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brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger
Asa (king of Judah) was wroth with the xii. 10. Brother goeth to law with brother, “ seer" (" Hanani,” who had reproved him and that before the unbelievers. I Co. vi. 6. for applying to the Syrians for aid), and put This is the will of God, that no man go be him in a prison house, for he was in a rage yond and defraud his brother in any matter; with him because of this thing. 2 Ch. xvi. because that the Lord is the avenger of all 10. And when Haman saw that Mordecai such, as we also have forewarned you, and bowed not (to him), nor did him reverence, testified. 1 The. is. 6. He that saith he is then was Haman full of wrath. And he in the light, and hateth his brother, is in thought scorn to lay hands on Mordecai darkness even until now. 1 John ii. 9. La alone, for they had shewed him the people this the children of God are manifest, and the of Mordecai : wherefore Haman sought to children of the devil. Whosoever doeth not destroy all the Jews that were throughout righteousness, is not of God, neither he that the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the loveth not his brother. We know that we people of Mordecai. Es. iii. 5, 6. Cease have passed from death unto life, because we from anger and forsake wrath ; fret not thy. love the brethren, He that loveth not his self in any wise to do evil. Ps. xxxvii. 8. brother abideth in death. Whosoever bateth There are certain Jews (said the Chaldeans to his brother, is a murderer; and ye know that the king), whom thou hast set over the affairs no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him. of the province of Babylon, Shadrach, Me- 1 John iii. 10. 14, 15. If a man say I love shach, and Abed-nego; these men, Oking, God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar; for have not regarded thee; they serve not he that loveth not his brother whom he hath thy gods, nor worship the golden image seen, how can he love God whom he hath not which thou hast set up. Then Nebuchad- seen? And this commandment have we nezzar in his rage and fury commanded to from him: that he who loveth God, love his bring Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego; brother also. 1 John iv. 20, 21. If any man then they brought these men before the king. see his brother sin a sin which is not unto Da. iii. 12, 13. Then was Nebuchadnezzar death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life full of fury, and the form of his visage was for them that sin not unto death. There is a changed; therefore he spake and commanded sin unto death. I John v. 16. that they should heat the furnace (into which Without a cause.] If I have rewarded evil these men were to be cast) one seven times unto him that was at peace with me (yea, more than it was wont to be heated. Da. iii. I have delivered him that without cause is 19. Be ye angry, and sin not; let not the mine enemy), let the enemy persecute my sun go down upon your wrath, neither give soul. Ps. vii. 4, 5. Let them be ashamed place to the devil. Ep. iv. 26, 27.
who transgress without a cause, Ps. xxv. 3. His brother.] See verse 23, 24. Lord, Let not them that are mine enemies wronghow oft shall my brother sin against me (said fully rejoice over me; neither let them wink Peter to Jesus), and I forgive him ? Till with their eye that hate me without a cause. seven times ? Jesus saith unto him, I say Ps. xxxv. 19. They that hate me without a not unto thee until seven times; but until cause, are more than the hairs of my head, seventy times seven. So likewise (as the they that would destroy me, being mine ene wicked servant, who forgave not his fellow mies wrongfully, are mighty. Ps. lxix. 4. servant, was punished) shall my heavenly They compassed me about also with words of Father do also unto you ; if ye from your hatred, and fought against me without a cause. hearts forgive not every one his brother their Ps. cix. 3. Mine enemies chased me sore, trespasses. Mat. xviii. 21. 35. The poor like a bird, without cause. La. iii. 52. This shall never cease out of the land : therefore cometh to pass, said " Jesus” (“that the world I command thee, saying, Thou shalt open hated his disciples"), that the word might be thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy fulfilled that is written in their law, They poor, and to thy needy, in thy land. De. hated me without a cause. John sy. 25. xv. 11. We after our ability (said Nehemiah) Whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, have redeemed our brethren the Jews which &c.] John came neither eating nor drinking, were sold unto the heathen ; and will ye even and they say, He hath a devil. The Son of sell your brethren?
Ne. v. 8. For thy man came eating and drinking, and they say, (Esau's) violence against thy brother Jacob, Behold, a man gluttonous, and a wine bibber, shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut a friend of publicans and sinners. Mat. xi. off for ever, thou shouldest not have looked 18, 19. This fellow (said the Pharisees) on the day of thy brother, in the day that he doth not cast out devils but by Beelzebub the became a stranger. 06. 10. 12. Be kindly prince of the devils. Mat. xii. 24. Thou affectioned one to another with brotherly son of the perverse rebellious woman (said love; in honour preferring one another. Ro. Saul to his son Jonathan). 1 Sa. xx, 30
of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell-fire. Therefore if thou bring thy gift to the altar, 23
Come out, come out, thou bloody man, and fool and the brutish person perish, and leave thou man of Belial, said Shimei to David, their wealth to others. Ps. xlix. 10. A 2 Sa. xvi. 7. Thou hast a devil (said the brutish man knoweth not, neither doth a fool Jews to Jesus). John vii. 20. Say we not understand this. Ps. xcii. 6. The fool rageth well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil. and is confident. Pr. xiv. 16. A fool's lips John viii. 48. What will this babbler say? enter into contention, and his mouth calleth (said the epicureans, fc. of Paul) other some, for strokes. Pr. xviii
. 6. He that getteth he seemeth to be a setter forth of strange riches, and not by right, shall leave them in gods. Ac. xvii. 18. Nor thieves, nor drunk. the midst of his days, and at his end shall be ards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall in- a fool. Je. xvii. 11. herit the kingdom of God. 1 Co. vi. 10. Hell fire.] See verse 29, 30. Fear him Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and which is able to destroy both soul and body clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from in hell. Mat. x. 28. If thy hand or thy foot you, with all malice. And be ye kind one to offend thee, cut them off and cast them from another, tender hearted, forgiving one ano- thee ; and if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out ther, even as God for Christ's sake hath for- and cast it from thee; it is better for thee to enter given you. Ep. iv. 31, 32. Be ready to into life with one eye maimed, or balt, rather every good work, to speak evil of no man, to than having two eyes, two hands, or two feet, be no brawlers, but gentle, shewing all meek. to be cast into everlasting fire. Mat. xviii. ness unto all men. Tit. iii. 2. (Who) when 8, 9. Depart from me, ye cursed (saith the "he” (“ Christ") was reviled, reviled not Judge to those on his left hand in the judgagain. 1 Pet. ii. 23. Be all of one mind; ment), into everlasting fire, prepared for the not rendering evil for evil, nor railing for devil and his angels. Mat. xxv. 41. See railing, but contrariwise blessing. 1 Pe. iii. Mar. ix. 47. Fear him which, after he hath 9. Michael the archangel, when contending killed, hath power to cast into hell. Lu. with the devil, he disputed about the body of xii. 5. In hell "he" ("the rich man" in Moses, durst not bring against him a railing the parable) lifted up his eyes, being in toraccusation, but said, the Lord rebuke thee. ments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and LaJude 9.
zarus in his bosom, and he cried and said, Raca.] How glorious was the king of Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Israel (said Michal to David), who uncovered Lazarus that he may dip the tip of his finger himself to day (by leaping and dancing before in water and cool my tongue, for I am torthe Lord), in the eyes of the handmaids of mented in this fame. Lu. xvi. 23, 24. his servants, as one of the vain fellows shame- Death and hell were cast into the lake of fire ; lessly uncovereth himself. 2 Sa. vi. 20. But this is the second death. Re. xx. 15. wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without 23 Thou bring thy gift to the altar.] And works is dead. Ja. ii. 20.
Jesus said unto " him" ("the leper whom he The council.] Beware of men (said Jesus cleansed"), Shew thyself to the priest, and to his disciples), for they will deliver you up offer the gift that Moses commanded for a to the councils, and they will scourge you in testimony unto them. Mat. viii. 4. Whether their synagogues.
Mat. x. 17. Now the is greater, the gift (saith Jesus), or the altar chief priests, and elders, and all the council, that sanctifieth the gift? Mat. xxiii. 19. sought false witness against Jesus, to put Three times in a year shall all thy males him to death. Mat. xxvi. 59. Now the appear before the Lord thy God, in the place chief priests and all the council sought for which he shall choose, in the feast of unleawitnesses against Jesus, to put him to death; vened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and but found none. Mar. xiv. 55. And straight- in the feast of tabernacles ; and they shall not way, in the morning, the chief priests held a appear before the Lord empty; for every man consultation, with the elders, and Scribes, and shall give as he is able, according to the blessthe whole council, and bound Jesus, and car- ing of the Lord thy God which he hath given ried him away, and delivered him to Pilate. thee. De. xvi. 16, 17. Hath the Lord (said Mar. xv. I. Then gathered the chief priests Samuel) as great delight in burnt-offerings and the Pharisees a council, and said, What and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the do we ? For this man doeth many miracles. Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacriJohn xi. 47. When they (the captain and fice, and to hearken than the fat of rams, officers of the temple) had brought " them" 1 Sa. xv. 22. To' what purpose is the mula (" the apostles”), they set them before the titude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the council. Ac. v. 27.
Lord: I am full of the burnt-offerings of rams, Fool.] The fool hath said in his heart, and the fat of fed beasts ; and I delight not in There is no God; they are corrupt; they have the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of hedone abominable works. Ps. xiv. 1. The goats. Bring no more vain oblations : incense
and there rememberest' that thy brother hath ought against thee; 24 Leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way: first be 25 reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. Agree
is an abomination unto me; the new-moons, when I am pacified to thee (Israel) for all and sabbaths, the calling of assemblies, I can- that thou hast done, saith the Lord God. Ez. not away with: it is iniquity. They are a xvi. 63. And Zaccheus (the Publican) stood, trouble to me, I am weary to bear them. And and said unto the Lord, Behold, Lord, the half when ye spread forth your hands I will hide of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have mine eyes from you ; yea, when ye make taken any thing from any man by false accumany prayers I will not hear. Your hands sation, I restore him fourfold. Lu. xix. & are full of blood; wash you, make you clean; 24 There thy gift before the altar.] If thy put away the evil of your doings from before brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell mine eyes ; cease to do evil, learn to do well; him his fault between thee and him alone; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy the fatherless, plead for the widow. Is
. i. brother, but if he will not hear thee, then take 10—17. I desired mercy and not sacrifice, with thee one or two more, that in the mouth and the knowledge of God more than burnt- of two or three witnesses every word may be offerings. Ho. vi. 6. I hate, I despise your established. Mat. xviii. 15, 16. Speak to feast-days, and I will not smell in your so- the earth, and it shall teach thee; and the lemn assemblies. Though ye offer me burnt- fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee. Jeb offerings, and your meat-offerings, I will not xii. 8. Go not forth hastily to strive, lest accept them, neither will I regard the peace- thou know not what to do in the end thereof. offerings of your fat beasts. But let judgment Debate thy cause with thy neighbour himself, run down as waters, and righteousness as a and discover not a secret to another. Pr. mighty stream. Am. v. 21-24.
xxv. 8, 9. Salt is good; but if the salt hare Rememberest that thy brother, &c.] Then lost his saltness, wherewith will ye season it! spake the chief butler unto Pharaoh (after Have salt in yourselves, and have peace one hearing Pharaoh's dreams), saying, I do re- with another. Mar. ix. 50. Recompetise no member my faults this day. Ge. xli. 9. And man evil for evil ; provide things honest in they (Joseph's brethren) said one to another, the sight of all men: if it be possible, as much We are verily guilty concerning our brother, as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men. in that we saw the anguish of his soul when Ro. xii. 17, 18. There is utterly a fault he besought us, and we would not hear: among you, because ye go to law one with therefore is this distress come upon us. Spake another. Why do ye not rather take wrong? not I unto you (said Reuben), saying, Do not why do ye not rather suffer yourselves to be sin against the child, and ye would not hear? defrauded ? Nay, ye do wrong, and defraud, therefore, behold, also his blood is required. and that your brethren. 1 Co. vi. 7, 8. I Ge. xlii. 21, 22. And when Joseph's brethren will therefore that men pray every where, saw that their father was dead, they said, Joseph lifting up holy hands, without wrath or doubtwill peradventure hate us, and will certainly ing. 1 Ti. ii. 8. Who is a wise man, and requite us all the evil which we did unto him. endued with knowledge among you! Let And they sent a messenger unto Joseph, say- him shew out of a good conversation his ing, Thy father did command before he died, works with meekness of wisdom. But if ye saying, So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, glory not, and lie not against the truth. This and their sin, for they did unto thee evil; and wisdom descendeth not from above, but is now we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the earthly, sensual, devilish ; for where enrying servants of the God of thy father. Ge. 1. 15, and strife is, there is confusion, and every evil 16, 17. If a soul sin and commit a trespass work. But the wisdom that is from above, is against the Lord, then it shall be, because he first pure, then peaceable, gentle, and easy to hath sinned and is guilty, he shall bring his be entreated, full of mercy and good fruits, trespass offering unto the Lord. Le. vi. 2–6. without partiality, and without hypocrisy. The king (Solomon) said to Shimei, Thou And the fruit of righteousness is sown in knowest all the wickedness which thine heart peace of them that make peace. Ja. iii. 13– is privy to, that thou didst to David my fa- 18. Confess your faults one to another, and ther; therefore the Lord shall return thy pray one for another, that ye may be healed. wickedness upon thine own head. 1 Ki. ii. Ja. v. 16. Finally, be ye all of one mind, 44. My soul hath “them" (" mine affliction having compassion one of another; love as and my misery") still in remembrance, and is brethren, be pitiful, be courteous. 1 Pe. iii: 8. humbled in me. La. iii. 20. I will establish And then come and offer thy gift.] Woe my covenant with thee, that thou mayest re- unto you Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! member, and be confounded, and never open for ye pay tithe of mint, and anise, and cumthy mouth any more, because of thy shame, min, and have omitted the weightier matters
with thine adversary quickly, whiles thou art in the way with him; lest at any time the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. Verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt by no means come out thence, 26
of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith : these thou mayest be delivered from him, lest he ought ye to have done, and not to leave the hale thee to the judge, and the judge deliver other undone. Mat. xxiii. 23. Let a man thee to the officer, and the officer cast thee into examine himself, and so let him eat of that prison. I tell thee thou shalt not depart bread, and drink of that cup. I Co. xi. 28. thence till thou hast paid the very last mite.
25 With thine adversary, &c.] And Jacob Lu. xii. 58, 59. What king going to war sent messengers before him to Esau his bro- against another king, sitteth not down first, ther, unto the land of Seir, the country of and consulteth whether he be able with ten Edom, and said, If Esau come to the one thousand to meet him that cometh against company, and smite it, then the other com- him with twenty thousand ? or else, while the pany which is left shall escape. And he other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an lodged there that same night, and took of that ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace. which came to his hand a present for Esau Lu. xiv. 31, 32. his brother. And he (Jacob) rose up that Whiles thou art in the way, &c.] Acquaint night, and took his two wives, and sent them now thyself with him (God), and be at peace ; over the brook, and sent over that he had. thereby good shall come unto thee. Job xxii. Ge. xxxi. 3. 8. 13. 22. And he passed over 21. Por “this" (" forgiveness") shall every before them, and bowed himself to the ground one that is godly pray unto thee, in a time seven times, until he came near to his bro- when thou mayest be found: surely in the ther, Take, I pray thee (said Jacob to Esau), floods of waters they shall not come nigh unto my blessing that is brought to thee. Ge. him. Ps. xxxii. 6. Seek ye the Lord while Xxxiii. 3. 11. Now know and consider (said he may be found; call ye upon him while he one of the young men to Abigail, Nabal's wife) is near. Let the wicked forsake his way, what thou wilt do; for evil is determined and the unrighteous man his thoughts, and against our master. Then Abigail made haste, let him return unto the Lord, and he will and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles have mercy upon him, and to our God, for he of wine, &c. &c. And she said unto her will abundantly pardon. Is. lv. 6, 7. Strive servants, Go before me; behold I come after to enter in at the strait gate ; for many, I say you. And it was so, as she rode on the ass, unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not that she came down by the covert of the hill; be able. When once the master of the house and behold, David and his men came down is risen up, and hath shut to the door, and against her, and she met them. And when ye begin to stand without, and to knock at Abigail saw David, she fell before David on the door, saying, Lord, Lord, open unto us ; her face, and bowed herself to the ground. and he shall answer and say unto you, I know And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the you not, whence ye are. Lu. xiii. 24, 25. Lord God of Israel, which sent thee this day For he saith (in Isaiah), I have heard thee in to meet me: except thou hadst hasted and a time accepted, and in the day of salvation come to meet me, surely there had not been have I succoured thee. Behold, now is the left unto Nabal any, &c. So David received accepted time, now is the day of salvation. of her hand that which she had brought him, 2 Co. vi. 2. Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine saith, To-day if ye will hear his voice, harden house ; see I have hearkened to thy voice, not your hearts), exhort one another daily, and have accepted thy person. 1 Sa. xxv. while it is called to-day, lest any of you be 17–35. My son, if thou be surety for thy hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. friend; if thou hast stricken thy hand with a He. iii. 7. 13. Ye know how that afterward stranger, thou art 'snared with the words of (after Esau had sold his birthright), when he thy mouth. Do this now, my son, and de- would have inherited the blessing, he was liver thyself, when thou art come into the rejected; for he found no place of repentance, hand of thy friend: go humble thyself, and though he sought it carefully with tears. He. make sure thy friend. Give not sleep to xii. 17. thine eyes, nor slumber to thine eyelids. And the judge deliver thee, &c.] And the Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand of the king of Israel (Ahab) said, Take Micaiah and hunter, and as a bird from the hand of the carry him back unto Amon the governor of fowler. Pr. vi. 1-5. Go not forth hastily the city, and to Joash the king's son, and say, to strive, lest thou know not what to do in the Thus saith the king; put this fellow in the end thereof, when thy neighbour hath put prison, and feed him with the bread of afflicthee to shame. Pr. xxv. 8. When thou tion, and with water of affliction, until I come goest with thine adversary to the magistrate, in peace. 1 Ki. xxii, 26, 27. as thou art in the way, give diligence that 26 Thou shalt by no means come out, &c.]
27 till thou hast paid the uttermost farthing. Ye have heard
that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit 28 adultery: But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman
to lust after her bath committed adultery with her already in his 29 heart. And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it His lord was wroth, and delivered “him” the prince of the country, saw her (Dinah), (" the servant who had not compassion on his he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her. Fellow-servant) to the tormentors, till he Ge. xxxiv. 2. His master's wife cast her eyes should pay all that was due unto him. Mat. upon Joseph, and she said, Lie with me, &e. xviii. 34. Depart from me, ye cursed (saith Ge. xxxix. 7, 8c. Thou shalt not covet thy the Judge in the last day to those on his left neighbour's wife. Ex. xx. 17. In an evening hand), into everlasting fire, prepared for the tide David arose from off his bed, and walked devil and his angels. Mat. xxv. 41. And upon the roof of the king's house, and from these (on the left hand) shall go away into the roof he saw a woman washing herself; everlasting punishment, but the righteous into and the woman was very beautiful to look life eternal. Mat. xxv. 46. I tell thee (said upon. 2 Sa. ii. 2. I made a covenant with Jesus to him going with his adversary to the mine eyes; why then should I think upon a magistrate) thou shalt not depart thence till maid ?' If mine heart have been deceived by thou hast paid the very last mite. Lu. xii. 59. a woman, or if I have laid wait at my neighBetween us and you said Abraham to the bour's door, then let my wife grind unto rich man in the parable) there is a great gulph another, and let others bow down upon her. fixed; so that they which would pass from Job xxxi. 1. 9. Lust not after her (the evil hence to you cannot, neither can they pass woman's) beauty in thine heart, neither let to us that would come from thence. Lu. xvi. her take thee with her eyelids. Pr. vi. 25. 26. (They that obey not the Gospel) shall be Every man is tempted when he is drawn punished with everlasting destruction, from away of his own lust, and enticed: then when the presence of the Lord, and from the glory lust hath conceived it bringeth forth sin ; and of his power. 2 Th. i. 9. He shall have sin when it is finished bringeth forth death. judgment without mercy that hath shewed Ja. i. 14, 15. (There are) they that count it no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judg- pleasure to riot in the day time, having eyes Ja. ii. 13.
full of adultery, and that cannot cease from · 27 Thou shalt not commit adultery.] Thou sin. 2 Pe. ii. 14. For all that is in the shalt not commit adultery. Ex. xx. 14. The world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the man that committeth adultery with another eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, man's wife, even he that committeth adultery but is of the world. 1 John ii. 16. with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and Hath committed adultery with her, &c.] I the adulteress shall surely be put to death; have seen an end of all perfection : but thy their blood shall be upon them. Le. xx. 10. commandment is exceeding broad. Ps. cxix. Neither shalt thou commit adultery. De. v. 96. What shall we say then ? is the law sin! 18. If a man be found lying with a woman God forbid! I had not known lust, except married to an husband, then they shall both the law had said, Thou shalt not covet. But of them die, both the man that lay with the sin, taking occasion by the commandment, woman, and the woman : so shalt thou put deceived me, and by it slew me: for we know away evil from among you. And if a damsel that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, sold that is a virgin be betrothed unto an husband, under sin. Ro. vii. 7, 8. 14. and a man find her in the city and lie with 29 If thy right eye offend, &c.] If thy hand her, then ye shall bring them both out unto or thy foot offend thee, cut them off, and cast the gate of that city, and ye shall stone them them from thee; it is better for thee to enter with stones that they die; the damsel because into life halt or maimed, rather than having she cried not, being in the city, and the man two hands to be cast into everlasting fire. because he hath humbled his neighbour's And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and wife. De. xxii. 22, 23, 24, Whoso commit- cast it from thee; it is better for thee to enter teth adultery with a woman lacketh under- into life with one eye rather than having two standing; he that doeth it destroyeth his own eyes to be cast into hell fire. Mat. xviii. 8,9. soul. Pr. vi. 32.
If thy hand offend thee, cut it off; it is better 28 I say unto you.] See verse 22, and com. for thee to enter into life maimed, than having When Jesus had ended these sayings (his two hands to go into hell, into the fire that sermon on the mount), the people were asto- never shall be quenched : Where their worm nished at his doctrine; for he taught them as dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. And one having authority, and not as the Scribes. if thy foot offend thee, cut it off: it is better Mat. vii. 28, 29.
for thee to enter halt into life, than having That whosoever looketh on a woman, &c.] two feet to be cast into hell, into the fire that When Shechem, the son of Hamor the Hivite, never shall be quenched : Where their worm