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pathize with his sufferings, and no thened heart to him who is able to spirit of dependance to link your pe- ease your burthen; and in every prosrishing soul to the all-sufficient atone- pect of suffering and sorrow, of any ment and righteousness of Christ ! | kind, to say, “ The Lord is my shepOh the intense misery you are pre- herd, I shall not want.” paring for yourselves! What a life And, finally, to those who have of degradation is it to live ignorant of known something of the love of Christ, Christ, to be guided by the senses and to those to whom it is given of special passions of this lower nature! What grace to turn from this world's objects, a melancholy condition it is for an to pursue the great realities of eterimmortal creature capable of enjoying nity—to those, whose hearts God has God, and having the character of God impressed by his own Spirit, and sealed emblazoned on this blessed page ! them for the day of redemption ; oh, What a degradation is it to the im- beloved brethren, to you, I say, ponder mortal spirit to pursue a course of life often on this theme of love! Surround merely to gratify the passions that bru- yourselves with all these assurances talize, but never can ennoble! Oh, but of everlasting kindness. Endeavour, eternity! in that word lies an emphasis by the grace of God, to bring up your of interest on this subject. It is little, low thoughts of Christ to the high perhaps, to live a few years degraded ; level on which he has presented himbut to live eternally degraded, to have self to you. Oh think of him, and all the pulsations of the heart beating then amidst the sorrows of life your in misery, to be outcast from God's heart shall be glad, you will trace in regard, and to pass eternity amidst the severest privations the marks of scenes of pollution and death—what his wisdom and his kindness, and you heart can endure, and what hand can will be looking forward to that great be strong when this eternal calamity and glorious day, when shall be reenwraps the conscious creature? Oh, alized to you all that is spoken, and then, seek ye to know the love of when it shall be true of you that “God Christ; he is free to you, he stands has wiped away all tears from your with out-stretched arms, his accents eyes;” and true of you, as servants, and his voice are heard amidst the that you shall serve him with no inpauses of this world's storm, if you terruption of obedience, with no dihave but the ear to listen for them: munition of gratitude, with no ending “Come unto me all ye that are weary of love-shall serve him as he wishes and I will give you rest.” Seek ye you to serve him, and shall fall at after Christ, and your souls shall live, his feet, with astonishment, ascribing and then you too shall know what it grace unto him that loved us, and is to rejoice in Christ Jesus, in a suf- washed us from our sins, in his own fering and sinful world ; you, too, blood, and hath made us kings and shall know what it is to carry a bur- priests unto God.”—Amen.

A Sermon


AT ST. CLEMENT DANES, nov. 15, 1832.

Galatians, ii. 10.-" Only they would that we should remember the poor : the same which

I also was forward to do." When Saul of Tarsus was converted of this deeply important subject to the faith of Christ, and was come Remembrance of the poor. This subto Jerusalem, he essayed to join him-ject occupies a very conspicuous place self to the disciples, but they were in all the Scriptures, as it does, and afraid of him. They knew what his must do, in the management of every character had been, and they did not Christian, or nominal Christian combelieve that he had becomie indeed a munity. Christian benevolence will disciple ; but his friend and fellow vary and multiply her activity with labourer, Barnabas, took him by the the varying and multiplying necessihand, brought him to the Apostles, ties of the poor in her lands; and, told them what had passed on the perhaps, in none of her efforts does road going to Damascus, how Saul she more conspicuously manifest her had seen the Lord, how Jesus had divine origin and her scriptural chaspoken to him, and how he had after-racter, than in those where temporal wards preached boldly in Damascus support is combined with moral disin the name of the Lord Jesus. When cipline and Christian instruction. It Peter, James, and John perceived the is to such an effort, that it becomes grace that was given to Saul, they my duty to invite your attention now. gave to him the right hand of fellow- But, first, I desire, in humble reliship, agreeing that they should divide ance upon the promised guidance of amongst them the divine work of the Holy Ghost, to declare, preaching the Gospel, Saul and Bar- God's SOVEREIGN APPOINTMENT IN nabas going to the Gentiles, and the THE CONTINUANCE OF POVERTY, other Apostles to the Jews. But be- AND God's PROVIDENTIAL PROVIfore they separated, there was one thing which the original Apostles of TION OF THE POOR. the Lord mentioned with some anxiety to their new associates in this The continuance of poverty, my work—it was, that they should re- brethren, is not the result of human member the poor; which thing Saul | oppression, but of divine appointand Barnabas themselves were wil- ment, otherwise how could it have ling, nay, forward to do.

continued. Poverty has ever been Thus, my brethren, we find, that declaimed against by factious, and at the very fountain head of the his- turbulent, and mischievous, and intory of the Christian church, where terested demagogues, as a thing intothe waters of life separated into two lerable amongst men who had equal streams, bearing their rich and free rights by nature. Such harangues blessings to Jew and Gentile, there, readily catch the attention and inat that interesting period of history, flame the passions of the multitude; we find most honorable mention made and they have led to insurrection fre


quently, sometimes to revolution itself. part of my design to consider directly The excited and discontented poor, or indirectly these schemes as a mistimulated by such harangues, have tigation of the evil. All that is nearisen, in the physical force of over- cessary for me to say now is, that, at whelming numbers, against the consti- the best, they could be but mitigatuted authorities of the land as adminis- tions; and that poverty retains with tered by the rich, and havoc, rapine, unsparing grasp his uncompromising murder, and civil war have been the tenacity upon the communities of fearful consequences. And what then mankind. --is a question of the deepest import- But again, poverty has been legisance—what then? Has poverty ceased lated against by benevolence in the when insurrection has become suc- high places of our state ; in our own cessful? Has poverty ceased when favored land a legalized provision revolution has been effected? No against poverty has been made. Every truly; men may excite to rebellion effort that human industry could acand violence if they will, but poverty complish, and every effort that huremains with most persevering obsti- man ingenuity could devise has been nacy. In the political wheel of revo- adopted by one legislator after anolution, like every other lottery, the ther, in the hope of improving this blanks are many and the prizes are provision, and rendering it better few; and the histories of civil wars adapted to the varying circumstances supply us with this stubborn fact, that, of the times, and the various circumin the end, the increase of power and stances of divers individuals. And riches has been found among the few, what has been the result? The man and a corresponding increase of po- who denies the divine appointment of verty and slavery amongst the many. poverty, the man who denies that the Poverty has been reasoned against perpetuity of poverty is of the purby infidel philosophers and by politi- pose of God, is bound, if true to his cal economists. Grounding their ar- own principles, to admit that such a guments on the abstract, as they say, system, as I have now described, and equal rights of men, they have must now put an end to it-equality propounded one theory after another, preserved from the rashness of revoeach holding out the plausible and lution and the plausible theories of flattering prospect of putting an end untutored philosophers. Here is the to poverty in the land. One has practice of wisdom carried on by fancied that he has found a cure for practical men, under the sanction of it in the fertile resources of the land the lawful authorities of a state, itself, sufficient, he alleges, amply to adapted from time to time to the rising supply every man and leave none exigencies of the people ; surely, this poor, if only properly cultivated. man ought to say, against such a sysAnother, casting his view across the tem as this, nothing so unnatural, surface of our globe, and finding vast nothing so barbarous as poverty can tracts of uncultivated and unoccupied possibly continue? But my brethren land, has proposed emigration pro- what has been the fact? Have the perly organized as a panacea for the poor laws put an end to poverty ? evil. Another, laying his hand on Let the overseers of the parishes be the fountain head of the mischief, has enquired of, where benevolent conproposed, what he has called, restric- tributions assume the aspect of legal tions on the rapid increase of popu- payments, and those men will tell lation. My brethren, it is not any you, that the wants of the poor “ have


grown by what they fed on;" that a with you, and whensoever ye will,
liberal poor rate has removed the you may do them good.” The poor
shame without removing the pressure ye have always with you.
of poverty; and that, in too many My brethren, it is a matter of more
painful instances, the warm expres- consequence than may strike your
sion of gratitude for a donation of apprehension at first hearing, that the
love, has been converted into the cold continuance of poverty is not by any
murmuring of discontent at the al- ingenuity or combination of artful men
lowance of the law. But why? Po- in authority, retaining that authority
verty is unnatural in the abstract; it over the majority of the poor; but that
is opposed to all man’s reasoning it is of the purpose and appointment
about equal rights ; it is opposed to of God. There is no combination of
all his passions; unnatural to the ma- artful men that could have borne the
jority, intolerable to the feelings of assaults which in every country hath
the vast physical majority of mankind, been made against poverty ; but the
and how is it that it has continued ? purpose of Jehovah stands, endures,
Every effort has been made against perseveres, and makes every effort of
it-efforts by law-efforts by fraud man to countervail it recoil upon
-efforts by force—efforts by argu- himself. “The poor shall never cease
ment, and all in vain, it abides still. out of the land,” saith the Lord. Let
We challenge the infidel to account us try whether we cannot make them
for the phenomena; and if he retort cease out of the land, says the bene-
the challenge, and ask us to account volent legislator. They may surely
for it, we, with fairness, reply, it cease, says the sanguine philosopher.
is the appointment of a sovereign They shall cease, and that suddenly,

says the infuriated revolutionist. But
Concerning the land of Judea, that all in vain, they do not cease, because
land that flowed with milk and honey, God has said it.
which was the glory of all lands, we Now, my brethren, there is one
read this decisive announcement in the circumstance recorded in the Scrip-
word of God, “The poor shall never tures which seems to raise objections
cease out of the land.” And, again, to this, and which ought in candour
we read, “The Lord maketh poor, and to be noticed in this branch of my
maketh rich.” And in the Gospel his- argument. We read in the Acts of
tory, when a poor woman, whose sins the Apostles, concerning the Christian
had been many, and being freely par- church in its infancy, that "they had
doned, her love found vent; when she all things in common.” In the fourth
came to the Saviour with an alabaster chapter of the Acts, it is written,
box of very precious ointment, and “The multitude of them that believed
broke the box, and poured the oint- were of one heart and one soul :
ment on his feet; and when some of neither said any of them that ought
the bystanders murmured against her of the things which he possessed was
because of this manifestation of her his own; but they had all things in
tender love, saying, “Why was this common. Neither was there any
waste made, because the ointment among them that lacked: for as many
might have been sold for much and as were possessors of lands, or houses,
given to the poor,” Jesus interposed sold them, and brought the prices of
and said, “ Let her alone, why trouble the things that were sold, and laid
ye her, she hath wrought agood work them down at the Apostles' feet: and
on me, for the poor, yehave always distribution was made unto every mari,

according as he had need.” It may | history to which I have alluded in the bere be argued, that the Christian Acts, we read of the saints at Jeruchurch presents an instance of a com- salem, “ that no man lacked,” that munity from which the poor had there was no poverty amongst them, ceased; and it may further be argued, they had every thing in common, that the Christian church has fallen there were contributions as every from her high estate, in that there do man had need, and no man lacked exist poor within her bosom now who any thing. Within a very few years could not exist, had the principles upon after, we find collections made, under wbich she started been persevered in the sanction of the Apostle, for those and carried into faithful operation. poor saints at Jerusalem. What then

Now, my brethren, before I say are we to conclude ? either that the any thing in answer to such an argu- system of having all things in comment, grounded on this passage in the mon had ceased, and that distinctions Acts, let me remind you of the lan- again arose amongst them, so that guage of the Apostle Paul, respecting there were poor saints at Jerusalem ; the collections that were to be made or else that the system persevered in in various churches of the saints of had made them all poor together, so Greece, to be sent for the support of that not one amongst them could help the poor saints at Jerusalem. On another, but they were all indebted this subject, he is very urgent with for help to the contributions sent from the Corinthian church, in both his saints in strange countries? In either epistles. In the first epistle to the case it is plain that the poor had not Corinthians, in the last chapter, he ceased out of the church, any more says, “ Now concerning the collection than out of the land, and that the for the saints, as I have given order circumstances set before us in the to the churches of Galatia, even so do fourth chapter of the Acts, were temye. Upon the first day of the week porary in their duration ; for those of let every one of you lay by him in whom it is there written, that “they store, as God hath prospered him, lacked nothing," are afterwards desthat there be no gatherings when I cribed as “poor saints of Jerusalem," come. And when I come, whomso- for whom the Apostle begged of his ever ye shall approve by your letters, brethren in Macedonia and Achaia. them will I send to bring your liber- We conclude from such a string of ality to Jerusalem.” In the second reasoning, that the poor are appointed epistle, at the beginning of the ninth of God to continue to the end. And chapter, he presses the same subject. sure I am that whatever some persons “ As touching the ministering to the may think of such an argument, and saints, it is superfluous for me to write such a conclusion it will come with to you: for I know the forwardness the precious power of divine consolaof your mind, for which I boast of you tion to the poor christian man, who will to them of Macedonia, that Achaia look up with contentment, seeing the was ready a year ago; and your zeal appointment of his Heavenly Father's bath provoked very many." And hand in the position he holds in soalluding to this subject in the epistle ciety, who will thereby be encouraged to the Romans, he says, in the fifteenth in the diligence, that is Christian duty, chapter, “For it hath pleased them in his calling, whatever it may be ; of Macedonia and Achaia to make a and will thereby, also, be strengthened certain contribution for the poor saints in that trust to which he is invited by #bich are at Jerusalem.” Now in the the most affectionate words of his dear

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