Philosophy of Science: The Historical Background

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Joseph J. Kockelmans
Transaction Publishers, 1968 - 496 Seiten

This anthology of selections from the works of noted philosophers affords the student an immediate contact with the unique historical background of the philosophy of science. The selections, many of which have not been readily accessible, follow the development of the philosophy of science from 1786 to 1927. Each selection is preceded by a brief introduction by the editor designed to familiarize the reader with a particular philosopher and provide insights into his work.

Joseph J. Kockelmans divides the selections into several sections. Part 1, from 17861850, includes chapters by Immanuel Kant, on the metaphysical foundations of natural science, John Frederick William Herschel, on experience and the analysis of phenomena, William Whewell, on the nature and conditions of inductive science, and John Stuart Mill, on induction and the law of universal causation; part 2, from 18701899, includes chapters by Hermann Von Helmholtz, on the origin and significance of geometrical axioms, William Stanley Jevons, on the philosophy of inductive inference, John Bernard Stallo, on the kinetic theory of gasses and the conditions of the validity of scientific hypotheses, Ernst Mach, on the economical nature of physical inquiry, Karl Pearson, on perceptual and conceptual space, Emile Boutroux, on mechanical laws, Heinrich Hertz, on the appropriateness, correctness, and permissibility of scientific theories, and Ludwig Boltzmann, on the fundamental principles and basic equations of mechanics.

The third part, covering the first decade of the twentieth century, includes chapters by Henri Jules Poincare, on science and reality, Charles Peirce, on Induction, Pierre Marie Duhem, on the laws of physics, William Ostwald, on energetism and mechanics, Emile Meyerson, on identity of thought and nature as the final goal of science, Ernst Cassirer, on functional concepts of natural science; part 4, from 19101927, includes chapters by Charles Dunbar Broad, on phenomenalism, Alfred North Whitehead, on time, space, and material, Bertrand Russell, on the world of physics and the world of sense, Norman Robert Cambbell, on the meaning of science, Moritz Schlick, on basic issues of the philosophy of natural science, and Percy Williams Bridgman, on the concepts of space, time, and causality.

Philosophy of Science provides a concise single volume text to the discipline and enables students to understand and evaluate the various trends in our contemporary philosophy of science.

Joseph J. Kockelmans is professor emeritus of philosophy at the Pennsylvania State Univers

 

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Inhalt

II
1
III
7
IV
9
V
15
VI
17
VII
28
VIII
30
IX
31
LXXIII
261
LXXIV
263
LXXV
265
LXXVI
267
LXXVII
273
LXXVIII
278
LXXIX
280
LXXX
281

XI
35
XII
47
XIII
49
XIV
51
XV
52
XVI
56
XVII
59
XVIII
63
XIX
65
XX
66
XXI
69
XXII
74
XXIII
75
XXIV
76
XXV
77
XXVI
80
XXVII
82
XXVIII
83
XXX
84
XXXI
86
XXXII
89
XXXIII
94
XXXIV
98
XXXV
105
XXXVI
107
XXXVII
109
XXXVIII
111
XXXIX
133
XL
135
XLI
137
XLII
138
XLIII
139
XLIV
140
XLV
141
XLVI
142
XLVII
144
XLVIII
145
XLIX
147
L
149
LI
151
LII
170
LIII
172
LIV
174
LV
188
LVI
190
LVII
191
LVIII
193
LIX
195
LX
197
LXI
199
LXII
202
LXIII
203
LXIV
206
LXV
208
LXVI
209
LXVII
223
LXVIII
226
LXIX
227
LXX
243
LXXI
245
LXXII
246
LXXXI
283
LXXXII
285
LXXXIII
295
LXXXIV
297
LXXXV
299
LXXXVI
302
LXXXVII
306
LXXXVIII
308
LXXXIX
312
XC
314
XCI
316
XCII
318
XCIII
320
XCIV
323
XCV
324
XCVI
325
XCVII
328
XCVIII
330
XCIX
331
C
348
CI
350
CII
352
CIII
353
CIV
354
CV
356
CVI
358
CVII
359
CVIII
360
CIX
362
CX
365
CXI
367
CXII
369
CXIII
370
CXIV
386
CXV
389
CXVI
390
CXVII
410
CXVIII
413
CXIX
414
CXX
425
CXXI
427
CXXII
428
CXXIV
432
CXXV
435
CXXVI
440
CXXVII
443
CXXVIII
447
CXXIX
449
CXXX
450
CXXXI
453
CXXXII
456
CXXXIII
459
CXXXIV
461
CXXXV
463
CXXXVI
465
CXXXVIII
467
CXXXIX
473
CXL
483
CXLI
487
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