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posed of Moravians, I mean the Lon-, physics (for I am supposing this to don Missionary Society. Let me be a company of pbilosophers and just say a few words on what is still savans)—well, had they proceeded considered to be the most illustrious thus far, and furnished with the best of all achievements. Had the mem- and fitted lessons for man in the inbers of some school of philosophers fancy of understanding brought their by dint of a skilful and laborious well weighed processes to bear on analysis, become profoundly con

them—had they got pupils from versant with the mysteries of the among all their families, and in human spirit, had they speculated twenty years wrought a change more with accuracy and effect not merely marvellous than twenty centuries on the progress of the individual rolling over the heads of many tribes mind, from its first rude and harren and many nations of our world have elements to the highest finished being been able to accomplish—in a word, of its moral and intellectual cultiva- | had they transformed this horde of tion, but also on the progress of the cannibals into a lettered and humancollective mind in society : 30 as to ized peasantry, and from the cruelties trace all the continuous footsteps by of their desolating superstition turned which the transition is made from them to the peaceful charities of this savage to civilized life—had they on world, and to the rejoicing hopes of the principle of a new system de- another—had they been further envised a plan of tuition, and instituted abled to grace the whole of this a method of discipline and formed a exhibition by such pleasing and book of elementary doctrine and picturesque accompaniment as those scholarship, in virtue of which they of newly formed villages, and cultiheld themselves prepared for a grand vated gardens, and prosperous inphilanthropic experiment on some dustry, and the whole customs of remote remnant of barbarians, yet in industrious and well-regulated lifethe primitive ignorance of nature, and all this on the part of a people, had they been enabled so to interest who but a few years ago were prowlthe public in their scheme as to be ing in nakedness, and who with fierce upheld by them in all the cost of a and untamed spirits could assemble beneficial expedition, then set forth in delighted multitudes around the on the wide ocean of adventure till altar of a human sacrifice man they reached a far distant shore that achievement so wondrous as this was peopled by the most degraded would have blazoned forth on the tribes of idolaters, where all the arts world as one of the noblest triumphs and habits, and decencies of Europe of philosophy; it would have filled were unknown, and where some and delighted the whole of our litehideous misshapen sculpture bespoke rary republic, and her academies a paganism of the most revolting would have vied with each other in character-had they in these cir- heaping their orders and honorary cumstances offered parley with the titles on the men who had found out natives, and gained their confidence, that specific charm by which to reand won such an ascendency as that claim savages to the walks of humathey could assemble and detain them nity, and to quicken a hundred fold at pleasure, for the purposes of edu- the march of improvement of our cation, and furnished, as they were, species. by an enlightened scheme of meta

Now it is not very many years ago since such an enterprise was set on families, on their infantine literature, foot by the members of a certain on their new formed alphabet, and college, though not a college lite- their boyhood just taught and pracrature. They carried out with them tised, like our own, in the various a certain book of instruction though branches of scholarship; and what not one philosopher had to do with perhaps poetry, though apart from the composition of it, and they made religion, would most gladly seize on of the very attempt which we have now all, the holiness of her sabbath morn been supposing on a territory re- and the chime of its worship bell now moved by some thousands of miles breaking for the first time on the ear from the outskirts of civilization, of the delighted mariner who hovers and through a severe ordeal of ridi-on its shore, and recognised by him cule and of reserve did they ply their as a sound that was before unheard assiduous task, and have now brought throughout the whole of that vast their experiment to its termination ; Pacific, in the solitude of whose and whatever the steps of their pro- mighty waters this island had lain cess may have been there is many an buried and unknown for so many eye witness who can speak to the ages. All this has undoubtedly been result of it. The island of Otaheite, done, but then a few gospel missionin spite of the conflicting testimonies aries had the doing of it, and they and accounts of more recent voyagers, tell us that the whole charm and overborne at length by the last and power of this marvellous transformmost authentic testimony which has ation are to be found in the Bible and appeared, the island of Otaheite which in its cabalistic orthodoxy. And they teemed with the worst abominations tell moreover of prayers, and outof savage passions and savage cruelty, pourings, and mystic influences from was the selected arena on which they on high, which all the science of tried the virtue of their peculiar all our universities cannot lead us specific; and whatever the rationale to comprehend, or in any way to of its operations may have been, sympathize with. And thus, as the there is no doubt as to the certainty compound effect of this whole exof the operation itself. These savages hibition on men's spirits, are there have been humanized, these rude and a credulity and a contempt, and at hideous characteristics of the savage the same time an astonishment at a state have all disappeared. A nation great moral phenomenon the truth of of gross and grovelling idolaters has which is forced upon them by the become a nation of rational and evidence of their senses, and withal, kindred and companionable men; and we fear a full determination to naufurnished now as they are with a seate with all their might, that pecuwritten language, and having access liar evangelism which has been the by authorship and correspondence to instrument of this most gigantic stride other minds and other countries than which was ever made by barbarism their own, does the light of Christen- on its road to civilization and virtue. dom now shine full upon their terri- And thus upon them do we perceive, tory, and it is indeed a wondrous perhaps the most striking illustrations transformation, to look at their now that can be given, of the same men, modest attire, on their now sweet and “God worketh a work in their days, comfortable habitations, on their they will in no wise believe though village schools, on their well ordered a man declared it unto them," But

though they will not believe, they moral world taught by humble expewill be made to behold, and though rience that for these, too, he must be forced to contemplate it, will be be- enquired of after. And a cloud of holding with despisers, who wonder disgrace and distress hung for years and perish.

over the enterprise, and the spirit Speaking of this Otaheite, you which worketh in the children of will remember that in exposition of disobedience stood its ground among the evidence, I spoke of the Spirit of the natives, and more woful still, God giving effect, as it were, to the the spirit of apostacy made ravage evidence, and we look on the ex- among the missionaries themselves; ample already quoted as a verification and well can we remember the deriof this. We are old enough to recol- sion and the triumph of infidels upon lect (and I am sure that some here the misgiving of this sanguine specupresent must be old enough to re- lation. We doubt not that many were collect) the high flown spirit of ad- effectually taught in the arts of patience venture on which the first mission to and prayer by this fatherly correcOtaheite was undertaken ; and with tion, and led to look from the visible what eclat the missionary vessel went apparatus to the unseen guide and forth on her voyage, and the flags mover of it, and that there was a and ensigns of victory were already fuller ascent of importunities to streaming in the gale, and with what heaven, and a louder knocking than eloquence were pictured forth all the before at the door of the upper chances, if not all the certainties of sanctuary; and certain it is that, success. We doubt not that many after a season of severe but salutary were dazzled into an earthly confi- chastisement, an influence, far too dence whether they looked at the sudden and diffusive to be interpreted complete equipment of all the human by any ordinary cause, came down securities that were so abundantly on the land ; and by a miracle, as if provided for the accomplishment of it had been newly summoned from this great undertaking, and how that the deep, do we now uphold it a land was dispelled-or that the elements of genial dwelling places; the quiet of nature did carry it in safety to the and lovely home of a Christianized shore, and how that was dispelled nation. also-or that the elements of the


KNOWLEDGE OF GOOD AND EVIL. The natural inability of most men to | deep to be fetched up with the plough, judge exactly of things, makes it and too close to be beaten out with very difficult for them to discern the the bammer. It dwells not in shops real good and evil of what comes or workhouses: nor till the late age before them, to consider and weigh was it ever known, that any one circumstances, to scatter and look served seven years to a smith or a through the mists of error, and so tailor, that he might at the end thereof, separate appearances from reality. proceed master of any other arts, but For the greater part of mankind is such as those trades taught him : and but slow and dull of apprehension; much less that he should commence and therefore in many cases under a doctor or divine from the shopboard, necessity of seeing with other men's or the anvil; or from whistling to a eyes, and judging with other men's team, come to preach to a congreunderstandings. To which their want | gation. These were the peculiar, of judging or discerning abilities, we extraordinary privileges of the late may add also their want of leisure blessed times of light and inspiration: and opportunity to apply their minds otherwise nature will still hold on its to such a serious and attent consider-old course, never doing anything ation, as may let them into a full which is considerable without the discovery of the true goodness and assistance of its two great helps-art evil of things, which are qualities and industry. But above all, the which seldom display themselves to knowledge of what is good and what the first view: There must be leisure is evil, what ought and what ought and retirement, solitude and a seques- not to be done in the several offices tration of man's self from the noise and relations of life, is a thing too and toil of the world ; for truth scorns large to be compassed, and too hard to be seen by eyes too much fixed to be mastered, without brains and upon inferior objects. It lies too | study, parts, and contemplation.

THE EYE OF CONSCIENCE. That the eye of conscience may be sensuality; let him keep himself unalways quick and lively, let constant touched with the hellish, unhallowed use be sure to keep it constantly open, heats of lust and the noisome steams and thereby ready and prepared to and exhalations of intemperance; let admit and let in those heavenly beams him bear himself above that sordid which are always streaming forth from and low thing, that utter contradiction God upon minds fitted to receive to all greatness of mind-covetousthem. And to this purpose let a man ness: let him disepslave himself from fly from every thing which may leave the pelf of the world, from that“ amor either a foulness or a bias upon it; sceleratus habendi ;" lastly, let him let him dread every gross act of sin ; learn so to look upon the honours, the for one great stab may as certainly pomp, and greatness of the world, as and speedily destroy life as forty to look through them. Fools indeed lesser wounds. Let him carry a jeal- are apt to be blown up by them and ous eye over every growing habit of to sacrifice all for them : sometimes sin ; let him keep aloof from all com- venturing their heads only to get a merce and fellowship with any vitious feather in their caps. and base affection, especially from all Extracted from Dr. Souh.

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JULY 25, 1833.

Psalm v. 7.—" As for me I will come into thy house in the multitude of thy mercy :

and in thy jear will I worship toward thy holy temple.

IF David was the author of this Psalm, | not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all and not some holy man of God at a workers of iniquity. But as for me, I later period of the Jewish church, the will come into thy house in the multihouse of which he here speaks must tude of thy mercy: and in thy fear will have been the Lord's tabernacle, and I worship towards thy holy temple.” the temple towards which he wor- The principles embodied in this shipped was the holy of holies in that portion of Scripture are of perpetual temple. But whatever may have been and universal importance; and apply, the place to which the pious aspira- not only to him who sought the face tions of the Psalmist were directed, of the Lord in the tabernacle which the feelings by which he was actuated, Moses made, or in the more magniare those which in all ages have en-ficent temple which, five centuries livened the devotion and directed the after, displaced it; but, with a conworship of his faithful servants—a straining voice it applies to Chrisstrong feeling of dependence on his tians, who possess a clearer and more Almighty power, and of the necessity spiritual knowledge than those elder purity and truth in him who de- servants of God, if not of his attrisires that his prayers may be heard—butes, yet of the relation in which a firm reliance on divine goodness they stand to him as the objects of his chastened by a holy fear. “My voice paternal love and the inheritors of shalt thou hear in the morning, 0 his heavenly kingdom. Lord; in the morning will I direct I propose to consider, briefly, the my prayer unto thee, and will look up. For thou art not a God that hath SOLEMN SERVICE OF God; and, more pleasure in wickedness: neither shall at large, THE DISPOSITIONS THAT ARE evil dwell with thee. The foolish shall TO BE ACQUIRED IN ORDER THAT IT


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