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trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and

alms-deeds which she did. Ac. ix. 36. A that we are of the truth, and shall assure our devout man (was Cornelius), and one that hearts before him. 1 John iii. 17—19. feared God with all his house, which gave Do not sound a trumpet.] Most men will much alms to the people, and prayed to God proclaim every one his own goodness: but alway. And he (the angel of the Lord in a a faithful man who can find ? Pr. xx. 6. vision) said unto him, Thy prayers and thine Set the trumpet to thy mouth, he shall come alms are come up for a memorial before God. as an eagle against the house of the Lord, Thy prayer is heard, and thine alms are had because they have transgressed my covenant, in remembrance in the sight of God. Ac. X. and trespassed against my law. Hos. viii. 1. 2. 4. 31. Then the disciples, every man ac. As the hypocrites do.] See verse 5. Thou cording to his ability, determined to send hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine relief onto the brethren which dwelt in own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to Judea. Ac. xi. 29. After many years (said cast out the mote out of thy brother's eye. Paul) I came to bring alms to my nation, and Mat. vii. 5. Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias offerings. Ac. xxiv. 17. He that giveth let prophesy of you, saying, This people draweth him do it with simplicity. Ro. xii. 8. He nigh unto me with their mouth, and honourwhich soweth sparingly shall reap also spa- eth me with their lips, but their heart is far ringly, and he which soweth bountifully shall from me. Mat. xv. 7, 8. O ye hypocrites, reap also bountifully. 2 Co. ix. 6. Every ye can discern the face of the sky; but can man according as he purposeth in his heart, ye not discern the signs of the times. Mat. so let him give, not grudgingly, or of necessity, xvi. 3. Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites (said for God loveth a cheerful giver. And God is Jesus to the Pharisees)? Mat. xxii. 18. Woe able to make all grace abound toward you, unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! that ye, always having sufficiency in all Mat. xxiii. 13, 14—29. The Lord of that things, may abound to every good work, being servant (who was cruel to his fellow-servants enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, in his absence) shall cut him asunder, and which causeth, through us, thanksgiving to appoint him his portion with the hypocrites. God; for the administration of this service Mat. xxiv. 51. The Lord shall have no joy not only supplieth the want of the saints, but in their (Israel's) young men, neither shall is abundant also by many thanksgivings unto have mercy on their fatherless, and widows ; God. Thanks be unto God for his unspeak- for every one is an hypocrite, and an evil able gift. 2 Co. ix. 6—15. Only " they" doer, and every mouth speaketh folly. Is. (James, Cephas, and John") would that ix. 17. I will send “him” (" the Assyrian") "we" ("Paul and Barnabas ") should re- agairist an hypocritical nation, and against member the poor, the same which I also was the people of my wrath, will I give him a forward to do. Ga. ii. 10. Let him that charge, to take the spoil, to take the prey, stole, steal no more : but rather let him la- and to tread them down like the mire of the bour, working with his hands the thing which street. Is. x. 6. Well hath Esaias propheis good, that he may have to give to him that sied of you hypocrites, as it is written, This needeth. Ep. iv. 28. Charge them that are people honoureth me with their lips, but their rich in this world, that they do good, that heart is far from me. Mar. vii. 6. Thou they be rich in good works, ready to dis- hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine tribute, willing to communicate. 1 Ti. vi. own eye, and then shalt tho see clearly to 18. We have great joy and consolation in pull out the mote that is in thy brother's eye. thy love, because the bowels of the saints are Lu. vi. 42. Ye hypocrites, ye can discern refreshed by thee, brother. Phile. 7. To do the face of the sky and of the earth, but how good and to communicate forget not: for is it that ye do not discern this time? Lu. with such sacrifices God is well pleased. He. xii. 56. The Lord then answered “him" xüi. 16. If a brother or sister be naked, and ("the ruler of the synagogue") and said, destitute of daily food, and one of you say Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of you on unto them, Depart in peace; be ye warmed the sabbath loose his ox, or his ass from the and filled ; notwithstanding ye give them not stall, and lead him away to watering ? Lu. those things which are needful to the body, xiii. 15. what doth it profit? Ja. ii. 15, 16. If any man In the synagogues, &c.] See verse 5. The minister let him do it as of the ability which Scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat, God giveth: that God in all things may be and love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and glorified through Jesus Christ. 1 Pe. iv. 11. the chief seats in the synagogues. Mat. xxiii. Whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his 6. Beware of the Seribes, which love the brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels chief seats in the synagogues, and the upperof compassion from him, how dwelleth the most rooms at feasts. Mar. xii. 39. Woe love of God in him? My little children, let unto you Pharisees, for ye love the uppermost us not love in word, neither in tongue, but seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the in deed, and in truth; and hereby we know markets. . xi. 43. Beware of the Scribes, VOL. II.


in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say 3 unto you, They have their reward. But when thou doest alms, 4 let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth: That thine

alms may be in secret : and thy Father which seeth in secret him5 self shall reward thee openly. And when thou prayest, thou shalt

which desire to walk in long robes, and love Thou compassest my path and my lying down, greetings in the markets, and the highest and art acquainted with all my ways; yea, seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms the darkness hideth not from thee, but the at feasts. Lu. XX. 46.

night shineth as the day. The darkness and Glory of men.] I have sinned (said Saul the light are both alike to thee. Ps. cxxxix. to Samuel), yet honour me now, I pray thee, 1, 2, 3. 12. 1, the Lord, search the heart, I before the elders of my people, and before try the reins, even to give every man acIsrael, and turn again with me, that I may cording to his ways, and according to the worship the Lord thy God. 1 Sa. xv. 30. 1 fruit of his doing. Je. xvii. 10. Can any (said Jesus) receive not honour from men. hide himself in secret places, that I shall not But I know you, that ye have not the love of see him ? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven God in you. I am come in my Father's and earth? saith the Lord. Je. xxiii. 24. name, and ye receive me not. If another Neither is there any creature that is not mashall come in his own name, him ye will nifest in his sight; but all things are naked receive. How can ye believe which receive and opened unto the eyes of him with whom honour one of another, and seek not the we have to do. He, iv, 13. All the churches honour that cometh from God only. John v. shall know that I am he which searcheth the 41–44. He that speaketh of himself, seeketh reins and hearts. Re. ii. 23. his own glory: but he that seeketh his glory Reward thee openly.] Whosoever shall that sent him, the same is true, and no un- give to drink unto one of these little ones a righteousness is in him. John vii. 18. Nor cup of cold water only in the name of a disof men sought we glory (said Paul), neither ciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no of you, nor yet of others, when we might have wise lose his reward. Mat. x. 42. Come ye been burdensome as the apostles of Christ. 1 blessed of my Father (said the king in Christ's The. ii. 6.

description of the last judgment), inherit the Verily I say auto you, they have their re- kingdom prepared for you from the foundaward.] See verses 5. 16. Verily I say unto tion of the world. Mat. xxy, 34. Them that you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or honour me I will honour, and they that deone tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, spise me shall be lightly esteemed." 1 Sa. ii. till all be fulfilled. Mat. v. 18.

30. Nothing is secret that shall not be made 3 Let not thy left hand, &c.] See thou manifest; neither any thing hid, that shall not tell no man (said Jesus to the leper), but go be known and come abroad. L. viii. 17. thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer Thou (who makest a feast for the poor) the gift that Moses commanded for a testi- shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of mony unto them. Mat. viii. 4. Jesus the just. Lu. xiv. 14. Judge nothing before straitly charged them (the blind men whom he the time until the Lord come, who both will restored to sight), saying, See that no man bring to light the hidden things of darkness, know it. Mat. ix. 30. He (said Esaias and will make manifest the counsels of the of the Messiah) shall not strive nor cry, hearts; and then shall every man have praise neither shall any man hear his voice in the of God. 1 Co. iv. 5. Now unto him that is streets. Mat. xii. 19. See thou say nothing able to keep you from falling, and to present to any man (said Jesus to the leper), but go you faultless before the presence of his glory tby way, shew thyself to the priest, &c. Mar. with exceeding joy; the only wise God our i. 44. There is no man that doeth any thing Saviour, be glory and majesty dominion, in secret, and he himself seeketh to be known and power, both now and ever. Amen. openly: if thou do these things, shew thyself Ju. 24. to the world. Jolen vii. 4.

5. When thou prayest, &c.] Ask and it shall 4 Seeth in secret.] See verses 6. 18. Thou be given you ; seek and ye shall find ; knock hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me and it shall be opened unto you ; for every in the night ; thou hast tried me, and shalt one that asketh receiveth, and he that seeketh, find nothing. Ps. xvii. 3. If we have for- findeth ; and to him that knocketh it shall be gotten the name of our God, shall not God opened. Mat. vii. 7, 8. Pray ye, therefore, search this out? For he knoweth the secrets the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth of the heart. Ps. xliv. 21. O Lord, thou labourers into his harvest. Mat. ix. 38. All hast searched me, and known me; thou things whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, knowest my down-sitting and mine up-rising. believing, ye shall receive.

Mat. xxi. 22 Thou understandest my thought afar off. Hearken unto the voice of my cry, my King, not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou 6

and my God, for unto thee will I pray. My into the temple to pray; the one a Pharisee, voice shalt thou hear in the morning, O Lord; and the other a publican; the Pharisee stood in the morning will I direct my prayer unto and prayed thus with himself; God, I thank thee, and will look up. Ps. v. 2, 3. Evening, thee that I am not as other men are, extorand morning, and at noon, will I pray, and tioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this cry aloud, and he shall hear my voice. Ps. publican. Lu. xviii. 10, 11. Beware of the lv. 17. The prayer of the upright is his Scribes, which devour widows' houses, and for delight. Pr. xv. 8. Seek ye the Lord while a shew make long prayers. Lu. xx. 47. he may be found; call ye upon him while he For they love to pray standing, &c.] They is near. Let the wicked forsake his way, and (the Pharisees) love the uppermost rooms at the unrighteous man his thoughts, and let feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues. him return unto the Lord, and he will have Mat. xxiii. 6. Beware of the Scribes, which mercy upon him, and to our God, for he will love to go in long clothing, and love salutaabundantly pardon. Is. lv. 6, 7. Then shall ye tions in the market-places, and the chief seats call upon me, and yeshall go, and pray unto me, in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms and I will hearken unto you (saith the Lord). at feasts. Mar. xii. 38, 39. Woe unto you, Je. xxix. 12. When Daniel knew that the Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in writing (the ensnaring decree) was signed (by the synagogues, and greetings in the markets. king Darius), he went into his house, and his Lu. xi. 43. windows being open in his chamber toward Verily I say unto you, they have their reJerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three ward.] See verse 2. and com. Every one times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks that is proud of heart is an abomination to before his God, as he did aforetime. Da. vi. the Lord, though hand join in hand, he shall 10. And I prayed unto the Lord my God not be unpunished. Pr. xvi. 5. When thou (said Daniel), and made my confession, and makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy said, O Lord, the great and dreadful God, friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinskeeping the covenant and mercy to them that men, nor thy rich neighbours, lest they also love him, and to them that keep his command- bid thee again, and a recompence be made ments. Da. ix. 4. And he (Jesus) spake a thee. But when thou makest a feast, call parable unto them to this end, that men ought the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind ; always to pray, and not to faint. Lu. xviii. 1. and thou shalt be blessed, for they cannot Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name; recompense thee, for thou shalt be recomask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may pensed at the resurrection of the just. Lu. be full. John xvi. 24. Take the helmet of xiv. 12–14. Wherefore he saith, God resalvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which sisteth the proud, but giveth grace unto the is the word of God; praying always with all humble. Ja. iv. 6. prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and 6 Enter into thy closet.] And when “he” watching thereunto with all perseverance (" Jesus”) had sent the multitudes away, he and supplication for all saints. Ep. vi. 18. went up into a mountain apart to pray, and Continue in prayer, and watch in the same when the evening was come he was there with thanksgiving. Withal, praying also for alone. Mat. xiv. 23. Then cometh Jesus us, that God would open unto us a door of with them (his disciples) unto a place called utterance, to speak the mystery of Christ, for Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, which I am also in bonds. Col. iv. 2, 3. Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder. Pray without ceasing. 1 The. v. 17. The Mat. xxvi. 36. And he took with him Peter, prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to Lord shall raise him up. Pray one for another, be sorrowful and very heavy. Then saith he that ye may be healed. Ja. v. 15, 16. unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful,

Thou shalt not be as the hypocrites.] See even unto death : tarry ye here, and watch verse 2. and com. What is the hope of the with me; and he went a little farther, and hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my taketh away his soul ? Will God hear his father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from cry when trouble cometh upon him ? Will he me: nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou delight himself in the Almighty ? Will he wilt. Mat. xxvi. 37-39. And Jacob was always call upon God? Job xxvii. 8-10. left alone, and there wrestled a man with him, When ye spread forth your hands, I will hide until the breaking of the day. And when he mine eyes from you; yea, when ye make saw that he prevailed not against him, he many prayers I will not hear ; your hands are touched the hollow of his thigh, and the holfull of blood. Is. i. 15. Two men went up low of Jacob's thigh was out of joint as he

hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and 7 thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly. But

when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do : for

wrestled with him. And he said, Let me go, to pass when mid-day was past, and they for the day breaketh ; and he said, I will not prophesied until the time of the offering of the let thee go, except thou bless me. Ge. xxxii. evening sacrifice, that there was neither voice, 24-26. He (Elisha) went in therefore (to the nor any to answer, nor any that regarded. room where the Shunammite's child lay dead) 1 Ki. xviii. 26—29. Be not rash with thy and shut the door upon them twain, and mouth, and let not thine heart be basty to prayed unto the Lord. 2 Ki. iv. 33. Come utter any thing before God, for God is in my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and heaven and thou upon earth ; therefore let thy shut thy doors about thee. Hide thyself as words be few, for a dream cometh through the it were, for a little moment, until the indig- multitude of business, and a fool's voice is nation be overpast. Is. xxvi. 20. Whence known by the multitude of words: for in the knowest thou me (said Nathaniel)? Jesus an- multitude of dreams and many words there swered and said unto him, Before that Philip are also divers vanities; but fear thou God. called thee, when thou wast under the fig- Ec. v. 2, 3. 7. When they knew that "he" tree, I saw thee. John i. 48. Peter (entering (Paul") was a Jew, all with one voice about the chamber where Tabitha lay dead) put them the space of two hours cried out, Great is all forth, and kneeled down, and prayed, and Diana of the Ephesians. Ac. xix. 34. turning him to the body, said, Arise : and she Repetitions.) And he (Jesus) went a little opened her eyes, and when she saw Peter she farther, and fell on his face and prayed, saying, sat up. Ac. ix. 40. On the morrow, as they O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup went on their journey, and drew nigh unto pass from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but the city (Joppa), Peter went up upon the as thou wilt. And he cometh unto the dishouse-top to pray about the sixth hour. Four ciples and findeth them asleep, and saith days ago (said Cornelius), I was fasting until unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with this hour, and the ninth hour I prayed in my me one hour? Watch and pray, that ye enter house, and behold, a man stood before me in not into temptation : the spirit indeed is willbright clothing Ac. x. 9. 30.

ing, but the flesh is weak. He went away Pray to thy Father.] The eyes of the Lord again the second time, and prayed, saying, O are upon the righteous, and his ears are open my Father, if this cup may not pass away unto their cry. Ps. xxxiv. 15. It shall come from me except I drink it, thy will be done. to pass (said God) that before they (the Jews) And he came and found them asleep again, call I will answer, and while they are yet for their eyes were heavy. And he left them, speaking I will hear. Is. Ixv. 24. Jesus saith and went away again, and prayed the third unto her (Mary, to whom he appeared after his time, saying the same words. Mat. xxvi. resurrection), Touch me not, for I am not yet 39-44. Now, O God of Israel, let thy word, ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, I pray thee, be verified (said Solomon) which and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, thou spakest unto thy servant David my and your Father; and to my God, and your father ; but will God indeed dwell on the God. John xx. 17. They that are after the earth? Behold, the heaven, and heaven of flesh, do mind the things of the flesh; but heavens cannot contain thee; how much less they that are after the spirit, the things of the this house that I have builded. Yet have thou spirit. Ro. viii. 5. For this cause (that they respect unto the prayer of thy servant, and to faint not at Paul's tribulation) I bow my knees his supplication, o Lord my God, to hearken unto the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. unto the cry and to the prayer which thy Ep. iii. 14.

servant prayeth before thee to-day: that thine 7 Use not vain repetitions. And they eyes may be opened toward this house night (priests or prophets of Baal) took the bullock and day, even toward the place of which thou which was given them, and they dressed it, hast said, My name shall be there; that thou and called on the name of Baal from morning mayest hearken unto the prayer which thy even until noon, saying, O Baal ! hear us! but servant shall make toward this place, &c. &c. there was no voice, nor any that answered; and And it was so, that when Solomon had made they leaped upon the altar which was made. an end of praying all this prayer and suppliAnd it came to pass at noon, that Elijah (the cation unto the Lord, he arose from before the prophet of the Lord) mocked them, and said, altar of the Lord, from kneeling on his knees, Cry aloud, for he is a god ; either he is talking with his hands spread up to heaven. 1 Ki. or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, or viii. 26-29, &c. 54. O my God, incline peradventure he sleepeth and must be awaked: thine ear and hear; open thine eyes and beand they cried aloud, and cut themselves after hold our desolations, and the city which is their manner with knives and lancets, till the called by thy name, for we do not present our blood gushed out upon them. And it came supplications before thee for our righteousness,

they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking. Be 8 not ye therefore like unto them: for your Father knoweth what things ye bave need of, before ye ask him. After this manner 9 therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be

but for thy great mercies. O Lord, hear (said dom. O my Father, if this cup may not pass Daniel); O Lord, forgive ; 0 Lord, hearken away from me except I drink it, thy will be and do, defer not for thine own sake, O my done. Mat. xxvi. 29. 42. Doubtless thou God, for thy city and thy people are called by art our Father, though Abraham be ignorant thy name. Da. ix. 18, 19.

of us, and Israel acknowledge us not: thou, The heathen do.] See verse 32. If he (thy O Lord, art our Father, our Redeemer, thy brother who trespasseth against thee) neglect name is from everlasting. Is. lxiii. 16. But to hear the Church, let him be unto thee as a now, O Lord, thou art our Father; we are the heathen man and a publican. Mat. xviii. 17. clay, and thou our Potter, and we all are the

8 Your Father knoweth.] See verse 32. work of thy hand. Is, lxiv. 8. I will arise, Lord, all my desire is before thee, and my and go to my father (said the prodigal in the groaning is not hid from thee. Ps. xxxviii. 9. purable), and will say unto him, Father, I Hide not thy face from thy servant, for I am have sinned against heaven and before thee : in trouble; hear speedily, draw nigh unto my (and again) Father, I have sinned against soul and redeem it; deliver me because of heaven and in thy sight, and am no more mine enemies ; thou hast known my reproach, worthy to be called thy son. Lu. xv. 18. 21. and my shame, and my dishonour; mine ad- Jesus saith unto “her” (“ Maryto whom he versaries are all before thee. Ps. Ixix. 17, 18, appeared after his resurrection), Touch me not, 19. Your Father knoweth that ye have need for I am not yet ascended to my Father, but of these things (what ye shall eat and what ye go to my brethren, and say unto them, I shall drink, &c.). Lu. xii. 30. Verily, verily, ascend unto my Father and your Father, and I say unto you, whatsoever ye shall ask the to my God and to your God. John xx. 17. Father in my name, he will give it you. Grace to you, and peace (said Paul) from Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name ; God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. ask and ye shall receive, that your joy may be Ro. i. 7. Ye have not received the spirit of full. The time cometh (said Jesus) when I bondage again to fear, but ye have received shall no more speak to you in proverbs : at the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, that day ye shall ask in my name, and I say not Father. Ro. viii. 15. Paul, an apostle (not unto you that I will pray the Father for you: of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, for the Father himself loveth you because ye and God the Father, who raised him from the have loved me, and have believed that I came dead), unto the Churches of Galatia. Ga. i. 1. out from God. John xvi. 23—27. Be care- Because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the ful for nothing, but in every thing by prayer Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, and supplication with thanksgiving, let your Abba, Father. Ga. iv. 6. If ye call on the Farequests be made known unto God. Phi. ther, who, without respect of persons, judgeth iv. 6.

according to every man's work, pass the time 9 This manner therefore pray ye.] Lord, of your sojourning here in fear. 1 Pe. i. 17. teach us to pray (said one of his disciples to Which art in heaven.] Call no man your Jesus), as John also taught his disciples. And father upon earth, for one is your Father, he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our which is in heaven. Mat. xxiii. 9. O Lord Father which art in heaven, &c. . xi. God of our fathers (said king Jehoshaphat in 1. 2.

prayer), art not thou God in heaven? and Our Father which art in heaven, &c.] See rulest not thou over all the kingdoms of the verses 1. 6. 14. Let your light so shine be- heathen ? and in thine hand is there not fore men, that they may see your good works, power and might, so that none is able to withand glorify your father which is in heaven. stand thee? 2 Ch. xx. 6. But our God is in Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father the heavens; he hath done whatsoever he which is in heaven is perfect. Mat. v. 16. hath pleased. Ps. cxv. 3. Thus saith the 48. If ye then, being evil, know how to give high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, good gifts unto your children, how much more whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and shall your Father which is in heaven give good holy place, with him also that is of a contrite things to them that ask him. Mat. vii. 11. and humble spirit. 18. lvii. 15. Thus saith Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing, and the Lord, The heaven is my throne, and the one of them shall not fall on the ground with- earth is my footstool ; where is the house that out your Father. Mat. x. 29. I will not ye build unto me? and where is the place of drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine (said my rest? Is. lxvi. 1. Jesus to his disciples) until that day when I Hallowed be thy name.] Moses said unto drink it new with you in my Father's king- Aaron, This is it that the Lord spake, I will

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