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would thus unite the character of a | he died, will away the mercies which testator and of a man who purchases, were not his unless he had died. You by dying, the goods which he be observe, then, that in representing queathes.

Christ under the character of a testaNow this supposed case finds its tor, there is no interference whatsoprecise counterpart in the matter of ever with the great truth of our reliour redemption. The blessings of the gion, that his death was the purchase Gospel could only be procured by money of the blessings which as methe sufferings and death of the Me- diator he bestows. diator. It was indispensable that We may proceed, therefore, to the Christ's blood should be shed, other- fuller consideration of this figurative wise pardon and acceptance could exhibition unrestrained by the fear, never have been offered to the guilty. that to represent Christ as bequeathHence unquestionably, the blessings ing, is not at all inconsistent with our which Christ bequeathed were bless- looking to his sufferings as the alone ings which his death, and nothing but cause of our salvation. In what sense, his death, could give him right to be then, did Christ make a testament or stow; but, nevertheless, he might still will, or what fidelity is there in such be a testator, or still make a will. In an account of the scheme of our redying he might bequeath what he was demption ? to obtain by dying; and thus real in- Now we would, first of all, remark, consistency, after all, there is none, that there is nothing more frequent in between regarding Christ as the Scripture than the speaking of true maker of the will, and at the same time believers “as heirs of God," or as as procuring by his death the bless- brought into such a relationship to ings which he made over to his people. the Almighty, that heaven becomes It deteriorates in no degree from the theirs by the rights of inheritance. meritoriousness of his death, to speak You cannot fail immediately to obof him as a testator whose document, serve, that the correspondence is most like that of a mere human testator, exact between this account of the bebecame valid in consequence of the liever as an heir, and the represenfact of his death. It is lawful to say, tation of Christ as a testator. It is that he willed his possessions to man- certain that whatsoever our original kind, and that so soon as he died man rights as sons of God, made after his kind were entitled to those posses- image, we can have no claim in our sions; but if, on this account, you apostacy to the privileges of children. should infer that his death was not the We have ceased to be members of procuring, or meritorious cause of the God's household ; and once ejected blessings bequeathed, you would suffer from its circles we become virtually yourselves to be carried away by the disinherited ; so that naturally, or by most groundless supposition. You the established and recognized prinwould be imagining that bequeathing ciples of kinsmanship, we are not in pre-supposed possession ; whereas it any sense the heirs of God, belonging only pre-supposed a right which may no longer to his family, and being be obtained by death, as well as en- therefore, excluded from what might joyed before death. In strict truth, otherwise have been our birthright. Christ had not the blessings to give And if our condition be that of the when he died; he was to procure alien, and the outcast, then,we require, them by dying ; but since death gave so to speak, some executed deed which the right, he might certainly, before shall make over to us the forfeited privileges—some legal and authorita- | which the right is conveyed, “Thou tive document which shall reinstate art no more a servant, but a son: and us in the original heirship; and if if a son, then an heir of God through this document be the dying acts of an Christ.” So that we may adduce it individual, so that they become valid as a truth, laid down unequivocally in as the consequence of his death, then Scripture, that as an effect of the they will be precisely of the descrip- death of Christ, believers are constition of a testament or will, and we tuted heirs of the kingdom of heaven; may be said to be constituted heirs by brought, that is, exactly into the posithe generosity of the testator. tion into which a testament would

It would not be easy, we think, to have brought them, supposing it made exhibit under a similar point of view, by one who had right to will this glothe fact that the Redeemer may be rious heritage. And, if it be true, regarded in the light of a maker of a that Christ in dying, did, on our bewill. If I had been heir to an estate, half, precisely what a testator might and if for some crime or misdemea- have done, who had the power of nor the property became confiscated, bequeathing immortality, what can I should, in temporal things, occupy be more correct than the description just the position which, as a child of of Christ as a testator ; or rather by Adam, I now occupy in spiritual and what form of expression can we more eternal; and if the lord over the accurately define the results of his alienated lands should make arrange- death, than by one which supposes ments on his death-bed in my favour, him, Lord, as he was, over heaven it is quite clear, that I might again be and its palaces, to have drawn up a brought into the privileges of an heir, will in favour of our race, and to have and obtain, on the ground of a will, consigned to them, as legatees, the the estate which I could not claim by mighty things of eternity? the pretensions of kinsmanship. And We are not yet contending, that practically, if not verbally, this is Christ can be said, literally, to have exactly what has been done by Christ made a testament, though the exfor mankind. By the arrangement, pression of our text where “testaso to speak, of his passion and death, ment” is, may possibly require the he made over to a sinful and disin- literal performance. But, at present, herited world the lands and dwelling we only argue, that the consequences places forfeited by rebellion. As a on Christ's death, are precisely those direct consequence on his dying (a which would have been produced by result which apart from his dying a father making a will in favour of could never have been brought round) some disinherited children. In dythe exiles are again received into the ing, Christ made us heirs. But this family, and enter again on the rights is exactly what would have been done which sonship entails. “ Ye are no by a testament; and, therefore, it is longer,” says St.Paul,“ strangers and not possible that the effects of Christ's foreigners, but fellow citizens with death should be more clearly reprethe saints and of the household of sented, than by the figure of Christ God.” He says, again, of true be- as a testator. You understand, with lievers in Christ, that they are “ the the most thorough precision, what children of God; and if children Christ did for man, when you learı then heirs ; heirs of God, and joint that Christ, with all the glories of heirs with Christ.” And, once more, immortality at his disposal, made a showing also the channel through will in favour of the apostate ;

and if

we had no other reasoning, by which | but still question the propriety of to support the fidelity of the figure, defining them as a last will and teswe should say enough has been ad-tament, then we ask of you, what gives vanced to vindicate the fitness of the declarations their worth, and what likening Christ to a testator who must stamps on the promises their value ? die in order to give effect to his tes | You must all know, that there is not tament.

a gracious declaration in the Bible, But is there then, indeed, no re- and not a rich and unsullied progistered will, no document to which mise, which depends not practically, we can refer as the testament of the for all its strength and all its exMediator? We shall not hesitate to cellency, on the death of the Mesay, that there is not a single promise diator. Is there a single proffer of in the New Testament which ought mercy, a lonely assurance that hell not to be regarded as a line or codi- may be shunned and heaven be cil in the will of the Redeemer. If reached, which takes not for granted, you ask us for a written testament, that clothed with flesh, and garniif you will not admit that Christ tured with mortality, the Son of God could be a testator unless we can went up to the altar, which justice show you a testamentary document, had reared for the offering and obthen we carry you along with us to lation, and took away by the meathe archives of the Bible, and we sure of sacrifice the sin of a wretched take out of it declarations which and disinherited population? Can you ensure to the faithful the crown, and find us a soothing, and beautiful, and the robe, and the rapture, and we touching saying in the Bible, which join them into one continuous dis- is not virtually written in the chacourse, and we say to you, Behold the racters of Calvary, and which would last will of the Saviour. We take not turn, if you could sweep away for example such sentences as the the facts of the sureties and assufollowing: “ It is your Father's rances, into the mockery of a rich good pleasure to give you the king- and lovely song, which if it pleased dom.” “ There is now no condem- the ear, could not cheat the heart? nation to them who are in Christ We are not required to prove to a Jesus”-“Be thou faithful unto death, congregation professing belief in the and I will give thee a crown of life”- great truths of Christianity, that every “ All things are yours, whether life, mercy, whether present or prospecor death, or things present, or things tive, which the Creator engages to to come; all are yours.”

bestow on the creature, has been know that when he shall appear, we purchased by the Mediator. It is shall be like him, for we shall see one of the first principles of our faith, him as he is.”-We take these and that as there is “one God and Father, a hundred of like sentences, whether God over all things,” there is uttered by Christ himself, or by his Lord Jesus Christ by whom are all apostles and evangelists, and we in- things." You should never look upon scribe them on the same scroll, and the glowing landscape, and never give them into your hands, as the partake of the bounties of nature, dying testimony of our Surety. If any more than meditate on the paryou will admit, indeed, that these are don of sin, or look onward to heaven blessed declarations, and with all the as the home of your spirits, without veins of your heartconfess they are ex- feeling the remembrance stirred up ceeding great and precious promises, within you, that he who agonized in

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the garden, and hung upon the cross, | mortality ; but if you would give won for us by his mysterious and these promises a practical characterunsearchable anguish, as well the if you would realize an interest in loveliness and luxuriance of our pre-them for yourselves -- if, in short, sent habitation, as the splendour and you would found a claim on them, extasy of the new Jerusalem. And then what do you do but appeal if to keep close to the matter in hand, straightway to the death of the every promise in Scripture depends Surety, and do you not gather all for its validity on the death of Christ, your confidence, in the appropriis it not quite fair to represent every ation of promises, from the ascerpromise as an article or item in the tained fact that he who was mainly last will and testament of Christ? Is concerned in the making of them, not, in short, every promise of Christ, gave himself a ransom, and expired just as is every line in the will of a as a substitute? What, we further testator, a dead letter unless you pre- ask, is this, but an exact parallel suppose the death of the promising to that which would take place in party, as in the other case of the be- the case of a testament? Suppose you queathing ? The promise like the were permitted to read a will made will, derives all its life from death ; in your own favour; there might be and though it might seem required the bequeathment of a rich and noby this reasoning, that we should ble estate, there might be the coffers take no promises but those which, in of wealth and the caskets of jewelry his own person, the Mediator made, consigned to your possession ; but yet it must be evident, that since this you would never think that you had Mediator was God as well as man, a right to the domain, and you would we need not exclude a single pro- never be bold enough to put forward mise, but may gather into the testa- a claim to the gold and the pearl, ment whatsoever of encouraging de- unless you knew that the testator was claration has been uttered by the dead, and that thereby a force had Almighty to

We may been given to the testament. You ground our argument on the state- would feel that as long as the testator ment of St. Paul in referring to the was alive the document possessed no Redeemer—"All the promises of God worth and conferred no advantage. in him are yea, and in him Amen, It might read well ; the possessions of unto the glory of God by us.” which it spoke might be the fairest

Now why do all the promises of and costliest, but you would have no the Most High find their strength certainty that what was willed to and fixedness in Christ? We think you would ever descend to you; and the best answer to be that of our text, it might easily come to pass, all “ where a testament is, there must through the want of the seal of death also of necessity be the death of the the words, that after having testator. For a testament is of force perused codicils which allotted to after men are dead : otherwise it is you the legacies of rank and affluence, of no strength at all while the tes- elevating you to the first walk in hutator liveth.” Beautiful are the pro- man society, you might toil on through mises of God, they breathe of heaven, a long life in the trammels of pauthey are eloquent of glory, the per- perism, or go down, at last, to the fumes of a better land seem to flow grave a beggar and an exile. from their syllables, and every letter So that the correspondence is most burns and seems to heave with im- accurate between the promises of




Scripture and the consignments of a surface, and spoken at various seawill. Suppose the promises made by sons; and that, consequently, arguChrist then, as it is with the bequeath-ing on the simple and well defined ment of a testator ; Christ must die principle that a testament is but to give validity to these promises. a combination of promises becoming It is indeed true, that these promises valid by the death of the promiser, were valid before he died, but only we give the truest description of the because according to the language promises of the Bible when we deof scripture he was “ the Lamb slain fine them as, “ the last will and tesfrom the foundation of the world;" tament of Christ our Lord ?" so that so soon as he covenanted to It seems to us, that without advancdie his death became efficacious. The ing what is overstrained in illustration, promises would never have been we thus vindicate the fitness of callvalid without death. If there had ing Christ a testator by taking you to been no sacrifice either presented or the archives and showing you the tespledged, God could have given no- tament. If you examine the promises, thing to man, and Christ could have you find them bearing reference to promised nothing but destruction ; every necessity by which we can be and hence, we maintain the resem- oppressed as destined for immortablance to be most complete between lity. They teem with the taking away the promises of Christ and the con- of sin, and the communication of a signments of a will. Had Christ (if superhuman power, and with the gift we may bring forward such an idea) of an undefiled righteousness, and while suspended on the cross, and with every pre-requisite for the inexbausting the wrath which had gone heritance of the saints in light; but forth against a disloyal creation, dic- there is not one of the mercies, over tated a testamentary document enu- whose vast range the promises thus merating the blessings which he be- expand themselves, which was not queathed to all who believe on his procured by the death of the Saviour. name, he could only have delivered, The promises were not my title-deeds so as to be comprehended in one to heaven, till he who wrote them, and statement, those many promises which signed them, and sealed them, poured are now scattered up and down the out his blood, and made his grave with pages of the Bible; and when he had the wicked ; and, therefore, the prodictated this document, then his ac- mises are literally Christ's will in my tual death would have been wanting favour. Whatsoever I receive, oh, to give it its force; and not until he it is not merely the gift of a disinhad bowed the head, and yielded up terested and large hearted benefactor! the ghost would this register of the -it is the legacy of one who thought legacy have lived, overpassing in its of me in the anguish of the deathwealth all the thoughts of created strife, and provided for me in the mointelligences, and given right to a ment of his own faintness and desersingle child of our race to look and tion. And now if asked, why I rehope for the heritage of the redeemed. joice that Christ Jesus should have And if such be an accurate and un- died, and whether there are not gravarnished account, shall it not be ad- cious intimations of God's love tomitted, that what the promises would wards the world, which having no have been if collected into one docu- apparent dependance on the sacrifice ment, and delivered at one time, that of Calvary, might console me if I they are, though scattered over a wide kept that sacrifice out of sight ;-then

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