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authority, but a Christianity of deep, parishes. We translate the sacred I will even say of rational belief, volume and circulate it amongst them. thoroughly and profoundly seated on We send schoolmasters who might the principles of our moral nature, teach them to read their vernacular and nobly accredited by the virtues Bible. We send ministers who ex. of our well conditioned peasantry. pound it. We knock at the door of In the olden time of Presbytery, that heaven's sanctuary that a virtue may time of scripture Christianity in our

descend from on high-that God pulpits and of psalmody in all our may add the grace of his spirit to the cottages, these men grew and multi- testimony of his word. You cannot plied in our land, and though derided overthrow the efficiency of this proin the heartless literature, and dis- cess but by an argument that will countenanced and disowned in the nullify all the Christianizing process earthly politics of other days, it is of our own land. You cannot pull their remnant which acts as a pre- down our cause without passing senserving salt among our people, and tence of extinction on the religious which constitutes the real strength light of all Christendom. You canand glory of the Scottish nation. not rightfully charge the work of

We now begin to feel ourselves on missionaries, with fanaticism and firm vantage ground for the main- felly, without fastening the brand of tenance of our cause, and on which these very imputations on the work the reasonableness, I would say, the of ministers within. If no Christiphilosophy, of missions might be anity can be formed there without vindicated. It is an axiom in phi- the power of working present miralosophy that we should look for the cles or the power of evincing to the like effect from like causes, and like belief of savages, the reality of past manufacture from like materials. In miracles, then no Christianity can be the work of conversion, the materials formed here throughout the mass or on which we operate are the same, great majority of our own population. whether at home or in India--the But if Christianity can be formed identical human nature that is cha- here by the simple power of truth racteristic,- I say the identical human upon the conscience, this is the prinnature that is characteristic, not of ciple which opens the world to the tribes, or nations, but is characteristic enterprise of missionaries. Whereof the species. The instrument by ever there is a human being there is which we operate is the same, the a conscience, and on this ground identical doctrine of the Bible, the alone the message of salvation might identical message from heaven, to all circulate around the globe, and be the people that be upon the earth. carried with acceptance through all The power which gives the instru- its nations, and tribes, and families. ment its efficacy is the same, even And if it were not so, if there were that spirit which bloweth where he no such evidence as that for which listeth, and who, with but the Bible we are contending, by what practical to pioneer his way, disowns all the avenue could the faith of the gospel distinctions of savage or civilized life, be made to find an entrance and an and all the barriers of geography. establishment amongst the great mass In the prosecution of the cause we of our population ? Take away from transfer to other lands the very us the self evidencing power of the machinery that is at work in our own Bible, and you lay an interdict on the

Christianity of workshops, on the do we see one possible way of causing Christianity of crowded and indus- it to circulate at large among the trious establishments, on the Chris- families of our land. tianity of nearly all our cities and all On this subject, therefore, we our parishes. That the hope which again with confidence appeal to the is in us may have the property of experience of any Christian minister endurance there must be a reason for within the limits of his own parish, the hope, and where, we ask, in the did he ever witness the conversion of whole field of their habitual contem- one of his own people, and more esplation, are the toil-worn children of pecially in the humble classes of poverty to find it?— Are they to society, and where then, we ask, was search for the reason among the the instrument or cause in that conarchives of history ? - Are they to version. Did it lie, we ask, in any gather it out of the mouldering eru- thing external to the subject matter dition of other days ?-Are they to of the Gospel, or did it lie within the fetch it up from the profound and subject matter of the Gospel itself. puzzling obscurity of argumentation? Did the light lie in that history --Are they to encounter the toil of which the documents of antiquity scholarship, and ere the light of reve- enabled him to give of the book, or lation can guide or gladden them, did it lie in that doctrine and inforthink you that they must learn to mation which stands engraven upon number, and to balance, and to con- | its pages? Did it lie in the exhibifront the testimony of former gene- tion he made of the proof of the comrations ?

munication, or did it lie in the exRefuse the evidence that we have hibition he made of the substance of been insisting on, and in doing so the communication ? Let him tell us you pass oblivion on nearly all the the argument of that awakening SerChristianity that is in our own land. mon under which he remembers some It may still continue to be talked of secure hold of infidelity to have been in the cloistered retirements of lite- stormed? was it in combatting the rary debate and speculation, but the hostility of nature's blindness ? was it mighty host of our people could take in the act of combatting the hostility no

rational interest in its of literature, when in all pride of questions than they would in any erudition he demonstrated the faithcontroversy of the schools ; and if | ful conveyance of the Scriptures of the authority of this volume be not truth from the first ages of Chrislegibly stamped upon all its own tianity; or was it in the act of compages, if all the evidence by which batting the hostility of nature's blindwe can affirm it to be most thoroughly ness and nature's opposition, when he and visibly impregnated, be a de- opened the Scriptures and made the lusion, if all the varied points of truth itself manifest to the consciences accordancy between the book of re- of men? This last, we imagine to velation and the book of human ex- be the only way of converting the perience be not sufficient to attest human soul. It is not done by dethe divinity that formed it, or if this scending into the depth of the earth, attestation be far beyond the under- and there fighting the battle of the standing of an ordinary peasant, then truth against the dark and visionary must Christianity be ever shut up spectres of theology; it is not done from a vast majority of our species, nor by ascending up into the heavens,


regions some sublime illustration. It is done by bringing the word nigh unto them, by entering with it into the warm, and well known chambers of their own consciences, by making them feel the full force of its adjustment to all their wants and experiences, by telling them of that sin, under a conviction of which, nature tries to forget GOD, or would flee affrighted from his presence, and of that Saviour, who alone can hush the alarms of nature's philosophy.

and fetching from those wondrous and the attributes, and the love of GOD. The Greenlanders did not comprehend them, and the missionaries were mortified to find that after years of labour they had not gained a single proselyte to the faith. On this they resolved to change their measures, and, as a last desperate experiment, they gave up all preparatory instruction, and made one great and decisive step onward in the peculiar doctrines, and these too couched in the peculiar phraseology of the Gospel. When simply told in Scriptural words, of sin, and of the Saviour, the effect was instantaneous; there was something in the hearts of these unlettered men which responded to the truths and tidings of the New Testament. The demonstration of natural religion fell fruitless and unintelligible on their ears; but they felt the burden of sin, and of death, and listened attentively to the preacher's voice when it told, that "unto them a Saviour was born." They live on the very outskirts of population, and beyond them there is nothing seen but a wilderness of snow, and nothing heard but the angry howling of the elements.

But I must here restrict myself Who will say that the enterprise to a few gleanings from a now mul- is chimerical now that a Christian tifareous and daily accumulating his- people is formed in a country so untory, and such as may best illustrate promising--that the limits of the the rationale of the missionary enter-Christian church have been pushed prise. When the first missionaries forward to the limits of human exwent to Greenland we may be as-istence, and the tidings of goodwill sured that they had the ignorance to men have been carried with acof a rude and unpromising popula- ceptance to the very last and uttertion to contend with. They thought most of the species. The discovery they would go systematically to work, there made by the Moravians was and before presenting them with the converted by them into a principle Christian message in the terms of which they carried round the globe; the message, that they would give and which ever since has been the them some preparatory ideas as in fertile source of their marvellous natural religion. For this purpose success in the work of evangelizing they expatiated in formal demonstra- the heathen. They now learned that tion on the existence, and the unity, it was impossible to antedate the

These are the lessons which could do to those, my hearers, what they did in the days of the Apostles. They can make the unbelievers, and the unlearned, feel themselves to "be judged of all and convinced of all, and thus can manifest the secrets of their hearts, so that they shall acknowledge GOD to be in them of a truth."

III. We would now come to the THIRD and last head of our discourse, in which, as briefly as possible, we would consider THE LIKELIHOOD OF SUCCESS IN THE MISSIONARY ENTERPRISE, AND MORE ESPECIALLY THE ACTUAL, AND HISTORICAL SUCCESS, WHICH ALREADY HAS ATTENDED IT.

message of the Gospel in any manner, | Their services are everywhere and they availed themselves of this sought after. It is a most substantial experience in Greenland in all their testimony in their favour that the subsequent operations among the West India planters have found the Exquimaux of Labrador, among the best results from their preaching and Indians of North America, and among discipline in the good order and fidethe negroes of the Danish and Bar-lity of their slaves. When their badoes Islands, and lastly, among accounts were made up at the end the Hottentots of South Africa. As of 1827, they had under Christian the effect of this peculiar, yet pow- instruction, no less than 35,629 neerful moral regimen, villages have groes. arisen in the wilderness, and we now This seems to be the best place for behold men of, before, untamed and the adjustment of the question, whesavage nature, as if by the touch of ther the first attempt should be to a miracle, completely become radi- christianize or to civilize, or which it cally transformed, living in gentle- is of these that takes the precedency ness together, and tutored in the arts of the other. The Moravians themand decencies of a civilized people. selves have innocently given rise to Many there are who nauseate the a delusion upon this subject. The peculiar evangelism which lies at the result in these converts has now beroot of this great, moral, and spiritual come so striking and so palpablechange, yet are forced to admire the they have at length succeeded in beauteous efflorescence which pro- raising so beauteous a spectacle as ceeds from it, just as there are many that of christians and well ordered who can eye with delight the graces villages, which were before the fruitof a cultivated landscape, yet have ful haunts of prowling and plunno taste for the operations of hus- dering barbarians - there is somebandry which called it into being. thing so inexpressibly pleasing in the Certain it is that Moravians have chapel service, and the well attended become the objects of a popular and school, and the picturesque garden, sentimental admiration among men and the snug habitations and prospewho would not tolerate the metho- rous husbandry of reclaimed Hottendistical favor, as they may term it, tots, that Moravians are now cried of a Moravian report, a thing just up by sentimental travellers and eloas possible as that they might feel a quent writers as an example, nay, as most exquisite relish for their music a reproach to all other missionaries; along with a thorough distaste for and they have supposed, perhaps their hymns. The fruit and the naturally enough, that what was first flower are both pleasing to the eye in exhibition was also first in time ;of many to whom the culture is offen- that the christianity in short was a graft sive; and who could not look upon upon civilization, and not the civiliit without the revolt of nature's en- zation a graft upon christianity. There mity to the truth as it is, in Jesus, were none more hurt and scandalized and, therefore, it is that they look by these eulogies than the Moravians only to the one, and continue to over-themselves, and they have actually look the other. And accordingly penned a vindication of their method, Moravians have, of late, become the not against the sneer of malignant objects of very general request, as enemies, but against the praises of well as of very general admiration. mistaken admirers. The whole history of christianization since the days, a great portion of British society, of the apostles tends to prove that there is such a demand and venerawherever the faith of the gospel arises tion for Moravians, there is still so in the mind, it is rooted and has its deep strong a remainder of dislike, and foundation in the workings of that even of derision for all other missionmoral nature which is common to all aries. The reason is simply this, the the species. And so it is that Moravians are the oldest of all our these Moravians tell us how they modern Protestant missionaries, and began the topic of sin, and of the they have had time to work up a more Saviour, at the very outset of their conspicuous result as the evidence of converse, even with the very rudest their labours. They also went through of nature's wanderers, and they find the very ordeal of contempt and of a conscience in them which responds bitter calumny,which the missionaries as readily to their sayings, and which have still to undergo, and which they loses the pre-occupations and preju- must continue to endure, so long as dices which obstruct their efficacy, as the Christianity of the attempt stands in the lettered Mahometan, or the out so nakedly to the eye of worldly demi-civilized Hindoo. It is true observers, and the mantle of civilizathey also attempt, as all other mis- tion is not yet sufficiently thickened sionaries do, to insinuate among to cover it from their view. We them the arts and industry of Europe doubt there is a rawness which is now from the very beginning of their en- most comfortably and most completely terprise, and the two educations of softened away in the older establishreligion and humanity go on contem- ments of the Moravians. The one is porarily. It may in some instances just as solid and deeply founded as the be difficult to assign what the prece- other, in the sacredness of the enterdency is in the order of time, but as prise which led to it, but there is not to the precedency in the order of yet that secondary luxuriance which nature, or in the order of cause and catches the eye, and calls forth the effect, there is no difficulty. It is not homage of sentimentalism. The the process of civilization which makes honeysuckle has not yet fully grown way for the Christianity, it is the at each cottage door, nor is the picchristianity makes way for the civili- ture yet completed for the enraptured zation. This is the strict philosophy traveller to gaze upon, and at which of the process ; Christianity does not he may kindle perhaps into strains wait for civilization, it is civilization of sweetest poesy. So meagre, so that waits, and follows with attend- utterly superficial, and ignorant, are ant footsteps on Christianity. In a the conceptions of those who, when word, the message of God to man they would exalt the Moravians, might be delivered immediately to all do it at the expense of the nakedmen; it is a message alike to the ness of all other missionaries. They " barbarian and the Greek.” And exhibit the mere finery of sentihere too, as in every thing else, there mental criticism, without the depth is the fullest harmony between the of Christian principle, without the declaration of the gospel itself, and substance and the depth of philothe findings of experience.

sophic observation. This will explain, I hope, that very I consider it necessary before I prevalent misconception, in virtue of conclude to give you just one instance which it is, that while in the West more, in justice to the usefulness and Indies, and more especially through the efforts of another society, not com

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