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since such an enterprise was set on families, on their infantine literature, foot by the members of a certain on their new formed alphabet, and college, though not a college lite- their boyhood just taught and pracrature. They carried out with them tised, like our own, in the various a certain book of instruction though branches of scholarship; and what not one philosopher had to do with perhaps poetry, though apart from the composition of it, and they made religion, would most gladly seize on of the very attempt which we have now all, the holiness of her sabbath morn been supposing on a territory re- and the chime of its worship bell now moved by some thousands of miles breaking for the first time on the ear from the outskirts of civilization, of the delighted mariner who hovers and through a severe ordeal of ridi-on its shore, and recognised by him cule and of reserve did they ply their as a sound that was before unheard assiduous task, and have now brought throughout the whole of that vast their experiment to its termination ; Pacific, in the solitude of whose and whatever the steps of their pro- mighty waters this island had lain cess may have been there is many an buried and unknown for so many eye witness who can speak to the ages. All this has undoubtedly been result of it. The island of Otaheite, done, but then a few gospel missionin spite of the conflicting testimonies aries had the doing of it, and they and accounts of more recent voyagers, tell us that the whole charm and overborne at length by the last and power of this marvellous transformmost authentic testimony which has ation are to be found in the Bible and appeared, the island of Otaheite which in its cabalistic orthodoxy. And they teemed with the worst abominations tell moreover of prayers, and outof savage passions and savage cruelty, pourings, and mystic influences from was the selected arena on which they on high, which all the science of tried the virtue of their peculiar all our universities cannot lead us specific; and whatever the rationale to comprehend, or in any way to of its operations may have been, sympathize with. And thus, as the there is no doubt as to the certainty compound effect of this whole exof the operation itself. These savages hibition on men's spirits, are there have been humanized, these rude and a credulity and a contempt, and at hideous characteristics of the savage the same time an astonishment at a state have all disappeared. A nation great moral phenomenon the truth of of gross and grovelling idolaters has which is forced upon them by the become a nation of rational and evidence of their senses, and withal, kindred and companionable men; and we fear a full determination to naufurnished now as they are with a seate with all their might, that pecuwritten language, and having access liar evangelism which has been the by authorship and correspondence to instrument of this most gigantic stride other minds and other countries than which was ever made by barbarism their own, does the light of Christen- on its road to civilization and virtue. dom now shine full upon their terri- And thus upon them do we perceive, tory, and it is indeed a wondrous perhaps the most striking illustrations transformation, to look at their now that can be given, of the same men, modest attire, on their now sweet and “God worketh a work in their days, comfortable habitations, on their they will in no wise believe though village schools, on their well ordered a man declared it unto them," But
though they will not believe, they moral world taught by humble expewill be made to behold, and though rience that for these, too, he must be forced to contemplate it, will be be- enquired of after. And a cloud of holding with despisers, who wonder disgrace and distress hung for years and perish.
over the enterprise, and the spirit Speaking of this Otaheite, you which worketh in the children of will remember that in exposition of disobedience stood its ground among the evidence, I spoke of the Spirit of the natives, and more woful still, God giving effect, as it were, to the the spirit of apostacy made ravage evidence, and we look on the ex- among the missionaries themselves; ample already quoted as a verification and well can we remember the deriof this. We are old enough to recol- sion and the triumph of infidels upon lect (and I am sure that some here the misgiving of this sanguine specupresent must be old enough to re- lation. We doubt not that many were collect) the high flown spirit of ad- effectually taught in the arts of patience venture on which the first mission to and prayer by this fatherly correcOtaheite was undertaken ; and with tion, and led to look from the visible what eclat the missionary vessel went apparatus to the unseen guide and forth on her voyage, and the flags mover of it, and that there was a and ensigns of victory were already fuller ascent of importunities to streaming in the gale, and with what heaven, and a louder knocking than eloquence were pictured forth all the before at the door of the upper chances, if not all the certainties of sanctuary; and certain it is that, success. We doubt not that many after a season of severe but salutary were dazzled into an earthly confi- chastisement, an influence, far too dence whether they looked at the sudden and diffusive to be interpreted complete equipment of all the human by any ordinary cause, came down securities that were so abundantly on the land ; and by a miracle, as if provided for the accomplishment of it had been newly summoned from this great undertaking, and how that the deep, do we now uphold it a land was dispelled-or that the elements of genial dwelling places; the quiet of nature did carry it in safety to the and lovely home of a Christianized shore, and how that was dispelled nation. also-or that the elements of the
KNOWLEDGE OF GOOD AND EVIL.
The natural inability of most men to deep to be fetched up with the plough, judge exactly of things, makes it and too close to be beaten out with very difficult for them to discern the the bammer. It dwells not in shops real good and evil of what comes or work houses: nor till the late age before them, to consider and weigh was it ever known, that any one circumstances, to scatter and look served seven years to a smith or a through the mists of error, and so tailor, that he might at the end thereof, separate appearances from reality. proceed master of any other arts, but For the greater part of mankind is such as those trades taught him : and but slow and dull of apprehension; much less that he should commence and therefore in many cases under a doctor or divine from the shopboard, necessity of seeing with other men's or the anvil; or from whistling to a eyes, and judging with other men's team, come to preach to a congreunderstandings. To which their want gation. These were the peculiar, of judging or discerning abilities, we extraordinary privileges of the late may add also their want of leisure blessed times of light and inspiration: and opportunity to apply their minds otherwise nature will still hold on its to such a serious and attent consider-old course, never doing anything ation, as may let them into a full which is considerable without the discovery of the true goodness and assistance of its two great helps-art evil of things, which are qualities and industry. But above all, the which seldom display themselves to knowledge of what is good and what the first view: There must be leisure is evil, what ought and what ought and retirement, solitude and a seques- not to be done in the several offices tration of man's self from the noise and relations of life, is a thing too and toil of the world ; for truth scorns large to be compassed, and too hard to be seen by eyes too much fixed to be mastered, without brains and upon inferior objects. It lies too study, parts, and contemplation.
THE EYE OF CONSCIENCE. That the eye of conscience may be sensuality; let him keep himself unalways quick and lively, let constant touched with the hellish, unhallowed use be sure to keep it constantly open, heats of lust and the noisome steams and thereby ready and prepared to and exhalations of intemperance ; let admit and let in those heavenly beams him bear himself above that sordid which are always streaming forth from and low thing, that utter contradiction God upon minds fitted to receive to all greatness of mind-covetousthem. And to this purpose let a man ness: let him disenslave himself from fly from every thing which may leave the pelf of the world, from that “amor either a foulness or a bias upon it; sceleratus habendi ;” lastly, let him let him dread every gross act of sin; learn so to look upon the honours, the for one great stab may as certainly pomp, and greatness of the world, as and speedily destroy life as forty to look through them. Fools indeed lesser wounds. Let him carry a jeal- are apt to be blown up by them and ous eye over every growing habit of to sacrifice all for them: sometimes sin ; let him keep aloof from all com- venturing their heads only to get a merce and fellowship with any vitious feather in their caps. and base affection, especially from all Extracted from Dr. Soulh.
AT THE CONSECRATION OF ST. MARY'S CHURCH, HORNSEY, ON THURSDAY MORNING,
JULY 25, 1833.
Psalm v. 7.—" As for me I will come into thy house in the multitude of thy mercy :
and in thy jear will I worship toward thy holy temple.”
IF David was the author of this Psalm, | not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all and not some holy man of God at a workers of iniquity. But as for me, I later period of the Jewish church, the will come into thy house in the multihouse of which he here speaks must tude of thy mercy: and in thy fear will have been the Lord's tabernacle, and I worship towards thy holy temple.” the temple towards which he wor- The principles embodied in this shipped was the holy of holies in that portion of Scripture are of perpetual temple. But whatever may have been and universal importance; and apply, the place to which the pious aspira- not only to him who sought the face tions of the Psalmist were directed, of the Lord in the tabernacle which the feelings by which he was actuated, Moses made, or in the more magniare those which in all ages have en-ficent temple which, five centuries livened the devotion and directed the after, displaced it; but, with a conworship of his faithful servants—a straining voice it applies to Chrisstrong feeling of dependence on his tians, who possess a clearer and more Almighty power, and of the necessity spiritual knowledge than those elder purity and truth in him who de- servants of God, if not of his attrisires that his prayers may be heard—butes, yet of the relation in which a firm reliance on divine goodness they stand to him as the objects of his chastened by a holy fear. “My voice paternal love and the inheritors of shalt thou hear in the morning, 0 his heavenly kingdom. Lord; in the morning will I direct I propose to consider, briefly, the my prayer unto thee, and will look up. For thou art not a God that hath SOLEMN SERVICE OF God; and, more pleasure in wickedness: neither shall at large, THE DISPOSITIONS THAT ARE evil dwell with thee. The foolish shall TO BE ACQUIRED IN ORDER THAT IT
MOTIVES WE HAVE TO JOIN IN THE
MAY BE AN ACCEPTABLE SERVICE TO bringing with them a certain round
And may our meditations be and course of prescribed duties which blessed by that Holy Spirit who alone are to be observed in compliance with can guide us in the truth, and who, the divine command, or perhaps knowing our necessities and igno- merely for the sake of custom; but rances, helpeth our infirmities, and as presenting a precious opportunity himself maketh intercession for us. an inestimable privilege, special
Our motives TO THE PERFORMANCE vouchsafements of God's goodness. OF THIS DUTY are all comprehended For are they not so ? Have you acin the expression, “I will come into customed yourselves to view them in thy house in the multitude of thy that light? There is no better mode, mercy.” It is true, indeed, that one perhaps, of estimating the value of leading object which we ought to the blessing than in contemplating have in view, while bearing our part the evils which would flow on us if it in the solemnities of public worship, were withdrawn. And what, think is, to promote the glory of God by you, would become of our religious the conversion or confirmation of notions and feelings if it were not for others. “Let your light so shine the periodical admonitions and exbefore men, that they may see your hortations of the Christian Sabbath? good works, and glorify your Father Where were our religious feelings which is in heaven.” But still it is in first kindled ? and where, when they consideration of his mercy that we languish, are they awakened and magnify Jehovah in his other attri- renewed? Where are we most effecbutes ; for, “he that cometh to God tually withdrawn from secular cares must,” not only“ believe that he is,” and carnal desires ? Where are we but “that he is the rewarder of them most alive to our own nothingness and that diligently seek him.” We are to the majesty of God? Where are all the glorify him, but it is for his mercy best affections of our souls strengthtowards us; and that we are per- ened, and its sympathies enlargedmitted to glorify him at all by our its empire over the reasoning part of unworthy service, is not one of the our constitution confirmed and exleast of those mercies. The psalmist tended? Is it not at church on the considered it to be an invaluable pri- Lord's day? Reason leads us to exvilege that he was permitted to take pect, and experience has unbappily a part in the solemn and public wor- confirmed the expectation—that when ship of God: “I was glad when they a due provision is not made for the said unto me, Let us go into the house public worship of God, private and of the Lord.” He knew the comfort individual religion will soon languish and benefit which flowed from that and decay; the directious of the word privilege ; and he knew also that it of God will be neglected, the great was only in the multitude of God's truths it reveals be forgotten, its holy mercy that he, who was conceived precepts contemned, its precious proand born in sin, and who lived a mises lost sight of; and all the evil sinner, could be permitted to enjoy passions of men, when they burst the it. And oh, my brethren, that all bands of holy fear, and cast away Christians understood and considered of heavenly allegiance, will break these instances of divine goodness- forth with unrestrained malignity and would so value the services of the lay waste the comforts and decencies house of God! And oh that they would of domestic and civilized life. regard their Sabbaths, not merely as I said erperience has unhappily