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dwelt in Capernaum, which is upon the sea-coast, in the borders 14 of Zabulon and Nephthalim : That it might be fulfilled which was 15 spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, The land of Zabulon, and
the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, 16 Galilee of the Gentiles : The people which sat in darkness saw nobleman's son who lay sick at Capernaum). the first he lightly afflicted the land of ZebuThis is again the second miracle that Jesus lun, and the land of Naphtali, and afterward did when he was come out of Judea into did more grievously afflict her by the way of Galilee. John iv. 43. 54. See chap. xiv. 3. the sea beyond Jordan, in Galilee of the
13 Leaving Nazareth, &c.] He (Jesus) nations. The people that walked in darkness passing through the midst of "them" (" of have seen a great light. They that dwell in Nazareth,” who were about to kill him), went the land of the shadow of death, upon them his way, and came down to Capernaum. Lu. hath the light shined. Is. ix. 1, 2. iv. 30, 31.
15 Galilee of the Gentiles.) And (of the Capernaum.] And thou Capernaum which cities of refuge) they appointed Kedesh in art exalted unto heaven, shall be brought Galilee in mount Naphtali, and Shechem in down to hell : for if the mighty works which mount Ephraim, and Kirjath-arba (which is have been done in thee had been done in Hebron) in the mountain of Judah.
Jos. XL Sodom, it would have remained until this day. 7. And out of the tribe of Naphtali (they Mat. xi. 23. And when they (Jesus and his gave), Kedesh in Galilee with her suburbs to disciples) were come to Capernaum, they that a city of refuge for the slayer. Jos. xxi. received tribute money came to Peter, and 32. King Solomon gave Hiram (king of Tyra, said, Doth not your master pay tribute ? Mat. who furnished him with Cedar trees, and for xvii. 24. And they (Jesus and his disciples) trees, and with gold) twenty cities in the land went into Capernaum, and straightway on the of Galilee. 1 Ki. ix. ll. In the days of Sabbath day he entered into the Synagogue, Pekah king of Israel came Tiglath-pileser and taught. Mar. i. 21. Jesus came again king of Assyria, and took Ijon, &c. and Gainto Cana of Galilee, where he made the lilee, and all the land of Naphtali, and carried water wine ; and there was a certain noble- them captive to Assyria. 2 Ki. xv. 29. man whose son was sick at Capernaum (whom 16 Which sat in darkness.] Such as sit in Christ healed). John iv. 46. &c. And (the darkness, and in the shadow of death, being disciples) entered into a ship, and went over bound in affliction and iron, because they rebelthe sea toward Capernaum, and it was now led against the words of God, and contemned dark, and Jesus was not come to them (but the counsel of the Most High; therefore he they afterwards saw him walking on the sea brought down their heart with labour, they towards them, c). When the people there- fell down and there was none to help. Then fore saw that Jesus was not there (on the they cried unto the Lord in their trouble, and other side of the sea of Tiberias), neither his he saved them out of their distresses. He disciples, they also took shipping, and came brought them out of the darkness and the to Capernaum (where Jesus reproved their shadow of death, and brake their bands in carnal views, and declared himself the bread of sunder. Ps. cvii. 10–14. I the Lord have life). These things said he in the synagogue called thee (Christ) in righteousness, and will as he taught in Capernaum. John vi. 17. hold thine hand and will keep thee, and give 24. 52.
thee for a covenant of the people, for a light Zabulon.] The third lot came up (in the the Gentiles, to open the blind eyes, to division of the promised land) for the children bring out the prisoners from the prison, and of Zebulun, according to their families, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid, house. Is. xlii. 6, 7. Arise, shine, for thy &c. Jos. xix. 10. fc.
light is come, and the glory of the Lord is Nephthalim.] The sixth lot came out to the risen upon thee. And the Gentiles shall children of Naphtali, according to their fami- come to thy light, and kings to the brightness lies. And their coast was from Heleph, of thy rising. Is. lx. 1, 2, 3. Rejoice not from Allon to Zaanannim, and Adami, Nekeb, against me, o mine enemy, when I fall i and Jabneel, unto Lakum, &c. Jos. xix. 32, shall arise ; when I sit in darkness the Lord 33.
shall be a light unto me. Mi. vii. 8. Thou 14 It might be fulfilled, &c.] See chap. (child Jesus) shalt go before the face of the i. 22; ii. 15. 23. with com. For I say unto Lord, to prepare his ways, to give knowledge you (said Jesus to his disciples), That this of salvation unto his people by the remission that is written must yet be accomplished in of their sin, through the tender mercy of our
And he was reckoned among the trans- God, whereby the day spring from on high gressors. Lu. xxii. 37.
hath visited us, to give light to them that Saying.) Nevertheless the dimness shall sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to not be such as was in her vexation, when, at guide our feet in the way of peace. Lu. i.
great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up. From that time Jesus began to preach, 17 and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. And 18 Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon
76—79. A light (Christ was) to lighten the dom of heaven suffereth violence, and the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel violent take it by force. Mat. xi. 12. It is (said Simeon). Lu. ii. 32.
given unto you (said Jesus to his disciples) And shadow of death.) Let darkness and to know the mysteries of the kingdom of the shadow of death stain it (said Job, of the heaven, but to them it is not given ; when day of his birth), let a cloud dwell upon it any one heareth the word of the kingdom, Job iii. 5. Let me alone (said Job to his ‘and understandeth it not, then cometh the Maker), that I may take comfort a little, be- wicked one, and catcheth away that which fore I go whence I shall not return, even to was sown in his heart. This is he which the land of darkness, and the shadow of received seed by the way side. The kingdom death: a land of darkness, as darkness itself, of heaven (said Jesus) is likened unto a man and of the shadow of death, without any order, which sowed good seed in his field. Mat. and where the light is as darkness. Job x. 20, xiii. ll. 19. 24. Again, the kingdom of 21, 22. There is no darkness, nor shadow of heaven is likened unto a net that was cast death where the workers of iniquity may into the sea, and gathered of every kind. hide themselves. Job xxxiv. 22. Our heart Mat. xiii. 47. Then (at the coming of the (said David) is not turned back, neither have Lord) shall the kingdom of heaven be likened our steps declined from thy way, though unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and thou hast sore broken us, in the place of went forth to meet the bridegroom. Mat. dragons, and covered us with the shadow of xxv. 1. death. Ps. xliv. 18, 19. Give glory to the 18 Walking by the sea of Galilee.] Now Lord your God, before he cause darkness, as he walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw and before your feet stumble upon the dark Simon, and Andrew his brother, casting a mountains, and while ye look for light, he net into the sea, for they were fishers. And turn it into the shadow of death, and make Jesus said unto them, Come ye after me, and it gross darkness. Je. xiii. 16. Seek him I will make you to become fishers of men, that maketh the seven stars, and Orion, and and straightway they forsook their nets and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, followed him. Mar. i. 16, 17, 18. And and maketh the day dark with night. Am.v. 8. (Jesus) saw two ships standing by the lake:
17 That time.] Now after that John was but the fishermen were gone out of them, put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preach- and were washing their nets. Lu. v. 2. ing the gospel of the kingdom of God. Mar. Sea of Galilee.] Jesus departed from i, 14.
“thence” (“Tyre, and Sidon"), and came Repent, &c.] See chap. iii. 2. and com. nigh unto the sea of Galilee, and went up I am not come (said Jesus to the Pharisees) into a mountain, and sat down there (where to call the righteous, but sinners to repent- multitudes came to be healed). Mat. xv. 29. ance. Mat. ix. 13. As ye go (said Christ to And the coast (of the land of Canaan) shall his disciples) preach, saying, The kingdom of go down from Shepham to Riblah, on the heaven is at hand. Mat. x. 7. Repent ye, east side of Ain ; and the border shall deand believe the gospel. Mar. i. 15. I came scend, and shall reach unto the side of the not to call the righteous, but sinners to repent- sea of Chinnereth eastward. Nu. xxxiv. 11. ance. Lu. v. 32. And he (Jesus) sent “ them" And unto the Reubenites, and unto the (“his disciples") to preach the kingdom of Gadites, I gave from Gilead, even unto the God. Lu. ix. 2. Even the very dust of river Arnon, &c. The plain also, and Jordan, your city which cleaveth on us, we do wipe and the coast thereof from Chinnereth, even off against you ; notwithstanding be ye sure unto the sea of the plain, even the salt sea, &c. of this, that the kingdom of God is come nigh De. iii. 16, 17. And it came to pass as the unto you. But I say unto you, that it shall people pressed upon him, to hear the word be more tolerable in that day for Sodom, of God, he stood by the lake of Gennesaret. than for that city. Woe unto thee, Chorazin! Lu. v. 1. After these things (after justifying woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty himself for curing the impotent man at the works had been done in Tyre and Sidon pool of Bethesda) Jesus went over the sea of which have been done in you, they had a Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias. John great while ago repented, in sackcloth and vi. 1. After these things (having satisfied the ashes ; but it shall be more tolerable for Tyre doubts of Thomas) Jesus shewed himself (after and Sidon at the judgment, than for you. his resurrection) again to the disciples at the Lu. x. 11–14.
sea of Tiberias. John xxi. 1. Kingdom of heaven is at hand.] From the Two brethren.] Now the names of the days of John the Baptist until now, the king- twelve apostles are these, the first Simon,
called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea : 19 for they were fishers. And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I 20 will make you fishers of men, And they straightway left their nets,
who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother, his heart, and guided them by the skilfulness &c. &c. Mat. x. 2. And he (Jesus) called of his hands. Ps. lxxviii. 70, 71, 72. Then anunto him his disciples, and of them he chose swered Amos, and said to Amaziah (the twelve, whom also he named apostles, Simon priest of Bethel), I was no prophet, neither (whom he also named Peter), and Andrew his was I a prophet's son, but I was an herdman, brother, James, and John, Philip, and Bar- and a gatherer of Sycamore fruit. And the tholomew, Matthew, and Thomas, James the Lord took me, as I followed the flock, and son of Alpheus, and Simon, called Zelotes, the Lord said unto me, Go, prophesy unto and Judas, the brother of James, and Judas my people Israel. Am. vii. 14, 15. God Iscariot, who also was the traitor. Lu. vi. hath chosen the foolish things of the world to 14, 15, 16. One of the two which heard confound the wise; and God hath chosen the John speak (of Christ's superior dignity) and weak things of the world to confound the followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's things which are mighty; and base things of brother. He first findeth his own brother the world, and things which are not, to bring Simon, and saith unto him, We have found to nought things that are. That no flesh the Messiah, which is, being interpreted, the should glory in his presence. 1 Co. i. 27. Christ. And he brought him to Jesus, and 28, 29. when Jesus beheld him he said, Thou art 19 Follow me.] Jesus said unto him (his Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called disciple who asked leave to go and bury kis Cephas, which is, by interpretation, a stone. father), Follow me, and let the dead bury John i. 40, 41, 42. One of his disciples, their dead. Mat. viii. 22. And as Jesus Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto passed forth from thence (where he eured the him : There is a lad here (he who had the five man sick of the palsy), he saw a man named barley loaves and two small fishes, with which Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom : Jesus fed five thousand men). John vi. 8. &c. and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he
For they were fishers.] Now Moses kept arose and followed him. Mat. ix. 9. If any the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest man will come after me, let him deny himself, of Midian. Come now, and I will send thee and take up his cross and follow me. Mat. unto Pharaoh (said God to Moses), that thou xvi. 24. Jesus said unto him (the young men mayest bring forth my people the children of who asked, What good thing shall i do, that I Israel out of Egypt. Ex. iii. 1. 10. There may have eternal life), If thou wilt be perfect, came an angel of the Lord, and sat under an go and sell that thou hast, and give to the oak which was in Ophrah that pertained unto poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven; Joash the Abi-ezrite. And his son Gideon and come and follow me. Mat. xix. 21. And thrashed wheat by the wine-press. And the as he (Jesus) passed by, he saw Levi the son angel of the Lord appeared unto him, and of Alpheus, sitting at the receipt of custom, said unto him, The Lord is with thee, thou and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose mighty man of valour. Ju. vi. 11, 12. So and followed him. Mar. ii. 14. And after "he" (" Elijah") departed thence (from the these things he went forth, and saw a publican cave where the word of the Lord came to him), named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom, and feund Elisha, the son of Shaphat, who and he said unto him, Follow me. L4. v. 27. was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen before And he (Jesus) said unto another, Follow me. him, and he with the twelfth ; and Elijah But he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and passed by him, and cast his mantle upon him. bury my father. Lu. ix, 59. The day follow1 Ki. xix. 19. And he left the oxen and ran ing (that on which Jesus called Simon) Jesus after Elijah, and said, Let me, I pray thee, would go forth into Galilee, and findeth kiss my father, and my mother, and then I Philip, and saith unto him, Follow me. John will follow thee. And he said unto him, Go i. 43. If any man serve me let him follow back again, for what have I done unto thee. me. John xii. 26. Jesus saith unto him And he returned back from him, and took a (Peter), If I will that he (John) tarry till I yoke of oxen, and slew them, and boiled come, what is that to thee: follow thou me. their flesh with the instruments of the oxen, John xxi. 22. and gave unto the people, and they did eat : I will make you fishers of men.) And it then he arose and went after Elijah, and shall come to pass (said the Lord to Ezekiel, ministered unto him. 1 Ki. xix. 20, 21. He in the vision of the holy waters), that every chose David also his servant, and took him thing that liveth, which moveth, whithersofrom the sheepfolds, from following the ewes ever the rivers shall come, shall live, and great with young, he brought him to feed there shall be a very great multitnde of fish, Jacob his people, and Israel his inheritance. because these waters shall come thither, for So he fed them according to the integrity of they shall be healed, and every thing shall
and followed him. And going on from thence, he saw other two 21 brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them. And they immediately left the ship, and their father, and 22
live whither the river cometh. And it shall children, for the kingdom of God's sake, who come to pass, that the fishers shall stand upon shall not receive manifold more, in this present it, from En-gedi, even unto En-eglaim. They time, and in the world to come, life evershall be a place to spread forth nets; their lasting. Lu. xviii. 28. 30. When it pleased fish shall be according to their kinds, as the God to reveal his Son in me, that I might fish of the great sea, exceeding many. Ex. preach him among the heathen ; immediately xlvii. 9, 10. And Jesus said unto "them” I conferred not with flesh and blood, &c. ("* Simon and Andrew'), Come ye after me, Ga. i. 16. and I will make you to become fishers of men. 21 Other two brethren.] See com. on Two And straightway they forsook their nets, and Brethren, at verse 18. And after six days, followed him. Mar. i. 17, 18. And so was Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his broalso James, and John (as well as Peter asto- ther, and bringeth them up into an high nished), the sons of Zebedee, which were part- mountain apart. Mat. xvii. 1. Then came ners with Simon (at the draught of fishes). And to "him” (“Jesus") the mother of Zebedee's Jesus said unto Simon, Fear not: from hence- children, with her sons, worshipping him, and forth thou shalt catch men ; and when they desiring a certain thing of him; and he said had brought their ships to land, they forsook unto her, What wilt thou ? She saith unto all and followed him. Lu. v. 10, 11. Unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the Jews I became as a Jew, that I might the one on thy right hand and the other on gain the Jews: to them that are under the thy left in thy kingdom. Mat. xx. 20, 21, law, as under the law, that I might gain And he (Jesus) took with him Peter and the them that are under the law; to them that two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorroware without law, as without law (being not ful and very heavy. Mat. xxvi. 37. And without law to God, but under the law to Christ), when he had gone a little farther thence (after that I might gain them that are without law. calling Simon and Andrew) he saw James the To the weak became I as weak, that I might son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who. gain the weak; I am made all things to all also were in the ship mending their nets. men, that I might by all means save some. And straightway he called them: and they 1 Co. ix. 20, 21, 22. Though the more left their father Zebedee in the ship, with the abundantly I love you, the less I be loved; hired servants, and went after him. Mar. i. but be it so, I did not burden you ; neverthe- 19, 20. James the son of Zebedee, and John less being crafty, I caught you with guile, the brother of James ; and he surnamed them 2 Co. xii. 15, 16.
Boanerges, which is, The sons of thunder 20 They straightway.] He that loveth (were of the number of the apostles). Mar. iii. father or mother more than me, is not worthy 17. And he (Jesus) suffered no man to follow of me, and he that loveth son or daughter him, save Peter, and James, and John the more than me, is not worthy of me. Mat. brother of James. Mar. v. 37. So was also x. 37. Behold, we have forsaken all (said James, and John (as well as Simon), the sons Peter to Jesus) and followed thee, what shall Zebedee, which were partners with Simon we have therefore? Mat. xix. 27. Then he (astonished at the miraculous draught of fishes). (Elisha) arose, and went after Elijah, and And Jesus said unto Simon, Fear not; from ministered unto him. 1 Ki. xix. 21. I made henceforth thou shalt catch men. And when haste, and delayed not to keep thy command- they had brought their ships to land, they ments. Ps. cxix. 60. Lo, we have left all, forsook all and followed him. Lu. v. 10, 11. and have followed thee. And Jesus answered. There were together (when Jesus shewed himand said, Verily I say unto you, there is no self to the disciples) Simon Peter, and Thomas man that hath left 'house, or brethren, or called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or chil- Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two dren, or lands, for my sake and the gospel's, other of his disciples, &c. John xxi. 2. And but he shall receive an hundred fold, now in he (Herod) killed James the brother of John this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, with the sword. Ac. xii. 2. and mothers, and children, and lands, with 22 They immediately left the ship.) He persecutions, and in the world to come eternal that loveth father or mother more than me is life, but many that are first shall be last, and not worthy of me; and he that loveth son or the last first. Mar. X. 28–31. Peter said daughter more than me is not worthy of me. (to Jesus), Lo, we have left all, and followed Mai. x. 37. (Levi) who said unto his father thee. And he said unto them, Verily I say and to his mother, I have not seen him; neiunto you, there is no man that hath left ther did he acknowledge his brethren, nor house, or parents, or brethren, or wife, or knew his own children ; for they have ob
23 followed him. And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their
synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing
served thy word (O Lord) and kept thy cove- the sabbath day was come, he began to teach nant (said Moses). They shall teach Jacob in the synagogue ; and many hearing his thy judgments, and Israel thy law; they shall were astonished, saying, From whence hath put incense before thee, and whole burnt- this man these things? and what wisdom is sacrifice upon thine altar. De. xxxiii. 9, 10. this which is given unto him, that even such And straightway they (Simon and Andrew) mighty works are wrought by his hands? forsook their nets and followed him. And Mar. vi. 2. And he taught in their synathey (James and John) left their father Ze- gogues, being glorified of all. Lu. iv. lá. bedee in the ship with the hired servants, And he came to Nazareth, where he had been and went after him. Mar. i. 18. 20. And he brought up, and as his custom was, he went (Jesus) said unto another (who proposed to into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and follow him), Follow me. But he said, Lord, stood up for to read. And he preached in the suffer me first to go and bury my father; synagogues of Galilee. Lu, iv. 16, 44. And Jesus said unto him, Let the dead bury their he was teaching in one of the synagogues on dead ; but go thou and preach the kingdom of the sabbath day (when he healed the woman God. Lu. ix. 59, 60. If any man come to bowed together). Lu. xiii. 10. Then was me, and hate not his father, and mother, and Saul certain days with the disciples, which wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters; were at Damascus ; and straightway he yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my preached Christ in the synagogues; that he disciple. So likewise, whosoever he be of is the Son of God. Ac. ix. 19, 20. When you, that forsaketh not all that he hath, he “they” (“ Paul and his company") departed cannot be my disciple. Lu. xiv. 26. 33. from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, Wherefore, henceforth know we no man after and went into the synagogue on the sabbath the flesh; yea, though we have known Christ day, and sat down (where Paul preached the after the flesh, yet now henceforth know we necessity of faith in Christ for justification). him no more. 2 Co. v. 16.
Ac, xiii. 14, &c. And he reasoned in the 23 Jesus went about all Galilee, &c.] And synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jesus went about all the cities and villages, Jews, and the Greeks. Ac. xviii. 4. teaching in their synagogues, and preaching The gospel of the kingdom.] See chap. xxiv. the Gospel of the kingdom, and healing every 14. When any one heareth the word of the sickness and every disease among the people. kingdom, and understandeth it not, then Mat. ix. 35. And he (Jesus) went round cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away about the villages teaching. Mar. vi. 6. that which was sown in his heart; this is he After these things Jesus walked in Galilee, which received seed by the way side. Mat. for he would not walk in Jewry, because the xiii. 19. And this gospel of the kingdom Jews sought to kill him. John vii. l. That (said Jesus) shall be preached in all the world word (which God sent unto the children of for a witness unto all nations; and then shall Israel) ye know, which was published through- the end come. Mat. xxiv. 14. And there out all Judea, and began from Galilee; how was delivered unto him (in the synagogue in God anointed Jesus Christ of Nazareth with Nazareth) the book of the prophet Isaias ; the Holy Ghost and with power; who went and when he had opened the book, he found about doing good, and healing all that were the place where it was written, The Spirit of oppressed of the devil. Ac. x. 37, 38. the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed
Teaching in their synagogues.] And when me to preach the Gospel to the poor; he hath he (Jesus) was departed thence (where he ex- sent me to heal the broken-hearted; to preach cuses his disciples for plucking the ears of corn deliverance to the captives, and recovering of on the sabbath day), he went into their syna- sight to the blind, and to set at liberty them gogue. Mat. xii. 9. And when he was come that are bruised; to preach the acceptable into his own country, he taught them in their year of the Lord. Lu. iv. 17, 18. And it synagogues, insomuch that they were asto- came to pass afterward, that he went throughnished, and said, Whence hath this man this out every city and village, preaching and wisdom, and these mighty works ? Mat. xiii. shewing the glad tidings of the kingdom of 54. Remember thy congregation which thou God. Lu. viii. 1. And on one of these, as he hast purchased of old. They (the enemy) said taught the people and preached the Gospel, in their hearts, Let us destroy them together; the chief priests and the scribes came upon they have burned up all the synagogues of him with the elders. Lu. xx. 1. And how God in the land. Ps. Ixxiv. 2. 8. On the shall they preach except they be sent ? As it sabbath day “he" (" Jesus") entered into their is written, How beautiful are the feet of them synagogues and taught; and he preached in that preach the gospel of peace, and bring their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and glad tidings of good things. Ro. X. 15. cast out devils. Mar. i. 21. 39. And when