 75 0 Butter, # cwt. Cork dry 3rds. new
Pork, Irish, brl. 66 0 70 0
new........ 55 0 60 0
103 AMERICAN STOCK.-Dec. 19, 3 ¥ Cent .........
70 New 6 Cent ..... 104
1065 The above with Dividend from Oct. i. U.S. Bank Sbares .... £230
With Dividend from July 1.
961 chal. Ireland ..........
to ist Dec.
Corn, Wheat, 1795 qrs. 241 bags.-
Ireland and Coast ways.
34 9 Nov. 18.. 57811d83s 8d 288 5d
56 4 55 6
55 0 25..
9.. Dec. 2..
Course of Exchange, in London, Dec. 15.
PRINTED BY H. FISHER, LIVERPOOL, PRINTER IN ORDINARY TO HIS MAJLSTY.
OR, COMPENDIUM OF RELIGIOUS, MORAL, & PHILOSOPHICAL KNOWLEDGE.
" MEN IN SAVAGE LIFE, ARE DESTITUTE OF BOOKS."
either in a lofty tree, or in a craggy MONTHLY OBSERVATIONS,
cliff, inaccessible to men; the Rook, With a Catalogue of all really British on the contrary, comes near our haPlants, as they come into flower. bitations, and, colonizing the grove,
associates itself with our ideas of rural happiness. It is pleasing to observe
their industry and skill in carrying on The general character of the weather this necessary labour ; how busily they in this Month, is much more variable are employed in breaking off the twigs than that of January; for though at from the summits of the trees, and times the thermometer may mark as conveying them in their bills to their great a degree of cold, it is of shorter aërial edifice; where the partner at continuance, and with more consider the same time continues on the watch, able intervals; whilst thick mists, rain, lest any of its sharp-sighted neighbours and high winds, render it unpleasant should make free with the materials, to such as, from business, are com- and appropriate them to their own pelled to expose themselves to the purposes. But, though the nest of the air. Animals, however, and particu- Rook be perhaps the most familiarly larly the inhabitants of the air, find known, that of the Magpie may be the benefit of the change; no longer regarded as more curious. Building pinched with cold, they are able to in trees of no great elevation, and comsearch with vigour after the worms, mencing its labour when no leaves slags, and insects, which now begin to have appeared to afford concealment, ereep from their hiding places; and it has recourse to the formidable arhence, they derive so much strength rangement of its materials to ensure and spirits, as, before the end of the its safety. The twigs selected are month, to resume all the alacrity of usually those of thorn; which are Spring; and their joy is expressed by formed into the body of the nest, and commencing their long-forgotten song. also into a close covering, so that the The music of birds, it is well known, bird is obliged to creep between the is an acquired language, for though projecting spines to enter its habitaeach species has a song peculiar to tion. The school-boy, after bathing itself, it is only because each succeed- his hands in blood, is often obliged ing race has been carefully instructed to leave the eggs, or young ones, as he by its progenitors; and if the young found them. of one kind be brought up by another, About this time those quadrupeds they acquire the song of their foster which have been lying in a half torpid parent, without any mixture of the state during the cold weather, shew notes of their own species. What signs of activity. The Mole, the miner ideas we may suppose the feathered of the soil, exerts itself in pursuit of race to affix to the notes they so pro- earthworms, and throws up hillocks of fusely utter, is a curious subject, of fine earth as it passes under ground. which, perhaps, by attentive research, Destitute as would appear the lot of more might be discovered than philo- this animal, its almighty Maker has sophers have suspected. It appears admirably fitted its organization to its that the largest bird that is known to habits. It has no projecting parts to sing, is the Holly Thrush, (Turdus Vis- prevent or retard its progress beneath civorus.) About the same time also, the earth; its fur is short and smooth, birds commence the work of raising an and dirt cannot attach itself to it; the offspring; and in this country the bones of its body allow of its moving crow kind commence this labour the through narrow passages, for it has most early.
The Raven seeks a re- two' ribs less than most animals; and tired place, and fixes its solitary nest that system of bones to which the No. 21.-VoL, III,
108 thighs are attached, and which toge essayS ON CREATION AND GEOLOGY. ther form what is called the pelvis, is much less than in other quadrupeds; whilst the anterior extremities are pe- Essay X.-The Creation of Man, on culiarly adapted to the purpose of the latter part of the Sixth Day. clearing its way. Eyes are not much wanted; and accordingly they are In the course of this investigation, we small, and well covered by the fur; have traced the Mosaic account of the but they suit every purpose of neces- Creation from its commencement to sity, by warning the creature of too the formation of the animal kingdom; near an approach to light. The Badger and have observed an admirable and now ventures more frequently from intimate connection between its vaits hiding-place; and the Squirrel and rious parts. But there still appears Dormouse have recourse to the hoard a chasm in the system, a want of someof nuts and acorns which they had thing to crown it with the character of gathered together against such a time perfection. It has animation, but it
This is the spawning time of wants intelligence,-which want is the fish of the genus Gadus; of these, supplied by the creation of Man. more particularly, the Ling approach The hypothesis which supposes the within three or four leagues of land, inferior creatures to have existed for and are taken in vast numbers. If the ages previous to the creation of man, spawn of this fish were all to attain to is exceedingly preposterous. While maturity, the ocean would not contain the Mosaic account leads to no such them; but they are devoured by the conclusion, but the opposite, it must numerous inhabitants of the deep, and be insisted on, that such an important even by those of their own genus. article can never be established on But few insects are added to those such a slender foundation as that of which we noticed in January: a few the situation in which some remains of Flies are seen in the windows, and a human bodies have been found in the Moth may be discovered here and earth. Admitting that the remains there, as if born out of due time. The of the human species in certain places, vegetable tribes, before the end of the have been found to occupy the uppermonth, have shewn unequivocal signs most or very newest alluvial soil ; does of life. Buds are everywhere swelling it follow that this is to be a criterion with the circulating fluid ; and a few, to determine the actual or relative peas the Gooseberry, acquire a slight riod when they were first called into tint of green; the Oak and Beech, existence? So far from this, that it which through the winter bore their does not even prove it as a general nut-brown leaves still hanging on fact, that remains of the human species, them, are now, quite naked, the leaf- when the subject comes to be more stalk of the last year being thrust off fully investigated, shall not be found by the swelling bud. In fact, these in a similar situation and state to that trees may be considered as half ever- in which the various remains of anigreen; for they differ from plants thus mals have been discovered. denominated only in the colour of the I believe it is acknowledged on all leaves, and not in their duration. The hands, that the subject of geological Laurel, Holly, and others of a similar science is yet in its infancy; and nature, cast off their old foliage, for therefore, it is time enough to draw the purpose of acquiring new; and the conclusions when the subject has been Ivy, the beauty of which would attract more thoroughly investigated. To inadmiration, if it were rare, is employed sist that fossil human remains do not in ripening its berries. The catkins of exist at all, because in France, Cuthe Willow are now added to the vier, forsooth, did not discover any golden drapery of the Hazel that
along with those of animals, would adorns every hedge.
be something like insisting that there Come into flower: Snowdrop, Ga- is no such place as America, because lanthus nivalis ; Common Chickweed, it cannot be discovered on the contiStellaria media; Henbit Archangel, nent of Europe. Cross the Atlantic, Lamium amplexicaulis; Bearsfoot, and you will find the one; and examine Helleborus foetidus; Spring Crocus, the whole globe, and you shall perC. Vernus. Catkins of the Willow haps find the other. No one can say begin to appear.
with precision how far the human spe