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from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into hell. And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast it 30 from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy whole body should be cast into

dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. And Mar. viii. 36. Whosoever will save his life if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out: it is shall lose it; but whosoever will lose his life better for thee to enter into the kingdom of for my sake, the same shall save it. For God with one eye, than having two eyes to what is a man advantaged if he gain the be cast into hell fire: Where their worm whole world, and lose himself, or be cast dieth not, and the fire is not quenched. Mar. away? Lu. ix. 24, 25. ix. 4348. See chap. xviii. 8.

30 Offend thee.] And blessed is he, whoPluck it out.] There are some eunuchs, soever shall not be offended in me. Mat. xi. 6. which were so born from their mother's He (that receiveth the seed into stony places) womb: there be eunuchs which have made hath not root in himself, but dureth for themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of awhile; for when tribulation or persecution heaven's sake. He that is able to receive it, ariseth because of the word, by and by he is let him receive it. Mat. xix. 12. Our old offended. Mat. xiii. 21. Get thee behind man is crucified with him (Jesus), that the me, Satan (said Jesus to Peter), thou art an body of sin might be destroyed, that hence- offence unto me, for thou savourest not the forth we should not serve sin. Ro. vi. 6. things that be of God, but those that be of If ye live after the flesh, ye shall die ; but if men. Mat. xvi. 23. Whoso shall offend one ye, through the spirit, do mortify the deeds of of these little ones which believe in me, it the body, ye shall live. Ro. viii. 13. But I were better for him that a millstone were keep under my body, and bring it into sub- hanged about his neck, and that he were jection, lest that by any means, when I have drowned in the depth of the sea. Woe unto preached to others, I myself should be a cast- the world because of offences ! for it must away. I Co. ix. 27. The fruit of the Spirit needs be that offences come: but woe to that is love, joy, peace, long suffering, gentleness, man by whom the offence cometh. Mat. xviii. goodness, faith, meekness, temperance; and 6, 7. All ye shall be offended because of me they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh this night (said Jesus to his disciples); for it with the affections and lusts. Ga. v. 22-24. is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the Mortify therefore your members which are upon sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad. the earth ; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate Mat. xxvi. 31. It were better for him (through affection, evil concupiscence, &c. put off all whom offences come) that a millstone were these. Col. iii. 5. 8. Forasmuch as Christ hanged about his neck, and he cast into the hath suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves sea, than that he should offend one of these likewise with the same mind; for he that little ones. Lu. xvii. 2. It is written, Behath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from hold, I lay in Sion a stumbling-stone and rock sin, that he no longer should live the rest of of offence, and whosoever believeth on him his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to shall not be ashamed. Ro. ix. 33. All things the will of God. For the time past of our life indeed are pure ; but it is evil for that man may suffice us to have wrought the will of the who eateth with offence. It is good neither Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor any thing lusts, &c. 1 Pe. iv. 1-3.

whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, For it is profitable, &c.] What is a man or is made weak. Ro. xiv. 20, 21. If meat profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh lose his own soul? or what shall a man give while the world standeth, Jest I make my in exchange for his soul ? Mat. xvi. 26. brother to offend. 1 Co. viii. 13. I, brethren, Remove thy way far from her (the strange if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet woman), and come not nigh the door of her suffer persecution ? then is the offence of the house, lest thou give thine honour unto others, cross ceased. Ga. v. 11. The stone which and thy years unto the cruel: and thou mourn the builders disallowed, the same is made the at the last, when thy flesh and thy body are head of the corner; and a stone of stumbling, consumed, and say, How have I hated in and a rock of offence, even to them which struction, and my heart despised reproof; and stumble at the word, being disobedient: wherehave not obeyed the voice of my teachers, unto also they were appointed. I Pe. ii. 8. nor inclined mine ear to them that instructed Cast into hell.] Then said the king to his me. I was almost in all evil, in the midst of servants (in the parable of the marriage of the the congregation and assembly. Pr. v. 8- king's son), bind him" (" who had not a wed14. What shall it profit a man, if he shall ding garment") hand and foot, and cast him gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? into outer darkness, there shall be weeping

31 hell. It hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let 32 him give her a writing of divorcement : But I say unto you, That

whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornica

tion, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry 33 her that is divorced committeth adultery. Again, ye have heard

that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear

and gnashing of teeth. Mat. xxii. 13. Cast wives; but from the beginning it was not so; ye the unprofitable servant into outer dark- and I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away ness, there shall be weeping and gnashing of his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall teeth. Mat. xxv. 30. Fear him, which after marry another, committeth adultery , and he hath killed hath power to cast into hell, whoso marrieth her which is put away, comyea, I say unto you, fear him. Lu. xii. 5. mitteth adultery. Mat. xix. 8, 9. Yet ye See chap. xviii. 8.

say, wherefore (receiveth not God the offering 31 Whosoever shall put away his wife.] any more)? Because the Lord hath been The Pharisees came unto him (Jesus), tempting witness between thee and the wife of thy him, and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherman to put away his wife for every cause? ously, yet is she thy companion, and the wife Why did Moses command to give a writing of of thy covenant. And did not he make one? divorcement, and to put her away? Mat. xix. Yet had he the residue of the spirit And 3. 7. When a man hath taken a wife, and wherefore one? That he might seek a godly married her, and it come to pass that she find seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and no favour in his eyes, because he hath found let none deal treacherously against the wife some uncleanness in her, then let him write of his youth. For the Lord, the God of Israel, her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her saith that he hateth putting away ; for see hand, and send her out of his house. And covereth violence with his garment. Therewhen she is departed out of his house she fore take heed to your spirit, that ye deal not may go and be another man's wife. And if treacherously! Mal. i. 14–16. Whosoever the latter husband hate her, and write her a putteth away his wife, and marrieth another, bill of divorcement, and giveth it in her hand, committeth adultery. And whosoever marand sendeth her out of his house ; or if the rieth her that is put away from her husband latter husband die which took her to be his committeth adultery. Lx. xvi. 18. So then, wife ; her former husband which sent her if while her husband liveth, she (his wife) be away may not take her again to be his wife married to another man, she shall be called after that she is defiled. De. xxiv. 1-4. an adulteress; but if her husband be dead They say, If a man put away his wife, and she is free from that law, so that she is no she go from him and become another man's, adulteress, though she be married to another shall he return unto her again ? Shall not Ro. vii. 3. The wife hath no power of that land be greatly polluted? Je, iii. 1. Is her own body, but the husband; and likewise it lawful (said the Pharisees to Jesus) for a also the husband hath not power of his own man to put away his wife? tempting him. body, but the wife. Unto the married I And he answered and said unto them, What (Paul) command, yet not I, but the Lord; did Moses command you? And they said, let not the wife depart from her husband; but Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and if she depart, let her remain unmarried, and to put her away. And Jesus answered or be reconciled to her husband. And let not and said unto them, For the hardness of your the husband put away his wife. 1 Co. vii. 4 heart he wrote you this precept. But from the 10, 11. beginning of the creation God made them 33 It hath been said by them of old.] Woe male and female. For this cause shall a man unto you ye blind guides, which say, Whosoerer leave his father and mother, and cleave to his shall swear by the temple, it is nothing: bat wife; and they twain shall be one flesh. whosoever shall swear by the gold of the What, therefore, God hath joined together let temple, he is a debtor. Mat. xxiii. 16. not man put asunder. Mar. x. 2-9.

Thou shalt not forswear thyself.] Thou 32 I say unto you.] See verse 28, and com. shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God And behold there talked with him” (“Jesus" in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guilton the mount of transfiguration), two men which less that taketh his name in vain. Ex. xx. 7. were Moses and Elias. And there came a Ye shall not swear by my name falsely: neivoice out of the cloud (which covered the ther shalt thou profane the name of thy God. mount), saying, This is my beloved Son; hear Le. xix. 12. If a man vow a vow unto the him. Lu. ix. 30. 35.

Lord, or swear an oath to bind his soul with Whospever shall put away his wife.] See a bond, he shall not break his word; he shall verse 31. Moses, because of the hardness of do according to all that proceedeth out of his your hearts, suffered you to put away your mouth, &c. No. xxx. 2. De. v. 11. That


thyself, but shalt perform 'unto the Lord thine oaths : But I say 34 unto you, Swear not at all ; neither by heaven; for it is God's : throne : Nor by the earth ; for it is his footstool : neither by 35 Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King. Neither shalt thou 36 swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black: But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay : 37 for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil. Ye have heard 38

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which is gone out of thy lips thou shalt keep all the dwellings of Jacob. Ps. lxxxvii. 2. and perform unto the Lord thy God. De. I am a great King, saith the Lord of hosts, xxii. 23. Pay thy vows unto the Most High. and my name is dreadful among the heathen. Ps. I 14 Vow, and pay unto the Lord your Mal. i. 14. I John saw the holy city, new God. Ps. Ixxvi. 11. When thou vowest à Jerusalem, coming down from God out of vow unto God defer not to pay it. Pay that heaven; prepared as a bride adorned for her which thou hast yowed ; better is it that thou husband. And he carried me away in the shouldest not vow, than that thou shouldest spirit to a great and high mountain, and vow and not pay. 'Suffer not thy mouth to shewed me that great city, the holy Jerucause thy flesh to sin ; neither say thou before salem, descending out of heaven from God. the angel that it was an error. Wherefore Re. xxi. 2. 10. should God be angry at thy voice, and destroy 36 Shalt thou swear by thy head.] Whoso the work of thine hands ? Ec. v. 4-6. ó sweareth by the altar sweareth by it and all Judah, keep thy solemn feasts ; perform thy things thereon ; and whoso shall swear by the Nah. i. 15.

temple, sweareth by it, and by him that 34 Swear not at all.] When thou shalt dwelleth therein ; and he that shall swear by vow a vow unto the Lord thy God, thou shalt heaven sweareth by the throne of God. Mat. not slack to pay it ; for the Lord thy God will xxiii. 18. 20. 22. surely require it of thee, and it would be sin in Because thou canst not make one hair, &c.] thee. But if thou shalt forbear to vow, it shall Which of you by taking thought can add one be no sin in thee. That which is gone out of cubit unto his stature? Mat. vi. 27. And thy lips thou shalt keep and perform ; even a which of you with taking thought can add to free-will offering, according as thou hast vowed his stature one cubit? Lu. xii. 25. unto the Lord thy God, which thou hast pro- 37 Let your communication be.] When I mised with thy mouth. De. xxiii. 21-23. (Paul) therefore was thus minded (to come to All things come alike to all; to him that the Corinthians) did I use lightness? or the sweareth as he that feareth an oath. Ec. ix. things that I purpose, do I purpose according 2. Above all things, my brethren, swear not, to the flesh? That with me there should be neither by heaven, neither by the earth, nei- yea, yea, and nay, nay. But as God is true, ther by any other oath ; but let your yea be our word toward you was not yea, and nay; yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into con- for the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was demnation. Ja. v. 12.

preached among you by us, even by me, and Heaven.] He that shall swear by heaven, Sylvanus, and Timotheus, was not yea and sweareth by the throne of God, and by him nay, but in him was yea; for all the promises that sitteth thereon. Mat. xxiii. 22. I dwell of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, in the high and holy place (said the Lofty unto the glory of God by us. 2 Co. i. 17-20. One that inhabiteth eternity); with him also Let your speech be alway with grace seasoned that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to with salt; that ye may know how ye ought to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive answer every man. Col. iv. 6. Above all the heart of the contrite ones. Is. lvii. 15. things, my brethren, swear not; neither by Thus saith the Lord, The heaven is my heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any throne, and the earth is my footstool. Is. other oath ; but let your yea be yea; and your lxvi. 1.

nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation. 35 The earth.] Exalt ye the Lord our Ja. v. 12. God, and worship at his footstool, for he is Cometh of evil.] When any one heareth holy. Ps. xcix. 5.

the word of the kingdom and understandeth it The city of the great King.] I have chosen not, then cometh the wicked one and catcheth Jerusalem, that my name might be there ; and away that which was sown in his heart. This have chosen David to be over my people is he which received seed by the way side. Israel. 2 Ch. vi. 6. Great is the Lord, and Mat. xiii. 19. Out of the heart proceed evil greatly to be praised in the city of our God. thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole thefts, false witness, blasphemies. Mat. xv. 19. earth, is mount Zion, on the sides of the north, Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts the city of the great King. Ps. xlviii. 1, 2. of your father ye will do (said Jesus to the The Lord loveth the gates of Zion more than Jews); he was a murderer from the beginning

that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth: 39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall

and abode not in the truth, because there is this day to meet me; and blessed be thy no truth in him; when he speaketh a lie he advice, and blessed be thou which hast kept speaketh of his own ; for he is a liar, and the me this day from coming to shed blood, and father of it. John viii. 44. Putting away from avenging myself with mine own hand. lying, speak every man truth with his neigh- For in very deed, as the Lord God of Israel bour. Ep. iv. 25. Lie not one to another, liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting seeing that ye have put off the old man, with thee, except thou hadst hasted, and come to his deeds. Col. iii. 9. Let your yea, be yea, meet me, surely there had not been left unto and your nay, nay, lest ye fall into condemna. Nabal by the morning light any, &c. 1 Sa. tion. Ja. v. 12.

xxv. 31–34. Then said Abishai to David, 38 An eye for an eye.] Eye for eye, tooth God hath delivered thine enemy into thine for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, burning hand this day. Now, therefore, let me smite for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe. him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the Ex. xxi. 24, 25. If a man smite the eye of earth at once, and I will not smite him the his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it second time. And David said to Abishai, perish, he shall let him go free for his eye's Destroy him not! for who can stretch forth sake; and if he smite out his man-servant's his hand against the Lord's anointed and be tooth, or his maid-servant's tooth, he shall let guiltless ? David said, furthermore, As the him go free for his tooth's sake. Ex. xxi. 26, Lord liveth, the Lord shall smite him, or his 27. If a man cause a blemish in his neigh- day shall come to die; or he shall descend bour, as he hath done, so shall it be done to into battle and perish. 1 Sa. xxvi. 8-10. him ; breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that tooth ; as he hath caused a blemish in a man, hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found so shall it be done to him again. Le. xxiv. him (neither have I suffered my mouth to 19, 20. Then shall ye do unto him as he had sin, by wishing a curse to his soul); if the thought to have done unto his brother; so men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we shalt thou put the evil way from among you. had of his flesh; we cannot be satisfied ; my De. xix. 19.

desire is that the Almighty would answer me, 39 That ye resist not evil.] Thou shalt and that mine adversary had written a book. not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the Job xxxi. 29–31. 35. Say not thou, I will children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy recompense evil, but wait on the Lord, and neighbour as thyself ; I am the Lord. Le. he shall save thee. Divers weights are an xix. 18. This day (said David to Saul) thine abomination unto the Lord, and a false baeyes have seen how that the Lord had deli- lance is not good. Man's goings are of the vered thee to-day into mine hand in the cave; Lord. How can a man then understand his and some bade me kill thee; but mine eye own way. Pr. xx. 22-24. Say not, I will spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth do so to him as he hath done to me; I will mine hand against my lord, for he is the render to the man according to his work. Lord's anointed. Moreover my father, see, Pr. xxiv. 29. Unto him that smiteth thee yea see the skirt of thy robe in my hand; for on the one cheek offer also the other; and in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to killed thee not; know thou and see, that take thy coat also. Lu. vi

. 29. Recompense there is neither evil nor transgression in mine no man evil for evil. Ro. xii. 17. If it be hand, and I have not sinned against thee; possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably yet thou huntest my soul to take it. The with all men. Dearly beloved, avenge not Lord judge between me and thee, and the yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath ; Lord avenge me of thee; but mine hand shall for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will not be upon thee. After whom is the king of repay, saith the Lord. Ro. xii. 18, 19. Now Israel come out ? After whom dost thou therefore there is utterly a fault among you, pursue; after a dead dog, after a flea ? The because ye go to law one with another; why Lord therefore be judge, and judge between do ye not rather take wrong? why do ye not me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, rather suffer yourselves to be defrauded ? i Co. and deliver me out of thine hand. 1 Sa. xxiv. vi. 7. See that none render evil for evil unto any 10-15. This shall be no grief unto thee, man; but ever follow that which is good, both por offence of my heart, unto my lord, either among yourselves, and to all men. 1 The. v. that thou hast shed blood causeless (said Abi. 15. Ye have not yet resisted unto blood, gail to David), or that my lord hath avenged striving against sin. He. xii. 4. Ye have himself: but when the lord shall have dealt condemned and killed the just; and he doth well with my Lord, then remember thine not resist you. Ja. v. 6. Finally, be all of handmaid. And David said to Abigail, Blessed one mind; not rendering evil for evil, or be the Lord God of Israel, which sent thee railing for railing, but contrariwise blessing;

smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also. And 40 if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloke also. And whosoever shall compel thee to go 41 a mile, go with him twain. Give to him that asketh thee, and 42

knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye me drink : I was a stranger, and ye took me should inherit a blessing. 1 Pe. iii. 9. in: naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick,

Whosoever shall smite thee, &c.] Zedekiah and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye the son of Chenaanah went near and smote came unto me. Verily I say unto you, InMicaiah on the cheek, and said, which way asmuch as ye have done it unto one of the went the Spirit of the Lord from me to speak least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto thee? I Ki. xxii. 24. Behold, my wit- unto me. Mat. xxv. 35, 36. 40. If there be ness is in heaven, and my record is on high. among you a poor man, of one of thy breJob xvi. 19. They have gaped upon me with thren, within any of thy gates, in thy land, their mouth; they have smitten me upon the which the Lord thy God giveth thee, thou cheek reproachfully; they have gathered shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine themselves together against me. Job xvi. 10. hand from thy poor brother. But thou shalt I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks open thine hand wide unto him, and shalt to them that plucked off the hair; I hid not surely lend him sufficient for his need in that my face from shame, and spitting. Is. I. 6. which he wanteth. Beware that there be not He giveth his cheek to him that smiteth him; a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The he is filled full with reproach. La. iii. 30. seventh year, the year of release is at hand, They shall smite the Judge of Israel with a and thine eye be evil against thy brother, and rod upon the cheek. Mi. v. 1. Unto him thou givest him nought, and he cry unto the that smiteth thee on the one cheek, offer also Lord against thee, and it be sin unto thee : the other; and him that taketh away thy thou shalt surely give him, and thine heart cloke, forbid not to take thy coat also. Lu. shall not be grieved, when thou givest unto vi. 29. And when they (that held Jesus) had him. Because that for this thing the Lord blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, thy God shall bless thee in all thy works, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto. that smote thee. Lu. xxii. 64. What glory For the poor shall never cease out of the is it, if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, land; therefore I command thee, saying, ye shall take it patiently; but if, when ye do Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in the this is acceptable with God. For even here- land. De. xv. 7-11. If I have withheld the unto were ye called; because Christ also poor from their desire, or have caused the suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye eyes of the widow to fail, or have eaten my should follow his steps; who did no sin; morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath neither was guile found in his mouth ; who, not eaten thereof; if I have seen any perish when he was reviled, reviled not again ; when for want of clothing, or any poor without he suffered he threatened not, but committed covering ; then let mine arm fall from my himself to him that judgeth righteously. shoulder blade; and mine arm be broken I Pe. ii. 20—23. See chap. xxvi. 67.

from the bone. Job xxxi. 16, 17. 19. 22. 40 If any man will sue thee, &c.] There The righteous sheweth mercy, and giveth ; is utterly a fault among you, because ye go to I have been young, and now am old; yet law one with another. 1 Co. vi. 7. See pre. have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor

his seed begging bread. He is ever merciful, 41 Compel thee to go a mile.] And as they and lendeth, and his seed is blessed. Ps. (the soldiers who crucified Jesus) came out, xxxvii. 21. 25. 26. He (the good man) hath they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name, dispersed; he hath given to the poor, hiş him they compelled to bear his cross. Mat. righteousness endureth for ever; his horn xxvii. 32. And they compel one Simon, a shall be exalted with honour, Ps. cxii. 9. Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth : he country, the father of Alexander, and Rufus, will guide his affairs with discretion. Ps. to bear his (Jesus') cross. Mar. xv. 21. And cxii. 5. Withhold not good from them to as they led him away, they laid hold upon whom it is due, when it is in the power of one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the thine hand to do it. Say not unto thy neighcountry, and on him they laid the cross, that bour, Go and come again, and to-morrow I he might bear it after Jesus. Lu. xxiii. 26. will give, when thou hast it by thee. Pr. iii.

42 To him that asketh thee.] For I was 27, 28. There is that scattereth, and yet an hungered (the King will say in the last encreaseth, and there is that withholdeth judgment to those on his right hand), and ye more than is meet, but it tendeth to poverty, gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave The liberal soul shall be made fat, and he


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