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right, that shall ye receive. So when even was come, the lord of 8 the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first. And when 9 they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny. But when the first came, they supposed that 10 they should have received more; and they likewise received every
good thing any man doeth, the same shall he eat. Ge. xxxix. 4, 5, 6. And they (Joseph's receive of the Lord; whether he be bond or brethren) came near to the steward of Joseph's free. Ep. vi. 8. God is not unrighteous to house, and they communed with him at the forget your work and labour of love which ye door of the house. Ge. xliii. 19. The lahave shewed toward his name, in that ye have bourer is worthy of his hire. Lu. x. 7. And the ministered to the saints, and do minister, Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise He. vi. 10.
steward whom his lord shall make ruler over 8 When even was come.] See chap. xiii. his household to give them their portion of 39, 40. And after a long time, the Lord of meat in due season? Lu. xii. 42. There those servants cometh, and reckoneth with was a certain rich man (said Jesus in a pathem. When the Son of man shall come in rable) which had a steward, and the same his glory, and all the holy angels with him, was accused unto him that he had wasted his then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory. goods. And he called him, and said unto Mat. xxv. 19. 31. To them who by patient him, How is it that I hear this of thee? Give continuance in well-doing, seek for glory and an account of thy stewardship, for thou honour and immortality (will God render) mayest be no longer steward. Lu. xvi. 1, 2. eternal life; but unto them who are contené Let a man so account of us as of the ministers tious, and do not obey the truth, but obey of Christ, and stewards of the mysteries of unrighteousness, indignation and wrath, tri- God. Moreover, it is required in stewards bulation and anguish, upon every soul of that a man be found faithful. 1 Co. iv. 1, 2. man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also A bishop must be blameless as the steward of of the Gentile ; but glory, honour, and peace God. T'it. i. 7. As every man hath received to every man that worketh good, to the Jew the gift, even so minister the same one to first and also to the Gentile. Ro. ii. 6—10. another, as good stewards of the manifold For we must all appear before the judgment- grace of God. 1 Pe. iv. 10. seat of Christ, that every one may receive the 9 They received every man a penny.] See things done in his body, according to that he verse 2. 6, 7. Dost not thou fear God (said hath done, whether it be good or bad. 2 Co. the penitent thief to the other malefactor), v. 10. So Christ was once offered to bear the seeing thou art in the same condemnation ? sins of many; and unto them that look for And we indeed justly, for we receive the due him shall he appear the second time without reward of our deeds, but this man hath done sin unto salvation. He. ix. 28. And I saw nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, a great white throne, and him that sat on it, Lord, remember me when thou comest into from whose face the earth and the heaven fled thy kingdom And Jesus said, Verily I say away, and there was found no place for them. unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in And I saw the dead, small and great, stand paradise. Lu. xxiii. 40–43. What saith the before God, and the books were opened, and Scripture ? Abraham believed God, and it another book was opened, which is the book was counted unto him for righteousness. of life, and the dead were judged out of those Now to him that worketh is the reward not things which were written in the books ac- reckoned of grace, but of debt: but to him cording to their works. Re. xx. 11, 12. that worketh not, but believeth on him that
Unto his steward.] And Abram said, Lord justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for God, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go righteousness. Even as David also describeth childless; and the steward of my house is this the blessedness of the man unto whom God Eliezer of Damascus ? Ge. xv. 2. And Jo- imputeth righteousness without works. Ro. seph found grace in his (Potiphar's) sight. iv. 3—6. The law entered, that the offence And he made him overseer over his house, might abound: but where sin abounded, and all that he had he put into his hand. grace did much more abound; that as sin And it came to pass from the time that he hath reigned unto death, even so might grace made him overseer in his house, and over all reign through righteousness unto eternal life, that he had, that the Lord blessed the Egyp- by Jesus Christ our Lord. Ro. v. 20, 21. fian's house for Joseph's sake, and the bless- Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord ing of the Lord was upon all that he had in Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all the house and in the field. And he left all spiritual blessings, having predestinated us that he had in Joseph's hand, and he knew unto the adoption of children, by Jesus Christ not ought he had save the bread which he did to himself, according to the good pleasure of
Il man a penny. And when they had received it, they murmured 12 against the goodman of the house, Saying, These last have
wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, 13 which have borne the burden and heat of the day. But he
his will, to the praise of the glory of his grace, alway, for the wrath is come upon them to wherein he hath made us accepted in the the uttermost. 1 The. ii. 16. “ These" ("the beloved. In whom we have redemption through false teachers") are murmurers, complainers, his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to walking after their own lusts, and their mouth the riches of his grace ; wherein he hath speaketh great swelling words, having men's abounded toward us in all wisdom and pru- persons in admiration, because of advantage dence. Ep. i. 3. 5–8. By grace are ye saved Jude 16. through faith, and that not of yourselves; it 12 Equal unto us.] When thou art bidden is the gift of God, not of works, lest any man (to a wedding), go and sit down in the lowest should boast. For we are his workmanship, room, that when he that bade thee cometh, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher
. which God hath before ordained, that we Then shalt thou have worship in the presence should walk in them. Ep. ii. 8, 9, 10. The of them that sit at meat with thee. For grace of our Lord was exceeding abundant whosoever exalteth himself shall be abused, with faith and love, which is in Christ Jesus. and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted. This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all Lu. xiv. 10, 11. Now the righteousness of acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the God without the law is manifested, being world to save sinners. 1 Ti. i. 14, 15, 16. witnessed by the law and the prophets ; even
11 They murmured, &c.] Their Scribes the righteousness of God which is by faith of and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, Jesus Christ, unto all and upon all them that saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publi- believe. For there is no difference; for all cans and sinners ? Lu. v. 30. And the have sinned, and come short of the glory of Pharisees and Scribes murmured, saying, God; being justified freely by his grace, This man receiveth sinners, and eateth with through the redemption that is in Christ them. And he (the elder brother of the prodi- Jesus. Seeing it is one God which shall gal) was angry (that the fatted calf was killed), justify the circumcision by faith, and uncirand would not go in; therefore came his cumcision through faith. Ro. iii. 21-24. 30. father out and entreated him. And he answer. It is now revealed unto his holy apostles and ing said to his father, Lo, these many years prophets by the Spirit, that the Gentiles should do I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any be fellow heirs, and of the same body, and time thy commandment, and yet thou never partakers of his promise in Christ by the gavest me a kid, that I might make merry Gospel. Ep. iii. 6. with my friends; but as soon as this thy son Borne the burden and heat of the day.) was come, which hath devoured thy living They (the house of Jacob) seek me daily, and with harlots, thou hast killed for him the delight to know my ways, as a nation that fatted calf. Lu. xv. 2. 28, 29, 30. And when did righteousness, and forsook not the ordithey (the Jews) saw it (that Zaccheus the nance of their God. They ask of me the publican received Jesus joyfully), they all ordinances of justice; they take delight in murmured, saying, That he was gone to be approaching to God. Wherefore have we guest with a man that is a sinner. Lu. xix. 7. fasted, say they, and thou seest not ! wherefore When Peter was come up to Jerusalem, they have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest that were of the circumcision contended with no knowledge ? Behold, in the day of your him, saying, Thou wentest in to men uncir- fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your lacumcised, and didst eat with them. Ac. xi. bours. Is. lviii. 2, 3. Should I weep in the 2, 3. When the Jews saw the multitudes fifth month, separating myself, as I have done (that came to hear Paul and Barnabas), they these so many years? Then came the word were filled with envy, and spake against those of the Lord of hosts unto me, saying, Speak things which were spoken by Paul, contra- unto the people of the land, and to the priests, dicting and blaspheming. Ac. xiii. 45. And saying, When ye fasted and mourned in the he (Jesus) said unto me (Paul), Depart, for fifth and seventh month, even those seventy I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles. years, did ye at all fast unto me, even to me! And “they" ("the Jews") gave him (Paul) Zec. vii. 3-5. Ye (of Israel) said also, Be. audience unto this word ; and then lifted up hold what a weariness is it; and ye have their voices and said, Away with such a snuffed at it, saith the Lord of hosts, and ye fellow from the earth, for it is not fit that he brought that which was torn, and the lame should live. Ac. xxii. 21, 22. They (the and the sick ; thus ye brought an offering Jews) please not God, and are contrary to all Should I accept this of your hand I saith the men; forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles Lord. Mal. i. 13. Ye have said, It is vaia that they might be saved, to fill up their sins to serve God, and what profit is it that we
answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny? Take that thine is, 14
have kept his ordinances, and that we have ness. Besides those things that are without, walked mournfully before the Lord of hosts ? that which cometh upon me daily, the care of Mal. iii. 14. These many years (said the all the churches. 2 Co, xi. 23-28. elder brother, in the parable, to his father) do 13 Friend.] Friend, how camest thou in I serve thee, neither transgressed I at any hither (said the king in the marriage feast), time thy commandment, and yet thou never not having a wedding garment? And he was gavest to me a kid, that I might make merry speechless. Mat. xxii. 12. And Jesus said with my friends; but as soon as this thy son unto him” (“ Judas” that betrayed him), was come, which hath devoured thy living with friend, wherefore art thou come ? Mat. xxvi. harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted 50. See chap. xxvi. 50. calf. Lu. xv. 29, 30. The Pharisee stood I do thee no wrong.] That be far from thee and prayed thus with himself: God, I thank (said Abraham to God) to do after this manner, thee that I am not as other men are, ex- to slay the righteous with the wicked; and tortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this that the righteous should be as the wicked ; publican; I fast twice in the week; I give that be far from thee. Shall not the Judge of tithes of all that I possess. Lu. xviii. 11, 12, all the earth do right? Ge. xviii. 25.. What Where is boasting then? It is excluded. man (said Elihu) is like Job ? which goeth in By what law? Of works? Nay, but by the company with the workers of iniquity, and law of faith. Ro. iii. 27. What shall we say walketh with wicked men ; for he hath said, then? That the Gentiles, which followed not It profiteth a man nothing that he should after righteousness, have attained to righteous delight himself with God. Therefore hearken ness, even the righteousness which is of faith? unto me, ye men of understanding ; far be it But Israel, which followed after the law of from God that he should do wickedness, and righteousness, hath not attained to the law of from the Almighty, that he should commit inirighteousness. Wherefore ? Because they quity; for the work of a man shall he render sought it not by faith, but as it were by the unto him, and cause every man to find acworks of the law; for they stumbled at that cording to his ways; yea, surely God will not stumbling-block. Ro. ix. 30, 31, 32. Bre- do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert ihren, my heart's desire and prayer to God judgment; shall even he that hateth right or Israel is, that they might be saved ; for I govern ? and wilt thou condemn him that is jear them record, that they have a zeal of most just? Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art sod, but not according to knowledge; for wicked ? and to princes, Ye are ungodly? hey, being ignorant of God's righteousness, Job xxxiv. 7--12. 17, 18. Thinkest thou ind going about to establish their own righte- this to be right, that thou saidst, My righteusness, have not submitted themselves to the ousness is more than God's? Job xxxv. 2. ighteousness of God. Ro. x. 1, 2, 3. Even Wilt thou also disannul my judgment ?. Wilt o then at this present time also, there is a thou condemn me (saith God) that thou emnant according to the election of grace; mayest be righteous ? Job xl. 8. What shall nd if by grace, then is it no more of works. we say then? Is there unrighteousness with Otherwise grace is no more grace; but if it be God? God forbid. For he saith to Moses, f works, then is it no more grace; otherwise I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy; 'ork is no more work. Ro. xi. 5, 6, Even and I will have compassion on whom I will nto this present hour we both hunger and have compassion. Nay, but O man, who art virst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and thou that repliest against God? Shall the ase no certain dwelling place. I Co. iv. 11. thing formed say.to him that formed it, Why re they ministers of Christ (said Paul of hast thou made me thus ? Ro. ix. 14, 15. 20. ose whom they patiently submitted to)? (I 14 Thine is.] See chap. vi. 2. 6. 16. Come leak as a fool) I am more; in labours more with me, and see my zeal for the Lord (said. yundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons Jehu). And the Lord said unto Jehu, Beore frequent, in deaths oft. of the Jews cause thou hast done well in executing that re times received I forty stripes save one. which is right in mine eyes, and hast done brice was I beaten with rods, once was I unto the house of Ahab according to all that poed, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night was in mine heart, thy children of the fourth id a day I have been in the deep; in jour- generation shall sit on the throne of Israel. 'yings often, in perils of waters, in perils of But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of bbers, in perils by mine own countrymen, in the Lord God of Israel, with all his heart; rils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam rils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, which made Israel to sin. 2 Ki. x. 16. 30, 31.
perils among false brethren; in weariness Son of man (said the word of the Lord to d painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger Ezekiel), Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, d thirst, in fastings often, in cold and naked- caused his army to serve a great service VOL. II.
and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee 15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine ownd
against Tyrus : every head was made bald, (for the Lord hath given me many sons) he and every shoulder was peeled ; yet had he hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the no wages, nor his army, for Tyrus, for the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel. service that he had served against it? There- 1 Ch. xxviii. 4, 5. If ye throughly amend fore thus saith the Lord God, Behold, I will your ways and your doings; if ye throughly give the land of Egypt unto Nebuchadnezzar execute judgment between a man and his king of Babylon, and he shall take her mul- neighbour ; if ye oppress not the stranger, the titude, and take her spoil, and take her prey ; fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innoand it shall be the wages for his army. I cent blood in this place, neither walk after have given him the land of Egypt for his other gods to your hurt; then will I cause labour wherewith he served against it, because you to dwell in this place, in the land that I they wrought for me, saith the Lord God. gave to your fathers, for ever and ever. Je Ex. xxix. 18–20. Son, thou art ever with vii. 5, 6, 7. Glorify thy Son (said Jesus), a me (said the father of the prodigal to his elder thou hast given him power over all flesh, that son), and all that I have is thine. Lu. xv. 31. he should give eternal life to as many as thou Son, remember (said Abraham to the rich man hast given him. John xvii. 2. For be the being in torments) that thou in thy lifetime Lord) saith to Moses, I will have mercy on receivedst thy good things, and likewise La- whom I will have mercy; and I will have zarus evil things; but now he is comforted, compassion on whom I will have compassion. and thou art tormented. Lu. xvi. 25. Let So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of God be true, but every man a liar; as it is him that runneth, but of God that she weth written, That thou mightest be justified in mercy. For the Scripture saith unto Pharaolu, thy sayings, and mightest overcome when Even for this same purpose have I raised thee thou art judged ; now as we know that what up, that I might shew my power in thee, and things soever the law saith, it saith to them that my name might be declared throughout who are under the law, that every mouth may all the earth. Therefore hath he mercy on be stopped, and all the world may become whom he will have mercy, and whom he will guilty before God. Ro. iii. 4. 19.
he hardeneth. Thou wilt say then unto me, I will give unto this last, &c.] Father, Why doth he yet find fault ? For who hath glorify thy Son (said Jesus), that thy Son also resisted his will ? Nay, but O man, who art may glorify thee. As thou hast given him thou that repliest against God? Shall the power over all flesh, that he should give eter- thing formed say to him that formed it, Why nal life to as many as thou hast given him. hast thou made me thus ? Hath not the John xvii. 1, 2
potter power over the clay of the same lumps 15 Is it not lawful for me, &c.] See chap. to make one vessel unto honour, and another xi. 25. I will make all my goodness to pass unto dishonour ? What if God, willing to before thee (said God to Moses), and I will shew his wrath, and to make his power proclaim the name of the Lord before thee; known, endured with much long-suffering the and will be gracious to whom I will be gra- vessels of wrath fitted to destruction; and that cious; and will shew mercy on whom I will he might make known the riches of his glory shew mercy. Ex. xxxiii. 19. Thou art an the vessels of mercy, which he had afore holy people unto the Lord thy God; the Lord prepared unto glory, even us, whom he hath thy God hath chosen thee to be a special called, not of the Jews only, but also of the people to himself, above all people that are Gentiles. Ro. ix. 15–24. Even so tben a upon the face of the earth. The Lord did this present time also, there is a remnant a not set his love upon you because ye were cording to the election of grace. And if by more in number than any people (for ye were grace, then is it no more of works; otherwise the fewest of all people), but because the grace is no more grace; but if it be of works Lord loved you, and because he would keep then is it no more grace; otherwise work is the oath which he had sworn unto your no more work. Ro. xi. 5, 6. For who fathers, hath the Lord brought you out with a maketh thee to differ from another? And mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the what hast thou, that thou didst not rehouse of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh, ceive ? Now if thou didst receive it, why king of Egypt. De. vii. 6, 7, 8. Howbeit dost thou glory, as if thou hadst not received (said David), the Lord God of Israel chose it. 1 Co. iv. 7. In "whom" ("Christ") we me before all the house of my father, to be have obtained an inheritance, being predestiking over Israel for ever. For he hath chosen nated according to the purpose of him who Judah to be the ruler; and of the house of worketh all things after the counsel of his Judah the house of my father, and among own will. Ep. i. 11. You hath he quickened the sons of my father he liked me, to make who were dead in trespasses and sins. Even me king over all Israel ; and of all my sons when we were dead in sins (God) hath quick
Is thine eye evil, because I am good? So the last shall be 16 first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen. And 17 Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in
ened us together with Christ; by grace are and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets in ye saved. Ep. ii. 1. 5. Of his own will begat the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust he us, with the word of truth, that we should out. And they shall come from the east, and be a kind of first-fruits of his creatures. Ja. from the west, and from the north, and from i. 18.
the south, and shall sit down in the kingdom Is thine eye evil, &c.] See chap. vi. 23. of God. And behold, there are last which Beware that there be not a thought in thy shall be first, and there are first which shall be wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the last. Lu. xiii. 28, 29, 30. I say unto you (said year of release is at hand ; and thine eye be Christ), that likewise joy shall be in heaven evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest over one sinner that repenteth, more than over him nought, and he cry unto the Lord against ninety and nine just persons, which need no thee, and it be sin unto thee. De. xv. 9. repentance. Lu. xv. 7. Were there not ten And thou (disobedient Israel) shalt eat the (lepers) cleansed? But where are the nine fruit of thine own body, the flesh of thy sons (said Jesus) ? there are not found that returned and of thy daughters, in the siege ; so that to give glory to God save this stranger (he the man that is tender among you, and very was a Samaritan). Lu. xvii. 17, 18. The delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his bro- Pharisees said among themselves, Perceive ye ther, and toward the wife of his bosom, and how ye prevail nothing? Behold, the world toward the remnant of his children, which he is gone after him. And there were certain shall leave. De. xxviii. 53, 54. Eat thou Greeks among them that came up to worship not the bread of him that hath an evil eye, at the feast. The same came therefore to ieither desire thou his dainty meats. Pr. Philip, which was of Bethsaida, of Galilee, exiii. 6. He that hasteth to be rich hath an and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see vil eye, and considereth not that poverty Jesus. John xii. 19, 20, 21, See chap. hall come upon him. Pr. xxviii, 22. From xxi. 31. within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil For many be called, &c.] See chap. vii. houghts ; adulteries, fornications, murders, 13. Many are called, but few are chosen. hefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasci- Mat. xxii. 14. None of those men which iousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, were bidden shall taste of my supper (said bolishness; these defile the man. Mar. vii. the lord of the marriage supper). Lu. xiv. I, 22. Grudge not one against another, lest 24. Moreover, whom "he (“God") did e be condemned ; behold the Judge standeth predestinate, them he also called ; and whom efore the door. Ja. v. 9.
he called, them he also justified; and whom Because I am good.] It displeased Jonah he justified, them he also glorified. Ro. viii. xceedingly (that God was merciful to the 30. For this cause also thank we God withVinevites), and he was very angry; and he out ceasing, because, when ye received the rayed unto the Lord and said, I pray thee, word of God, ye received it not as the word
Lord, was not this my saying when I was of men, but as it is in truth, the word of et in my country? Therefore I fled before God, which effectually worketh also in you nto Tarshish; for I knew that thou art a that believe. I The. ii. 13. We are bound racious God, and merciful, slow to anger, and to give thanks for you, brethren, beloved f great kindness, and repentest thee of the of the Lord, because God hath from the ril? Therefore now, O Lord, take, I beseech beginning chosen you to salvation, through vee, my life from me ; for it is better for me sanctification of the Spirit, and belief of the
die. Then, said the Lord, Doest thou well truth; whereunto he called yon by our Gospel be angry? Jo. iv. 1-4. When the Jews to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord w the multitudes (who came to hear the word Jesus Christ. 2 The. ii. 13, 14. If a man be
God) they were filled with envy, and spake a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like ainst those things which were spoken by unto a man beholding his natural face in a ral, contradicting and blaspheming. Ac. glass; for he beholdeth himself, and goeth ii. 45.
away, and straightway forgetteth what manner 16 The last shall be first.] See chap. viii. of man he was. But whoso looketh into the ! 12; xix. 30. Jesus perceiving the perfect law of liberty, and continueth therein, bught of their heart (that his disciples rea. he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of ned who should be greatest among them), the work, this man shall be blessed in his ok a child, and set him by him, and said deed. Ja. i. 23, 24, 25. Ito them, Whosoever shall receive this child 17 Jesus going up to Jerusalem.) And they
my name receiveth me. Lu. ix. 47, 48, (the disciples) were in the way going up to here shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, Jerusalem. And Jesus went before them, ren “ye” (“ the Jews") shall see Abraham, and they were amazed : and as they followed,