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many. And ye shall hear of wars and rumours of wars; see that ye be not troubled : for all these things must come to pass,

after him: he also perished; and all, even as land, and say, Sword, go through the land, so many as obeyed him, were dispersed. Ac. v. that I cut off man and beast from it, though 36, 37. But there was a certain man called these three men were in it, as I live, saith the Simon, which beforetime in the same city Lord God, they shall deliver neither sons nor used sorcery, and bewitched the people of daughters, but they only shall be delivered Samaria, giving out that himself was some themselves. Or, if I send a pestilence into great one: to whom they all give heed, from that land, and pour out my fury upon it in the least to the greatest, saying, This man is blood, to cut off from it man and beast, though the great power of God. Ac. viii. 9, 10. And Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, as I live, all that dwell upon the earth shall worship saith the Lord God, they shall deliver neither "him" (" the beast with seven heads), whose son nor daughter ; they shall but deliver their names are not written in the book of life of own souls by their righteousness. For thus the Lamb slain from the foundation of the saith the Lord God, How much more when I world. Re. xiii. 8.

send my four sore judgments upon Jerusalem, 6 Ye shall hear of wars.] My bowels, the sword, and the famine, and the noisome my bowels (said Jeremiah), I am pained at beast, and the pestilence, to cut off from it my very heart; my heart maketh a noise in man and beast ? Ez. xiv. 17-21. Son of me, I cannot hold my peace, because thou man, prophesy, and say, Thus saith the Lord, hast heard, O my soul, the sound of the say, A sword, a sword is sharpened, and also trumpet, the alarm of war : destruction upon furbished, to give it into the hand of the destruction is cried, for the whole land is slayer. Cry and howl, son of man; for it spoiled; suddenly are my tents spoiled, and shall be upon my people; it shall be upon all my curtains in a moment. How long shall I the princes of Israel ; terrors by reason of the see the standard, and hear the sound of the sword shall be upon my people. Smite, theretrumpet ? For my people is foolish ; they fore, upon thy thigh. Because it is a trial, have not known me. They are sottish chil- and what if the sword contemn even the rod i dren, and they have none understanding: it shall be no more, saith the Lord God. Thou, they are wise to do evil, but to do good they therefore, son man, prophesy, and smite have no knowledge. Je. iv. 19–22. Thus thine hands together; and let the sword be saith the Lord, Behold, a people cometh doubled the third time, the sword of the slain. from the north country, and a great nation shall It is the sword of the great men that are slain, be raised from the sides of the earth. They which entereth into their privy chambers. shall lay hold on bow and spear; they are I have set the point of the sword against all cruel, and have no mercy; their voice roareth their gates, that their heart may faint, and their like the sea ; and they ride upon horses, set ruins be multiplied : ah! it is made bright, it is in array as men for war against thee, O daugh- wrapped up for the slaughter. Ex. xxi. 9. 11–15. ter of Zion. We have heard the fame thereof: And thou, son of man, prophesy, and say, Thus our hands wax feeble; anguish hath taken saith the Lord God concerning the Ammonites, hold of us, and pain, as of a woman in travail. and concerning their reproach ; even say thou, Je. vi. 22, 23, 24. We looked for peace, but The sword, the sword is drawn : for the no good came; and for a time of health, and slaughter it is furbished, to consume because behold trouble! The snorting of his horses of the glittering. Ez. xxi. 28. The king of the was heard from Dan; the whole land trem- north shall come, and cast up a mount, and take bled at the sound of the neighing of his strong the most fenced cities; and the arms of the ones; for they are come, and have devoured south shall not withstand, neither his chosen the land, and all that is in it; the city, and people, neither shall there be any strength to those that dwell therein. Je. viii. 15, 16. 0 withstand, &c. &c. Da. xi. 15. When ye thou sword of the Lord, how long will it be shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, be ye ere thou be quiet ? Put up thyself into thy not troubled, for such things must needs be ; Scabbard; rest, and be still. Je. xlvii. 6. but the end shall not be yet. For nation shall Wherefore I will bring the worst of the hea- rise against nation, and kingdom against kingthen, and they shall possess their houses. dom; and there shall be earthquakes in I will also make the pomp of the strong to divers places; and there shall be famines and cease, and their holy places shall be defiled. troubles; these are the beginnings of sorrows. Destruction cometh; and they shall seek Mar. xiii. 7, 8. But when ye shall hear of

and there shall be none. Mischief shall wars and commotions, be not terrified, for these come upon mischief, and rumour shall be things must first come to pass; but the end is upon rumour. Then sha! they seek a vision not by and by. Lu. xxi. 9. of the prophet; but the law shall perish from See that ye be not troubled.] The Lord is the priest, and counsel from the ancients. Ex. my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear? vii. 24, 25, 26. If I bring a sword on that The Lord is the strength of my life, of whom


7 but the end is not yet. For nation shall rise against nation, and

shall I be afraid ? When the wicked, even be troubled, neither let it be afraid. John xir. mine enemies and my foes came upon me, to 1. 27. Now we beseech you, brethren, that eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell. ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled Though an host should encamp against me, neither by spirit, nor by word, por by letter my heart shall not fear : though war should as from us, as that the day of Christ is a rise against me, in this will I be confident. hand. 2 The. ii. 2. But and if ye suffer for Ps. xxvii. 1, 2, 3. God is our refuge and righteousness' sake, happy are ye ; and be nok strength, a very present help in trouble; afraid of their terror, neither be troubled; therefore will not we fear, though the earth but sanctify the Lord God in your hearts, and be removed, and though the mountains be be ready always to give an answer to every carried into the midst of the sea : though the man that asketh you a reason of the hope waters thereof roar, and be troubled ; though that is in you, with meekness and fear. I per the mountains shake with the swelling iii. 14, 15. thereof. Ps. xlvi. 1, 2, 3. He (the good Must come to pass.] How then shall the man) shall not be afraid of evil tidings; his Scriptures be fulfilled (said Jesus to kia who heart is fixed, trusting in the Lord. Ps. cxii. smote the servant of the high priest), that thus 7. Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to it must be ? Mat. xxi. 54.' For I say unta whom this people shall say, A confederacy; you, That this that is written must yet be acneither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid. complished in me; and he was reckoned Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself; and let among the transgressors, for the things conhim be your fear, and let him be your dread. cerning me have an end. Lu. xxii. 37. Fear And he shall be for a sanctuary but for a not, Paul (said the angel); thou must be stone of stumbling; and for a rock of offence brought before Cesar; and lo, God hath giren to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and thee all them that sail with thee. Wherefore, for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. Sirs, be of good cheer ; for I believe God, that Is. viii. 12, 13, 14. Behold, God is my sal- it shall be even as it was told me. Howbeit vation ; I will trust, and not be afraid : for the we must be cast upon a certain island. dla Lord Jehovah is my strength and my song; xxvii. 24, 25, 26. he also is become my salvation. Is. xii. 2. But the end is not yet.] See vers 14 Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people, mind is stayed on thee : because he trusteth in and upon thy holy city, to finish the transa thee. Trust ye in the Lord for ever: for in gression, and to make an end of sins, and ta the Lord Jehovah is everlasting strength. make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring Come, my people, enter thou into thy cham- in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the bers, and shut thy doors about thee, hide vision and prophesy, and to anoint the most thyself as it were for a little moment, until holy. Know, therefore, and understand, that the indignation be overpast. For behold, the from the going forth of the commandment Lord cometh out of his place to punish the to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: Messiah the prince shall be seven weeks, and the earth also shall disclose her blood, and threescore and two weeks. The street stall shall no more cover her slain. Is. xxvi. 3, 4. be built again, and the wall, even in troublonas 20. 21. When I heard, my belly trembled; times. And after threescore and two weeks my lips quivered at the voice, rottenness shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himsell : entered into my bones, and I trembled in and the people of the prince that shall come myself, that I might rest in the day of trou- shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and ble: when he cometh up unto the people, the end thereof shall be with a flood, and ante he will invade them with his troops. Although the end of the war desolations are determines. the fig-tree shall not blossom, neither shall And he shall confirm the covenant with masy fruit be in the vines ; the labour of the olive for one week: and in the midst of the week shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and cease, and for the overspreading of abominathere shall be no herd in the stalls; yet I will tions' he shall make it desolate, even until rejoice in the Lord, I will joy in the God of the consummation, and that determined shall my salvation. The Lord God is my strength, be poured upon the desolate. Da ir

. 24and he will make my feet like hinds' feet, 7 Nation shall rise against nation] And and he will make me to walk upon mine high nation was destroyed of nation, and city of places. Hab. iii. 16-19. In your patience city (said the prophet Azariah, to Asa

, king or possess ye your souls

. Lu. xxi. 19. Let not Judah), for God did vex them with all ad; your heart be troubled; ye believe in God, versity. 2 Ch. xv. 6. Through the wrath o believe also in me. Peace I leave with you; the Lord of hosts is the land darkened, an! my peace I give unto you ; not as the world the people shall be as the fuel of the fire giveth, give I unto you: let not your heart no man shall spare his brother. And he shell kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places. All these are the begin- 8


snatch on the right hand, and be hungry; pillars of smoke. The sun shall be turned and he shall eat on the left hand, and they shall into darkness, and the moon into blood, before not be satisfied: they shall eat every man the the great and terrible day of the Lord come. Alesh of his own arm: Manasseh, Ephraim; Joel ii. 30, 31. And his (Christ's) feet shall and Ephraim, Manasseh ; and they together stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, shall be against Judah. For all this his anger which is before Jerusalem on the east; and is not turned away, but his hand is stretched the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst out still. 18. ix. 19, 20, 21. Yet I will dis- thereof, toward the east, and toward the west, tress Ariel (the city where David dwelt), and and there shall be a very great valley : and there shall be heaviness and sorrow : and it half of the mountain shall remove toward the shall be unto me as Ariel. Is. xxix. 2. I north, and half of it toward the south. Zec. will overturn, overturn, overturn "it" (" Je- xiv. 4. And great earthquakes shall be in rusalem"), and it shall be no more, until he divers places, and famines, and pestilences ; come whose right it is; and I will give it and fearful sights and great signs shall there be

(the king of Babylon"). Ez. xxi. from heaven. And there shall be signs in the 27. Speak to Zerubbabel, governor of Judah, sun and in the moon, and in the stars; and aying, I will shake the heavens and the upon the earth distress of nations, with perarth; and I will overthrow the throne of plexity; the sea and the waves roaring ; men's iingdoms; and I will destroy the strength hearts failing them for fear, and for looking of the kingdoms of the heathen; and I will after those things which are coming on the earth, verthrow the chariots and those that ride For the powers of heaven shall be shaken. n them; and the horses and their riders Lu. xxi. 11. 25, 26. And I will shew wonders hall come down, every one by the sword in heaven above, and signs in the earth bef his brother. Hag. ii. 21, 22. I will ga- neath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke, her all nations against Jerusalem to battle; Ac. ii. xix. And there stood up one of " them nd the city shall be taken and the houses (the prophets from Jerusalem"), named Agafled, and the women ravished ; and half of bus, and signified by the spirit, that there se city shall go forth into captivity, and the should be great dearth throughout all the esidue of the people shall not be cut off from world : which came to pass in the days of ie city. Then shall the Lord go forth and Claudius Cesar. Ac. xi. 28. ght against those nations, as when he fought 8 These are the beginning, &c.] If ye will

the day of battle. And it shall come to not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I ass in that day, that a great tumult from the will punish you seven times more for ord shall be among them; and they shall lay And I will break the pride of your power; old every one on the hand of his neighbour, and I will make your heaven as iron, and your nd his hand shall rise up against the hand of earth as brass : and your strength shall be is neighbour. Ze. xiv. 2, 3. 13. And this spent in vain : for your land shall not yield ord (of Christ) yet once more, signifieth her increase, neither shall the trees of the le removing of those things that are shaken; land yield their fruits. And if ye walk cons of things that are made, that those things trary unto me, and will not hearken unto me, hich cannot be shaken may remain. He. I will bring seven times more plagues upon i, 27.

you, according to your sins. I will also send Pamines, and pestilences.] The earth is ut- wild beasts among you, which shall rob you rly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, of your children, and destroy your cattle, and e earth is moved exceedingly. The earth make you few in number; and your high all reel to and fro like a drunkard, and ways shall be desolate. And if ye will not be all be removed like a cottage, and the trans- reformed by me by these things, but will ession thereof shall be heavy upon it; and walk contrary unto me; then will I also walk shall fall, and not rise again. And it shall contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven me to pass in that day, that the Lord shall times for your sins. And I will bring a sword nish the host of the high ones that are on upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my zh, and the kings of the earth upon the covenant : and when ye are gathered together rth. And they shall be gathered together, within your cities, I will send the pestilence prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall among you ; and ye shall be delivered into shut up in the prison, and after many days the hand of the enemy. And when I have all they be visited. Is. xxiv. 19-23. How broken the staff of your bread, ten women ich more when I send my four sore judg- shall bake your bread in one oven, and they nts upon Jerusalem, the sword, and the shall deliver you your bread again by weight; nine, and the noisome beast, and the pesti- and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied. And if ice, to cut off from it man and beast ? Ez. ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but 1. 21.

And I will shew wonders in the walk contrary unto me, then I will walk conavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and trary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, VOL. II.

your sins,


9 ning of sorrows. Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted,

and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for ung

will chastise you seven times for your sins. xxi. 12. 16, 17. If ye were of the world, the And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and world would love his own; but because se the flesh of your daughters shall ye eat. Le are not of the world, but I have chosen you xxvi. 18—29. If thou wilt not observe to do out of the world, therefore the world hateth all the words of this law that are written in you. Remember the word that I said unto this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious you, The servant is not greater than his lord: and fearful name, the Lord thy God; then the if they have persecuted me, they will also Lord will make thy plagues wonderful, &c. persecute you. John xv. 19, 20. (The ralers De, xxviii. 58, 59. The Syrians before, and of the Jews) being grieved that they" (" Pe. the Philistines behind; and they shall devour ter and John") taught the people, and preached Israel with open mouth. For all this his through Jesus the resurrection from the dead anger is not turned away, but his hand is (came upon them). And they laid hands on stretched out still. Therefore the Lord shall them, and put them in hold unto the next have no joy in their young men, neither shall day. Ac. iv. 2, 3. And they (the apostles) have mercy on their fatherless and widows: departed from the presence of the council

, for every one is an hypocrite and an evil-doer, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to and every mouth speaketh folly. For all this suffer shame for his name. Ac. v. 40, 41. his anger is not turned away, but his hand is And they stoned Stephen, calling upon Ged

, stretched out still. They shall eat every man and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. the flesh of his own arm : Manasseh, Ephraim; Aç. vii. 59. As they (the Jews of Asia) went and Ephraim, Manasseh : and they together about to kill him (Paul), tidings came mio shall be against Judah. For all this his anger the chief captain of the band, that all Jerest is not turned away, but his hand is stretched lem was in an uproar, who immediately took out still. Is. ix. 12. 17. 21. Without me soldiers and centurions, and ran dorg unte they shall bow down under the prisoners, and them; and when they saw the chief captain they shall fall under the slain. For all this and the soldiers, they left beating of Paul his anger is not turned away, but his hand is Ac. xxi. 31, 32. And when the blood of thy stretched out still. Is. X. 4. For when they martyr Stephen (said Paul) was shed, I also shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden de- was standing by and consenting unto his struction cometh upon them, as travail upon death, and kept the raiment of them that slex a woman with child; and they shall not him. Ac. xxii. 20. “We" ("the Jews & escape. 1 The. v. 3. For the time is come Rome") desire to hear of thee what "thou" that judgment must begin at the house of God: (Paul") thinkest: for as concerning this and if it first begin at us, what shall the end sect, we know that every where it is spoken be of them that obey not the gospel of God? against. Ac. xxviii. 22. For ye, brethres, And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where became followers of the churches of God shall the ungodly and the sinner appear? which in Judea are in Christ Jesus: for ye I Pe. iv. 17, 18.

also have suffered like things of your own 9 Shall they deliver you up, &c.] See chap. countrymen, even as they have of the Jews x. 17. 22. And the remnant (of those bidden who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own to the marriage) took his servants, and en- prophets; and have persecuted us. And they treated them spitefully, and slew them. Mat. please not God, and are contrary to all men; xxii. 6. Now the brother shall betray the forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles

, that brother to death, and the father the son; and they might be saved, to fill up their sins aichildren shall rise up against their parents

, way; for wrath is come upon them to the and shall cause them to be put to death. And uttermost. 1 The. ii. 14, 15, 16. Yet if any ye shall be hated of all men for my name's man suffer as a Christian, let him not be sake; but he that shall endure unto the end, ashamed; but let him glorify God on this the same shall be saved. Mar. xiii. 12, 13. behalf. í Pe. iv. 16. Pear none of those I will send them prophets and apostles, and things which thou shalt suffer. Behold, the some of them they shall slay and persecute Devil shall cast some of you into prison, that (said the wisdom of God). Lu. xi. 49. But ye may be tried ; and ye shall have tribulabefore all these (signs) they shall lay their tion ten days. Be thou faithful unto death hands on you, and persecute you, deliver- and I will give thee a crown of life. I know ing you up to the synagogues, and into thy works, and where thou dwellest, en prisons, being brought before kings and rulers where Satan's seat is: and thon holdest fast for my name's sake. And ye shall be be- my name, and hast not denied my faith, ere trayed both by parents, and brethren, and in those days wherein Antipas was my faithkinsfolks, and friends; and some of you shall ful martyr, who was slain among you, wbert they cause to be put to death ; and ye shall be Satan dwelleth. Re. ii. 10. 13. When be hated of all men for my name's sake. Lit. had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the

name's sake. And then shall many be offended, and shall betray 10 one another, and shall hate one another. And many false prophets 11 shall rise, and shall deceive many. And because iniquity shall 12 abound, the love of many shall wax cold. But he that shall 13

altar the souls of them that were slain for the crept in unawares, who were before of old word of God, and for the testimony which ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, they held : and they cried with a loud voice, turning the grace of our God into lascivioussaying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, ness, and denying the only Lord God, and dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on our Lord Jesus Christ. Jude 4. them that dwell on the earth? And white 12 Because iniquity shall abound.) Whence robes were given unto every one of them; come wars and fightings among you ? come and it was said unto them that they should they not hence, even of your lusts that war in rest yet for a little season, until their fellow- your members? Ye lust, and have not; ye servants also, and their brethren that should kill and desire to have, and cannot obtain: be killed as they were, should be fulfilled. ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye Re. vi. 9, 10, 11. And "he" (one of the ask not; ye ask and receive not, because ye elders") said to me, These are they which ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your came out of great tribulation, and have washed lusts. Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know their robes, and made them white in the blood ye not that the friendship of the world is of the Lamb. Rev. vii. 14.

enmity with God? Whosoever therefore will 10 Shall many be offended.] See chap. xi. be a friend of the world is the enemy of God, 6; xiii. 21. Peter said unto him (Jesus), Ja. iv. 1-4. Go to, now, ye rich men, weep Though all men shall be offended because of and howl, for your miseries shall come upon thee, yet will I never be offended. Jesus you. Your riches are corrupted, and your said unto bim, Verily I say unto thee, that garments are moth-eaten; your gold and this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt silver is cankered, and the rust of them shall deny me thrice. Mat. xxvi. 33, 34. These be a witness against you, and shall eat your are they likewise which are sown on stony Alesh as it were fire : ye have heaped treasure ground, who, when they have heard the word, together for the last days. Behold, the hire immediately receive it with gladness, and of the labourers which have reaped down your have no root in themselves, and so endure for fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, a time; afterward, when affliction or persecu- erieth ; and the cries of them which have tion ariseth for the word's sake, immediately reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord they are offended. Mar. iv. 17. Then said of Sabaoth. Ye have lived in pleasure on the Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away? earth, and been wanton : ye have nourished Joka vi. 67. Demas hath forsaken me, hav- your hearts as in a day of slaughter: ye have ing loved this present world, and is departed condemned and killed the just, and he doth unto Thessalonica ; Crescens to Galatia ; Titus not resist you. Ja. v. 1-6. uinto Dalmatia. At my first answer no man The love of many shall wax cold.] Neverstood with me, but all men forsook me; I pray theless, I have somewhat against "thee" (" the God that it may not be laid to their charge. church of Ephesus"), because thou hast left 2 Ti. iv. 10. 16.

thy first love. Remember therefore from Betray one another.] See chap. X. 21. 35, whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do 36. And as “they” (the disciples") did the first works; or else I will come unto thee eat, "he” (Jesus”) said, Verily I say unto quickly, and will remove thy candlestick out you, that one of you shall betray me. And of his place, except thou repent. Fear none they were exceeding sorrowful, and began of those things which thou shalt suffer; beevery one of them to say unto him, Lord, is hold the Devil shall cast some of you into it I? And he answered and said, He that prison, that ye may be tried ; and ye shall dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the have tribulation ten days. Be thou faithful same shall betray me. The Son of man goeth unto death, and I will give thee a crown of as it is written of him; but woe unto that man life. Re. ii. 5, 6. 10. I know thy works, by whom the Son of man is betrayed ! It had that thou art neither cold nor hot; I would been good for that man if he had not been thou wert cold or hot. Re. iii. 15. born. Mat. xxvi. 21--24.

13 He that shall endure, &c.] See verse 6. 11 Many false prophets, &c.] See verses chap. x. 22. (Ye are enriched by him, Jesus 5. 24. chap. vii. 15. Little children, it is the Christ) Waiting for the coming of our Lord last time; and as ye have heard that Anti- Jesus Christ, who shall also confirm you unto hrist shall come, even now are there many the end, that ye may be blameless in the day Antichrists, whereby we know that it is the of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Co. i. 7, 8. last time. These things have I written unto Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as you, concerning them that seduce you. I à servant, for a testimony of those things John ii. 18. 26. For there are certain men which were to be spoken after. But Christ

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