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parts of this and other countries, and phemy and the impurity which may I have invariably found, that where be propagated through the medium the lower classes are most degraded of noxious publications-it is clear to and untaught, there they are the idlest every candid mind that education is and most vicious: and it is well known the best safe-guard against these that the great majority of those who evils. If we could preclude the genewere engaged in the late disgraceful rality from being able to read such riots and outrages were amongst the works, we cannot preclude all: some most uneducated and ignorant of the will always be found able and willing whole class, and therefore most fitted to buy this poison ; nor can we stop to become the tools of crafty men, the ears of the rest. And by whom wbo, for their own purposes, misled will such poison be most greedily them.
drunk in? The enlightened or the And those who are seeking, not for ignorant? By those who are able to truth, but for arguments to confirm read and reject for themselves, or by their prejudices, may bere and there those who are left to hear uninstructed find the case of one whose knowledge whatever is spoken or read to them? has filled him with pride, or has been By one who from a child has known used for bad purposes. Now, when the holy scriptures, which are able such instances are brought forward, to make him wise to salvation, and the best remedy is, not to strive to has been trained to just notions of check the progress of knowledge, but good conduct, and whose preposto diffuse it far and wide among the sessions have been secured on the people. If any one is puffed up with right side-or by him who has been conceit, it must surely be from his brought up without any solid prinfinding that he surpasses those of bisciples? Is it, in short, in light or in own station : no one prides himself darkness that falsehood is more casily on that which is no distinction ; nor passed off for truth? does the labourer think his condition If noxious publications are by at all elevated for being as well in- teaching to read more widely spread, formed as his fellow labourers. be it remembered that the scriptures Doubtless the labouring classes will and other useful books are spread by by this become nearer in acquire the same means. And let it be consiments to the rich; but suppose they dered in what manner the educated of could equal them, which they never the higher classes can follow the lower can, if the rich only use the means classes to all their places of resort they possess--still there is no reason to the crowded lanes and alleys of to suppose they would be more dis- our towns, to the ale-houses and the posed to indolence or insubordination. dram-shops--to counteract the bad We must not suppose that superiority principles that may have been inculin knowledge is the only ground of cated ? How can we follow them to respect : 'a person of great wealth, of such places except through the mehigh rank and station, is sure to meet dium of the press ?* Vain is every with sufficient deference, even from attempt to secure men in encounterthose who do not at all suppose him ing those trials and temptations which superior to themselves in talents or are our appointed lot upon the earth, information.
if our efforts are not well employed : Tben with respect to the irreligious in fortifying the minds of the rising and seditious principles, the blas- generation to encounter them with
success, so that unharmed they may children may derive benefit from ittake up the serpents that they may and every child who, by his good meet with, and if they drink any conduct, does credit to the institution deadly thing it shall not hurt them. --beside the immediate advantage to
You have, probably, been informed himself, may consider that he is a that there is need on the present oc- powerful contributor to the prosperity casion for liberal contributions, both of the schools, and to the welfare, for carrying on and extending the both in this world and in the next, of institution of schools in this neigh- those who shall be educated in it. bourhood. I trust there is no one He is giving what he has to give, the who now hears me that is indifferent strongest encouragement to all who on such a point: I trust there is no labour in the work, by showing them one of you who wishes such institu- that their labour is not in vain. tions to prosper without his having Those who shall have thus aided any share in contributing towards that by preaching the gospel to the poor, prosperity : but that every one who and those who shall have grudged has any thing to give will bless his this aid—those who shall have listened Redeemer for affording him an op- to this gospel, and those who shall portunity of aiding in that work for have shut their ears to it—will all which he lived and died; and who meet together before the judgment graciously promised to regard what seat of Christ, at the last day to is done to the least of these his receive their final doom. Consider brethren as done to himself.
this, I beseech you, now, (for this But I cannot forbear reminding is the time to profit by the considerathose who are the objects of this tion) how, when that day shall have charity, the children who are and arrived, you will have wished to have have been here educated, and their acted here on earth. Consider what parents, that, though they cannot account you will have then to render directly contribute more than a small of all your own advantages--how far share towards the expense of the you shall appear to have shown your establishment, its success mainly de- gratitude for the religious instruction pends upon them. If the parents you have had, or might have had, by show themselves negligent and un-labouring to improve in religious thankful--if they encourage their knowledge, in striving and praying ehildren to withdraw or absent them- that each day and year may find you selves from its calls, or to neglect more advanced than the last, both in what they have learned—or if they that knowledge, and in the application present them an example at home, of it to your life, and by showing in which is likely to undo what is done every way, more zeal for promoting at school—they will have a dreadful the religious instruction of others, account to render, not only for having inviting them to it by your own line hindered the salvation of theirchildren, of conduct, and helping them to it by but also for having discouraged, by sharing the expense. their own example, the rich from Give, therefore bountifully, if you contributing to this good work, and have the means, because your bounty the poor from profiting by it. can in no way be better applied: and
On the other hand, every parent if you have not such means, be couwho feels himself grateful for what tent and not ashamed to give a little. is done, and takes pains that his God blesseth the widow's mite; he
prizes the will, and not the ability. I beloved flock, for whom he laid down God loveth a cheerful giver; and the his life. “Simon, son of Jonas," Son of God will not forget those said he to Peter, “lovest thou me?" whose love for him is great, whether He saith unto him, “Yea, Lord ; thou their wealth is great or small, and knowest that I love thee,” Jesus saith who for his sake minister to his unto him, “ Feed my sheep.”
DELIVERED BY THE REV. I. E. TYLER,
AT ST. GILES' CHURCH BLOOMSBURY, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 4, 1833.
Luke, x. 41, 42.-" And Jesus answered and said unto her, Martha, Martha, thou art
careful and troubled about many things: but one thing is needful: and Mary hath. chosen that good part, which shuil not be taken away from her."
The religion of Jesus is the religion, among professed Christians, than of love. Unless the best feelings of zeal without knowledge, intemperate our heart, our purest and holiest af- views of the doctrines of Christ, imfections, are engaged towards him, moderate and excessive enthusiasm we have not the one thing needful. in adopting his rules of conduct. If we love any one thing on earth Some, indeed, have so thoroughly set better than him, we are not his in common sense at defiance in the litruth. But whether we contemplate teral or perverted interpretation of the personal conduct and sentiments what is written, that, were it not for of our blessed Lord as a living their harmless and retiring character, teacher of morality, or the general they must have been suppressed by tenor and spirit of his Gospel as the the strong arm of the civil power; written record of his doctrines, one but, as it is, their extravagancies in of the main characteristics in each, points of no essential consequence, which cannot fail to impress them- perhaps, only excite a smile, while selves on any candid and reflecting their decorum and their charities mind, is the moderation and sound engage many a good heart in their common sense which pervade the defence. whole. Though Christianity is cal Again in the institution of those culated to kindle our best and warm- strong rigid orders among the Roest feelings, and to make the heart manists, in the unreformed church, for overflow with piety and devotion, at ages before any reformation dawned, the same time it speaks so calmly as well as in the great majority of the and temperately and sensibly, that monstrous tenets of that church, we our reason is convinced of the reality see the most striking contrast beof those truths which affect our heart. tween the calm and sober minded, Nothing, on the contrary, more fre- the temperate and sensible Founder quently or more strongly charac- of our faith, and that great mass of terises the unwise and injudicious Christians who perverted it and made
almost the whole civilized world deny | thering them when found. But, my themselves practically the exercise of brethren, I am fully sensible how their reason.
much larger a field for eloquenceBut then, brethren, the ill effects for an address, to your feelingsof the absence of temperate and well another view of the subject, different judging experience in the interpre- from that wbich I shall take to-day, tation of the holy word of God is not would supply. Still I invite you now confined to them-is not limited to the to a dispassionate examination of the maintainers of any one church or any passage, trusting the truth, though less one communion. Individuals have calculated to please the imagination, scope for their own character to dis- will ever be more useful to the student play itself in every class of believers, in Christian knowledge, as well as in and the same principle often is dis- the knowledge of the world; truth is cernible in persons irreconcilably the best and first of all things. at variance in doctrines of faith and
The passage runs thus—“ Now it discipline. And, even among our came to pass, as they went, that he selves, we have often to lament the entered into a certain village : and a enthusiasm with wbich some views certain woman named Martha reare carried beyond the boundary lineceived him into her bouse. And she of sober faith and common sense and had a sister called Mary, which also prudence; and which, we feel as sat at Jesus' feet, and heard his word. sured, were the Divine Founder of But Marilia was cumbered about our faith now on earth, he would pro- much serving, and came to him, and nounce inconsistent with that wisdom said, Lord, dost thou not care that which he classed among the quali- my sister bath left me to serve alone ? fications of a perfect disciple. bid her therefore that she help me.”
The passage, brethren, in the holy The answer is contained in our text, Gospel of St. Luke, of which our and is the ground of the discussion text is one of the most distinguishing on which now, with God's blessing, features, interesting and instructive we intend to enter. “Martha, Maras it is throughout, and beautiful and tha, thou art careful and troubled illustrative, of our Saviour's peculiar about many things : but one thing is mode-a mode which must have struck needful: and Mary hath chosen that all who have carefully read their good part, which shall not be taken Bible-a mode of enlisting every in- away from her.” In this insulated cident of common life in promotion passage, for so it is, our Saviour and of that good cause which he came his disciples are said to have “endown from his Father's glory to es tered into a certain village.” The tablish on this wicked world of name is not mentioned; but we learn, ours—this passage has been, like from St. John, that it was Bethany; many others, misuvderstood and mis- for he describes that town as the reapplied. When wisely interpreted, sidence of Mary and her sister Marit reads an impressive and an im- tha, when he supplies us with that portant lesson ; and the fruits of our affecting detail of the restoration of enquiry into its real bearing-what the life of Lazarus, their beloved broit was intended by our Lord to con ther and the beloved friend of Jesus, vey, and what injudicious interpreta- With Lazarus on the present occations its genuine meaning does not sion, we have little to do. You may countenance, will amply repay the remember, brethren, that on a former labour of seeking for them, and ga- occasion we entered very fully into
his case; we know he served God ceive, all would naturally be forced with all his house ; he and his sisters by the narrative itself, to compare are among the very few specified by the minds of these two sisters and to name as sharing our Lord's regard contrast them; and undoubtedly there and affection. “Now Jesus loved is much room for contrast. But it Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus.” would be mere declamation, it would It was into this house that our Sa- not be sound teaching, were we to viour entered to rest and refresh him- join with many who have united in self after the fatigues of the journey. painting the character of Mary as the Martha seems to have been mistress regenerate disciple, full of saving of the house; for St. Luke tells us grace, the child of God, the beloved expressly it was she who received of the Lord, the inheritor of heaven; Jesus. She appears to have opened and then draw the picture of Martha her door with feelings of the kindest as an unregenerate worlding, her hospitality, and to have had her heart still hardened by the deceitwhole mind absorbed by the anxiety fulness of unhallowed cares, her of entertaining her holy guest, as far ears still deaf to the sounds of Gospel as her abilities enabled her, in some truth, her eyes still looking back way corresponding with his cha- towards Egypt instead of being fixed racter. The Greek word is, scarcely onwards on Canaan. I know, brethwith sufficient strength and clearness, ren, a very striking representation rendered by her being “cumbered;" of both these, might doubtless be made; it means more, it signifies a sort of the beauty of the one might be endistraction, distress of mind, the hanced by the deformity of the other; very height of solicitude and painful and a very easy application would be occupation. Mary, on the contrary, at hand to the world at large, who took no part whatever in these hos might be readily classed, as they ofpitable and friendly preparations. ten are classed, under these two heads, Like the disciples in the ancient separated as distinctly from their sehools of learning, she sat at the feet fellow creatures as Jesus, when sitting of Jesus and heard his words. She on the judgment seat, and who alone hung upon his lips, and would allow can know and judge the hearts, will no earthly cares, no, not even when divide them, separating them into the the reception of the teacher himself classes of the sheep and the goats. was concerned, she would allow no- They may easily be divided into the thing to distract her from that occu- religious and the irreligious, the pation which engaged her whole soul. thoughtless and the serious, the reShe was assured that the blessed generate and the unregenerate, those teacher at whose feet she sat, and who serve God and those who serve who declared that his meat and drink him not; the one having their type was to do the will of his father who in Mary, the other being equally rewas in heaven, would gladly dis- presented by Martha. pense with any improvement which But allow me, brethren, in passher labour could add to the repast ing, to observe that much real harm which was preparing for him, if she to the cause of true religion, of gave him in its stead the heart of true Gospel faith, may be traced to a sincere disciple, the undivided this positive, I must add this prethoughts of an humble loving Chris- sumptuous method of dealing with tian.
our fellow creatures-unhappily too Now, my bretbren, here, I con- much employed; I mean the method